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Edgar Snow

Edgar Parks Snow was an American journalist known for his books and articles on Communism in China and the Chinese Communist revolution. He was the first western journalist to give a full account of the history of the Chinese Communist Party following the Long March, he was the first western journalist to interview many of its leaders, including Mao Zedong, he is best known for his book, Red Star Over China, an account of the Chinese Communist movement from its foundation until the late 1930s. Edgar was born in Missouri. Before settling in Missouri, his ancestors had moved to the state from North Carolina and Kansas, he studied journalism at the University of Missouri, joined the Zeta Phi chapter of the Beta Theta Pi fraternity, but moved to New York City to pursue a career in advertising before graduating. He made a little money in the stock market shortly before the Wall Street Crash of 1929. In 1928 he used the money to travel around the world, he made it to Shanghai that summer, stayed in China for thirteen years.

He found work with the China Weekly Review, edited by J. B. Powell, a graduate of the Missouri School of Journalism, he became friends with numerous prominent Chinese writers and intellectuals, including Soong Ching-ling. In his early years in China he supported Chiang Kai-shek, noting that Chiang had more Harvard graduates in his cabinet than there were in Franklin Roosevelt's, he arrived in India in 1931 with an introduction letter to Nehru from Agnes Smedley, an American journalist living in China. He delivered it in Mumbai and Sarojini Naidu introduced him to her Communist sister Suhasini, who took him around to see mill workers, he met Gandhi in Simla, was not impressed. He covered the Meerut cospiracy case trial in which three British communists were involved, wrote three articles on India. In 1932 he married Helen Foster, working in the American Consulate until she could begin her own career in journalism, writing under the pen-name "Nym Wales." Through much of the 1930s, while living in Shanghai, Snow traveled through China on assignment for the Chinese Railway Ministry.

While working in Shanghai he toured famine districts in Northwest China. He visited what would become the Burma Road, reported on the Japanese invasion of Manchuria, he became a correspondent for the Saturday Evening Post. In 1933, after a honeymoon in Japan and his wife moved to Beiping, as Beijing was called at that time, they taught journalism part-time at Yenching University, the leading university in China at that time. He and his wife became modestly fluent. In addition to writing a book on Japanese aggression in China, Far Eastern Front, he edited a collection of modern Chinese short stories, Living China, they borrowed works on current affairs from the Yenching library and read the principal texts of Marxism. The couple became acquainted with student leaders of the anti-Japanese December 9th Movement. Through their contacts with the underground communist network, Snow was invited to visit Mao Zedong's headquarters. In June 1936, Snow left Beiping with a letter of introduction from Soong Ching-ling and arrived at Xi'an.

The Nationalist army was formally blockading areas controlled by the Communists, but Zhang Xueliang’s Manchurian army soldiers stationed in Xi'an wanted to work with the Communists in order to oppose the Japanese, it allowed Snow to enter. Snow was accompanied on the journey by George Hatem, who had written about the Chinese communists, but whose presence was kept secret for many years. Snow had been preparing to write a book about the Communist movement in China for several years, he had signed a contract at one point. However, his most important contribution was the interviews that he had conducted with the top leaders of the party; when Snow wrote, there were no reliable reports reaching the West about what was going on in the Communist-controlled areas. Other writers, such as Agnes Smedley, had written in some detail about the Chinese Communists before the Long March, but none of these writers had visited them or conducted first-hand interviews with the new leadership which had emerged during the Long March.

Snow was taken through the military quarantine lines to the Communist headquarters at Bao'an, where he spent four months interviewing Mao and other Communist leaders. He was greeted by crowds of cadets and troops who shouted slogans of welcome, Snow recalled "the effect pronounced upon me was emotional." Over a period spanning ten days, Mao narrated his autobiography. Although Snow did not know it at the time, Mao was quite cautious during these interviews, although he claimed that he had been under no constraint, Snow made a number of revisions at the request of Mao or Zhou. After he returned to Beiping in the fall, he wrote frantically. First he published a short account in China Weekly Review a series of publications in Chinese. Red Star Over China, published first in London in 1937, was given credit for introducing both Chinese and foreign readers not so much to the Communist Party, reasonably well known, but to Mao Zedong. Mao was not, as had been reported and Snow reported that Mao was a political reformer, not the purely military or radical revolutionary that he had been during the 1920s.

In the first four weeks after its publication, Red Star over China sold over 12,000 copies, it made Snow world-famous. The book became a "standard" introduction to the early Communist movement in China. After the Japanese invasion of

Dear Mr. President (Pink song)

"Dear Mr. President" is a song by Pink featuring the Indigo Girls, was recorded for Pink's fourth album, I'm Not Dead; the song is an open letter to the then-President of George W. Bush; the song criticizes several areas of Bush's administration and terms in office, including the Iraq War, No Child Left Behind Act, opposition to gay marriage and the gay rights movement in general, perceived lack of empathy for poor and middle-class citizens, Bush's drinking and drug usage in college. Pink felt that it was one of the most important songs she had written. Released as a single in December 2006, "Dear Mr. President" became a hit in Australasia, it reached number one in Flemish Belgium for four weeks and in Austria for one week, while reaching the top five in Australia and Switzerland. It became the third highest-selling single of Austria for 2007 and the eighth highest-selling single of Switzerland the same year; the song reached number 11 in New Zealand and number 18 in Sweden. The song received positive reviews from music critics.

Entertainment Weekly's Chris Williams described Dear Mr. President "with its incongruous folkie social concern and Bush-baiting applause lines." The Los Angeles Times' Natalie Nichols said that Pink taps her inner Ani DiFranco on the confrontational "Dear Mr. President." The New York Times' Jon Pareles noted that the song is "well meaning", "hectoring" and that it "grow more sententious". PopMatters praised the single with long overview: Oh, speaking of presidents, Pink’s musical letter to the Commander-in-Chief is just as topical; the Indigo Girls tag along for moral support and, with lyrics like “How can you say, ‘no child is left behind’ / we’re not dumb and we’re not blind” or “You’ve come a long way, from whiskey and cocaine”, you just know that if she’d made the song a few years earlier, it would have been featured in Michael Moore’s Fahrenheit 911. You get the impression that this is personal for Pink, that she’s not doing it to be trendy. On the lyric page for “Dear Mr. President”, there’s a picture of Pink in an oval frame.

Red and blue ribbons are tied to the frame and her father’s dog tags share the reddish page." Rolling Stone's Barry Walters praises Pink for "writ a scathing letter in'Dear Mr. President'" and "cooing righteous folk harmonies with Indigo Girls." Sal Cinquemani was mixed, writing that "'Dear Mr. President,' which cleverly uses George W. Bush's own words against him, pales next to Missundaztood's'My Vietnam.'" Digital Single "Dear Mr. President" – 4:33 "Leave Me Alone" – 3:18 "Dear Mr. President" – 4:45 "Leave Me Alone" – 4:44UK Collector's Set CD1 "Dear Mr. President" – 4:33 "Dear Mr. President" – 4:45 "Leave Me Alone" – 4:44 "Dear Mr. President" – 5:00UK Collector's Set CD2 "Dear Mr. President" – 4:33 "Leave Me Alone" – 3:18 "Dear Mr. President" – 4:45 "Live From Wembley Trailer" – 0:59Germany Collector's Set CD1 "Dear Mr. President" – 4:33 "Dear Mr. President" – 4:45 "Leave Me Alone" – 3:18 "Live From Wembley Trailer" – 0:59Germany Collector's Set CD2 "Dear Mr. President" – 4:33 "Who Knew" – 3:29 "Dear Mr. President" – 4:45Australian Tour Collector's Set CD1 "Dear Mr. President" – 4:33 "Who Knew" – 3:30 "Dear Mr. President" – 4:45 "On The Road With Pink" – 10:00Australian Tour Collector's Set CD2 "Dear Mr. President" – 4:33 "U + Ur Hand" – 4:39 "Dear Mr. President" – 5:00 "Live From Wembley Trailer" – 1:00Remixes Offer Nissim Club Mix Offer Nissim Radio Edit Vocals: Pink and Indigo Girls Backing vocals: Emily Saliers and Amy Ray Mixed by: Al Clay Pro Tools: Christopher Rojas Guitar: Emily Saliers Production coordinator: Lana Israel List of anti-war songs

Coingate scandal

Coingate is a nickname for the Tom Noe investment scandal in Ohio revealed in early 2005 in part by Toledo, Ohio newspaper The Blade. The Ohio Bureau of Workers' Compensation invested hundreds of millions of dollars in high risk or unconventional investment vehicles run by people connected to the Ohio Republican Party who had made large campaign contributions to many senior Republican party officials; the rare coin investment fund attracted particular scrutiny after it was reported that two coins worth more than $300,000 had been lost. Further investigation revealed that coins worth $10–$12 million were missing and that only $13 million of the original $50 million invested could be accounted for. Tom Noe was convicted of running a criminal enterprise, the theft of $13 million from the fund, of keeping a second set of books to cover for it. In 1996, the Republican-controlled Ohio General Assembly passed a law that struck the requirement that the Ohio state government invest in bonds. Fund managers and other brokers scrambled to offer their services.

The Coingate scandal centers on an Ohio government figure, GOP fundraiser and coin dealer. In a separate fundraising scandal, Noe was indicted by a federal grand jury in late October 2005, charged with violating campaign contribution laws by using strawmen, or proxies, for contributions. On May 31, 2006, Noe pleaded guilty. In March 1998, Thomas Noe Inc. was awarded a $50 million investment contract for the Ohio Workers' Compensation fund. The company received $25 million to invest in 1998, the same again in 2001. Before this, Mr. Noe and his managers had increased their contributions to Republican candidates by nearly 10 times. By April, according to the February 2006 indictment, Noe had begun his illegal activities, stealing money from the investment. "His illegal actions continued until it was shut down this past May", the indictment said. To manage the investment, Thomas Noe Inc. used a newly created subsidiary of Noe's company Vintage Coins & Collectibles, called Capital Coin. Capital Coin created subsidiaries Visionary Rare Coins, Numismatic Professionals, Rare Coin Alliance, one named Karl D. Hirtzinger.

In 1998, Noe hired Mark Chrans to manage Visionary Rare Coins. Chrans had been convicted for fraud and perjury involving money-laundering in coin deals. Noe says. Spokesman Jeremy Jackson of the bureau said the bureau was unaware of the convictions. In the end, Capital Coin wrote off $850,000 in losses from Visionary Rare Coins, including bad investments, unpaid loans, advances on coin deals. In 2003, Numismatic Professionals bought two coins for $185,000, an 1855 $3 gold coin and an 1845 $10 gold coin, thought to be worth $300,000 at market value. After sending the coins to be certified, they were stolen from the mail on the way back. Police were notified. Capital Coin loaned dealer Delaware Valley Rare Coins in Broomall, not owned or controlled by Noe, $300,000 from the fund, which the dealer used for his own business; the dealer used property in New Jersey as collateral. The Ohio newspaper The Toledo Blade made a public records request to the government to view the mortgage documents. Capital Coin had redacted the records, blacking out the address of the owners.

The Ohio attorney general ordered Noe to release the documents, noting "anyone pledging property as collateral to back publicly funded investments must make their name and address public." Lawyers for Capital Coin refused. The case was settled. Only $13 million of the original $50 million invested has been recovered to date. In March 2006, a sealed-bid auction process was initiated to liquidate all high-risk coin and paper money assets. Attention first focused on the matter after the April 3, 2005 publication of a story by the Toledo Blade. On May 24, 2005, Thomas Noe Inc. was sued by the state of Ohio on behalf of the BWC. The judge granted the Ohio Attorney General's request to freeze the assets and the BWC was given complete control of the coin funds. Ohio state investigators began to check inventory of the various companies, reviewing records and documents at Numismatic Professionals and another subsidiary in Sarasota, Florida. However, investigators were denied access to one of Capital Coin's subsidiaries in Monclova Township and to Delaware Valley Rare Coins.

Noe said access was denied to the Ohio location because his lawyers were busy in Colorado and Florida and he said he was told the Ohio company was to be searched later. Noe said he neither owns nor controls Delaware Valley Rare Coins, reasoning that this is the reason investigators were denied access; the Ohio inspector general asked to see the coins. $10–12 million worth of coins were unaccounted for. On July 13, the Ohio Supreme Court ruled 5-2 that the coin-fund records were public record and should be released, rejecting the state's argument that the information was "trade secrets" and exempt from the Ohio Public Records Act; the case was heard by five Ohio appellate court justices, as five of the Supreme Court justices recused themselves having accepted campaign donations from Noe. However, after two weeks, Ohio Attorney General Jim Petro had released only 3 of the 120 boxes of documents; the Toledo Blade, on July 28, filed a motion to find the state in contempt. On July 29, The former chief of staff to Governor Bob Taft, Columbus lobbyist Brian Hicks, his assistant, Cherie Carroll, were convicted of ethics violations in the widening Coingate scandal.

Hicks was convicted of failing to disclose cut-rat