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Edith Rockefeller McCormick

Edith Rockefeller McCormick was an American socialite and opera patron. Edith was born on August 1872 at her parents' home in Cleveland, Ohio, she was the fourth daughter of schoolteacher Laura Celestia "Cettie" Spelman and Standard Oil co-founder John Davison Rockefeller. Her brother was John Davison Rockefeller Jr.. Her three elder sisters were Elizabeth and Alta. Edith and her father had an stormy relationship, where her extravagance would conflict with his frugality, she was educated at home by private tutors and, unlike other women of means at the time, did not attend finishing school. On November 26, 1895, she married Harold Fowler McCormick from Chicago, a son of Nancy Fowler and Cyrus Hall McCormick, the inventor of the mechanical reaper; the married couple spent their first two years living in Council Bluffs, where Harold managed a branch of his father's business. They moved to Chicago. In 1912, they hired prominent architect Charles A. Platt to build a mansion on their large country estate, located directly on Lake Michigan in Lake Forest, which they named Villa Turicum, which had extensive architecturally landscaped gardens.

Together and Edith were the parents of five children, three of whom survived to adulthood: John Rockefeller McCormick, who died young from Scarlet fever. Editha McCormick, who died young. Harold Fowler McCormick Jr. who married Anne Urquhart Brown "Fifi" Stillman, married to James A. Stillman, was the daughter of James Brown Potter and Mary Cora Urquhart. Muriel McCormick, who married Elisha Dyer Hubbard, a nephew of Elisha Dyer Jr. and grandson of Elisha Dyer, in 1931. Mathilde McCormick, who married Wilheim Max Oser, a Swiss riding instructor, in April 1923. A famous story about McCormick involves an evening in 1901 during a party. News arrived that Edith and Harold's elder son, John Rockefeller McCormick, had died of scarlet fever, it was rumored that when this was whispered to her at the dinner table, she proceeded to nod her head and allowed the party to continue without incident. A biographer of her father, makes it clear that this could not have been true: at the time of her son's death, Edith was with him at the family estate, Kykuit, at Pocantico Hills, New York.

A year she and her husband established the John McCormick Institution of Infectious Diseases in Chicago, a source of funding for the researchers who isolated the bacterium responsible for the disease. As wealthy socialites, with two family fortunes available, the McCormicks were prominent in Chicago social and cultural circles, donating large amounts of money and time to causes. Edith helped fund the juvenile probation program of Chicago's pioneering Juvenile Court system when it was revealed that, although legislation set up the system, there was no provision to fund the probation officers. Edith began support of the Art Institute in 1909 as a charter member and supported it with monetary contributions and loans from her extensive personal art collection, she and Harold, along with other wealthy patrons, founded the Grand Opera Company, the first in Chicago, in 1909. In 1913, she travelled to Zurich to be treated for depression by Carl Gustav Jung, contributed generously to the Zürich Psychological Society.

After extended analysis and intense study, Edith became a Jungian analyst, with a full-time practice of more than fifty patients. She would continue her practice after her return to America, attracting many socialite patients from around the United States. In order to disseminate Jung's ideas, Edith paid to have his writings translated into English. In 1919. McCormick donated land she had received from her father as a wedding gift to the Forest Preserve of Cook County, to be developed as a zoological garden to become Chicago's Brookfield Zoo, she returned to America in 1921 after an eight year stay. Edith and Harold were divorced in December 1921, he was given custody of their youngest daughter Mathilde so that she could marry Max Oser, a Swiss riding instructor. Mathilde and Max were married in London in April 1923. Meanwhile, Harold married Ganna Walska, a famous Polish opera singer in August 1922, becoming her fourth husband. Within days of Harold's remarriage, Edith announced plans to marry Edward Krenn, a 28 year old Austrian architect.

The plan fell through for undisclosed reasons in December 1922. In 1927, she was mentioned in a newspaper article about Chicago's wealthy unmarried and widowed wealthy women; the article noted that she was "glad to be rid of the gay Harold McCormick, but hasn't succeeded in convincing her friends she will never marry again." Over the next few years and Harold found themselves in court in lawsuits over the divorce agreement. In February 1923, she received some minor press for claiming to be the reincarnation of the wife of King Tutankhamen, whose tomb had just been explored and was a popular topic, she was quoted as saying, "I married King Tutankhamen. I was his first wife. Only the other day, while glancing through an illustrated paper, I saw a picture of a chair removed from the King's chamber. Like a flash I recognized that chair. I had sat in it many times." She followed up in Time magazine by stating "My interest in reincarnation is of many years' standing." She was said to be interested in astrology and to celebrate Christmas on December 15.

In 1925, she and other wealthy Chicago women including Miss Helen M. Bennett, Mrs. John V. Farwell, Mrs. Silas Strawn, Mrs. John Alden Carpenter, Mrs. B. F. La

1954 Pacific typhoon season

The 1954 Pacific typhoon season has no official bounds. These dates conventionally delimit the period of each year when most tropical cyclones form in the northwestern Pacific Ocean; the scope of this article is limited to the Pacific Ocean, north of the equator and west of the international date line. Storms that form east of the date line and north of the equator are called hurricanes. Tropical Storms formed in the entire west Pacific basin were assigned a name by the Fleet Weather Center on Guam. Typhoon Grace struck the Southern Japanese islands of Shikoku. 28 people were killed and 33 were missing. Typhoon June struck the Southern Japanese hitting the area west of Kanto hard. 107 people were killed and 39 were missing. Typhoon Lorna brushed the southern coast of the Japanese island of Shikoku. 34 people were killed and 20 were missing. Typhoon Marie had a maximum windspeeds of 85 mph. Marie crossed the southern islands of Kyūshū and Shikoku before turning northeast and striking Hokkaidō island.

Marie caused the ship Toya Maru to sink in the Tsugaru Strait. 1,361 people were killed and 400 were left missing. Due to this disaster, the typhoon is known in Japan as the Toya Maru Typhoon. On October 27, Typhoon Pamela formed as a tropical depression. Pamela reached a peak of 900 mbar and 175 mph on November 1 and reached a secondary peak of 935 mbars on November 5. Pamela was one of three storms that reached Category 5 super typhoon status in the South China Sea, with others being Typhoon Rammasun of 2014 at 160 mph within 25 km east of Hainan island, Typhoon Meranti of 2016, at 190 mph in the South China Sea within 100 km southwest of Taiwan. Gusts at landfall just to the west of Macau reached 175 km/h in Waglan Island and 155 km/h in Hong Kong Observatory which were the strongest since November 10, 1900 when the mean hourly wind speed reached 113 km/h at the Royal Observatory in Tsim Sha Tsui, in par with Typhoon Gloria. 1954 Pacific hurricane season 1954 Atlantic hurricane season Pre-1980 North Indian Ocean cyclone seasons List of Australian region cyclones before 1969


Anglesboro or Anglesborough is a small village at the foot of the Galtee Mountains, in southeastern County Limerick, Ireland. The nearest town is Mitchelstown in County Cork 12 kilometres away. Liam Lynch was an Irish republican military leader, he served as Chief of Staff of the Irish Republican Army between March 1922-April 1923. He attended Anglesboro National School. A leading military commander in the War of Independence, he opposed the Anglo-Irish Treaty on the grounds that it dis-established the Irish Republic proclaimed in 1916 and he assumed the position of Chief-of-Staff of the anti-treaty IRA called the "Irregulars", he was killed in a skirmish with Free State forces on the Knockmealdown Mountains in County Tipperary on 10 April 1923, aged 29. Anglesboro Community Council List of towns and villages in Ireland

My Girl (The Temptations song)

"My Girl" is a soul music song recorded by the Temptations for the Gordy record label. Written and produced by the Miracles members Smokey Robinson and Ronald White, the song became the Temptations' first U. S. number-one single, is today their signature song. Robinson's inspiration for writing this song was his wife, Miracles member Claudette Rogers Robinson; the song was included on the Temptations 1965 album The Temptations Sing Smokey. In 2018, it was selected for preservation in the National Recording Registry by the Library of Congress as being "culturally or artistically significant."The song was included in the soundtrack for the 1989 film "Born on the Fourth of July" The recorded version of "My Girl" was the first Temptations single to feature David Ruffin on lead vocals. Eddie Kendricks and Paul Williams had performed most of the group's lead vocals, Ruffin had joined the group as a replacement for former Temptation Elbridge Bryant. While on tour as part of the Motortown Revue, a collective tour for most of the Motown roster, Smokey Robinson caught the Temptations' part of the show.

The group had included a medley of soul standards in the show, one of which, the Drifters' "Under the Boardwalk", was a solo spot for Ruffin. Impressed, Robinson decided to produce a single with Ruffin singing lead. Robinson saw Ruffin as a "sleeping giant" in the group with a unique voice, "mellow" yet "gruff". Robinson thought that if he could write just the perfect song for Ruffin's voice he could have a smash hit; the song was to be something that Ruffin could "belt out" yet something, "melodic and sweet". After some persuasion from Ruffin's bandmates, Robinson had the Temptations record "My Girl" instead of the Miracles, who were to record the song, recruited Ruffin to sing the lead vocals. According to Robinson, he allowed the group to create their own background vocals "because they were so great at background vocals"; the signature guitar riff heard during the introduction and under the verses was played by Robert White of the Funk Brothers. This part can be heard without vocals on the 2004 deluxe edition of the soundtrack from the 2002 documentary Standing in the Shadows of Motown.

"My Girl" was sampled for "Stay," a single from the Temptations' 1998 album Phoenix Rising. The single was re-released in 1992, following the November 1991 release of the film of the same name, which featured the song, it did reach number two in the UK Singles Chart. "My Girl" climbed to the top of the U. S. pop charts after its Christmas time 1964 release, making it the Temptations' first number-one hit. The single was the first number-one hit on the reinstated Billboard R&B Singles chart, which had gone on a fifteen-month hiatus from 1963 to 1965; the single gave the Gordy label its first number one on the Hot 100."My Girl" earned a nomination for Best Rhythm and Blues Recording at the eighth annual Grammy Awards, losing to "How Glad I Am" by Nancy Wilson. In 2004, "My Girl" was ranked number 88 on Rolling Stone's list of "The 500 Greatest Songs of All Time". David Ruffin – lead vocals Eddie Kendricks – backing vocals Melvin Franklin – backing vocals Paul Williams – backing vocals Otis Williams – backing vocals William "Smokey" Robinson – writer, producer Ronald White – writer, producer Paul Riser – arrangement The Funk Brothers – instrumentation Robert White – guitar James Jamersonbass Benny Benjamindrums Detroit Symphony Orchestra – strings In 1965, Otis Redding brought a traditional blues flavor to the song.

Produced by Steve Cropper, it was released on Redding's album Otis Blue: Otis Redding Sings Soul. His version was not released as a single in the US, but Atlantic issued it in the UK to capitalize on the relative lack of success by the Temptations' original version, Redding's cover peaked at number 11. In 1988, Suave had a Top 40 Pop hit and Top 10 R&B hit with the song. R&B/soul group the Whispers covered the song in a disco style for their eponymous 1979 album, it was subsequently released as a single, was a Top 30 hit in the UK, reaching number 26. List of Billboard Hot 100 number-one singles of 1965 List of number-one R&B singles of 1965 Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics

Surge (drink)

Surge is a citrus flavored soft drink first produced in the 1990s by The Coca-Cola Company to compete with Pepsi's Mountain Dew. Surge was advertised as having a more "hardcore" edge, much like Mountain Dew's advertising at the time, in an attempt to lure customers away from Pepsi, it was launched in Norway as Urge in 1996, was so popular that it was released in America as Surge. Lagging sales caused production to be ended in 2003 for most markets. However, popular fan bases such as Facebook's "SURGE Movement" led Coca-Cola to re-release the soft drink on September 15, 2014, for the US market via Amazon Prime in 12-packs of 16 oz cans. Following a test-market for the beverage in the Southeastern United States in early 2015, Surge was re-released in convenience stores in the Eastern United States and some Mountain states in September 2015. Surge was re-released internationally in September 2018 in Burger King restaurants in the Coca-Cola Freestyle machines. In 1997, Coca-Cola started production of Surge in the United States, with its original whitepaper name being "MDK," or "Mountain Dew Killer."

It was developed to converge with Mello Yello as a means of slowing Mountain Dew growth. Coke's attempts to draw users away with divergent products like OK Soda or with similar ones like Mello Yello had not succeeded. Surge was intended to improve on Mountain Dew by using maltodextrin for a longer-lasting blast of energy and with bolder, brighter presentation, its release was accompanied by a $50 million nationwide marketing campaign that led to high sales and popularity. A few years after the release, sales began to slip. Surge continued to be sold in vending machines, cans and as a fountains drink until its eventual discontinuation in 2003. While preparations for the US launch were underway, a cry for help came in from the Norwegian Division, who were battling a successful launch of Mountain Dew in their market; because the Surge brand was registered by another firm, the product was launched as "Urge". Local food regulation prevented the bright green color being used, so it was launched with a pale, more natural juice drink look and given a slight orange taste to match the flavor with the color.

Until September 15, 2014, when Coca-Cola re-released Surge, Norway was the only country where one could still buy a similar soft drink in any form, as the original Surge recipe was still popular there. Surge was associated with the extreme sports lifestyle, with television commercials similar to those used by Mountain Dew at the time. Coca-Cola used provocative catchphrases to market Surge to extreme sports enthusiasts and teenagers alike; some of these catchphrases included "Feed the Rush", "Life's a Scream" and the references to Surge as "A Fully Loaded Citrus Soda." Further touted was the fact that Surge had a considerable number of carbohydrates, hence the "with carbos" tagline, used in the marketing campaigns to emphasize the fact that Surge was supposed to be more than a soda, but an energy drink as well. After its inception, Surge's logo was updated and redesigned to a sharper and more modern look by a graphic designer/marketer named Colin Nekritz. In 1997 Coca-Cola settled a trademark dispute with Babson Bros. an industrial cleaning product company whose cow-milking machine has been known as Surge since 1925.

After the discontinuation of Surge in cans, a community was formed by web designer Eric "Karks" Karkovack entitled "Save Surge". The community mapped the locations at which Surge could be purchased in fountain form. Upon cancellation of the fountain syrup, the community continued, adopting an approach of activism that led to the creation of the citrus soda Vault in June 2005. After Vault's release, Karkovack announced the closure of Vault was discontinued in 2011; as a result of Vault's discontinuation, a group was started on Facebook by Evan Carr called the "Surge Movement". The group posted requests on Coca-Cola's Facebook page, encouraged its members to call Coca-Cola's consumer affairs hotline at 1-800-GET-COKE to voice their desires further, once every month; the movement gained around 200,000 Facebook "likes" in the months after it was started and continues to grow. On September 15, 2014, Surge was re-released as an exclusive in packs of twelve 16 oz cans. On February 10, 2015, Coca-Cola announced that it had begun test-marketing Surge with independent resellers and vending machines across the Southeast United States.

The test run ended in late-May 2015. Two months Coca-Cola announced that it was preparing for a large-scale Surge retail release across the Eastern United States. Surge was re-released at convenience stores across the Eastern United States on September 7, 2015. In August 2018, Surge became available in Coca-Cola Freestyle machines at Burger King, it is available in several varieties, including Cherry, Grape and Zero Sugar. On November 16, 2015, Burger King restaurants released a slushy version of the beverage called "Frozen Surge" as a limited edition slushy. Burger King reintroduced it in their restaurants as a fountain drink in August, 2018 In late 2016, Valero Corner Stores partnered with Icee to release an Icee form of Surge at select locations. On January 11, 2017, Cinemark theaters released a slushy version of the beverage called "Surge Frozen" for a limited time before being discontinued in Spring 2017. Comparisons of Surge have been made to a Coca-Cola product, first released in 2005—around two years after the discontinuation of Surge.

Vault has been discontinued as of December 2011. The two drinks are noted to have had similar taste, although Vault contained higher levels of caffeine at 70.5 mg per 12 fl. oz serving and contained artificial flavors i

Motion graphic design

Motion graphic design is a subset of graphic design in that it uses graphic design principles in a filmmaking or video production context through the use of animation or filmic techniques. Examples include the kinetic typography and graphics used in film and television opening sequences, the spinning, three-dimensional station identification logos of some television channels; the art form has been around for decades, has advanced in technical sophistication over time. A motion graphic designer may be a person trained in traditional graphic design who has learned to integrate additional elements into their existing skill set of design knowledge, though motion designers can come from filmmaking or animation backgrounds, may use tools or training from those fields as well. Motion graphic design is used in the film industry. Openings to movies, television shows, news programs can use photography and motion graphics to make the introduction Motion graphic design has achieved widespread use in content marketing and advertising.

With global technology firm Cisco projecting that 82 percent of all web traffic will be video by 2022, marketers and advertisers have focused much of their efforts on the production of high-quality branded video and motion graphic content. Technological advancements during the 20th and 21st centuries have impacted the field. Modern motion graphic design involves any of several computerized tools and processes. One of the leading computer programs used by modern motion graphic designers has been Adobe After Effects, which allows the user to create and modify graphics over time. Another recent product used in the market is Apple Inc. Motion, now a part of Final Cut Studio. Software such as Maxon Cinema4D has integrated tools to create motion graphics, such as the native MoGraph plugin, or ICE of Softimage, which can be used for similar purposes. Adobe Flash has been used to create motion graphic design for the web, where it is sometimes used in web design, but in some animation products, such as animated web television productions like Homestar Runner.

Motion graphics take a variety of forms. While some are animated, others incorporate live-action video and/or photography; the latter may include animation overlay, such as data visualizations, icons and explanatory text used to complement and enhance audiences' understanding of the content. Popular graphic designer like Anthony Kupin.. are the leading people in design right now. In content marketing contexts, there are three primary types of motion graphics, which marketers choose to use depending on the goals they wish to achieve with the motion graphic. Explainer motion graphics seek to elucidate process, or concept. Emotive motion graphics, aim to inspire a particular emotional response in audiences, and promotional motion graphics are used to raise awareness about a service, product, or initiative. Because so many motion graphics are designed with particular goals in mind, it is essential to partner with a designer or organization specializing in visual communication design to achieve a final product that conveys information in both an accurate and compelling way.

Animation Film title design Motion graphics Web design Web television KRASNER, JON. “Chapter 3.” MOTION GRAPHIC DESIGN: Applied History and Aesthetics, CRC PRESS, 2017. “Branding and Design Studio | Home." Trollbäck+Company,