Edmonton is the capital city of the Canadian province of Alberta. Edmonton is on the North Saskatchewan River and is the centre of the Edmonton Metropolitan Region, surrounded by Alberta's central region; the city anchors the north end of what Statistics Canada defines as the "Calgary–Edmonton Corridor". The city had a population of 932,546 in 2016, making it Alberta's second-largest city and Canada's fifth-largest municipality. In 2016, Edmonton had a metropolitan population of 1,321,426, making it the sixth-largest census metropolitan area in Canada. Edmonton is North America's northernmost metropolitan area with a population over one million. A resident of Edmonton is known as an Edmontonian. Edmonton's historic growth has been facilitated through the absorption of five adjacent urban municipalities in addition to a series of annexations through 1982, the annexation of 8,260 ha of land from Leduc County and the city of Beaumont on January 1, 2019. Known as the "Gateway to the North", the city is a staging point for large-scale oil sands projects occurring in northern Alberta and large-scale diamond mining operations in the Northwest Territories.
Edmonton is a cultural and educational centre. It hosts a year-round slate of festivals, reflected in the nickname "Canada's Festival City", it is home to North America's largest mall, West Edmonton Mall, Fort Edmonton Park, Canada's largest living history museum. The earliest known inhabitants arrived in the area, now Edmonton around 3000 BC and as early as 12,000 BC when an ice-free corridor opened as the last glacial period ended and timber and wildlife became available in the region. In 1754, Anthony Henday, an explorer for the Hudson's Bay Company, may have been the first European to enter the Edmonton area, his expeditions across the Canadian Prairies were to seek contact with the aboriginal population for establishing the fur trade, as the competition was fierce between the Hudson's Bay Company and the North West Company. By 1795, Fort Edmonton was established on the river's north bank as a major trading post for the Hudson's Bay Company; the new fort's name was suggested by John Peter Pruden after Edmonton, the hometown of both the HBC deputy governor Sir James Winter Lake, Pruden.
In 1876, Treaty 6, which includes what is now Edmonton, was signed between the Aboriginal peoples in Canada and Queen Victoria as Queen of Canada, as part of the Numbered Treaties of Canada. The agreement includes the Plains and Woods Cree and other band governments of First Nations at Fort Carlton, Fort Pitt, Battle River; the area covered by the treaty represents most of the central area of the current provinces of Saskatchewan and Alberta. The coming of the Canadian Pacific Railway to southern Alberta in 1885 helped the Edmonton economy, the 1891 building of the Calgary and Edmonton Railway resulted in the emergence of a railway townsite on the river's south side, across from Edmonton; the arrival of the CPR and the C&E Railway helped bring settlers and entrepreneurs from eastern Canada, Europe, U. S. and other parts of the world. The Edmonton area's fertile soil and cheap land attracted settlers, further establishing Edmonton as a major regional commercial and agricultural centre; some people participating in the Klondike Gold Rush passed through South Edmonton/Strathcona in 1897.
Strathcona was North America's northernmost railway point, but travel to the Klondike was still difficult for the "Klondikers," and a majority of them took a steamship north to the Yukon from Vancouver, British Columbia. Incorporated as a town in 1892 with a population of 700 and as a city in 1904 with a population of 8,350, Edmonton became the capital of Alberta when the province was formed a year on September 1, 1905. In November 1905, the Canadian Northern Railway arrived in Edmonton. During the early 1900s, Edmonton's rapid growth led to speculation in real estate. In 1912, Edmonton amalgamated with the City of Strathcona, south of the North Saskatchewan River. Just before World War I, the boom ended, the city's population declined from more than 72,000 in 1914 to less than 54,000 only two years later. Many impoverished families moved to subsistence farms outside the city, while others fled to greener pastures in other provinces. Recruitment to the army during the war contributed to the drop in population.
Afterwards, the city recovered in population and economy during the 1920s and 1930s and took off again during and after World War II. The Edmonton City Centre Airport opened in 1929. Named Blatchford Field in honour of former mayor Kenny Blatchford, pioneering aviators such as Wilfrid R. "Wop" May and Max Ward used Blatchford Field as a major base for distributing mail and medicine to Northern Canada. World War II saw Edmonton become a major base for the construction of the Alaska Highway and the Northwest Staging Route; the airport was closed in November 2013. On July 31, 1987, a devastating F4 tornado killed 27 people; the storm hit the areas of Beaumont, Mill Woods, Bannerman and Evergreen. The day became known as "Black Friday." In 1892 Edmonton was incorporated as a town. The first mayor was Matthew McCauley, who established the first school board in Edmonton and Board of Trade and a municipal police service. Due to McCauley's good relationship with th
Belle Isle Castle is a historic Irish landmark situated on Belle Island. The estate stretches over 470-acres across County Fermanagh, Northern Ireland. Built as a house in the early 17th century, Belle Isle Castle is now expanded and refurbished and serves as a popular tourist attraction and wedding venue, it contains on site cookery school. Dating back to the early 17th century, the estate has been inhabited and expanded by generations of nobles including Ralph Gore, 1st Earl of Ross; the estate has welcomed the public since 1760. In 1991, the castle was refurbished to open its doors to more visitors; the castle contains a gallery, an overlook tower, a courtyard, a grand banquet hall. It offers different residences throughout its coach houses and cottages, all of which include unique, different style bedrooms for its guests; the estate encompasses English and Irish furnishings, a grand open fireplace, works by Russian and English painters, floor-to-ceiling windows that overlook the garden, manifesting since the 18th century.
Belle Isle Castle originated as a sole house, first built and inhabited by Sir Ralph Gore, 4th Bt in about 1700, after his grandfather Paul Gore came into possession of Belle Island. Sir Ralph Gore’s grandson named Ralph Gore, was born in the house in 1725 and throughout his life further expanded it, adding cottages, a tower, with the help of designer Thomas Wright, together created the magnificent garden that surrounds the estate and extends to the Lough Erne shore. Upon Gore’s death in 1801, the now expanded castle was left to his only surviving child, Lady Mary Hardinge, wife of Sir Richard Hardinge, 1st Baronet. After Lady Hardinge’s death in 1824, her husband’s death two years the estate was left to the nephew of Hardinge, Rev Sir Charles Hardinge, 2nd Baronet, of Tonbridge Kent whom deemed no interest in owning the castle. In 1830, he sold the estate for £68000 to Rev John Grey Porter of Kilskeery, whose descendants owned the property up until 1991. During the ownership, the Porter’s worked to further expand the castle, adding various office wings and cottage houses.
In 1991, Porter descendant Miss Lavinia Baird sold the estate to the James Hamilton, 5th Duke of Abercorn, who purchased the estate for his youngest son, Lord Nicholas Hamilton. It was the dedicated and admirable work of the Abercorns that have vividly transformed the castle into the functioning tourist attraction it is today. Situated behind the castle, the Belle Isle Cookery School opened its doors in 2004 to be the first state-of-the-art cookery school in Northern Ireland. On the grounds are activities available to guests that include shooting and hiking. Castles in Northern Ireland
Notocrypta curvifascia, the restricted demon, is a butterfly belonging to the family Hesperiidae. N. curvifascia is found in many regions of temperate and tropical East Asia and the Indian subcontinent. Among butterflies, it is small, at 4 cm long, its wings are dark brown to black, with a white eyespot near the trailing end. The larval host plants include members of the Zingiberaceae and Musaceae families such as Alpinia japonica, Alpinia zerumbet, Curcuma decipiens, Costus speciosus, Curcuma longa, Globba marantina, Musa acuminata × balbisiana, Zingiber casumunar, Zingiber odoriferum, Zingiber officinale. Other plants include Hedychium species and Zingiber zerumbet