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Edward Bulwer-Lytton

Edward George Earle Lytton Bulwer-Lytton, 1st Baron Lytton, PC was an English writer and politician. He served as a Whig member of Parliament from 1831 to 1841 and a Conservative MP from 1851 to 1866, he was Secretary of State for the Colonies from June 1858 to June 1859, choosing Richard Clement Moody as founder of British Columbia. He declined the Crown of Greece in 1862, he was created Baron Lytton of Knebworth in 1866. Bulwer-Lytton's works paid him well, he coined the phrases "the great unwashed", "pursuit of the almighty dollar", "the pen is mightier than the sword", "dweller on the threshold". His reputation declined, however; the sardonic 1982 Bulwer-Lytton Fiction Contest claimed to seek the "opening sentence of the worst of all possible novels". Bulwer was born on 25 May 1803 to General William Earle Bulwer of Heydon Hall and Wood Dalling and Elizabeth Barbara Lytton, daughter of Richard Warburton Lytton of Knebworth House, Hertfordshire, he had two older brothers, William Earle Lytton Bulwer and Henry Lord Dalling and Bulwer.

His father died and his mother moved to London when he was four years old. When he was 15, a tutor named Wallington, who tutored him at Ealing, encouraged him to publish an immature work: Ishmael and Other Poems. Bulwer fell in love, she died about the time that Bulwer went to Cambridge and he stated that her loss affected all his subsequent life. In 1822 Bulwer-Lytton entered Trinity College, where he met John Auldjo, but soon moved to Trinity Hall. In 1825 he won the Chancellor's Gold Medal for English verse. In the following year he took his BA degree and printed for private circulation a small volume of poems and Wild Flowers, he sold it in 1829 without serving. In August 1827, he married Rosina Doyle Wheeler, a noted Irish beauty, but against the wishes of his mother, who withdrew his allowance, forcing him to work for a living, they had two children, Lady Emily Elizabeth Bulwer-Lytton, Robert Lytton Bulwer-Lytton, 1st Earl of Lytton who became Governor-General and Viceroy of British India.

His writing and political work strained his infidelity embittered Rosina. In 1833 they separated acrimoniously and in 1836 the separation became legal. Three years Rosina published Cheveley, or the Man of Honour, a near-libellous fiction satirising her husband's alleged hypocrisy. In June 1858, when her husband was standing as parliamentary candidate for Hertfordshire, she denounced him at the hustings, he retaliated by threatening her publishers, withholding her allowance and denying her access to their children. He had her committed to a mental asylum, but she was released a few weeks after a public outcry; this she chronicled in A Blighted Life. She continued attacking her husband's character for several years; the death of Bulwer's mother in 1843 meant his "exhaustion of toil and study had been completed by great anxiety and grief," and by "about the January of 1844, I was shattered." In his mother's room at Knebworth House, which he inherited, he "had inscribed above the mantelpiece a request that future generations preserve the room as his beloved mother had used it."

It remains hardly changed to this day. On 20 February 1844, in accordance with his mother's will, he changed his surname from Bulwer to Bulwer-Lytton and assumed the arms of Lytton by royal licence, his widowed mother had done the same in 1811. His brothers remained plain "Bulwer". By chance Bulwer-Lytton encountered a copy of "Captain Claridge's work on the "Water Cure", as practised by Priessnitz, at Graefenberg", "making allowances for certain exaggerations therein", pondered the option of travelling to Graefenberg, but preferred to find something closer to home, with access to his own doctors in case of failure: "I who scarcely lived through a day without leech or potion!". After reading a pamphlet by Doctor James Wilson, who operated a hydropathic establishment with James Manby Gully at Malvern, he stayed there for "some nine or ten weeks", after which he "continued the system some seven weeks longer under Doctor Weiss, at Petersham" again at "Doctor Schmidt's magnificent hydropathic establishment at Boppart", after developing a cold and fever upon his return home.

When Otto, King of Greece abdicated in 1862, Bulwer-Lytton was offered the Greek Crown, but declined. The English Rosicrucian society, founded in 1867 by Robert Wentworth Little, claimed Bulwer-Lytton as their "Grand Patron", but he wrote to the society complaining that he was "extremely surprised" by their use of the title, as he had "never sanctioned such." A number of esoteric groups have continued to claim Bulwer-Lytton as their own, chiefly because some of his writings – such as the 1842 book Zanoni – have included Rosicrucian and other esoteric notions. According to the Fulham Football Club, he once resided in the original Craven Cottage, today the site of their stadium. Bulwer-Lytton had long suffered from a disease of the ear, for the last two or three years of his life lived in Torquay nursing his health. After an operation to cure deafness, an abscess formed in the burst; the cause of death was unclear but it was thought the infection had affected his brain and caused a fit. Rosina outlived him by nine years.

Against his wishes, Bulwer-Lytton was honoured with a burial in Westminster Abbey. His unfinished history Athens: Its Rise and Fall was

King's Cross St Pancras tube station

King's Cross St. Pancras is a London Underground station on Euston Road in the Borough of Camden, Central London, it serves King's Cross and St Pancras main line stations in fare zone 1, is an interchange between six Underground lines. The station was one of the first to open on the network; the station opened in 1863 along with the Metropolitan line, subsequently catering for the Hammersmith & City and Circle lines. It was expanded in 1868 with the opening of the City Widened Lines, the Northern and Piccadilly platforms opened in the early 20th century. During the 1930s and 1940s, the station was restructured and rebuilt to cater for expanded traffic; the Victoria line connection opened in 1968. The 1987 King's Cross fire that killed 31 people is the deadliest accident to occur on the Underground and resulted in widespread safety improvements and changes throughout the network; the station was extensively rebuilt in the early 21st century to cater for Eurostar services that moved from Waterloo to St Pancras, reopening in 2009.

The first underground station at King's Cross was planned in 1851, during construction of the mainline station. The intention was to connect the Great Western Railway at Paddington with the Great Northern Railway at King's Cross; the line was opened as part of the original section of the Metropolitan Railway on 10 January 1863. It was reorganised in August 1868 to accommodate the City Widened Lines which allowed GNR and Metropolitan traffic to run along the line simultaneously; the same year, the Metropolitan built a link to the newly opened St Pancras station. The Great Northern and Brompton Railway platforms opened with the rest of the line on 15 December 1906, while the City & South London Railway opened on 11 May 1907. In 1927, this part of the station was renamed as King's Cross for St Pancras. In 1933, the station was formally renamed King's Cross St Pancras, except for the Metropolitan line station, which continued to use the old name until 16 October 1940, when it was renamed. During this time, major rebuilding work took place, including a direct connection to St Pancras and a circular ticket hall.

The main concourse opened on 18 June 1939, the subway link to St Pancras opened two years later. The total cost of the work was £260,000; the Metropolitan line platforms were closed between 16 October and 9 December 1940 due to bomb damage during the Blitz. Further bomb damage to the Metropolitan line platforms occurred on 9 March 1941 when a train, the station roof, the signal box and the platforms were damaged and two railway staff were killed. New sub-surface platforms had been under construction as part of the station improvements begun in the 1930s and these were opened in an unfinished condition on 14 March 1941 250 m to the west; these were decorated with cream tiles featuring pale green edges. A subway was built between the sub-surface lines, running below Euston Road and joining with the tube lines, making interchanging between the various lines easier; the 1868 platforms became King's Cross Thameslink station. The Victoria line platforms were opened on 1 December 1968 as part of the line's second phase from Highbury & Islington to Warren Street.

Unlike some other interchange stations on the line, it was not possible to put the platforms on the same level with other lines. Two new escalators were constructed, connecting the Northern / Piccadilly ticket hall with an expanded concourse. A further subway and staircase connected the new platforms to this; the station was refurbished in conjunction with several others on the tube network. The Northern and Piccadilly platforms were decorated with multi-coloured tiles featuring the letters "K" and "X"; the underground network had been at risk of fire since opening, the limited amount of space and means of escape increased the possibility of fatalities. Following a serious fire at Finsbury Park in February 1976, staff had been trained to be alert for any possible causes of ignition or smouldering. At around 7:30 p.m. on 18 November 1987, a passenger reported a small fire on the Northern / Piccadilly up escalator and alerted staff. The incident was judged as minor, the Fire Brigade arrived at 7:43 p.m. with four pumps and a ladder.

By this time, the ticket hall had filled with smoke, trains passed through the station without stopping, passengers were being evacuated. At around 7:45 p.m. a fireball erupted from the Northern / Piccadilly escalators and set the ticket hall ablaze. The fire burned for several hours and was not properly contained until around 1:46 a.m. the following morning. It killed 31 people, including a fire officer; the then-unknown fire phenomenon of the trench effect made the fire develop upwards and caused it to explode into the station. As a result, fire safety procedures on the Underground were tightened, staff training was improved and wooden steps on escalators were replaced with metal ones. Smoking had been banned on subsurface areas of the Underground in February 1985; the fire caused extensive damage to the old wooden escalators where it had started. Repairs and rebuilding took over a year. In the aftermath of the fire, the Fennell Report recommended that London Underground should investigate "passenger flow and congestion in stations and take remedial action".

A Parliamentary bill was tabled in 1993 to permit London Underground to improve and ex

Star Cigar

Star Cigar is a brand of premium cigars and accessories. Its most popular blend is S. O. B. Robusto, manufactured in the Dominican Republic and distributed worldwide. Fran “Shon” Shatone Brooks invented the product and introduced it to the United States in May 2013. Robusto cigars are a class of cigars created from a mixture of Dominican tobacco leaves, finished with a round cap, its six other blends are the churchill, double corona, panatela and torpedo. In March 2014, less than a year after it was introduced to consumers, S. O. B. Robusto was featured in a quarterly lifestyle publication for cigar enthusiasts; the cigar received ratings between 87 and 95 on a 100-point rating scale, which represent good to excellent. In 2014 Brooks secured an agreement with Hard Rock to retail the cigars in the five-star Hard Rock Casino in Punta Cana, Dominican Republic

Sebastian Krelj

Sebastian Krelj known as Sebastjan Krelj, Sebastijan Krelj or Boštjan Krelj was a Slovene Protestant reformer, pastor and preacher and regarded as one of the most educated Slovene Protestants of the 16th century. Krelj was born in Vipava part of the Duchy of Carniola, he studied at University of Jena and became a follower of the Lutheran preacher and writer Primož Trubar, the leader of the Protestant Reformation in the Slovene Lands, whom he assisted as a preacher in Ljubljana. In 1565, he became superintendent of the Carniolan Protestant Church in Ljubljana. At the time of assuming the position, he was suffering from tuberculosis and on Christmas two years died from it, leaving behind a widow and a child. Krelj had a wide linguistic and philologic knowledge: besides Slovene and Latin, he knew Ancient Greek, Hebrew and Glagolitic literature. Krelj put the central dialect into context of dialects spoken by Istrians, the inhabitants of the Vipava Valley and Lower Carniolans, he introduced some changes to the Latin script adopted by Trubar from the German.

He differentiated the phonemes /s/ /z/ /t͡s/ /ʃ/ /ʒ/ /t͡ʃ/ /t͡ɕ/ /ə/. His reforms were taken up by Jurij Dalmatin in the first translation of the entire Bible to the Slovene. In 1583, they were codified by Adam Bohorič in his grammar book Arcticae horulae succisivae

Stephen Crabb

Stephen Crabb is a British politician of the Conservative Party, serving as the Member of Parliament for Preseli Pembrokeshire since the 2005 general election. In 2016, Crabb was Secretary of State for Work and Pensions, he has been a government whip, a junior minister for Wales and the Secretary of State for Wales. Although born in Inverness, to a Scottish mother, Crabb's upbringing was in Haverfordwest, the county town of Pembrokeshire in Wales, his father began claiming long-term sickness benefit – known as Invalidity Benefit – the year before Crabb was born. His mother separated from his father, she raised him and his two brothers on a council estate, living on benefits and receiving help from family and the Baptist church. Crabb has said that his early experiences informed his views on welfare: "The most powerful thing to me, looking back, is the way that my mother went through a crisis in her life and became welfare-dependent, she started working just a few hours each week, increasing her hours and moving to a position where with extra training she was able to move into full-time work, become a car owner, reach full economic independence."

He said: "I was brought up in a home where a huge amount of emphasis was put on work and education as routes out of poverty were drummed into us". Crabb was educated at local primary schools. From 1984-1991 he attended Tasker Milward School in Haverfordwest, created in 1978 after the closure of a former boys' grammar school and the local girls school, and, a voluntary controlled school, he has said the education there was "second to none... I tasted best of what a state education can provide". Crabb went on to study politics at the University of Bristol and graduated in 1995, he joined the Conservative Party after graduating from university. He gained an MBA at the London Business School. Upon graduating from university, Crabb took an unpaid post as a Christian Action Research and Education parliamentary intern. In 1996, he became the Parliamentary Affairs Officer for the National Council for Voluntary Youth Services. In 1998, he served as an election monitor in Bosnia and Herzegovina, started working as a policy manager at the London Chamber of Commerce.

In 2002, he became a marketing consultant. In 1998, whilst living in London, Crabb was elected as the chairman of the Southwark North and Bermondsey Conservative Association, a position he held until 2000. Crabb stood for Parliament in the constituency where he grew up, Preseli Pembrokeshire, in 2001, he finished in second place, but at the 2005 general election, he gained the seat from Labour with a majority of 607 votes, becoming one of three Welsh Conservative MPs who ended the "Tory free zone" that had existed in Wales since 1997. Crabb was the youngest member of the 2005 Conservative intake, he made his maiden speech on 25 May 2005. At the 2010 general election, Crabb retained his seat with a majority of 4,605 votes, 42.79% of the vote. In the general election on 7 May 2015, Crabb retained his seat with a majority of 4,969 votes and 40.4% of the vote. In 2010, Crabb chaired the cross-party group for Democracy in Burma and was patron of the Burma Campaign UK; the Conservative Party website describes Crabb as someone who "takes a strong interest in international development and believes in the importance of UK aid".

From 2010 until 2012, he led the Conservative Party's Project Umubano, which works in Rwanda and Sierra Leone. Crabb has served on the Welsh Affairs Select Committee, the International Development Select Committee and the Treasury Select Committee, he was appointed to the Conservative front bench in 2009 as Junior Whip. During the 2009 parliamentary expenses scandal, it was reported that Crabb had claimed £8,049 for refurbishments to his flat in London, carried out from July 2006, he sold the flat the following year and switched his second home expenses to the house he had bought for his family in Pembrokeshire, allowing him to claim back £9,300 in stamp duty and £1,325 a month in mortgage interest for a year while designating another London flat he was renting with a fellow MP as his main home. Crabb said in response: "I haven't claimed for things like plasma TVs though the rules allow it. My claims were always within the letter and the spirit of the rules". In 2012, Crabb was promoted to Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Wales and became a Lord Commissioner of HM Treasury, meaning he was a government minister and a government whip at the same time, which the BBC said had led to "political pundits and opposition politicians scratching their heads".

Labour's Owen Smith, whose parliamentary career has mirrored that of Crabb, called the arrangement "highly unusual and unsatisfactory", adding, "it's unheard of to have a whip acting as a minister in a department". At the Wales Office, Crabb worked on maintaining the competitiveness of Wales' energy-intensive industries in the face of high energy costs. In the 2014 Spring Budget, the Chancellor of the Exchequer announced that the British government would compensate energy-intensive industries hit hard by the rising cost of energy. Crabb was named'Member to Watch' in the Welsh Yearbook Political Awards 2012, his citation read: He's emerged from the shadowy world of the whips' office at Westminster to become the Welsh Secretary's deputy in the Commons. The judges were impressed by his confident performance at Welsh Questions, dealing with an unruly house with the Prime Minister sat beside him, waiting for his turn at the despatch box. In the reshuffle of July 2014, Crabb was promoted to Secretary of State fo

Wild Wild Life

"Wild Wild Life" is a song by American rock band Talking Heads, released as the lead single from their seventh studio album True Stories. The video for the song won "Best Group Video" at the MTV Video Music Awards in 1987. Taken from the film True Stories, with some additional content, it includes band member Jerry Harrison parodying Billy Idol, Kid Creole, Ralph Macchio's character Karate Kid, Prince. "My favorite T. Heads video, the most fun to make," Harrison recalled in the liner notes of Once in a Lifetime: The Best of Talking Heads. "I always wondered what Prince thought of it." The rest of the band appears in various costumes. The video is set in a 1960s ambienced cabaret bar, where a frantic series of unannounced performers lip sync to the song, imitating such singers as Madonna and Meat Loaf as disjointed images play across a wall of video screens behind them. Byrne wrote about this scene: The song itself becomes a vehicle that can say anything they want it to; some gestures and movements are derived from well-known sources: television shows... movies... and, most rock videos.

Odd to think that some lip-synchers are imitating characters in videos, who are musicians imitating other characters. Actor John Goodman, prior to his fame in the sitcom Roseanne, appeared in both the film and MTV versions of the video. Goodman was featured on the B-side's "People Like Us", a song which appeared in the film. Vocals on "People Like Us" by John Goodman The song was covered by Wailing Souls for the 1993 movie Cool Runnings; the song was used in the trailers for Brother Bear. Over the Hedge, Zookeeper, as well as the beginning of the 2006 animated film Open Season, for which it was included on the film's soundtrack, it was used in the infamous 2014 film United Passions as well as the aforementioned True Stories. David Byrne had never played the song live until he and St. Vincent added it to the setlist for their Love This Giant tour, it was played live for the first time on June 11, 2013, at the Wellmont Theatre in Montclair, New Jersey, with each of the eight-piece brass section taking turns to sing a line of the song twice during the performance.

Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics