Edward Seymour, 1st Duke of Somerset, was Lord Protector of England during part of the Tudor period from 1547 until 1549 during the minority of his nephew, King Edward VI. Despite his popularity with the common people, his policies angered the gentry and he was overthrown, he was the eldest brother of Queen Jane, the third wife of King Henry VIII. Edward Seymour was born c. 1500, the son of Sir John Seymour by his wife Margery Wentworth, eldest daughter of Sir Henry Wentworth of Nettlestead and descended from Edward III. In 1514, aged about 14, he received an appointment in the household of Mary Tudor, Queen of France, was enfant d’honneur at her marriage with Louis XII. Seymour served in the Duke of Suffolk's campaign in France in 1523, being knighted by the duke on the 1st of November, accompanied Cardinal Wolsey on his embassy to France in 1527. Appointed Esquire of the Body to Henry VIII in 1529, he grew in favour with the king, who visited his manor at Elvetham in Hampshire in October 1535.
When Seymour's sister, married King Henry VIII in 1536, Edward was created Viscount Beauchamp on 5 June 1536, Earl of Hertford on 15 October 1537. He became Warden of the Scottish Marches and continued in royal favour after his sister's death on 24 October 1537. In 1541, during Henry's absence in the north, Thomas Cranmer and Thomas Audley had the chief management of affairs in London. In September 1542 he was appointed Warden of the Scottish Marches, a few months Lord High Admiral, a post which he immediately relinquished in favour of John Dudley, the future duke of Northumberland. In March 1544 he was made lieutenant-general of the north and instructed to punish the Scots for their repudiation of the treaty of marriage between Prince Edward and the infant Mary, Queen of Scots, he landed at Leith in May and pillaged Edinburgh, returned a month later. In July 1544 he was appointed lieutenant of the realm under the queen regent during Henry's absence at Boulogne, but in August he joined the king and was present at the surrender of the town.
In the autumn he was one of the commissioners sent to Flanders to keep Charles V to the terms of his treaty with England, in January 1545 he was placed in command at Boulogne, where on the 26th he repelled an attempt of Marshal de Biez to recapture the town. In May he was once more appointed lieutenant-general in the north to avenge the Scottish victory at the Battle of Ancrum Moor. In March 1546 he was sent back to Boulogne to supersede the Earl of Surrey, whose command had not been a success. From October to the end of Henry's reign he was in attendance on the king, engaged in the struggle for predominance, to determine the complexion of the government during the coming minority. Personal and religious rivalry separated him and Baron Lisle from the Howards, Surrey's hasty temper precipitated his own ruin and that of and his father, the duke of Norfolk, they could not acquiesce in the Imperial ambassador's verdict that Hertford and Lisle were the only noblemen of fit age and capacity to carry on the government.
Upon the death of Henry VIII, Seymour's nephew became king as Edward VI. Henry VIII's will named sixteen executors, who were to act as Edward's Council until he reached the age of 18; these executors were supplemented by twelve men "of counsail" who would assist the executors when called on. The final state of Henry VIII's will has occasioned controversy; some historians suggest that those close to the king manipulated either him or the will itself to ensure a shareout of power to their benefit, both material and religious. In this reading, the composition of the Privy Chamber shifted towards the end of 1546 in favour of the Protestant faction. In addition, two leading conservative Privy Councillors were removed from the centre of power. Stephen Gardiner was refused access to Henry during his last months. Thomas Howard, 3rd Duke of Norfolk, found. Other historians have argued that Gardiner's exclusion had non-religious causes, that Norfolk was not noticeably conservative in religion, that conservatives remained on the Council, that the radicalism of men such as Sir Anthony Denny, who controlled the dry stamp that replicated the king's signature, is debatable.
Whatever the case, Henry's death was followed by a lavish hand-out of lands and honours to the new power group. The will contained an "unfulfilled gifts" clause, added at the last minute, which allowed Henry's executors to distribute lands and honours to themselves and the court to Seymour, who became the Lord Protector of the Realm and Governor of the King's Person, who created himself Duke of Somerset. Henry VIII's will did not provide for the appointment of a Protector, it entrusted the government of the realm during his son's minority to a Regency Council that would rule collectively, by majority decision, with "like and equal charge". A few days after Henry's death, on 4 February, the executors chose to invest regal power in Edward Seymour. Thirteen out of the sixteen agreed to his appointment as Protector, which they justified as their joint decision "by virtue of the authority" of Henry's will. Seymour
Eric Calderone is an American guitarist. He is known for his numerous YouTube videos, in which he performs heavy metal renditions of popular songs and television themes, video game soundtracks. Eric Calderone was raised in Bradenton. Calderone began playing guitar at the age of sixteen, he learned about musical orchestration as a student at Berklee College of Music in Boston, Massachusetts. He holds a degree in music from the University of Tampa. After learning to play the instrument, a skill which began with Calderone learning the song "Enter Sandman" by the metal group Metallica, he taught guitar lessons, both and as a part-time college instructor, his first YouTube upload, from November 5, 2009, features a metal remix of the track "He's a Pirate" by Hans Zimmer and Klaus Badelt, from the 2003 film Pirates of the Caribbean: The Curse of the Black Pearl. Calderone learned to create his renditions by first transcribing a rough MIDI version of the melody and tempo of the song he wishes to cover in a digital audio workstation.
He digitally adds drum sections into the file, along with multiple layered recordings of his guitar instrumentation. After adding an element of bass, sometimes including other optional instruments, such as synthesizers, he records himself playing a real-time version of his cover. A surge in Calderone's popularity on YouTube began when he uploaded a metal cover of the Lady Gaga song "Bad Romance" on October 21, 2010. In December 2015, Calderone graduated from the University of Tampa with a bachelor's degree in music. Since he has uploaded videos of himself performing numerous remixes of songs and soundtracks, including the Gotye song "Somebody That I Used to Know", the Carly Rae Jepsen song "Call Me Maybe", the PSY song "Gangnam Style", his most viewed video is of his metal rendition of the Disney song "Let It Go", from Disney's 2013 film Frozen. In 2013, Calderone received the "‘Dimebag Darrell Shredder’ Award" at the Metal Hammer Golden Gods Awards. List of YouTubers 331Erock on YouTube
Simon François Ravenet was a French engraver. In Britain he is termed Simon Francis Ravenet, he was one of William Hogarth's assistants. He was born in Paris, where he studied engraving under Jacques-Philippe Le Bas before moving to London in 1750, where he founded a school of line engraving and is credited with the revival of engraving in England, he died in London. Some of his work remains on display at the National Portrait Gallery as well as at the Cleveland Museum of Art, his pupils included the engravers William Wynne Ryland. His son, Simon Ravenet was an engraver, he is known to have engraved a portrait of Joshua Reynolds but committed the works of other artists into engraved form. Ravenet was buried in Old St. Pancras Churchyard on 6 April 1764, his name is now listed on the Burdett-Coutts Memorial, listing the graves of eminent persons lost over the years. 1 painting by or after Simon François Ravenet at the Art UK site
Anne Fortier is a Danish / Canadian writer who has lived in the US and Canada since 2002. She was born in 1971 in Holstebro to mother Birgit Malling Eriksen. Fortier submitted her first manuscript for publication at the age of 13. Since she has written the novels Hyrder på bjerget,Juliet, Amazonerne's Ring and The Lost Sisterhood; the novel Juliet is based on the story of Romeo and Juliet. The novel was a New York Times Bestseller. A Juliet film is in production by Paramount/Montecito and director James Mangold. Fortier co-produced the Emmy Award–winning documentary Fire and Ice: The Winter War of Finland and Russia. Fortier holds a Ph. D. in the History of Ideas from Aarhus University, Denmark. During her studies she spent two terms at Corpus Christi College, Oxford as an Associate Graduate Member. Official website
Clive Allen is a British basketball coach and former player, best known for playing for the Birmingham Bullets. After retirement, he worked on the coaching staff of BBL teams the Milton Keynes Lions and the Birmingham Panthers, he was an England international, is the father of women's basketball player Dominique Allen. During his playing career, he played for teams including the Birmingham Bullets of the British Basketball League and the Dudley Bears, he was best known for his work with the Bullets, being described after his career as a "legend" from that club, twice made it to the play-offs with the team. Allen was an international, playing for the England men's national basketball team on five occasions. Along with Tony Simms, he coached the Aston Athletics basketball team in 2005 and shortly afterwards was assistant coach at the Milton Keynes Lions under Nigel Lloyd, he was general manager for the Birmingham Panthers, again under Lloyd, during their only season during 2007–08. Following the club's closure, he was in discussion with association football club West Bromwich Albion to form a new club for the BBL, to bring back the Birmingham Bullets.
In 2009 he became Sporting Club Albion's basketball co-ordinator, became Head Basketball Development Coach for the Metropolitan Borough of Dudley. Allen is the father of Dominique Allen, who plays for the Oral Roberts Golden Eagles women's basketball team, she has been chosen for the British team at the 2012 Summer Olympics
The Battle of Grčarice was a battle fought in early September 1943 between the Slovene Partisans and the Blue Guard. The battle was waged in Grčarice in German-occupied Yugoslavia, modern-day Slovenia; the capitulation of Italy was an important turning point in the World War II in Slovenian part of Axis occupied Kingdom of Yugoslavia. Slovene Partisans had a British mission inside their headquarter. Based on the instructions received from the Allies, the Italian troops were ordered to surrender their arms to the Partisans in Yugoslavia, which allowed Slovene Partisans to strengthen their forces; the Slovene Partisans used this arms to eliminate their main political opponents, Slovenian detachment of the Yugoslav Army in Homeland. Slovene Partisans which attacked Yugoslav Army in Grčarice belonged to three shock brigades of the 14th Slovenian Division. After the capitulation of Italy in 1943 the Slovene Partisans captured 2 heavy guns together with its crew that they brought to Grčarice. According to an interview of former Chetnik officer Uroš Šušterić, the Italian soldiers operated artillery weapons used against Chetniks.
The commander of all Chetniks in Slovenia was Karl Novak. Most of Slovene Chetniks in Grčarice were members of the Sokol movement. Chetnik detachment in Grčarice was the main Slovene Chetnik group, their number grew from 50 to 350. Their official name was Dolenjska Chetnik Detachment while they were known as the Central Chetnik Detachment About 60 of them were officers or non-commissioned officers. Dolenjska Chetnik Detachment was commanded by the Major Danilo Borut Koprivica, it had four battalions, the first commanded by Captain Pavle Vošmar Vidmar, the second by Milan Kranjc, third by Marjan Strniša and fourth by Stanko Abram. Chetniks in Grčarice expected reinforcements consisting of Chetniks from Ljubljana and around 300 Chetniks from Lika region. Only small detachment of 20 Chetniks from Ljubljana managed to reach Grčarice and reinforce defenders. One detachment of 270 Chetniks from Lika commanded by Vasilije Marović was sent by Major Bjelajac to join Chetniks in Slovenia, tried to reach Grčarice, but returned after reaching Srbske Moravice where they learned about the Italian capitulation and decided to return.
The prelude of the Battle of Grčarice were the clashes between the Partisans and Chetniks in Sveti Gregor on 3 September. After being attacked by the Partisan brigade Tone Tomšić, the Chetnik forces retreated to Grčarice where they had their center and headquarters; the Chetniks fortified their positions connecting two buildings and the church. On 5 September Chetniks received two trucks of arms and ammunition, because Itallian General Gambara wanted to establish connection with the Allies. On 6 September the Chetniks in Grčarice celebrated the birthday of Peter II of Yugoslavia. On 7 September Partisans encircled Grčarice and on 8 September they began the attack on Grčarice. On the first day of attack the Slovene Partisans did not have any heavy weapons, so Chetniks repelled all their attacks. Major Novak commanded his units through radio connection. Expecting the reinforcement from Chetniks from Lika, he continually sent instructions to Dolenjska Chetniks Detachment to keep their positions; when Koprivica was wounded he appointed Captain Milan Kranjc to take over the command over the detachment.
On 9 September 20 Chetniks of the Ljubljana detachment joined surrounded Chetniks. When Kranjc realized that the Chetnik units can not withheld the Partisans attacks he planned to break through their lines during the night. In midnight Kranjc shouted to Partisans explaining them that their political commissars are guilty for crimes against Slovenian people and accusing them for attacking regular Yugoslav army units instead against Nazi troops that occupied their country. Kranjc invited Partisan soldiers to kill their political commissars and join Chetniks in their struggle against occupation; when Kranjc was wounded by partisan artillery fire, Marijan Strniša – Pribina took command over the surrounded Chetnik forces. According to post-war Yugoslav sources both Koprivica and Kranjc committed suicide to avoid capture by the Partisans. Forces of Yugoslav Army in the Homeland had 11 killed soldiers and 171 captured. According to Vladimir Dedijer, Partisans occupied Grčarice on 9 September 1943. Among the Chetniks captured by the Partisans was Vladimir Kalan, who worked for Allied intelligence and was released after he claimed British citizenship.
The Liberation Front of the Slovene Nation organized trials for captured Yugoslav soldiers between 9 and 11 October 1943. The Liberation Front of the Slovene Nation organized a trial to 21 captured Yugoslav officers, condemning to death 16 of them while 5 were sentenced to forced labor. Besides nine prisoners who escaped and those who were put on trial and sentenced to death, all other prisoners were secretly executed in November and December 1943 on many different places in Kočevje although they surrendered after Partisans guaranteed their lives, a condition for their surrender. On 19 September 1943 around 700 members of Slovenian detachments of Yugoslav Army in the Homeland surrendered to Slovene Partisans in Turjak Castle after the Siege of Turjak. Slovenian historian Janez Grum emphasized that the defeat of Chetniks in three day battle of Grčarice was serious blow for anti-communist Slovenians and their resistance to communist terror. After the defeat in Grčarice only small scattered groups of Chetniks in Slovenia continued to exist, while Major Novak resigned as their commander.