Edward the Elder

Edward the Elder was King of the Anglo-Saxons from 899 until his death. He was the elder son of his wife Ealhswith; when Edward succeeded to the throne, he had to defeat a challenge from his cousin Æthelwold, who had a strong claim to the throne as the son of Alfred's elder brother and predecessor, Æthelred. Alfred had succeeded Æthelred as king of Wessex in 871, faced defeat against the Danish Vikings until his decisive victory at the Battle of Edington in 878. After the battle, the Vikings still ruled Northumbria, East Anglia and eastern Mercia, leaving only Wessex and western Mercia under Anglo-Saxon control. In the early 880s Æthelred, Lord of the Mercians, the ruler of western Mercia, accepted Alfred's lordship and married his daughter Æthelflæd, around 886 Alfred adopted the new title King of the Anglo-Saxons as the ruler of all Anglo-Saxons not subject to Danish rule. In 910 a Mercian and West Saxon army inflicted a decisive defeat on an invading Northumbrian army, ending the threat from the northern Vikings.

In the 910s, Edward conquered Viking-ruled southern England in partnership with his sister Æthelflæd, who had succeeded as Lady of the Mercians following the death of her husband in 911. Historians dispute how far Mercia was dominated by Wessex during this period, after Æthelflæd's death in June 918, her daughter Ælfwynn became second Lady of the Mercians, but in December Edward took her into Wessex and imposed direct rule on Mercia. By the end of the 910s he ruled Wessex and East Anglia, only Northumbria remained under Viking rule. In 924 he faced a Mercian and Welsh revolt at Chester, after putting it down he died at Farndon in Cheshire on 17 July 924, he was succeeded by his eldest son Æthelstan. Edward was admired by medieval chroniclers, in the view of William of Malmesbury, he was "much inferior to his father in the cultivation of letters" but "incomparably more glorious in the power of his rule", he was ignored by modern historians until the 1990s, Nick Higham described him as "perhaps the most neglected of English kings" because few primary sources for his reign survive.

His reputation rose in the late twentieth century and he is now seen as destroying the power of the Vikings in southern England while laying the foundations for a south-centred united English kingdom. Mercia was the dominant kingdom in southern England in the eighth century and maintained its position until it suffered a decisive defeat by Wessex at the Battle of Ellandun in 825. Thereafter the two kingdoms became allies, to be an important factor in English resistance to the Vikings. In 865 the Danish Viking Great Heathen Army landed in East Anglia and used this as a starting point for an invasion; the East Anglians were forced to pay off the Vikings. They appointed a puppet king in 867, moved on Mercia, where they spent the winter of 867–868. King Burgred of Mercia was joined by King Æthelred of Wessex and his brother, the future King Alfred, for a combined attack on the Vikings, who refused an engagement; the following year, the Danes conquered East Anglia, in 874 they expelled King Burgred and, with their support, Ceolwulf became the last King of Mercia.

In 877 the Vikings partitioned Mercia, taking the eastern regions for themselves and allowing Ceolwulf to keep the western ones. In early 878 they invaded Wessex, many West Saxons submitted to them. Alfred, now king, was reduced to a remote base in the Isle of Athelney in Somerset, but the situation was transformed when he won a decisive victory at the Battle of Edington, he was thus able to prevent the Vikings from taking Wessex and western Mercia, although they still occupied Northumbria, East Anglia and eastern Mercia. Edward's parents and Ealhswith, married in 868, her father was Æthelred Mucel, Ealdorman of the Gaini, her mother, was a member of the Mercian royal family. Alfred and Ealhswith had five children; the oldest was Æthelflæd, who married Æthelred, Lord of the Mercians, ruled as Lady of the Mercians after his death. Edward was next, the second daughter, Æthelgifu, became abbess of Shaftesbury; the third daughter, Ælfthryth, married Baldwin, Count of Flanders, the younger son, Æthelweard, was given a scholarly education, including learning Latin.

This would suggest that he was intended for the church, but it is unlikely in Æthelweard's case as he had sons. There were an unknown number of children who died young. Neither part of Edward's name, which means'protector of wealth', had been used by the West Saxon royal house, Barbara Yorke suggests that he may have been named after his maternal grandmother Eadburh, reflecting the West Saxon policy of strengthening links with Mercia. Historians estimate that Edward was born in the mid-870s, his eldest sister, Æthelflæd, was born about a year after her parents' marriage, Edward was brought up with his youngest sister, Ælfthryth. Edward led troops in battle in 893, must have been of marriageable age in that year as his oldest son Æthelstan was born about 894. According to Asser in his Life of King Alfred, Edward and Ælfthryth were educated at court by male and female tutors, read ecclesiastical and secular works in English, such as the Psalms and Old English poems, they were taught the courtly qualities of gentleness and humility, Asser wrote that they were obedient to their father and friendly to visitors.

This is the only known case of princess receiving the same upbringing. As a son of a king, Edward was an ætheling, a prin

Usman Abd'Allah

Usman Abd'Allah is a Nigerian-French football coach. Ex-Nigeria International Usman Abd'Allah is the head coach of Enyimba International Football Club, he was bred in Kano State in northern Nigeria. He completed his education there, he began at Tarauni Primary School and went on to Government Secondary School, before studying chemical engineering at Kaduna State Polytechnic where he graduated in 1989. His playing career spanned the continents of Africa and Europe. In Africa he turned out including Sanka Vipers of Kano, he played in the Kano State academic and festival teams in the 1980s and the national Under-20 and Under-23 teams along with his older brother – Hassan Abd'Allah. In 1991, he moved to Al Arabic Bayer Leverkusen, he moved to Singapore where he played for Jurong FC, Khalsa Fc and Gombak United FC, while his odyssey in Asia involved periods with top side Sheikh Russel in Bangladesh and Kalantan FC in Malaysia. At the twilight of his playing career, he returned to France and starred for Bollene FC and FC Sete.

Abd'Allah stopped playing in 2006 while with a second division side in France. He first coached in the French lower division for EPS FC, FC Sete, FC Frontignan and Bollene FC, he holds a UEFA A Licence obtained in England. He attended several coaching courses, including CAF courses and Strength and Conditioning Level 1 Coaching Certificate in Australia, he has degrees in football coaching and team management at Le CREPS de Montpellier, National Coaching Accreditation Programme Level 1 from Singapore and the LaLiga Coaching Certificate. He coached football club sides in France, he is the Head Coach and Technical Adviser at two time African Champions League winner Enyimba International FC. They hold four Federation Cups. Before joining Enyimba, he coached in Nigeria with Kano Pillars as an assistant coach and oversaw the youth team of the club, he joined Enyimba as an assistant to Paul Aigbogun. He was promoted to Head Coach and led the side to the semi-finals of the CAF Confederations Cup, losing to Raja Casablanca of Morocco.

He won the Nigeria Professional Football League title in 2018/19 season, finishing first ahead of his state club Kano Pillars. Usman Abd ` Allah holds dual citizenship with both France, he is married to a French woman and together they have twin daughters. His family lives in France

The Breakfast Table (Brack)

The Breakfast Table is a 1958 still life painting by Australian artist John Brack. The painting depicts a table after breakfast but before the plates and cutlery have been cleared. Breakfast has finished and the participants have gone, although the detective-like artist has set out visual clues that tell us about the people who were here. To begin with Brack himself, his painter-wife, their four daughters are signified by a glass, a tea cup and four mugs. Of course, all these vessels are empty, much like the egg shell in its cup, the five plates dotted with a few crumbs left from toast. Bottles are drained of liquids. Not a scrap of food remains. No crusts, no dabs of butter, no unconsumed dregs of milk; the viewpoint of the artist is from over the table, laying out the objects in a geometrical pattern with tubular bottles and jars, flat plates, knives tilted at different angles. The painting foreshadows some of Brack's work—his 1960s still lifes portraying knives and his allegorical conflict paintings of the 1980s.

Part of the Grundy collection, the Art Gallery of New South Wales acquired the work in 2013 for A$1.3 million. The Breakfast Table - Art Gallery of New South Wales