Eisenhüttenstadt

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Eisenhüttenstadt
View over Eisenhüttenstadt
View over Eisenhüttenstadt
Coat of arms of Eisenhüttenstadt
Coat of arms
Eisenhüttenstadt   is located in Germany
Eisenhüttenstadt
Eisenhüttenstadt
Location of Eisenhüttenstadt within Oder-Spree district
Eisenhüttenstadt in LOS.png
Coordinates: 52°08′42″N 14°40′22″E / 52.14500°N 14.67278°E / 52.14500; 14.67278Coordinates: 52°08′42″N 14°40′22″E / 52.14500°N 14.67278°E / 52.14500; 14.67278
Country Germany
State Brandenburg
District Oder-Spree
Government
 • Mayor Dagmar Püschel (The Left)
Area
 • Total 63.40 km2 (24.48 sq mi)
Elevation 42 m (138 ft)
Population (2016-12-31)[1]
 • Total 26,325
 • Density 420/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 15890
Dialling codes 03364
Vehicle registration LOS
Website www.eisenhuettenstadt.de

Eisenhüttenstadt (literally "ironworks city" in German; [ʔaɪzn̩ˈhʏtn̩ʃtat] (About this sound listen)) is a town in the Oder-Spree district of the state of Brandenburg, Germany, on the border with Poland.

Geography[edit]

The municipal area stretches on a sandy terrace in the Berlin-Warsaw glacial valley (Urstromtal). It is bounded by the Oder river in the east, which since 1945 has formed the German–Polish border. Eisenhüttenstadt is the eastern terminus of the Oder–Spree Canal. The town centre is located about 25 kilometres (16 mi) south of Frankfurt (Oder) and 110 km (68 mi) southeast of Berlin. Eisenhüttenstadt has access to the Berlin–Wrocław railway line.

The town comprises the districts of Diehlo, Fürstenberg (Oder), and Schönfließ.[2]

History[edit]

The present-day township was founded as a socialist model city in 1950 (initially named Stalinstadt after Joseph Stalin) upon decision of the East German Socialist Unity Party (SED), alongside a new steel mill combine located west of the historic town of Fürstenberg (Oder).[3] A few years before the new town arose, a bridge over the Oder river had been constructed, which was destroyed by retreating Wehrmacht forces in February 1945, near the end of World War II.

The population grew rapidly in the 1950s and 1960s. In 1961, during De-Stalinization, the town was renamed Eisenhüttenstadt. After German reunification in 1990, the state-owned steel works were privatized, and most of its 12,000 employees lost their jobs. Thereafter the factory employed around 2,500 workers.[4] The town experienced a steep decline in population, from just over 50,000 to under 30,000.

Demography[edit]

Eisenhüttenstadt: Population development
within the current boundaries (2013)[5]
YearPop.±% p.a.
1875 3,850—    
1890 5,253+2.09%
1910 7,971+2.11%
1925 8,997+0.81%
1933 8,944−0.07%
1939 8,736−0.39%
1946 7,697−1.79%
1950 10,579+8.28%
1964 36,937+9.34%
1971 45,762+3.11%
1981 48,131+0.51%
1985 49,086+0.49%
1989 52,674+1.78%
1990 51,151−2.89%
1991 49,330−3.56%
1992 46,646−5.44%
1993 47,545+1.93%
1994 47,770+0.47%
1995 47,376−0.82%
1996 46,771−1.28%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1997 45,697−2.30%
1998 44,773−2.02%
1999 42,884−4.22%
2000 41,493−3.24%
2001 40,180−3.16%
2002 38,628−3.86%
2003 37,009−4.19%
2004 35,884−3.04%
2005 34,818−2.97%
2006 33,914−2.60%
2007 33,091−2.43%
2008 32,214−2.65%
2009 31,689−1.63%
2010 31,132−1.76%
2011 27,795−10.72%
2012 27,410−1.39%
2013 27,205−0.75%
2014 27,444+0.88%
2015 30,416+10.83%
2016 26,325−13.45%


1953 celebration: Walter Ulbricht with Soviet ambassador Ivan Ilyichev
The Friedrich-Wolf-Theater, opened in 1955

Architecture[edit]

The first design for the new residential quarter was developed by the modernist and Bauhaus architect, Franz Ehrlich, in August 1950. His modernist plan, which laid out a dispersed town landscape along functional lines, was rejected by the Ministry for Reconstruction. The same happened to the plan presented by the architects Kurt Junghanns and Otto Geiler. The plan that was ultimately realized was developed by Kurt Walter Leucht.[6][7]

International Relations[edit]

Eisenhüttenstadt is twinned with:[8]

Notable people[edit]

Eisenhüttenstadt was the birthplace of:

Other personalities associated with the city[edit]

Bahro, Berlin 1989, SED Party convent
  • Rudolf Bahro (1935-1997), regime critic and author of the book The alternative. A critique of real-existing socialism., spent his school days in the city
  • Tamara Bunke (1937-1967), fellow combatant of Che Guevara in Bolivia, took her Abitur (school leaving examination) in Eisenhüttenstadt
  • Rolf Henrich (born 1944), lawyer, first signatory of the Founding Congress of the New Forum
  • Tom Hanks visited the city in 2011, creating much free publicity for the city.[9][10]

References[edit]

External links[edit]