El Brujo

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El Brujo
Bas-relief patterns at El Brujo.JPG
Bas-relief patterns at Huaca El Brujo
Map showing the location of El Brujo
Map showing the location of El Brujo
Location  Peru
Nearest city Escudo de Trujillo (Perú).svg Trujillo (45km.)
Coordinates 7°54′53.92″S 79°18′19.75″W / 7.9149778°S 79.3054861°W / -7.9149778; -79.3054861Coordinates: 7°54′53.92″S 79°18′19.75″W / 7.9149778°S 79.3054861°W / -7.9149778; -79.3054861
Established Mochica era
INC (National Institute of Culture) sign at the El Brujo complex

The El Brujo Archaeological Complex, just north of Trujillo, La Libertad Province, Peru, is an ancient archaeological site that was occupied from preceramic times. Huaca Prieta is the earliest part of the complex. Later, the site was part of the Cupisnique culture and the Salinar culture.

But the biggest constructions on the site belong to the Moche culture; in this area, there are also the remains of the later Lambayeque and Chimú.

Moche period[edit]

Huaca El Brujo (or Cortada/Partida) and Huaca Cao Viejo (or Huaca Blanca) were built by the Moche sometime between AD 1 and 600. Huaca Cao Viejo is famous for its polychrome reliefs and mural paintings, and the discovery of the Señora de Cao, whose remains are currently the earliest evidence for a female ruler in Peru. Both appeared in National Geographic magazine in July 2004 and June 2006, the site officially opened to the public in May 2006, and a museum exhibition was proposed for 2007.


A 17th-century letter found during excavations at the site may contain translations of numbers written in Quingnam or Pescadora using the decimal system, the first physical evidence for the existence of these languages (if they are not different names for the same language).[1] Archaeologists believe that the language was influenced by Quechua, an ancient tongue still spoken by millions of people across the Andes.[2]

Naked prisoners being led by warrior at El Brujo in El Brujo complex

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Traces of a Lost Language Discovered". Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology at Harvard University. August 23, 2010. 
  2. ^ "Lost language discovered on back of letter". London: The Daily Telegraph, UK. September 23, 2010. Retrieved September 24, 2010. 

External links[edit]