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Trujillo, Peru

Trujillo is a city in coastal northwestern Peru and the capital of the Department of La Libertad. It is center of the third most populous metropolitan area of Peru, it is located on the banks of the Moche River, near its mouth at the Pacific Ocean, in the Moche Valley. This was a site of the great prehistoric Moche and Chimu cultures before the Inca conquest and subsequent expansion; the Independence of Trujillo from Spain was proclaimed in the Historic Centre of Trujillo on December 29, 1820, the city was honored in 1822 by the Congress of the Republic of Peru with the title "Meritorious City and Faithful to the Fatherland", for its role in the fight for Peruvian independence. Trujillo is the birthplace of Peru's judiciary, it was twice designated as the capital of the country, it was the scene of the Revolution of Trujillo in 1932. Trujillo is considered the "cradle of liberty and cradle of the judiciary in Peru". Trujillo is known as the "City of Everlasting Spring", is considered the "Capital of the Marinera", a traditional dance in Peru, "Cradle of the Peruvian Paso horse", as well as the "Capital of Culture of Peru".

It has sponsored numerous national and international cultural events, has a lively arts community. Current festivals include the "National Marinera Festival", the Trujillo Spring Festival and the International Book Festival, one of the most important cultural events in the country. Trujillo is close to two major archeological sites of pre-Columbian monuments: Chan Chan, the largest adobe city in the ancient world, designated a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1986; the city center contains many examples of colonial and religious architecture incorporating distinctive wrought ironwork. It includes residential areas, a central business district, industrial supply distribution to the various districts; the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Trujillo has its seat here. Roman Catholicism is the predominant religion and 10 colonial churches are located within the old city wall, now encircled by Avenida España. Since 2011, the city has been developing the pilot project Trujillo: Sustainable City, as part of the platform "Emerging and Sustainable Cities of the Inter-American Development Bank", in cooperation with the IDB.

In 2012 Trujillo was selected by IBM to participate in a "Smarter Cities Challenge" project intended to improve public safety and transportation through technology. Trujillo is considered the "Capital of Culture of Peru" for the prominent writers associated with the city such as Cesar Vallejo and Víctor Raúl Haya de la Torre, because the city is a center for important cultural expressions as the marinera dance, Peruvian paso horses, caballitos de totora, Trujillo's gastronomy, etc; the North Group was formed here, with Eduardo González Gerardo Chavez as successors. The city presents important national festivals, such as Marinera Festival, Spring Festival, competitions for the paso horse and caballito de totora; the coat of arms of the city was awarded on December 7, 1537 by Royal Decree issued by the King of Spain, Charles V. The shield consists of two columns rising from water, a king's crown on top surrounded by pearls and precious stones and two staffs that surround the letter K; the flag is the coat of arms on a white background.

It is flown every December 29 to commemorate the proclamation of independence of Trujillo in 1820. The anthem was written by Ramiro Mendoza Sánchez with music composed by Ramiro Herrera Orbegoso, it is performed for official civic ceremonies, by bands of musicians. The history of Trujillo has its beginning in ancient times, as the area at the mouth of the Moche River was long a center of successive pre-European cultures, they extended their domains along the northern coast of Peru. The archaeological history of this region goes back to the early pre-ceramic period. For example, Huaca Prieta was occupied as early as 4700 BC. Several ancient cultures developed in this area: the Cupisnique, the Moche and Chimu. Numerous archaeological sites and monumental remains attest to the high degree of complexity of these civilizations. Among the Cupisnique culture sites are Huaca Prieta; the Moche culture sites include huacas: the Temples of the Sun and Moon south of the city, the Huaca del Dragón and the Huaca Esmeralda to the north, others.

The Chimu culture built its primary settlement at what is known as Chan Chan, the capital, having an estimated 100,000 people at its peak. It is the largest pre-Columbian city built of adobe and has been designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site, its remains are 5 km northwest of the current city center. The present Spanish–Peruvian city of Trujillo was founded in an ancestral territory populated by ancient indigenous civilizations; the Spanish founded new cities expressing their culture in what they called the "Viceroyalty of Peru". The Moche civilization flourished in northern Peru with its Huacas del Sol y de la Luna from about AD 100 to 800, during the Regional Development Epoch; the people had formed into a group of autonomous polities that shared a common elite culture, as seen in the rich iconography and monumental architecture that survive today. They are noted for their elaborately-painted ceramics, gold work, monumental constructions and irri

Deacon Hill SSSI

Deacon Hill SSSI is a 35.4 hectare biological Site of Special Scientific Interest in Pegsdon in Bedfordshire. It is in the Chilterns Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty, it is part of the Pegsdon Hills and Hoo Bit nature reserve, managed by Wildlife Trust for Bedfordshire and Northamptonshire; the site is calcareous grassland, rich in plant species, some of which are uncommon. Birds include lapwings and buzzards, there are butterflies such as dingy and grizzled skippers. There are the remains of ancient strip lynchet fields; the SSSI covers part of the adjacent Pegsdon Hills. There is access from Hitchin Road

Christiaan Both (ecologist)

Christiaan Both is a Dutch Associate professor of ecology at the University of Groningen. Christiaan Both was born in the Netherlands in 1969. From 1988 to 1993 he studied in various universities including Groningen and Wageningen. In 1998 he graduated with a Ph. D. from the Netherlands Institute of Ecology and since that time worked as a postdoctoral researcher at Groningen, Bangor universities as well as University of California, Santa Cruz. In 2004 he joined Animal Ecology Group, a division of Groningen and three years became Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research's fellow. Christiaan Both studied density dependent reproduction during his PhD, where he aimed to understand why birds lay smaller clutches when competition increased; this work was both using long-term data from hole-breeding passerines, experimental. It showed that great tit clutch size is causally affected by local density, that the density dependent response could be explained by an optimal response of individuals to the level of competition for food during the nestling phase.

From 1998 Christiaan Both, Niels Dingemanse, Piet Drent and Joost Tinbergen have studied great tits' exploration and showed that this variation in personality traits is heritable. They were interested in how such variation with an heritable component could be maintained over evolutionary time, therefore studied fitness consequences for three years in a wild population of great tits. Selection was fluctuating between years, between the sexes and pair-combinations of personality was found to be importantSince 2001 Christiaan Both worked on the effects of climate change on trophic interactions, with an emphasis on changes phenology. Together with Marcel Visser he showed that climate change resulted in an insufficient response in timing of migration and egg-laying in the long-distance migratory pied flycatcher, that local populations declined as a result of increased asynchrony between breeding time and the date of the local food peak, he is interested in how different organisms can respond with different mechanisms and speeds to the high rates of current climate change, the consequences this has for trophic interactions.

Christiaan Both publications indexed by Google Scholar Both's University of Groningen webpage

Hospital of the Holy Ghost, Aalborg

The Hospital of the Holy Ghost, the buildings of which, although now without any religious function, are still known as Aalborg Kloster, is a former establishment of the Order of the Holy Ghost in Aalborg, Denmark. It was the hospital of Aalborg from 1431 to 1953 and is one of Denmark's best preserved medieval establishments; these are the oldest buildings in north Jutland, the former hospital is the oldest social institution in Denmark. The hospital was founded in 1431 by the wealthy Lady Maren Hemmingsdatter with the gift of a large house, adjoining land and an endowment as a "House of the Holy Ghost", common in Denmark at that period, a charitable institution of a religious nature for the care of the sick and poor. In 1434 the house burnt down and the present buildings were built to replace it. On 20 August 1451 it formally became a part of the Order of the Holy Ghost, a hospitaller order which had originated in Montpellier, with the aim of caring for the sick, the old and orphans; the Aalborg hospital specialised in the care of lepers.

It was a double house, with provision for both male and female religious. It gained high status within the order, the prior in Aalborg being the grand master's deputy in Scandinavia; the monastic complex when completed in 1500 consisted of four ranges round a quadrangular garden with the magnificent church on the south side, separate wings for the male and female religious. It was constructed in late Brick Gothic style; the work of the hospital was paid for with income-producing farms and fishing rights scattered throughout northern Jutland. It owned its own brick works; the hospital was authorized to send out "gatherers" who solicited donations of food, money or goods for the benefit of the sick poor. During the Reformation in 1536, the Hospital of the Holy Ghost was dissolved, its important function as a city hospital was still needed and the city just secularized it: most of the religious gave up their religious status and continued doing the same work for the poor. The Order of the Holy Ghost made extensive use of lay people in its hospitals, whose status was unaffected.

The hospital continued to operate here until 1953. The church was another matter. After the Reformation, Aalborg had three large churches without religious organisations to provide for their upkeep, the townspeople did not want the cost of their maintenance, it was therefore decided to demolish the hospital church and the Vor Frue Church, leaving St. Budolfi Church as the city church.. For 300 years the grammar school of Aalborg was located in the buildings. During the Second World War, Denmark's first resistance group, the Churchill Club, was established here. Today the buildings contain a retirement home with independent apartments for the elderly, as well as meeting and exhibition rooms. There is a chapel where services are held by clergy from the Budolfi Church, now the cathedral of Aalborg; the present Aalborg Kloster is directed in its social care functions by a board consisting of the Bishop of Aalborg, a representative of the North Jutland Region, the mayor of Aalborg, the Chief of Police and two other church representatives.

Aalborg Kloster website VisitAalborg.com: tourist presentation

Maia Lee

Maia Lee is a Singaporean singer and television artiste. Lee left secondary school at the age of 15. Lee is part of the local techno trio, The Usual Suspects, who have had three Number 1 hits on the local station WKRZ 91.3 FM: "China Girl", "The Love You Promised", "Sunburn". "The Love You Promised" has been released in Japan and Europe, receiving airplay as far as Scandinavia. Famed German dance group Cascada recorded a remix in December 2004. Lee was a finalist in Singapore Idol. In May 2005, Lee become a celebrity guest interviewer/writer for a local tabloid. August 20, 2005: "Emotionally Advised" – Maia Lee June 2004: "Oriental Love" – "The Usual Suspects" December 2004: "Techno Party 2005 Countdown" The Love You Promised March 2005: "From Euro With Love..." The Love You Promised March 2005: "The Downtempo Room" With You June 29, 2005: "Quake Trance Bestシリーズ第8弾" The Love You Promised August 12, 2005: "Nonstop Mega Trance 1 / 电音王朝01" December 2004: "Sunburn" – The Usual Suspects ft. Maia January 2005: "The DJ" – The Usual Suspects ft. Maia June 2005: "Moving Along" – The Usual Suspects ft. Maia November 2005: "Love Bites" – TV Drama "Tiramisu" Theme song October 2006: – "Children – Sunshine Of Our Lives" – "Walking On Sunshine" 2008: "With You" – The New Romantics ft. Maia 2008: "How Do I Say It?"

– The New Romantics ft. Maia Celebrity Star Blog, Straits Times Online Mobile Print Maia Lee on IMDb

Mexico at the Special Olympics World Games

México has competed at the Special Olympics World Games 11 times. 2009 Special Olympics World Winter Games José Visiconty: Figure Skating Men's Singles Division 6 2009 Special Olympics World Winter Games Brenda Monreal and José Visiconty: Figure Skating Pairs Division 1 Juan Ruiz: Figure Skating Men's Singles Division 6 2009 Special Olympics World Winter Games 4th: Mexican mixed Floor hockey team: Floor Hockey Mixed Competition Division I - Lost to Spain for 3rd place Team members: Lilia Aguilar, Luis Baca, Saúl Campos, Juan Carrillo, Jesús García, Loreto López, Roberto Manzanares, Armando Murillo, Ever Ochoa, Angel Ortiz, Ever Ortiz, Hector Pacheco, Rosaura Reyes, Luz Rico, Beatriz Rivera and Jorge Sandoval. 4th: Tomás Arenazas: Figure Skating Men's Singles Division 5 4th: Brenda Monreal: Figure Skating Women's Singles Division 1 6th: Alonso Flores: Figure Skating Men's Singles Division 6 6th: Rosa María Rodríguez: Figure Skating Women's Singles Division 2 7th: Jenny Arcos: Figure Skating Women's Singles Division 3 7th: Karen Borges: Figure Skating Women's Singles Division 1 Mexico at the Olympics Mexico at the Paralympics Special Olympics Olimpiadas Especiales México 2009 World Winter Games website