Alan Buribayev is a Kazakh orchestral conductor. The son of a cellist/conductor father and a pianist mother, he studied violin and conducting at the Kazakh National Conservatory in Almaty, he was a conducting student of Uros Lajovic in Vienna. Buribayev won prizes in the International Competition of Young Conductors Lovro von Matačić in Zagreb and in the Antonio Pedrotti Competition in 2001. Buribayev began his tenure as Principal Conductor of the Astana Symphony Orchestra, Kazakhstan, in March 2003, had concluded his tenure by 2007. From 2004 to 2007, Buribayev was "Generalmusikdirektor" of the Meiningen Germany, he became Principal Conductor of the Norrköping Symphony Orchestra in the 2007–2008 season, with an initial contract through 2010. He became chief conductor of Het Brabants Orkest in the Netherlands with the 2008–2009 season. From 2010 to 2016, he was Principal Conductor of the RTÉ National Symphony Orchestra in Dublin, Ireland. Today he is Chief Conductor of the Astana Opera House and Principal Guest Conductor of the Japan Century Symphony Orchestra in Osaka.
Skarszewy is a small town 40 kilometres south of Gdańsk in Starogard Gdański County, Pomeranian Voivodeship, northern Poland. Located between Kościerzyna and Tczew. Population: 6 809. In 2005 the town was given the title the Pearl of Pomerania. 19 villages belong to the rural-municipal commune of Skarszewy: Bączek, Bolesławowo, Bożpole Królewskie, Demlin, Jaroszewy, Kamierowo, Kamierowskie Piece, Koźmin, Mirowo Duże, Nowy Wiec, Pogódki. The old town is enclosed by fragments of the 14th century stone walls and a Gothic parish Church of St Michael the Archangel which dates from the 14th century with well-preserved furnishings from the baroque era. In the town square is the fountain Griffin Pomorski with three griffins holding the emblem of St. John Skarszew on a platter. At the top were placed reproductions of three coats Skarszew: from 1198 when the town belonged to the Knights Hospitaller. In 1455 the town was ravaged by the Teutonic Knights and between 1629 and 1655 it was devastated by the Swedes.
Large fires in the years 1708, 1714, 1731 destroyed all the buildings. Under the Treaty of Versailles Skarszewy, was reassigned to Poland; the Blue Army commanded by General Józef Haller entered Skarszewy on 30 January 1920, ending 148 years of Prussian rule. During WW II, Soviet aircraft bombed the city and on March 8, 1945 the Red Army's East Pomeranian Offensive burned parts of the city, causing the destruction of up to 40% of the buildings in Skarszewy. 1198 - first mentioned as a seat of Knights Hospitaller 1320 - Schöneck obtains town rights 1370 - the Order of St. John sells Schöneck to the Teutonic Order 1466 - Second Peace of Thorn: Skarszewy part of Poland, administratively it was part of the Pomeranian Voivodeship in the province of Royal Prussia 1613 - Skarszewy becomes capital of the Pomeranian Voivodeship 1772 - annexed by the Kingdom of Prussia 1818-1920 - part of the Kościerzyna county within Western Prussia Province 1920, 10 January - part of the Second Polish Republic, administratively part of the Pomeranian Voivodeship 1939-1945 - occupied by Germany 1945 - Poland Bartłomiej Smuczyński a Polish footballer Skarszewy is twinned with: Skarszewy was twinned with Sandy in Bedfordshire, England in 1996.
Each year over summer, students from Sandy Upper School, Stratton Upper School in Biggleswade and Dame Alice Harpur School in Bedford travel to Skarszewy for twelve days to teach English to some of the younger generation of the town. Skarszewy Municipal website Polish Gothic Castles Association
Jerry David Claiborne was an American football player and coach. He served as the head football coach at Virginia Tech, the University of Maryland, his alma mater, the University of Kentucky, compiling a career college football record of 179–122–8. Claiborne was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame as a coach in 1999. Claiborne attended the Hopkinsville High School and the University of Kentucky and was named the College of Education's Outstanding Senior. Claiborne played halfback under legendary coach Paul "Bear" Bryant at the University of Kentucky. In 1950, he became the head football and basketball coach at Augusta Military Academy in Fort Defiance, Augusta County, Virginia, his teams won the Virginia State basketball championship in 1950 and the football championship in 1951. The following year, he left to become Bryant's assistant coach at Kentucky, following Bryant in the same capacity to Texas A&M and Alabama before he moved up to become a head coach. Claiborne was head coach for the Virginia Polytechnic Institute from 1961 to 1970 with an overall record of 69–32–2.
Claiborne's legacy was carried on by Frank Beamer. Beamer built the program into a powerhouse in the mid-1990s. Claiborne's contributions to Tech's football program earned him a place in the Virginia Tech Sports Hall of Fame; when Claiborne began coaching at the University of Maryland, the Terrapins had only won nine games in the previous five years. Claiborne led Maryland to a winning season after only his second year with the team, he coached Maryland for ten years and ended with a 77–37–3 record, including an undefeated regular season in 1976, before losing to Houston in the 1977 Cotton Bowl Classic. Beginning in 1973, his teams made it to six consecutive bowl games. In 1980, he added one more bowl appearance for a total of seven. Under Claiborne, Maryland won the ACC Championship three times. After the 1981 season at Maryland, Claiborne followed in the footsteps of Bear Bryant and went from College Park, Maryland, to Lexington, Kentucky. In Claiborne's case, Kentucky was his alma mater. UK had just come off four straight losing seasons.
They offered Claiborne the head coaching position to help clean up a program, racked by numerous recruiting violations during the tenure of previous head coach Fran Curci. Claiborne took over as head coach of Kentucky in 1982. After starting with a losing season record of 0–10–1, he reached bowl games in his second and third seasons, posting records of 6–5–1 in 1983 and 9–3 in 1984 after which the Wildcats finished the season ranked #19 in the final AP poll; the Wildcats win in the 1984 Hall of Fame Classic over Wisconsin would be the Wildcats' last bowl win until winning the 2006 Music City Bowl over Clemson. Claiborne was never able to put together another winning team, getting no closer than 5–5–1 in 1986. However, due in part to his role in cleaning up the program's image, he remained in the good graces of Kentucky fans. Claiborne led the Kentucky program for eight years, ending with an overall record of 41–46–3, he retired after posting a 6–5 record in the 1989 season. In 1992 Claiborne became the head coach of the Braunschweig Lions, German Division II Football team in Germany.
During his one-year stay he laid the foundation for an organization, that became a European football powerhouse. Claiborne coached four Academic All-Americans and eighty-seven all-conference academics. Named the nation's Coach of the Year by the Sporting News in 1974. Named Southeastern Conference Coach of the Year in 1983. Claiborne's Kentucky team won the College Football Association Academic Achievement Award for the highest graduation rate of 90% in 1989; the University of Kentucky named Claiborne into its Alumni Hall of Fame in 1992. In 1994, Claiborne received the Neyland Trophy, presented annually to a coach "who has contributed to intercollegiate athletics" In 1999 the Lexington, Kentucky's chapter of the National Football Foundation was named after Claiborne. Retired with a lifetime record of 179–122–8, ranking him fourth among active college coaches in victories when he retired, it was Jerry Claiborne who said: "Sam Cunningham did more for integration in sixty minutes than Martin Luther King did in twenty years."
Schinus molle is an evergreen tree that grows to 15 meters. It is native to the Peruvian Andes; the bright pink fruits of Schinus molle are sold as "pink peppercorns" although S. molle is unrelated to true pepper. The word molle in Schinus molle comes from the Quechua word for the tree; the tree is host to Bombycomorpha bifascia. Schinus molle is a quick growing evergreen tree that grows up to 15 meters wide, it is the largest of all Schinus species and the longest lived. The upper branches of the tree tend to droop; the tree's pinnately compound leaves measure 8–25 cm long × 4–9 cm wide and are made up of 19-41 alternate leaflets. Male and female flowers occur on separate plants. Flowers are small and borne profusely in panicles at the ends of the drooping branches; the fruit are 5–7 mm diameter round drupes with woody seeds that turn from green to red, pink or purplish, carried in dense clusters of hundreds of berries that can be present year round. The rough grayish bark is drips sap; the bark and berries are aromatic when crushed.
Schinus molle is native to the arid zone of northern South America and Peru's Andean deserts, goes to central Argentina and central Chile. It has, become naturalized around the world where it has been planted, known for its strong wood used for saddles, it was part of the Spanish colonies' supply sources for saddles. S. Molle is a drought-tolerant, long-lived, hardy evergreen species that has become a serious invasive weed internationally. In South Africa, for example, S. molle has invaded savanna and grasslands and become naturalized along drainage lines and roadsides in semi-desert. It is invasive throughout much of Australia in a range of habitats from grasslands to dry open forest and coastal areas, as well as railway sidings and abandoned farms. In the United States, either S. molle or its close relative Schinus terebinthifolius is invasive in Florida and Hawaii, can be found crowding out native vegetation in southern Arizona, southern California, Texas and Puerto Rico. Although not related to commercial pepper the pink/red berries are sold as pink peppercorns and blended with commercial pepper.
The fruit and leaves are, however poisonous to poultry and calves. Records exist of young children who have experienced vomiting and diarrhea after eating the fruit. Presently Schinus molle lacks recognized as safe status with the United States Food and Drug Administration. Extracts of S. molle have been used as a flavor in syrups. In traditional medicine, S. molle was used in treating a variety of wounds and infections due to its antibacterial and antiseptic properties. It has been used as an antidepressant and diuretic, for toothache and menstrual disorders, with recent studies in mice providing possible support for its antidepressant effects, it has been speculated that S. molle's insecticidal properties make it a good candidate for use as an alternative to synthetic chemicals in pest control. Fresh green leaves in bunches are used shamanically in Mesoamerican traditional ceremonies for cleansings and blessings; the leaves are used for the natural dyeing of textiles in the Andean region. This practice dates back to pre-Columbian times.
The Incas used the oil from its leaves in early mummification practices to preserve and embalm their dead. The Inca used the sweet outer part of ripe fruit to make a drink. Berries were rubbed to avoid mixing with the bitter inner parts, the mix strained and left for a few days to produce a drink, it was boiled down for syrup or mixed with maize to make nourishing gruel. There is significant archaeological evidence that the fruits of S. molle were used extensively in the central Andes around 550-1000 AD for producing chicha, a fermented alcoholic beverage. The tree reproduces through seed and cuttings; the seeds have a hard coat and germination rates are improved after they have passed through the gut of birds or other animals. Seeds germinate in spring, with seedlings slow growing; the seeds germinate under the tree in the existing leaf litter of the mother tree, by the hundreds at once and can be transplanted. Schinus molle List of Chemicals Celtnet Spice Guide entry for Pink Peppercorns
The 1966 Defence White Paper was a major review of the United Kingdom's defence policy initiated by the Labour government under Prime Minister Harold Wilson. The review was led by the Secretary of State for Denis Healey; the document was centred on the need to support NATO in Europe and made the commitment that the UK, "would not undertake major operations of war except in co-operation with allies." The 1966 announcements undertook to retain the UK presence in Malaysia. However, the mid-late sixties brought the devaluation of pound sterling. In 1967 and 1968 the government published two further supplements to the review, announcing the strategic withdrawal of British forces deployed East of Suez; this marked a watershed in British foreign policy and the end of a major, enduring world-wide military role. The Wilson Government decided on significant reductions in the defence budget, with defence being the primary target of the government's efforts to reduce public spending due to wider economic problems.
The outcome of the Review resulted in cutting a number of significant new capital projects, including the CVA-01 aircraft carrier and most of the Type 82 destroyers. This was to be part of a phased removal of aircraft carrier capability. Instead, investment would be made in aircraft including the Harrier, the Anglo-French AFVG and the American F-111 bomber. In order to concentrate forces in Europe in support of NATO, the review recommended withdrawal of the British presence in Aden; the 1967 supplement added accelerated withdrawals from Singapore, Malta and the Persian Gulf, reversing the election commitment to retaining an East of Suez military role. The 1968 supplement additionally cancelled the order for the F-111. In the early 1960s, the Royal Navy began to plan for new aircraft carriers to replace its aging fleet; the Royal Air Force saw the renewal as a chance to win the budget share which would have been necessary for new carriers. The RAF compiled a history of Royal Navy aircraft carriers and a history of Royal Air Force tactical bombers, comparing the two and finding in favour of bombers.
They submitted this to the Treasury, proposing the TSR-2 tactical strike aircraft in place of the RN's new generation aircraft carriers. Professor Andrew Lambert has described the 1966 Defence White Paper as the'perfect example of what happens if your enemy knows your history better than you do', with the RAF's projects doing better in the 1966 review than the Royal Navy's. Dr. Jeffrey Bradford, Research Director of the United Kingdom Defence Forum wrote a paper as part of a doctoral research program covering in detail the inter-service rivalry surrounding the procurement effort for the CVA-01 against the backdrop of the defence reviews of the mid 1960s UKDF Grey Paper 109. All British forces were withdrawn from Aden by the end of November 1967, despite the ongoing Aden Emergency. Along with the withdrawal from the Persian Gulf, this left bases in Oman as the only UK installations in the Middle East by the mid-seventies; the final installations, the RAF bases at Salalah and on Masirah Island, closed in 1976 following the end of the Dhufar rebellion.
In the Far East, the bulk of British forces left Singapore following a ceremony involving 20 ships including aircraft carrier HMS Hermes in October 1971. Security for Singapore and Malaysia was handed to Australian and New Zealand forces as part of the Five Power Defence Arrangements, which are still in place today; the British Far East Command was terminated on 31 October 1971, although a smaller British presence remained in the area until 1976. British forces remained based in Hong Kong and Brunei. Both the F-111 order and the AFVG bombers were cancelled, although the latter evolved into the Panavia Tornado, delivered in 1979 and was still in service with the RAF in 2018. One Type 82 Destroyer was built, HMS Bristol, as a test-bed for new technologies. No new large aircraft carriers were built, although naval aviation continued with the construction of smaller Invincible-class aircraft carriers during the 1970s. 1957 Defence White Paper 1975 Mason Review