The Eldridge Street Synagogue is a synagogue and National Historic Landmark in Chinatown, New York City. Built in 1887, it is one of the first synagogues erected in the United States by Eastern European Jews; the Orthodox congregation that constructed the synagogue moved into the downstairs beth midrash in the 1950s, the main sanctuary was unused until the 1980s, when it was restored to become the Museum at Eldridge Street. The Eldridge Street Synagogue is one of the first synagogues erected in the United States by Eastern European Jews. One of the founders was Rabbi Eliahu the Blessed the Head Rabbi of St. Petersburg, Russia, it opened in 1887 at 12 Eldridge Street in New York's Lower East Side, serving Congregation Kahal Adath Jeshurun. The building was designed by the architects Francis William Herter; the brothers subsequently received many commissions in the Lower East Side and incorporated elements from the synagogue, such as the stars of David, in their buildings tenements. When completed, the synagogue was reviewed in the local press.
Writers marveled at the imposing Moorish Revival building, with its 70-foot-high dome and barrel vaulted ceiling, magnificent stained-glass rose windows, elaborate brass fixtures and hand-stenciled walls. As many as 800 families were members of the synagogue in its heyday, from its opening through 1920, its sanctuary had a seating capacity of 1,000. Rabbis of the congregation included the famed Rabbi Abraham Aharon Yudelovich, author of many works of Torah scholarship. Throughout these decades the synagogue functioned not only as a house of worship but as an agency for acculturation, a place to welcome new Americans. Before the settlement houses were established and long afterward, poor people could come to be fed, secure a loan, learn about job and housing opportunities, make arrangements to care for the sick and the dying; the synagogue was, in this sense, a mutual aid society. For fifty years, the synagogue flourished. Membership began to dwindle as members moved to other areas, immigration quotas limited the number of new arrivals, the Great Depression affected the congregants' fortunes.
The exquisite main sanctuary was used less from the 1930s on. By the 1950s, with the rain leaking in and inner stairs unsound, the congregants cordoned off the sanctuary. Without the resources needed to heat and maintain the sanctuary, they chose to worship downstairs in the more intimate beth midrash; the main sanctuary remained empty for twenty-five years, from 1955 to 1980. In 1986 the non-sectarian, not-for-profit Eldridge Street Project was founded to restore the synagogue and renew it with educational and cultural programs. Paul P. E. Bookson, a former State Senator and Civil Court Justice, was instrumental in maintaining the Orthodox Religious services at the Eldridge Street Synagogue and its building restoration. After his death in 2005, his widow, Mrs. Tova G. Bookson, continued to worship there. At the beginning of the restoration work, in 1989, a skeleton was found in the basement of the synagogue. On December 2, 2007, after 20 years of renovation work that cost US$20 million, the Eldridge Street Project completed the restoration and opened to the public as the Museum at Eldridge Street, reflecting its cultural and educational mission, within the synagogue building.
The museum offers informative tours that relate to American Jewish history, the history of the Lower East Side and immigration. Jewish religious events are celebrated there, though not in the former main sanctuary; the effort to return the sanctuary to its Victorian splendor, while maintaining the idiosyncrasies of the original aesthetic and preserving patina of age, included plaster consolidation and replication of ornamental plaster elements, over-paint removal, conservation, in-painting replication of stenciling, wood finishing and decorative painting including: faux-woodgraining and gilding by skilled craftsmen. A small number of worshippers of the Orthodox Congregation Kahal Adath Jeshurun continue to hold services at the synagogue; the synagogue was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1996. Oldest synagogues in the United States National Register of Historic Places listings in Manhattan below 14th Street List of New York City Designated Landmarks in Manhattan below 14th Street Notes Bibliography Polland, Annie.
Landmark of the Spirit.
The following is a list of unproduced Kamal Haasan projects in chronological order. During his long career, Indian film actor-director Kamal Haasan has worked on a number of projects which never progressed beyond the pre-production stage under his acting commitments or direction; some of these projects fell into development hell or were cancelled. Mangala Mangai, starring Kamal Haasan as a child actor, has not been released. Chamayam is a 1981 Malayalam-language movie directed by Sathyan Anthikad and written by John Paul Puthusery. Kamal Haasan and Ambika were meant to star in the film, but the project was shelved; the project was abandoned because of the death of producer Majendran. Telugu director Tatineni Rama Rao started working on the film in 1984, a social drama centred upon a terminally ill patient and a doctor. Kamal Haasan and Amitabh Bachchan worked on the film. However, after shooting a substantial portion of the film, it was shelved. In the mid-1980s, Muktha Srinivasan planned to direct a film based on the American film The Godfather with Sivaji Ganesan, Kamal Haasan and Amala.
He confirmed their dates. This film, directed by Bharathiraaja, was to have starred Radha. After 5,000 feet was canned, the film was shelved as Bharathiraaja felt it was becoming too similar to his and Kamal's earlier film Sigappu Rojakkal, decided to collaborate with Kamal on a different film, which became Oru Kaidhiyin Diary. In the early 1990s, Gangai Amaran agreed terms to direct a film titled Athi Veerapandiyan starring Kamal Haasan in the lead role; the film was based on jallikattu and Aishwarya was signed to portray the leading female role. However Kamal Haasan opted out of the film and instead began work on another rural drama, Thevar Magan, directed by Bharathan, he credited Gangai Amaran for the idea of the song "Sandhu Pottu" from the film, meant for Athi Veerapandiyan. In 2016, Gangai Amaran alleged that his brother Ilaiyaraaja had told Kamal Haasan to stop working on the project, during an ego clash between the two brothers. In an interview with Filmfare in January 1994, director Mani Ratnam stated that adopting Kalki Krishnamurthy's historical novel Ponniyin Selvan was one of his "dream projects" that he had hoped to work on during his career.
Ratnam revealed that he worked on a first draft of the film alongside Kamal Haasan, who had bought the rights of the novel, but the pair shelved their plan as the project did not make financial sense at the time. Balachandra Menon wanted to remake his Malayalam film Ammayane Sathyam into Tamil, turned down remake offers from other directors. Producer Raveendran signed on Kamal Haasan to do the film and recruited S. P. Balasubrahmanyam to take another role; the team approached Annie, who starred in the original to reprise her role as the lead female character, though her reluctance meant that the team picked newcomer Ruchita Prasad, who adopted a stage name of Jayasandhya. The makers abandoned the project due to creative differences, it was alleged that Kamal Haasan had wanted his role to be more prominent than the character from the original version. Kamal Haasan subsequently moved on to begin work on Avvai Shanmughi, recruited several members of the cast of Kanden Seethaiyai to work on his next project.
A remake of the Tamil film Magalir Mattum, the film is yet to have a theatrical release for unknown reasons. Produced by Kamal Haasan, Ladies Only is the story of three women, Seema Biswas, Shilpa Shirodkar and Heera Rajagopal working in the same office, they are harassed by their lecherous boss Randhir Kapoor. The three decide to gang up against him to teach a lesson, but a strange accident complicates things when the boss lands in a hospital and the three women end up with the dead body of a terrorist, played by Kamal Haasan. Kamal Haasan had been pondering directing a historical film for a period of four to five years, when writer Sujatha suggested that Kamal Haasan looked at a folk ballad edited by Tamil scholar Vanamamalai, which introduced them to the historical figure of Muhammed Yusuf Khan, an 18th-century warrior. Kamal Haasan agreed at the prospect and felt that the story had all the potential of a good historical film, being appealed to by the elevation from the nadir to the top of Khan's life.
Sujatha revealed that nearly 80% of the film would faithfully adapt Samuel Charles Hill's biography of Khan known as Marudhanayagam, to only use imagination where no solid or substantial information is available. The producers and Kamal Haasan managed to rope in Queen Elizabeth II to appear as the chief guest at the launch of the project which took place in the MGR Film City on 16 October 1997; the launch saw the inaugural shot canned with Kamal Haasan, in the persona of Marudhanayagam and reacting to an imperial announcement read out by the character played by Nassar, with Om Puri's character looking on. Official filming began several months in Velangudi on 10 August 1998 with a scene of where a companion of the lead character, played by Kamal Haasan, is hanged prompting a brief altercation. Works on Marudhanayagam ceased after a British company that had planned to co-produce the film backed out and the film has been indefinitely postponed since. Haasan had invested ₹ 8 crores of his own wealth into the project through and has since revealed that the film would be revived at a future date.
Since 1999, Kamal Haasan has spoken of plans to revive the film. Kamal Haasan had written the script o
Peter Nowalk is an American television writer and producer. Nowalk was born in New Jersey and attended Brown University, he co-wrote The Hollywood Assistants Handbook, published by Workman Books in 2008. In the same year he began working in the Shonda Rhimes medical drama series, Grey's Anatomy as recurring writer and executive story editor and supervising producer, he is co-executive producer of Scandal. Nowalk wrote "Everything's Coming Up Mellie", the seventh episode of the third season of Scandal in 2013. Nowalk is the creator and executive producer of the ABC drama series, How to Get Away with Murder produced by ShondaLand. Grey's Anatomy Scandal How to Get Away with Murder Peter Nowalk on IMDb Peter Nowalk on Twitter