Elmira is a city in Chemung County, New York, United States. It is the principal city of the Elmira, New York, metropolitan statistical area, which encompasses Chemung County, New York; the population was 29,200 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Chemung County; the City of Elmira is in the south-central part of the county, surrounded on three sides by the Town of Elmira. It is in the Southern Tier of a short distance north of the Pennsylvania state line; this was long an area inhabited by indigenous people. In historic times, it was occupied by the Cayuga nation of the Iroquois Confederacy called the Kanawaholla, they had some relations with Europeans and English over fur trading, but were isolated from the encroaching settlements. During the American Revolutionary War, the Sullivan Expedition of 1779 was mounted against the four Iroquois nations who had allied with the British and Loyalist forces, it fought a combined British-Iroquois force at the Battle of Newtown, south of the current city, in which Sullivan and his forces were victorious.
After the conclusion of the war, the Iroquois and the new United States made a treaty at Elmira in 1791 to settle territorial disputes in the region. Most of the Seneca emigrated under pressure with the other Iroquois to Canada, where they resettled on land provided by the British Crown; the first European-American settler in Elmira was captain Abraham Miller of the Continental Army. He built a cabin after resigning just before the Revolutionary War. Miller's Pond and Miller Street are near the location of his house; the New York legislature established the Township of Chemung, now Chemung County, in 1788. The settlement of Newtown was soon established at the intersection of Newtown Creek and the Chemung River. In 1792, the settlement at Newtown joined with the Wisnerburg and DeWittsburg settlements to form the village of Newtown. In 1808, the village changed its name to the Town of Elmira, at a town meeting held at Teal's Tavern, it is said the town was named after tavern owner Nathan Teal's young daughter, but that story has never been confirmed.
In any case, the City of Elmira called "The Queen City", was incorporated in 1864 from part of the town of Elmira and the village of Elmira. The remaining part of the town of Elmira exists still, surrounding the city on the west and east; the city and town share an intricately entwined history. According to Amos B. Carpenter's Family History book printed in 1898, Elmira is named after Major General Matthew Carpenter's daughter; this occurred according to the book in 1821 at the constitutional convention to which Matthew was a delegate. Elmira served as a transportation hub for New York's Southern Tier in the 1800s, connecting commercial centers in Rochester and Buffalo with Albany and New York City, via the canal system and railroads; the city was the southern terminus of the Chemung Canal. In 1849, the New York and Erie Railroad was built through Elmira, giving the area a New York City to Buffalo route. In 1850, the Elmira and Jefferson Railroad gave the area a route north and the Elmira and Williamsport Railroad a route south in 1854.
This made the city a prime location for an Army muster point early in the Civil War. In 1872 the Utica and Elmira Railroad was begun creating a route to Cortland and Syracuse via Horseheads and VanEtten; the Delaware and Western Railroad was completed in 1884, which competed with the Erie's New York City to Buffalo line. A great deal of the 30-acre Union installation, known as Camp Rathbun, fell into disuse as the Civil War progressed, the camp's "Barracks #3" were converted into a Civil War prisoner of war camp in the summer of 1864; the camp, in use from June 1864, until autumn 1865, was dubbed "Hellmira" by its inmates. Towner's history of 1892 and maps from the period indicate the camp occupied a somewhat irregular parallelogram, running about 1,000 feet west and the same distance south of a location several hundred feet west of Hoffman Street and Winsor Avenue, bordered on the south by Foster's Pond, on the north bank of the Chemung River. In the months the site was used as a camp, 12,123 Confederate soldiers were incarcerated.
The camp's dead were prepared for burial and laid to rest by the sexton at Woodlawn National Cemetery, ex-slave John W. Jones. At the end of the war, each prisoner was given a train ticket back home; the camp was closed and converted to farmland. Woodlawn Cemetery, about 2 miles north of the original prison camp site, was designated a "National Cemetery" in 1877; the prison camp site is today a residential area. In 1950, the Elmira's population peaked at about 50,000, which represented 57 percent of Chemung County’s total population at the time. Today, the city has 30,000 residents, which represents 34 percent of Chemung County’s population; this population decline is due to the national decline in railroads and manufacturing as well as a population shift to the outer suburbs around Elmira. The Elmira Metro area has nearly 100,000 people; the population decline began during the recession of the early 1970s during which several large employer
Jacob Evans III is an American professional basketball player for the Minnesota Timberwolves of the National Basketball Association. He played college basketball for the Cincinnati Bearcats; as a junior in 2018, he earned first-team all-conference honors in the American Athletic Conference. He was selected by the Golden State Warriors in the first round of the 2018 NBA draft with the 28th overall pick. A 6'6 guard from Baton Rouge, Louisiana, he was a consensus four-star prospect in the 2015 high school class. Evans averaged 8.4 points per game as a freshman coming off the bench for Cincinnati. He improved his scoring average to 13.5 points per game as a sophomore. As a junior, Evans was named first-team All-AAC alongside teammate Gary Clark, he was a finalist for the Julius Erving Small Forward of the Year Award. In the NCAA Tournament, Evans scored 19 points in the first half, in the 75-73 Round of 32 upset loss to Nevada. Evans averaged 4.7 rebounds, 3.1 assists and 1.3 steals per game as a junior.
He led the Bearcats to a 31-5 season and earning a No. 2 seed in the NCAA tournament. After the season, he declared for the 2018 NBA draft. Evans was drafted by the Golden State Warriors in the first round with the 28th overall pick. On July 2, 2018, he signed with the Warriors, wears the #10 jersey; the Warriors made it to the Finals in his rookie year, but were defeated in the 2019 NBA Finals in 6 games by the Toronto Raptors. On October 24, 2019, Evans scored a career-high fourteen points in a 122–141 loss against the Los Angeles Clippers. On February 6, 2020, Evans was traded to the Minnesota Timberwolves as part of a deal for Andrew Wiggins. Career statistics and player information from NBA.com, or Basketball-Reference.com Cincinnati Bearcats bio
The Wheel of Time is the seventh studio album by German singer Sandra, released in 2002. "Forgive Me" — 4:25 "Footprints" — 3:44 "Motivation" — 4:03 "I Close My Eyes" — 4:07 "Perfect Touch" — 3:45 "Silent Running" — 4:18 "Such a Shame" — 4:21 "Now!" — 4:02 "Freelove" — 4:16 "Forever" — 3:46 "The Wheel of Time" — 4:08 Produced by Michael Cretu and Jens Gad, the album was well received by Sandra's fans, receiving positive reviews from critics, including a 3 star Review from German website Laut.de. The first single "Forever", released in 2001, had moderate success and showed a new mature, more natural-looking Sandra, still sporting short hair. Although some criticised the fact that The Wheel of Time contained no less than five cover versions of 1980s songs, including the second single release "Such a Shame", the album debuted and peaked at number eight on the German Album Charts, where it became successful. Michael Cretu convinced Sandra to cover a Depeche Mode song, which she did in just one take - "Freelove".
The album spawned three singles: "Forever", "Such a Shame" and "I Close My Eyes". "Forever" was released in October 2001 as the lead single and achieved moderate success, peaking at number forty seven on the German Singles Chart. The second single release was "Such a Shame", a cover of a hit single of the 1980s by British band Talk Talk, released in March 2002, a relative failure. "Forgive Me" was released in June 2002 as a promotional single in Germany only. This edition was released to promote the single only, but the single was cancelled. "I Close My Eyes" was released in November 2002 as the album's fourth single, but the song wasn't successful on the charts and peaked only at number ninety three. The vocal of this song was recorded in one take. Sandra homepage on the Virgin Music Germany website
The 1982 World Doubles was the first championship of a doubles format which unique to the game of snooker. The championship was sponsored by brewers Hofmeister and 29 players entered the event with the last 16 competing at the National Recreation Centre in Crystal Palace, London, it was played in December with the semi-finals and final televised on ITV between 15 and 19 December 1982. The venue was not popular and in one match between Terry Griffiths and Doug Mountjoy against Kirk Stevens and Jim Wych only had 67 spectators during the first session. Steve Davis and Tony Meo went on to win beating Griffiths and Mountjoy in style 13–2 and they got a combined break of 193 in their semi-final with Tony Knowles and Jimmy White which included a single 124 break by Meo, it gave Davis the first player to have won three versions of world professional titles with the individual and doubles. £66,000 prize money £12,000 winners £2000 high break prize 196 Davis/Meo Meo 124 single break
Oceanic crust is the uppermost layer of the oceanic portion of a tectonic plate. It is composed of the upper oceanic crust, with pillow lavas and a dike complex, the lower oceanic crust, composed of troctolite and ultramafic cumulates; the crust overlies the uppermost layer of the mantle. The crust and the solid mantle layer together constitute oceanic lithosphere. Oceanic crust is composed of mafic rocks, or sima, rich in iron and magnesium, it is thinner than continental crust, or sial less than 10 kilometers thick. The crust uppermost is the result of the cooling of magma derived from mantle material below the plate; the magma is injected into the spreading center, which consists of a solidified crystal mush derived from earlier injections, forming magma lenses that are the source of the sheeted dikes that feed the overlying pillow lavas. As the lavas cool they are, in most instances; these eruptions occur at mid-ocean ridges, but at scattered hotspots, in rare but powerful occurrences known as flood basalt eruptions.
But most magma crystallises within the lower oceanic crust. There, newly intruded magma can react with pre-existing crystal mush and rocks. Although a complete section of oceanic crust has not yet been drilled, geologists have several pieces of evidence that help them understand the ocean floor. Estimations of composition are based on analyses of ophiolites, comparisons of the seismic structure of the oceanic crust with laboratory determinations of seismic velocities in known rock types, samples recovered from the ocean floor by submersibles and drilling. Oceanic crust is simpler than continental crust and can be divided in three layers. According to mineral physics experiments, at lower mantle pressures, oceanic crust becomes denser than the surrounding mantle. Layer 1 is on an average 0.4 km thick. It consists of unconsolidated or semiconsolidated sediments thin or not present near the mid-ocean ridges but thickens farther away from the ridge. Near the continental margins sediment is terrigenous, meaning derived from the land, unlike deep sea sediments which are made of tiny shells of marine organisms calcareous and siliceous, or it can be made of volcanic ash and terrigenous sediments transported by turbidity currents.
Layer 2 could be divided into two parts: layer 2A – 0.5 km thick uppermost volcanic layer of glassy to finely crystalline basalt in the form of pillow basalt, layer 2B – 1.5 km thick layer composed of diabase dikes. Layer 3 is formed by slow cooling of magma beneath the surface and consists of coarse grained gabbros and cumulate ultramafic rocks, it constitutes over two-thirds of oceanic crust volume with 5 km thickness. The most voluminous volcanic rocks of the ocean floor are the mid-oceanic ridge basalts, which are derived from low-potassium tholeiitic magmas; these rocks have low concentrations of large ion lithophile elements, light rare earth elements, volatile elements and other incompatible elements. There can be found basalts enriched with incompatible elements, but they are rare and associated with mid-ocean ridge hot spots such as surroundings of Galapagos Islands, the Azores and Iceland. Prior to the Neoproterozoic Era 1000 Ma ago as world's oceanic crust was more mafic than present-days'.
The more mafic nature of the crust meant that higher amounts of water molecules could be stored the altered parts of the crust. At subduction zones this mafic crust was prone to metamorphose into greenschist instead of blueschist at ordinary blueschist facies. Oceanic crust is continuously being created at mid-ocean ridges; as plates diverge at these ridges, magma crust. As it moves away from the ridge, the lithosphere becomes cooler and denser, sediment builds on top of it; the youngest oceanic lithosphere is at the oceanic ridges, it gets progressively older away from the ridges. As the mantle rises it cools and melts, as the pressure decreases and it crosses the solidus; the amount of melt produced depends only on the temperature of the mantle. Hence most oceanic crust is the same thickness. Slow spreading ridges produce thinner crust as the mantle has a chance to cool on upwelling and so it crosses the solidus and melts at lesser depth, thereby producing less melt and thinner crust. An example of this is the Gakkel Ridge under the Arctic Ocean.
Thicker than average crust is found above plumes as the mantle is hotter and hence it crosses the solidus and melts at a greater depth, creating more melt and a thicker crust. An example of this is Iceland; the age of the oceanic crust can be used to estimate the thickness of the lithosphere, where young oceanic crust has not had enough time to cool the mantle beneath it, while older oceanic crust has thicker mantle lithosphere beneath it. The oceanic lithosphere subducts at; these boundaries can exist between oceanic lithosphere on one plate and oceanic lithosphere on another, or between oceanic lithosphere on one plate and continental lithosphere on another. In the second situation, the oceanic lithosphere always subducts because the continental lithosphere is less dense; the subduction process consumes older oceanic lithosphere, so oceanic crust is more than
2008 Thailand League Division 2 was contested by the two Group league winners of the 3rd level championships of Thailand. The league winners and runners up Group A and Group B were promoted to Thailand Division 1 League. No teams would be relegated due to restructuring at the end of the season. Cha Choeng Sao Chiangmai United Nakhon Ratchasima Narathiwat Prachinburi Raj Pracha Ratchaburi Samut Prakan Sakon Nakhon Satun Songkhla Airforce Training College Army Welfare Department Bangkok Bravo Bangkok Christian College Bangkok North Central ASSN Kasem Bundit University Rajadamnern Thonburi College Lopburi Royal Thai Marine Corps Navy Fleet Support Sisaket Last updated September 7, 2008 Last updated September 6, 2008 Last Update October 1, 2011 Prachinburi FC Songkhla FC Army Welfare Department F. C. Si Saket FC The 2008 winner of the Thailand Division 2 League Championship was Prachinburi FC. 2008 Thailand Premier League 2008 Thailand League Division 1 Thailand 2008 RSSSF