Emmanuel Philibert, Duke of Savoy

Emmanuel Philibert was Duke of Savoy from 1553 to 1580, KG. He is remembered for the Italianization of the House of Savoy, as he recovered the savoyard state following the Battle of St. Quentin and subsequently moved the capital to Turin and made Italian the official language in Piedmont. Born in Chambéry, Emmanuel Philibert was the only child of Charles III, Duke of Savoy, Beatrice of Portugal to reach adulthood, his mother was sister-in-law to Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, the future duke served in Charles's army during the war against Francis I of France, distinguishing himself by capturing Hesdin in July 1553. A month he became Duke of Savoy on the death of his father, but this was a nearly empty honour, as the vast majority of his hereditary lands had been occupied and administered by the French since 1536. Instead, he continued to serve the Habsburgs in hopes of recovering his lands, served his cousin Philip II of Spain as Governor of the Netherlands from 1555 to 1559. In this capacity he led the Spanish invasion of northern France and won a brilliant victory at Saint-Quentin on 10 August 1557.

He was a suitor to Lady Elizabeth Tudor, daughter of Henry VIII of England. With the Peace of Cateau Cambrésis between France and Spain signed in 1559, the duchy was restored to Emmanuel Philibert and he married his first cousin once removed, Margaret of France, Duchess of Berry, the sister of King Henry II of France, their only child was Charles Emmanuel I of Savoy. Following the death of his uncle, Henry I of Portugal, on 31 January 1580, Emmanuel Philibert fought to impose his rights as a claimant to the Portuguese throne. However, he soon realised that he had quite a fragile position due to the claims of Philip II, who gained control of the country, thus uniting Spain and Portugal. Emmanuel Philibert spent his rule regaining. A skilled political strategist, he took advantage of various squabbles in Europe to regain territory from both the French and the Spanish, including the city of Turin, he purchased two territories. Internally, he moved the capital of the duchy from Chambéry to Turin and replaced Latin as the duchy's official language with Italian.

He was attempting to acquire the marquisate of Saluzzo. He was buried in the Chapel of the Holy Shroud of the Turin Cathedral, to which he had moved the Sindone in 1578. Kamen, Henry. Philip of Spain. Yale University Press. Leathes, Stanley. Cambridge Modern History. 1. Cambridge University Press. 1580 Portuguese succession crisis

North Carolina Highway 208

North Carolina Highway 208 is a primary state highway in the U. S. state of North Carolina. The highway serves as the most direct route between Asheville and Greeneville, through the Bald Mountains. NC 208 is a 9.1-mile two-lane mountain highway that begins in the community of Hurricane and goes north hugging the banks of Big Laural Creek and Shelton Laural Creek. Once at Belva, the highway goes northwest towards Greeneville, passing through the community of Allenstand, before reaching the state line at Allen Gap. Just beyond the state line, the Appalachian Trail crosses the highway; the entire highway is within the confines of the Pisgah National Forest. Established in 1921 as an original state highway and has not changed since; the entire route is in Madison County. Media related to North Carolina Highway 208 at Wikimedia Commons N. C. 208

Armenia in the Junior Eurovision Song Contest

The participation of Armenia in the Junior Eurovision Song Contest first began at the Junior Eurovision Song Contest in 2007 which took place in Rotterdam, Netherlands. Armenian Public Television, a member organisation of the European Broadcasting Union, have been responsible for the selection process of their participants since their debut; the first representative to participate for the nation at the 2007 contest was Arevik with the song "Erazanq", which finished in second place out of seventeen participating entries, achieving a score of one hundred and thirty-six points. Since their debut, Armenia have never missed an edition of the contest and won in 2010 with the song "Mama" by Vladimir Arzumanyan, they hosted the contest at the Karen Demirchyan Complex in 2011. Their worst result to date was achieved by two representatives: Levon Galstyan at the Junior Eurovision Song Contest 2018 with his song "L. E. V. O. N" and Karina Ignatyan at the Junior Eurovision Song Contest 2019 with her song "Colours of Your Dream", where they both placed ninth.

As of Junior Eurovision 2016, Armenia have received the most points from Georgia. Armenian broadcaster Armenian Public Television, announced on 21 May 2007 that thy would be making their Junior Eurovision debut at the 2007 contest in Rotterdam, Netherlands on 8 December 2007. ARMTV internally selected Arevik as their debut entrant with the song "Erazanq". At the running order draw for Junior Eurovision 2007, Armenia were drawn third, following Belgium and preceding Cyprus, were they finished in second place scoring 136 points. Following their debut success, Armenia continued to participate in the Junior Eurovision Song Contest, finishing in third place on two occasions, runners-up at four contests, achieving their first win at the Junior Eurovision Song Contest 2010 with the song "Mama", performed by Vladimir Arzumanyan achieving 120 points. Armenia were the host country of the Junior Eurovision Song Contest 2011, which took place on 3 December at the Karen Demirchyan Sports and Concerts Complex located in the Armenian capital, Yerevan.

It was the first time in history of the Junior Eurovision Song Contest that the contest was held in the previous year's winning country. ARMTV was the main organiser of the show, being provided financial aid from the EBU made of entrance fees from the participating broadcasters, while Swedish company HD Resources assisted with the technical side of the production; the Armenian broadcaster announced on 21 July 2016, that they would be participating at the contest being held in Valletta, Malta on 20 November 2016. ARMTV announced on 10 August 2016 that they had internally selected Anahit Adamyan and Mary Vardanyan to represent them at the contest, singing the song "Tarber" which translates as Different. Song placed second with total 232 points after Georgia, beaten only by 7 points. On 26 February 2018, ARMTV revealed that their 12th Junior Eurovision entry would be selected using Depi Mankakan Evratesil; the contests are broadcast online worldwide through the official Junior Eurovision Song Contest website and YouTube.

In 2015, the online broadcasts featured commentary in English by editor Luke Fisher and 2011 Bulgarian Junior Eurovision Song Contest entrant Ivan Ivanov. The Armenian broadcaster, ARMTV, send their own commentators to each contest in order to provide commentary in the Armenian language. Spokespersons were chosen by the national broadcaster in order to announce the awarding points from Armenia; the table below list the details of each commentator and spokesperson since 2007. Armenia in the Eurovision Song Contest – Senior version of the Junior Eurovision Song Contest. Armenia in the Eurovision Young Dancers – A competition organised by the EBU for younger dancers aged between 16 and 21. Armenia in the Eurovision Young Musicians – A competition organised by the EBU for musicians aged 18 years and younger. Armenia in the Junior Eurovision Song Contest Official EBU Page