Emperor Junna was the 53rd emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. Junna reigned from 823 to 833. Junna had 13 Imperial sons and daughters, his personal name was Ōtomo. Junna is traditionally venerated at his tomb. 810: After the rebellion of Emperor Heizei, he became the crown prince of Emperor Saga at 25 years of age. 30 May 823: In the 14th year of Emperor Saga's reign, he abdicated. 22 March 833: In the 10th year of Emperor Junna's reign, the emperor abdicated. Shortly thereafter, Emperor Ninmyo is said to have acceded to the throne. After Junna stepped down from the throne, two former Emperors were alive. In this period, Saga was called the Senior Retired Emperor and Junna was known as the Junior Retired Emperor. 11 June 840 (Jōwa 7, 8th day of the 5th month: Former-Emperor Junna died at the age of 55. Following his death, Fujiwara no Yoshifusa maneuvered to have Montoku, rather than the crown prince Tsunesada, put on the throne; the years of Junna's reign are more identified by more than one era name.
Kōnin Tenchō Kugyō is a collective term for the few most powerful men attached to the court of the Emperor of Japan in pre-Meiji eras. In general, this elite group included only three to four men at a time; these were hereditary courtiers whose experience and background would have brought them to the pinnacle of a life's career. During Junna's reign, this apex of the Daijō-kan included: Sadaijin, Fujiwara no Fuyutsugu, 825–826. Sadaijin, Fujiwara no Otsugu, 832–843. Udaijin, Fujiwara no Otsugu, 825–832. Udaijin, Kiyohara no Natsuno, 832–837. Naidaijin Dainagon, Fujiwara no Otsugu, 821–825. Dainagon, Yoshimine no Yasuyo, 828–830. Dainagon, Kiyohara no Natsuno, 828–832 Dainagon, Fujiwara no Mimori, 829–838 Empress: Imperial Princess Shōshi/Masako, Emperor Saga's daughter Second Son: Imperial Prince Tsunesada, the Crown Prince Third Son: Imperial Prince Motosada Fourth Son: Imperial Prince Tsunefusa Hi: Imperial Princess Koshi, Emperor Kanmu's daughter First Son: Imperial Prince Tsuneyo First Daughter: Imperial Princess Ujiko, 16th Saiō in Ise Shrine Imperial Princess Yushi Imperial Princess Sadako Court lady: Princess Otsugu Nyogō: Nagahara no Motohime Nyogō: Tachibana no Ujiko, Tachibana no Nagana's daughter PrinceKoui: Fujiwara no Kiyoko, Fujiwara no Nagaoka's daughter Court lady: Kiyohara no Haruko, Kiyohara no Natsuno's daughter Imperial Princess Meishi Court lady: Ōnakatomi no Yasuko, Ōnakatomi Fuchiio's daughter Fifth Son: Imperial Prince Yoshisada Court lady: Ōno no Takako, Ōno no Masao's daughter Imperial Princess Hiroko Court lady: Tachibana no Funeko, Tachibana no Kiyono's daughter Imperial Princess Takaiko Court lady: Tajihi no Ikeko, Tajihi no Kadonari's daughter Imperial Princess Tomoko Unknown lady Mune no Chushi, removed from the Imperial Family by receiving the family name from Emperor in 862.
Brown, Delmer M.. The Future and the Past. Berkeley: University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-03460-0. OCLC 251325323. Imperial Household Agency. 桓武天皇 大原野西嶺上陵. Retrieved 2011-02-04. Mason, R. H. P. A History of Japan. North Clarendon, VT: Charles E. Tuttle Company. ISBN 0-8048-2097-X. Kasai, Masaki.. 公卿補任年表 Tokyo: Yamakawa Shuppan-sha. ISBN 4-634-60270-9; the Imperial House of Japan. Kyoto: Ponsonby Memorial Society. OCLC 194887 Titsingh, Isaac.. Nihon Ōdai Ichiran. Paris: Royal Asiatic Society, Oriental Translation Fund of Great Britain and Ireland. OCLC 5850691 Varley, H. Paul.. Jinnō Shōtōki: A Chronicle of Gods and Sovereigns. New York: Columbia University Press. ISBN 978-0-231-04940-5.
Great Britain competed at the 2008 Summer Paralympics in Beijing, People's Republic of China. Great Britain sent a delegation of around 400, of which 212 were athletes, to compete in eighteen sports at the Games; the team was made up of athletes from the whole United Kingdom. Additionally some British overseas territories compete separately from Britain in Paralympic competition. Britain finished second in the medal table, behind host nation China, winning 42 gold medals and 102 total medals, equalling the team's position in the medal table at the 2004 Athens Games; the number of medals won was 35 golds in Athens. The team was the most successful in two decades, with 80 different athletes winning at least one medal; the United Kingdom was the next host of the Summer Paralympics, holding the 2012 Games in London. Every participant at the Paralympics has their disability grouped into one of five disability categories; each Paralympic sport has its own classifications, dependent upon the specific physical demands of competition.
Events are given a code, made of numbers and letters, describing the type of event and classification of the athletes competing. Some sports, such as athletics, divide athletes by both the category and severity of their disabilities, other sports, for example swimming, group competitors from different categories together, the only separation being based on the severity of the disability; the following British competitors won medals at the games, all dates are September 2008. In the'by discipline' sections below, medallists' names are in bold. † Shelly Woods was awarded the silver medal in the athletics, women's 5000 m T54. However a re-run of the race was ordered by the International Paralympic Committee after the result was protested; the following competitors won multiple medals at the 2008 Paralympic Games. In July 2008, UK Sport, the body responsible for the distribution of National Lottery funding to elite sport, published its expectations for the Games, it identified a 112 "stretch" medal target and expected to win 95 of them, including around 35 gold medals to finish second in the medal table.
The athletes met the expectations of UK Sport for total medals, gold medals and medal table position, finishing second behind hosts China with 42 gold and 102 total medals. The medals claimed were not all ones, targeted, the team fell short of targets in some sports whilst it exceeded them in others. Great Britain's archery squad for the Games included twelve athletes. In all, four archery medals, two gold, one silver and one bronze, were won by British archers, which meant that they finished second in the archery medal table. John Stubbs, a former England disabled cricketer, set a new world record score of 691 in the ranking round on the route to victory in the men's individual compound open. In the equivalent women's event Danielle Brown beat compatriot, eventual bronze medallist, Mel Clarke before going on to win the gold. MenWomenLegend: WR – World record. David Weir failed in his attempts to win five gold medals at the Games after suffering from a virus, but did win four medals. British participants were involved in a number of controversies regarding the reallocation of medals during the Games.
Shelly Woods was awarded the silver medal in the women's 5000 m T54, but a rerun was ordered by the International Paralympic Committee after the Australian, US and Swiss teams protested the result because six competitors were involved in a crash on the penultimate lap. When the race was rerun Woods won the bronze medal. David Weir believed he had won the gold medal in the men's 800 m T54 but a rerun of the race was ordered after it was discovered that the Australian silver medallist, Kurt Fearnley, had begun the race in the wrong lane. Following a letter from Fearnley and the Australian authorities to the IPC, which asked that the result not be overturned in the spirit of sportsmanship, the rerun was cancelled and Weir's medal reinstated. Discus thrower Rebecca Chin was awarded the silver medal in the women's F37–38, but her classification was challenged and Chin was deemed ineligible for the event, stripped of her medal, her results were erased; the decision was controversial given that Chin had been assessed earlier in the Games whilst she competed in the women's F37–38 shot put final.
Men—Track Men—FieldWomen—TrackWomen—Field* Originally awarded the silver medal but stripped of medal and results following a challenge to her classification. Key Britain qualified teams in women's events; the women's team finished eighth out of ten competing teams, whilst the men, matching their achievement at 2004 Athens Games, won the bronze medal. Pool BLegend: PTS – Points.
John Casey was a respected Irish geometer. He is most famous for Casey's theorem on a circle, tangent to four other circles, an extension of Ptolemy's theorem. However, he contributed several novel perspectives on Euclidean geometry, he and Émile Lemoine are considered to be the co-founders of the modern geometry of the circle and the triangle. He was born at Kilbehenny in Limerick and educated locally at Mitchelstown, before becoming a teacher under the Board of National Education, he became headmaster of the Central Model Schools in Kilkenny City. He subsequently entered Trinity College Dublin in 1858, where he was elected a Scholar in 1861 and was awarded the degree of BA in 1862, he was Mathematics Master at Kingston School, Professor of Higher Mathematics and Mathematical Physics at the newly founded Catholic University of Ireland and Lecturer in Mathematics at its successor, the University College Dublin. In 1869, the University of Dublin awarded Casey the Honorary Degree of Doctor of Laws.
He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in June 1875. He was elected to the Royal Irish Academy and in 1880 became a member of its council. In 1878 the Academy conferred upon him the much coveted Cunningham Gold Medal, his work was acknowledged by the Norwegian Government, among others. He was elected a member of the Societe Mathematique de France in 1884 and received the honorary degree of Doctor of Laws from the Royal University of Ireland in 1885. 1880: On Cubic Transformations 1881: On Cyclides and Sphero-quartics, from Internet Archive 1882: The First Six Books of the Elements of Euclid, link from Project Gutenberg 1885: A Treatise on the Analytic Geometry of the Point, Line and Conic Sections, Second edition, 1893, links from Internet Archive 1886 A Sequel to the First Six Books of Euclid, 4th edition, link from Internet Archive 1886: A Treatise on Elementary Trigonometry 1888: A Treatise on Plane Trigonometry containing an account of the Hyperbolic Functions 1889: A Treatise on Spherical Geometry, link from Internet Archive Irish Monthly, XIX, 106, 152 Proc.
Royal Society, XLIX, 30, p. xxiv. Carlyle, Edward Irving. "Casey, John". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1913 Catholic Encyclopedia article on John Casey "James Maher, Chief of the Comeraghs, Mullinahone, 1957, pp 295–299. MacTutor History of Mathematics Works by John Casey at Project Gutenberg Works by or about John Casey at Internet Archive
Gate Mudaliyar Jeronis de Soysa was a pioneering Ceylonese entrepreneur and philanthropist. He was a pioneer coffee planter and an industrialist who became the wealthiest Ceylonese of the 19th century by establishing the largest native commercial enterprise of the era, he was instrumental in the establishment of the first Ceylonese bank and is referred to as a father of private enterprise in British Ceylon. He was the first Mudaliyar to be elevated in recognition of his philanthropy. Jeronis de Soysa was born on 19 April 1797 at Moratuwa, he was the second son of Warusahennadige Joseph Soysa, an Ayurveda practitioner and Kurukulasuriya Senadige Francisca Peiris. He was affectionately known as Babaseñor. Both his father and grandfather Bastian Soysa and earlier ancestors, their ancestor was the lay custodian of the Devinuwara Temple, Matara at the time of its destruction by the Portuguese in 1587. De Soysa's parents wanted him to become a Buddhist monk and sent him to the Palliyagodella Temple Rawatawatta Moratuwa for studies.
He excelled in the Ayurvedic system of the Sinhala language and Astrology. He possessed a charming personality. De Soysa married Francesca Coorey, daughter of Mututantrige Bastian Cooray and Kurukulasuriya Senadige Justina Pieris in 1833. Mututantrige Sebastian Coorey, an ancestor of Francesca had built the Rawatawatte Dutch Chapel in 1675. De Soysa inherited a small fortune from his uncles Daniel Peiris and Hendrick Peiris III, who were ship owners with Yatra building yards at Oruwella and Grandpass, Colombo, he invested this in expanding the trading network between the Maritime and Kandyan Provinces with the assistance of his brothers. In 1820 he established himself as a general merchant in Kandy, becoming one of the first Sinhalese to do so, he introduced cart transportation between the seaports and the plantations which had till been carried out on foot and was able to dominate the industry till the building of the railway. Meanwhile, de Soysa became famous as Babasingha Vedamahatmaya, a sought-after Ayurvedic physician in Kandy and was reputed to have saved the lives of numerous plantation Tamils.
De Soysa's business prospered and he received several government supply contracts, including one that involved in the construction of the Colombo-Kandy road. These investments enabled him to accumulate the large capital necessary to rent the franchising for the supply of arrack, he curtailed his investment in the distillery and tavern industry. In 1836 de Soysa bid for the Diyatalawa kanda'Kings Garden-Rajmal Uyana' in Hanguranketa at the request of the administrative officer of the region, appointed by king Sri Vikrama Rajasinha; this was an overgrown coffee estate used by the Kandyan kings as a country retreat. He purchased many of the cinnamon estates that were owned by the Dutch administration in Moratuwa, Ratmalana and Katunayake, citronella plantations in Ahangama and coconut plantatins throughout the island, his land holdings in Colombo consisted of several estates that stretched between Galle Face and Panadura. The De Soysa and Peiris family established the first Ceylonese-owned bank, the Bank of Kandy at Dalada weediya and Pettah, Colombo in 1839 & 1860, becoming the largest native commercial enterprise of the era at a time when European owned banks were reluctant to extend credit to the Ceylonese and the high interest rates of the Nattukkottai Chettiars.
De Soysa was reputed for his treatment of employees and had relied to a greater extent on the low country population. He played a significant role in improving agriculture and the infrastructure in the Kandyan province and the coastal districts. De Soya's agricultural properties in the up-country were in the Hanguranketa and Talatuoya areas which were thick jungle with no roads, he took the lead and with an improvised measuring stick demarcated the areas to be cleared for road and tank building. He had a network of roads built and supplemented the village infrastructure by building reservoirs for irrigating paddy fields and chena cultivations; the large scale road building projects of de Soysa include the road from Mailapitiya to Hanguranketa and Haragama and the road from Haragama to Kolongaha and Maha Oya in the Central Province. He had the Polgasowita-Mattegoda-Delgahakanda roads of Salpiti Korale constructed. In 1839 he constructed the road from Galle road to Kospalankissa and several roads in Chilaw district.
The roads from Telawela to Katubedda and Mampe, the Angulana road to Kuda-Kalapuwa and the Uyana road were constructed in the Western Province. De Soysa was an avid builder of tanks and reservoirs. In 1848 he rebuilt the ancient Malulla tank at Hanguranketa; the Gonagama, Naranvila and Gonawatte tanks and dams of the Central Province and the Moratuwa-Ratmalana tank in his home town are noteworthy. He facilitated irrigation works at Kandewela and gifted land to the poor residents of Gonagama and Hanguranketa for cultivation. De Soysa built the Tibotuwawewatte Ambalama in Haragama and the sprawling rest house and gardens at Moratuwa for public use; as a result of the medical and financial assistance given to the landslide victims of Kadugannawa, de Soysa's caravans were safeguarded by Saradiel, the Robin Hood of Ceylon. De Soysa had met Puran Appu, a hero of the Matale Rebellion, who had on occasion disguised himself as a carter in spying missions to Kandy. On his land stood the a
Mick Nanyn is a former Scotland international rugby league footballer. He was a specialist goal-kicker, he set point scoring records at several of the clubs he played for. Nanyn started his career at Swinton, went on to play for the Rochdale Hornets, Widnes and the Leigh Centurions, he played for Scotland at international level. Nanyn was born in Greater Manchester, England. Nanyn had a reputation as a journeyman, playing for the Widnes Vikings, the Rochdale Hornets and the Swinton Lions. Starting out at Swinton Lions in 1999, Nanyn made his debut at the age of 16. Despite his age, Nanyn was a standout performer for the Lions during the more turbulent years of 1999-2003, thus defining himself as both a try scorer and prolific goal kicker. Nanyn signed for the Widnes Vikings in 2006. In his first season at the club, he scored 388 points, breaking the record for most points scored in a single season, an accolade he took from Jonathan Davies, he beat his own record a year scoring 434 points in 2007. In 2008 he beat Pat Rich's seven-year-old record at Oldham for points in a season.
He joined Super League side the Harlequins RL for the 2009 season. He only managed a couple of appearances in trial games for the Harlequins RL. In 2001, Nanyn represented the Northern Ford Premiership in an Under-21 trial game against the Super League, scoring a try in a surprise 27–20 win. Nanyn was named in the Scotland training squad for the 2008 Rugby League World Cup. Nanyn won ten caps for Scotland, including one appearance as a substitute. In 2009, he scored 40 points in a 104–0 victory over Italy; as of 2015, with 3714-points he is sixth on British rugby league's "most points in a career" record list behind Neil Fox, Jim Sullivan, Kevin Sinfield, Gus Risman and John Woods. Mick Nanyn is the son of the rugby league second-row of the 1970s and 1980s for Wigan and Springfield Borough. Oldham Profile Harlequins RL sign Mick Nanyn
The Dr. Judd C. and Margaret S. Clarke Shellito House is a historic residence located in Independence, United States. Built in 1917, this 2½-story brick house is locally significant as the best example of the Colonial Revival style in town, it was designed by Independence architect Harry E. Netcott; the main block of the house is five bays wide. There is a two-story solarium on the south side; the main entrance is framed by pediment composed of cut stone. The house was a wedding from Dr. Amos G. and Nellie Sheilito, to his new wife. At the time the house was completed Judd was serving in the military during World War I, he died in an auto accident west of Cedar Rapids in 1933. Margaret died in 1984. Three years prior the Rev. Dr. Eugene and Marna Hancock bought the house from the Shellito family; because of the stability of ownership, the house has changed little. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1997