Enter the Dragon is a 1973 martial arts film produced by and starring Bruce Lee. The film, which co-stars John Saxon and Jim Kelly, was directed by Robert Clouse, it would be Bruce Lee's final completed film appearance before his death on 20 July 1973 at age 32. A joint American and Hong Kong production, it premiered in Los Angeles on 19 August 1973, one month after Lee's death and went on to gross US$90 million worldwide, equivalent to US$518 million adjusted for inflation. Enter the Dragon is regarded as one of the greatest martial arts films of all time. In 2004, it was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being "culturally or aesthetically significant". Among the first films to combine martial arts action with the emerging Blaxploitation genre, its success led to a series of similar productions combining both genres, its themes have generated scholarly debate about how they reflect the changes taking place within post-colonial Asian societies following the end of World War II.
Lee, a proficient Shaolin martial artist and instructor from Hong Kong, is approached by Braithwaite, a British intelligence agent investigating the suspected crime lord Han. Lee is persuaded to attend a high-profile martial arts competition on Han's private island to gather evidence that will prove Han's involvement in drug trafficking and prostitution. Shortly before his departure, Lee learns that the man responsible for his sisters death, O'Hara, is working as Han's bodyguard on the island. Fighting in the competition are Roper, an indebted gambling addict, fellow Vietnam war veteran Williams. At the end of the first day, Han gives strict orders to the competitors not to leave their rooms. Lee makes contact with undercover operative Mei Ling and sneaks into Han's compound, looking for evidence, he manages to escape. The next morning, Han orders his giant guard Bolo to kill the guards in public for failing their duties. After the execution, Lee ends up killing him. With the day's competition over, Han confronts Williams, who had left his room the previous night to exercise.
Han beats him to death when he refuses to cooperate. Han reveals his drug operation to Roper, hoping that he will join his organisation, he implicitly threatens to imprison Roper, along with all the other martial artists who joined Han's tournaments in the past, if Roper refuses. Despite being intrigued, Roper refuses after learning of Williams' fate. Lee sneaks out again that night and manages to send a message to Braithwaite, but he is captured after a prolonged battle with the guards; the next morning, Han arranges for Roper to fight Lee. As a punishment, Roper has to fight Bolo instead, whom he manages to overpower and beat after a gruelling encounter. Enraged by the unexpected failure, Han commands his remaining men to kill Roper. Facing insurmountable odds, they are soon aided by the island's prisoners, freed by Mei Ling. Han escapes and is pursued by Lee, who corners him in his museum. After a brutal fight, Han runs away into a hidden mirror room; the mirrors give Han an advantage, but Lee breaks all the room's mirrors to reveal Han's location, kills him.
Lee returns outside to the main battle, now over. A bruised and bloodied Roper sits victorious while the military arrive to take control of the island. Due to the success with his earlier films, Warner Bros began helping Bruce Lee with the film in 1972, they brought in producers Fred Paul Heller. The screenplay title was named Blood and Steel; the story features Asian and Black heroic protagonists because the producers wanted a film that would appeal to the widest possible international audiences. The scene in which Lee states that his style is "Fighting Without Fighting" is based upon a famous anecdote involving the 16th century samurai Tsukahara Bokuden. John Saxon is a black belt in Judo and Shotokan Karate, who studied under grandmaster Hidetaka Nishiyama for three years. In negotiations, his agent told the film's producers that if they wanted him they would have to change the story so that the character of Williams would be killed, not Roper, they agreed and the script was changed. Rockne Tarkington was cast in the role of Williams.
However, he unexpectedly dropped out days. Producer Fred Weintraub knew that karate world champion, Jim Kelly had a training dojo in Crenshaw, Los Angeles so he hastily arranged a meeting. Weintraub was impressed, Kelly was cast in the film; the success of Kelly's appearance launched his career as a star: after Enter the Dragon, he signed a three-film deal with Warner Bros and went on to make several martial arts-themed blaxploitation films in the 1970s. Jackie Chan appears as a guard during the underground lair battle scene and gets his neck snapped by Lee, he performed several stunts for the film, including the scene where Lee's character climbs a rooftop at night. However, Yuen Wah was Lee's main stunt double for the film. Sammo Hung appears in a brief fight scene against Lee at the start of the film. An urban legend surrounding the making of Enter The Dragon claims that actor Bob Wall did not like Bruce Lee and that their fight scenes were not choreographed. However, Wall has denied this stating he and Lee were good friends.
The film was shot on location in Hong Kong. All scenes were filmed without sound: dialogue and sound effects were added or dubbed in during post-production. Bruce Lee, after he had been goaded or challenged, fought several real fights with the film's extras and some set i
The AN/FSQ-7 Combat Direction Central, referred to as the Q7 for short, was a computerized command and control system for Cold War ground-controlled interception used in the USAF Semi-Automatic Ground Environment air defense network. An advancement of the pioneering MIT Whirlwind II digital computer design, manufactured by IBM as prime contractor, the AN/FSQ-7 was the largest discrete computer system built, each of the 24 installed machines weighed 250 tons; the AN/FSQ-7 used a total of 60,000 vacuum tubes and up to 3 megawatts of electricity, performing about 75,000 instructions per second for networking regional radars. The installations were configured as duplex systems, using a pair of AN/FSQ-7 computers to provide fault tolerance. One was active at the other on standby; the standby system copied data from the active system to minimize switchover time if needed. A scheduled switchover took place every day; the AN/FSQ-7 calculated one or more predicted interception points for assigning manned aircraft or CIM-10 Bomarc missiles to intercept an intruder using the Automatic Target and Battery Evaluation algorithm.
Used in the Nike AN/FSG-1 system, ATABE automated the Whiz Wheel method used in manual command post operations. The Q7 fire button launched the Bomarc, an additional Q7 algorithm automatically directed the missile during climb and cruise to the beginning of its supersonic dive on the target when guidance transferred to the missile seeker system for the homing dive. Improvements allowed transmission of Q7 guidance to autopilots of manned fighters for vectoring to targets via the SAGE Ground to Air Data Link Subsystem The first United States radar network used voice reporting to the 1939 Twin Lights Station in New Jersey, the post-World War II experimental Cape Cod System used a Whirlwind I computer at Cambridge, Massachusetts to network long-range and several short-range radars; the key Whirlwind modification for radar netting was the development of magnetic-core memory that vastly improved reliability, doubled operating speed, quadrupled input speed relative to the original Williams tube memory of the Whirlwind I.“AN/FSQ” derives from Army-Navy / Fixed Special eQuipment.
The AN/FSQ -7 was based on the faster Whirlwind II design. It proved too much for MIT's resources, resulting in IBM being retained as prime contractor – though the MIT Lincoln Laboratory Division 6 still participated in AN/FSQ-7 development. Similar to the Q7, the smaller AN/FSQ-8 Combat Control Central was produced without an Automatic Initiation Area Discriminator and other equipment; the experimental SAGE subsector, located in Lexington, was completed in 1955, equipped with a prototype AN/FSQ-7 known as XD-1 in Building F. The third evaluation run with the XD-1 was in August and the prototype was complete in October 1955, except for displays. DC-1 at McGuire Air Force Base was the first operational site of the AN/FSQ-7 with consoles scheduled for delivery Aug–Oct 1956. Groundbreaking at McChord Air Force Base was in 1957 where the "electronic brain" began arriving in November 1958; the Cape Canaveral BOMARC 624-XY1's intercept of a target drone in August 1958 used the Kingston, New York, Q7 1500 miles away.
By 1959, the 2000th simulated BOMARC intercept had been completed by the Q7. The SAGE/Missile Master test program conducted large-scale field testing of the ATABE mathematical model using radar tracks of actual Strategic Air Command and Air Defense Command aircraft conducting mock penetrations into defense sectors; the vacuum-tube SAGE network was completed in 1963, a system ergonomic test was performed at Luke Air Force Base in 1964. According to Harold Sackman, it "showed conclusively that the wrong timing of human and technical operations was leading to frequent truncation of the flight path tracking system." Back-Up Interceptor Control Systems were used to replace the AN/FSQ-7s: two remained at SAGE sites until 1983 including McChord AFB, the Q7 at Luke AFB was demolished in February 1984. The SABRE airline reservation system used AN/FSQ-7 technology. Q7 components were used as props in numerous films and television series needing futuristic-looking computers, despite the fact they were built in the 1950s.
Q7 components were used in The Time Tunnel, The Towering Inferno, Logan's Run, WarGames, Independence Day, Planet of the Apes TV series, many others. The Computer History Museum displays several AN/FSQ-7 components. MIT selected IBM as the prime contractor for equipment construction; the Central Computer System of the AN/FSQ-7 had two computers for redundancy each with Arithmetic, Core Memory, Instruction Control, Maintenance Control, Selection & IO Control, Program elements. The Q7 had input/output devices such as: IBM 723 card punch and IBM 713 punched card reader IBM 718 line printer drum auxiliary memory and IBM 728 magnetic tape drives Crosstelling Input from other AN/FSQ sites Display and Warning Light System with dozens of consoles in various rooms having Situation Display Tubes, Digital Display Tubes, controls including: Duplex Maintenance Console, each DMC operated one of the Central Computer Systems and allowed diagnostics Tracker Initiator Consoles for designating a "blip" to be tracked Command Post Digital Display Desk Senior Director's keyed console with the Bom
Gambelia is a genus of lizards known as leopard lizards, within the family Crotaphytidae. Leopard lizards are indigenous to arid environments of southwestern North America. Species in the genus Gambelia superficially resemble those of the genus Crotaphytus. However, one difference between the genera Gambelia and Crotaphytus is that leopard lizards have fracture planes in their tails, allowing the tails to break off when grasped by predators; the generic name, Gambelia, is in honor of American naturalist William Gambel. Three species are recognized. Nota bene: A binomial authority in parentheses indicates that the species was described in a genus other than Gambelia. Baird SF. United States and Mexican Boundary Survey, Under the Order of Lieu. Col. W. H. Emory, Major First Cavalry, United States Commissioner.. Reptiles of the Boundary, with Notes by the Naturalists of the Survey. Washington, District of Columbia: Department of the Interior. 35 pp. + Plates I-XLI.. Smith HM, Brodie ED Jr. Reptiles of North America: A Guide to Field Identification.
New York: Golden Press. 240 pp. ISBN 0-307-13666-3
Mytilene Municipal Stadium is a multi-use stadium in Mytilene, Greece. It is used for football matches and is the home stadium of Kalloni; the stadium holds 3,000 people, all-seated. Stadium's nickname is Tarlas, inspired by the old name of the settlement where the stadium is built; the word is originated from a Turkish word, which means field. The stadium has five gates, it has one big stand and track. The stand is separated in 5 sections, while there are 100 seats for VIP. In 2001 were put projectors and seats have been placed on all the stand; until only a little section of the stand had seats. On the occasion of 2004 Olympic Games, have been more important projects to changing rooms and other rooms below the stand; the stadium radically reconstructed in 2014, in the occasion of promotion of Kalloni to Superleague Greece. Concerts are held here. Famous singers such as Anna Vissi, Sakis Rouvas, Antonis Remos and Michalis Hatzigiannis have played the venue over the years
Adult Contemporary is a chart published by Billboard ranking the top-performing songs in the United States in the adult contemporary music genre. In 1970, 16 songs topped the chart published under the title Easy Listening, based on playlists submitted by easy listening radio stations and sales reports submitted by stores. On the first chart of 1970, the number one position was held by "Raindrops Keep Fallin' on My Head" by B. J. Thomas, in its third week atop the Easy Listening chart, held the top spot on Billboard's all-genres listing, the Hot 100, it remained atop the Easy Listening chart for the first four weeks of the year before being replaced by "Without Love" by Welsh singer Tom Jones. Thomas and Jones returned to number one in the year with "I Just Can't Help Believing" and "Daughter of Darkness" and were two of the four acts to achieve two Easy Listening number ones in 1970. Elvis Presley reached the top spot with both "The Wonder of You" and "You Don't Have to Say You Love Me" and the Carpenters had number ones with both " Close to You" and "We've Only Just Begun".
The former song was the breakthrough hit for the Carpenters topping the Hot 100 and launching a period of international stardom for the brother-sister duo. After spending six weeks in the top spot of the Easy Listening chart in the summer with " Close to You", the Carpenters spent a further seven weeks at number one in the fall with "We've Only Just Begun", the longest unbroken run of the year atop the chart; the duo's total of 13 weeks spent at number one was the most by any act in 1970. In April, the Beatles achieved their first and only number one on the Easy Listening chart with "Let It Be". Although the British quartet had achieved huge success in the United States, spearheading the so-called British Invasion of the American market, few of their hits had crossed over to the Easy Listening market. Within days of their topping the chart, Paul McCartney announced his departure from the group, instigating a split, complete by the end of the year, bringing the career of the most successful and influential band of all time to an end.
"Let It Be" topped the Hot 100, as did "Bridge over Troubled Water" by Simon & Garfunkel, "Everything is Beautiful" by Ray Stevens. The final Easy Listening number one of the year was "It's Impossible" by Perry Como, which held the top spot for the final four weeks of 1970. 1970 in music List of artists who reached number one on the U. S. Adult Contemporary chart
The Kraienkopp, Dutch:'Twents Hoen', is a breed of chicken originating on the border region between Germany and the Netherlands. The latter of the two names is the Dutch language version; the Kraienkopp appears in two color varieties: Silver. Males weigh 2.75 kilos, females weigh 1.8 kilos. They have a small walnut-type comb; the Kraienkopp breed was developed in the late nineteenth century from crosses of local types with Malays, with Silver Duckwing Leghorns. It was first shown in the Netherlands in 1920, was shown in Germany in 1925, it is rare today, is best known as a layer and a show bird. Hens lay a fair number of off-white eggs, will go broody; the Kraienkopp is an active bird with excellent foraging abilities. Ekarius, Carol. Storey's Illustrated Guide to Poultry Breeds. 210 MAS MoCA Way, North Adams MA 01247: Storey Publishing. ISBN 978-1-58017-667-5. CS1 maint: location Graham, Chris. Choosing and Keeping Chickens. 2-4 Heron Quays London E14 4JP: Octopus Publishing. ISBN 978-0-7938-0601-0. CS1 maint: location List of chicken breeds