click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Erechtheus

Erechtheus in Greek mythology was the name of an archaic king of Athens, the founder of the polis and, in his role as god, attached to Poseidon, as "Poseidon Erechtheus". The mythic Erechtheus and the historical Erechtheus were fused into one character in Euripides' lost tragedy Erechtheus; the name Erichthonius is carried by a son of Erechtheus, but Plutarch conflated the two names in the myth of the begetting of Erechtheus. See main article: Erichthonius Athenians thought of themselves as Erechtheidai, the "sons of Erechtheus". In Homer's Iliad he is the son of "grain-giving Earth", reared by Athena; the earth-born son was sired by Hephaestus, whose semen Athena wiped from her thigh with a fillet of wool cast to earth, by which Gaia was made pregnant. In the contest for patronage of Athens between Poseidon and Athena, the salt spring on the Acropolis where Poseidon's trident struck was known as the sea of Erechtheus; the second Erechtheus was given a historicizing genealogy as son and heir to King Pandion I of Athens by Zeuxippe, this Pandion being son of Erichthonius.

This king Erechtheus may be distinguished as Erechtheus II. Erechtheus was father, by his wife Praxithea, of six daughters, the eldest was Protogeneia, Procris, Creusa and Chthonia. According to pseudo-Apollodorus, Erechtheus II had a twin brother named Butes who married Erechtheus' daughter Chthonia, the "earth-born". Erechtheus and Butes divided the royal power possessed by Pandion, Erechtheus taking the physical rule but Butes taking the priesthood of Athena and Poseidon, this right being passed on to his descendants; this late origin myth or aition justified and validated the descent of the hereditary priesthood of the Boutidai family. His reign was marked by the war between Athens and Eleusis, when the Eleusinians were commanded by Eumolpus, coming from Thrace. An oracle declared that Athens' survival depended on the death of one of the three daughters of Erechtheus. Three unmarried daughters is meant, but in one version it is Chthonia, sacrificed. In another, both Protogeneia and Pandora, the two eldest, offer themselves up.

In any case the remaining sisters, or at least some of them, are said to kill themselves. The story of the unfortunate daughters of Erechtheus is comparable to those of the daughters of Hyacinthus of Lacedaemon, of the daughters of Leos. In the following battle between the forces of Athens and Eleusis, Erechtheus won the battle and slew Eumolpus, but himself fell, struck down by Poseidon's trident. Poseidon avenged his son Eumolpus' death by driving him into the earth with blows of his trident,The ending lines of Euripides' tragedy were recovered in 1965 from a papyrus fragment, they demonstrate for Burkert that "the founding of the Erechtheum and the institution of the priestess of Athena coincide." Athena resolves the action by instructing Erichtheus' widow Praxithea: "...and for your husband I command a shrine to be constructed in the middle of the city. To you, since you have rebuilt the city's foundations, I grant the duty of bringing in the preliminary fire-sacrifices for the city, to be called my priestess."

In the Athenian king-list, the son-in-law of Erechtheus, was asked to choose his successor from among his many sons and chose Cecrops II, named for the mythic founder-king Cecrops. Thus Erechtheus is succeeded by Cecrops II, his brother, according to a fragment from the poet Castor but his son according to pseudo-Apollodorus. Other sons of Erechtheus sometimes mentioned are Orneus, Pandorus and Eupalamus; the central gods of the Acropolis of Athens were Poseidon Erechtheus and Athena Polias, "Athena patron-guardian of the city". The Odyssey records that Athena returned to Athens and "entered the strong-built house of Erechtheus"; the archaic joint temple built upon the spot, identified as the Kekropion, the hero-grave of the mythic founder-king Cecrops and the serpent that embodied his spirit was destroyed by the Persian forces in 480 BC, during the Greco-Persian wars, was replaced between 421 and 407 BCE by the present Erechtheum. Continuity of the site made sacred by the presence of Cecrops is inherent in the reference in Nonnus' Dionysiaca to the Erechtheion lamp as "the lamp of Cecrops".

Priests of the Erechtheum and the priestess of Athena jointly took part in the procession to Skiron that inaugurated the Skira festival near the end of the Athenian year. Their object was the temenos at Skiron of the hero-seer Skiros, who had aided Eumolpus in the war between Athens and Eleusis in which Erechtheus II, the hero-king, was both triumphant and died; that Poseidon and Erechtheus were two names at Athens for the same figure was demonstrated in the cult at the Erechtheum, where there was a single altar, a single priest and sacrifices were dedicated to Poseidon Erechtheus, Walter Burkert observed, adding "An historian would say that a Homeric, pan-Hellenic name has been superimposed on an autochthonous, non-Greek name." Swinburne’s classical tragedy Erechtheus was published in 1876. He uses the framework of the classical myth to express the republican and patriotic ideals that preoccupied him at this era. Euripides, The Complete Greek Drama, edited by Whitney J. Oates and Eugene O'Neill, Jr. in two volumes.

1. Ion, translated by Robert Potter. New York. Random House. 1938. Online version at the Perseus Digital Library. Euripides, Euripidis Fabulae. Vol. 2. Gilbert Murray. Oxford. Clarendon Press, Oxford. 191

Juan Zambudio Velasco

Juan Zambudio Velasco, was a Spanish football goalkeeper. He played for FC Barcelona, he retired playing in CE Sabadell FC. He was contracted by FC Barcelona in 1942, when he was 21, he used to play wearing a cap, because the winter matches were scheduled at 3 p.m. in order to use natural light. He was the official goalkeeper of FC Barcelona; when he was recovered, his place in the goal was held by Antoni Ramallets, he never got back to the main place. In 1954 he left FC Barcelona to play in CE Sabadell FC. After retiring, he worked as the CE Sabadell FC coach, he played with the Spanish B selection officially. FC BarcelonaSpanish League: 1944–45, 1947–48, 1949–49, 1951–52, 1952–53 Spanish Cup: 1950–51, 1951–52, 1952–53 Latin Cup: 1949, 1952 Copa Eva Duarte: 1948, 1952, 1953 Zamora Trophy: 1947–48 Juan Zambudio Velasco at BDFutbol FC Barcelona archives FC Barcelona profile

Catch Thirtythree

Catch Thirtythree is the fifth album by Swedish heavy metal band Meshuggah. It was released on 16 May 2005 in Europe and on 31 May 2005 through Nuclear Blast. Catch Thirtythree entered the Billboard 200 chart at number 170. Meshuggah released a music video for the song "Shed"; the song is featured on the Saw III soundtrack. Although Catch Thirtythree is printed as a full-length album with thirteen songs, it is a single continuous suite; the band themselves have said that though it is a full-length release, it is still considered to be an experimental piece and not quite a bona-fide album. The musical direction is consistent with the evolution carried on from Nothing and I, utilizing heavy and texturous grooves, leaving most of the thrash elements behind; the album does, contain elements of the band's utilized jazz fusion elements. Lyrically, the album is a concept album, revolving around different kinds of paradoxes, hence the title Catch Thirtythree; this is the first full Meshuggah album where the drums are programmed rather than performed by drummer Tomas Haake.

They are created using "Drumkit from Hell", a software synthesizer that uses Haake's drums and cymbals as samples. All lyrics are written by Mårten Hagström. Jens Kidman – lead vocals, bass, drum programming, mixing Fredrik Thordendalguitar, drum programming, mixing Mårten Hagström – guitar, drum programming, mixing Tomas Haake – vocals, drum programming, mixing and artwork concept Björn Engelmann – mastering

Media in Des Moines, Iowa

As of 2014, the Des Moines metropolitan area is the 72nd-largest media market in the United States, as ranked by Nielsen Media Research, with 428,150 television households. The following is a summary of broadcast and print media in Des Moines, Iowa: The Des Moines Register serves as the metropolitan area's lone daily newspaper. Owned by the Gannett Company, the Register had a daily circulation of 86,982 and a Sunday circulation of 152,239, as of 2014; the Grand ViewsGrand View University The Times Delphic– Drake University K260AM KASI KAZR KBGG KCYZ KDFR KDLF KDLS KDLS-FM KDPS KDRB KDXA KFMG-LP KGGO KHKI KICG KICJ KICL KICP KIOA KJJY KJMC KKDM KNSL KNWI KNWM KOEZ KPSZ KPUL KRNT KSTZ KTIA-FM KURE KWBG KWDM KWKY KWQW KXIA KXLQ KXNO WHO WOI WOI-FM WXL57 Des Moines Broadcasting Iowa Newspaper Association

Dan Sayre Groesbeck

Dan Sayre Groesbeck was an American illustrator and designer of "visualization sketches" in the pre-cinematic era. Groesbeck was born on September 1878 in California. Groesbeck began his career as a reporter and illustrator in Los Angeles, in Denver and Chicago, his illustrations were published in the Chicago Tribune and Cosmopolitan Magazine. Groesbeck painted murals inside the Santa Barbara County Courthouse, the Hotel Del Monte, various other buildings, he designed "visualization sketches" for Cecil B. DeMille in the pre-cinematic era. Groesbeck died on August 29, 1950 in Los Angeles, at age 71. Henning, Robert. Destined for Hollywood: The Art of Dan Sayre Groesbeck. Santa Barbara, California: Santa Barbara Museum of Art. ISBN 9780899511054. OCLC 260063352

Forum for the Restoration of Democracy – Kenya

Forum for the Restoration of Democracy–Kenya is a Kenyan political party. It was part of the National Rainbow Coalition that governed Kenya from 2003 to 2007, having ended forty years of Kenya African National Union rule, it is allied to the Coalition for Reforms and Democracy, the main opposition coalition in Kenya's parliament and is headed by Moses Wetangula, the senator for Bungoma County. The history of FORD-Kenya is the history of multi-party politics in Kenya. Kenya was a one-party state until December 1991, when a special conference of the ruling Kenya African National Union agreed to introduce a multiparty political system. An umbrella political grouping, the Forum for the Restoration of Democracy, had been formed in August 1991 by six opposition leaders to fight for change in the country, but President Daniel arap Moi had outlawed it, its leaders had been arrested and detained. They were released only after sustained pressure from the United Kingdom, the United States, Scandinavian countries.

In August 1992, FORD split into two factions - FORD-Kenya. FORD-Kenya performed poorly in the general elections of 1992, coming a distant third behind KANU and FORD-Asili; the reelection of President Moi and KANU, both unpopular, owed much to the division of the original FORD. Odinga was succeeded as chairman of FORD-Kenya by Michael Wamalwa Kijana. At the time, FORD-Kenya's leadership included some of the top opposition leaders in Kenya, including lawyer James Orengo, economist Professor Peter Anyang' Nyong'o, Raila Odinga, Oburu Odinga, on, Nobel laureate, Wangari Maathai, many others, but the party was headed for yet another split. Michael Wamalwa and Raila Odinga tussled over the leadership of FORD-Kenya for 2 years. In 1997, Wamalwa beat Odinga in free and fair party elections, precipitating a devastating tribal split that the party has yet to recover from. Raila, with a sizeable number of Luo MP's, left FORD-Kenya to join the National Development Party of Kenya. In the 1997 general elections, FORD-Kenya finished fourth, behind Raila's NDP.

Kenya's opposition political parties put their differences behind them in the run-up to the 2002 general elections, fielding one candidate, Mwai Kibaki, for the presidency. Kibaki defeated the KANU candidate, Uhuru Kenyatta, formed a government of national unity, he appointed FORD-Kenya's leader, Michael Wamalwa, to be vice president and gave a number of cabinet positions to FORD-Kenya MPs. Michael Wamalwa Kijana died in London on 23 August 2003 after a long illness. After the funeral, FORD-Kenya elected Musikari Kombo to succeed Wamalwa, beating another FORD-Kenya MP, Dr. Mukhisa Kituyi, in the contest. With neither the charisma of Michael Wamalwa nor the crowd-pulling popularity of Raila Odinga, Kombo struggled to establish the party as an influential component of the ruling coalition; the party felt shortchanged after the death of Wamalwa, when the prized position of vice president was handed to the LDP's Moody Awori and a number of other appointments went the way of other parties. Kombo showed his mantle as the FORD-Kenya Chairman when he led his party MPs in rejecting their appointment to the newly reconstituted cabinet after the constitutional referendum of 2005.

This forced President Mwai Kibaki to take Kombo and FORD-Kenya and increase the number of FORD-Kenya cabinet ministers to 6 from 3 and acquire other senior civil service appointments for its party members. In March 2007, a breakaway party known as New Ford Kenya was registered by cabinet minister Soita Shitanda. Kituyi joined the party. At the Kenyan general election, 2007, FORD-Kenya aligned with the newly created Party of National Unity led by President Kibaki, it ran, its own candidates in a number of constituencies and local authorities. The election results were poor as with a quarter of constituencies not yet decided had FORD-Kenya holding only one seat. Kombo's tenure ended with the party suffering through numerous court cases trying to get a new leader. Moses Wetangula became the leader of the party through a national delegates congress election. In December 2012 it was one of four parties to enter a coalition for reforms and democracy, alongside Raila Odinga's Orange Democratic Movement, Charity Ngilu's National Rainbow Coalition, Kalonzo Musyoka's Wiper Democratic Movement – Kenya.

Kenyaweb Article: Kenya Michael Wamalwa Kijana 2007 Manifesto 2007 Parliamentary Candidates The Article was Updated by Fanuel Kataka Amanya 0721730875