Galatasaray S.K. (football)
Galatasaray Spor Kulübü, is a Turkish football club based on the European side of the city of Istanbul. It is the association football branch of the larger Galatasaray Sports Club, itself a part of the Galatasaray Community Cooperation Committee which includes the prestigious Lycée de Galatasaray, where the football club was founded in October 1905 consisting of student members. Galatasaray is the most successful Turkish football club. Galatasaray is one of three teams to have participated in all seasons of the Süper Lig since 1959, following the dissolution of the Istanbul Football League. Internationally, Galatasaray has won the UEFA Cup and UEFA Super Cup in 2000, becoming the first and only Turkish team to win a major UEFA competition. In the 1999–2000 season, the club achieved the rare feat of completing a quadruple by winning the Süper Lig, the Turkish Cup, the UEFA Cup and the UEFA Super Cup in a single season. Galatasaray is the only Turkish club to have been ranked first on the IFFHS World Rankings.
Since 2011, the club's stadium is the 52,332-capacity Türk Telekom Stadium in Istanbul. The club had played at the Ali Sami Yen Stadium, as well as a succession of other grounds in Istanbul, which included groundshares with Beşiktaş and Fenerbahçe at the Taksim Stadium and İnönü Stadium; the club has a long-standing rivalry with other major Istanbul teams, namely with Beşiktaş and Fenerbahçe. The derby between Galatasaray and Fenerbahçe is dubbed the Kıtalar Arası Derbi due to the location of their headquarters and stadiums on the European and Asian sides of the Bosphorus strait in Istanbul; as a result of the team's 20th championship for the 2014–15 Süper Lig season, their logo hereafter contains four stars representing their 20 championships for the league. Galatasaray SK was founded in October 1905 by Ali Sami Yen and other students of Galatasaray High School as a football club. Ali Sami Yen became Galatasaray SK's first president and was given the club's membership number "1"; the team's first match was against Cadi-Keuy FC and Galatasaray won this match with a score of 2–0.
There were discussions about the club's name, in which some suggested Gloria and others Audace, but it was decided that its name would be Galatasaray. The name Galatasaray itself comes from that of Galatasaray High School, which in turn takes its name from Galata Sarayı Enderûn-u Hümâyûn, the name of the original school founded on the site in 1481, which in turn took its name from the nearby medieval Genoese citadel of Galata in the Beyoğlu district of Istanbul. Galatasaray means "Galata palace". According to researcher Cem Atabeyoğlu, Galatasaray took its name from one of its first matches. In that match, Galatasaray won 2–0 over a local Greek club and the spectators called them "Galata Sarayı efendileri", after this incident, they adopted that name and started to call their club "Galata Sarayı". In 1905, during the era of the Ottoman Empire, there were no laws for associations so the club could not be registered but, after the 1912 Law of Association, the club registered legally. Among with the founder Ali Sami Yen, the co-founders were the ones who were keen to do this sport, such as Asım Tevfik Sonumut, Reşat Şirvani, Cevdet Kalpakçıoğlu, Abidin Daver and Kamil.
Since there weren't any other Turkish teams, Galatasaray joined the Istanbul League, consisting of English and Greek teams in the season of 1905–1906. With their first championship title they won in 1908–1909, they heralded the beginning of Turkish football history. While football in Turkey began to develop, Galatasaray won ten more Istanbul League titles, six Sunday League titles and three Friday League titles until 1952. Upon the initiation of professional football in 1952, the first professional but non-national league of Turkey, Istanbul Professional League, was played between 1952 and 1959. Galatasaray won three of these seven titles. Türkiye Profesyonel 1. Ligi formed in 1959; this is the top-flight professional league in Turkish nationwide football, the most popular sporting competition in the country. Galatasaray won 21 league titles since then; the Turkish Football Federation began organizing the Turkish Cup in the 1962–63 season for Turkish clubs to qualify for the UEFA competitions. This is the only national cup competition in Turkey.
Galatasaray won 16 trophies since then. The greatest record that the club holds is winning national championships in 15 different sport branches in the 1986–87 season. Galatasaray's most successful era came in late 1990s, when the club become the first and only Turkish football club to win a major UEFA competition, they were aided in this by one of Turkey's best generation of homegrown footballers who went on to finish third in the 2002 FIFA World Cup, after having played in the quarter-finals of UEFA Euro 2000. Besides the talented players, visiting teams disliked traveling into Ali Sami Yen Stadium dubbed "Hell" by Galatasaray supporters due to the intimidating atmosphere provided by the fans including chants and riots in the crowds. There are many successful footballers who have played fo
Giovanni Trapattoni, sometimes popularly known as "Trap" or "Il Trap", is an Italian football manager and former footballer, considered the most successful club coach in the history of Serie A. A former defensive midfielder, as a player he spent his entire club career with A. C. Milan, where he won two Serie A league titles, two European Cups, in 1962–63 and 1968–69. Internationally, he played for Italy, earning 17 caps and participating in the 1962 FIFA World Cup in Chile. One of the most celebrated managers in football history, Trapattoni is one of only five coaches, alongside Carlo Ancelotti, Ernst Happel, José Mourinho and Tomislav Ivić to have won league titles in four different European countries. Alongside Udo Lattek, he is the only coach to have won all three major European club competitions and the only one to make it with the same club, he is the only one to have won all official continental club competitions and the world title, achieving this with Juventus during his first spell with the club.
He is one of the rare few to have won the European Cup, the Cup Winners' Cup and Intercontinental Cup as both a player and manager. Regarded as the most famous and consistent disciple of Nereo Rocco, Trapattoni coached his native Italian national team to the 2002 FIFA World Cup and UEFA Euro 2004, but could not replicate his club successes with Italy, suffering a controversial early exit in both competitions. Trapattoni was most the manager of the Republic of Ireland national team, he led them to their first European Championships in 24 years, enjoying a successful UEFA Euro 2012 qualifying campaign. This followed narrowly missing out on the 2010 FIFA World Cup, after his team were controversially knocked out by France. Born in Cusano Milanino near Milan, Trapattoni had a successful career as a player with A. C. Milan, playing either as a central defender or as a defensive midfielder with the main task of passing the ball to more creative players such as Giovanni Lodetti and Gianni Rivera, he won two Serie A titles and two European Cups during his time with Milan, was one of the stars of the 1963 European Cup Final against Benfica man-marking Eusébio in the second half.
After taking a break from the national team, Trapattoni thought he could settle with a mid-table team for one last season instead of being at one club all his life, subsequently moving to Varese and, after a successful season with them, retired from professional football and embarked on a successful managerial career two years later. Trapattoni played for the Italian national team, earning 17 caps and scoring 1 goal. Most notably, he played at the 1962 FIFA World Cup in Chile. A talented defensive-minded player, Trapattoni was capable of playing both in defence, as a centre-back, in midfield, as a defensive midfielder, due to his work-rate and ability to win back possession and subsequently distribute the ball forward to his more offensive-minded teammates. Above all, he was known for his excellent man-marking skills. Trapattoni began coaching at Milan before becoming caretaker coach. Trapattoni was caretaker coach from 9 April 1974 to 30 June 1974, his first match was the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup semi–final first leg against Borussia Mönchengladbach.
Milan won the match 2–0. They got to the final after only losing the second leg 1–0. Milan lost the final 2–0 to East German club 1. FC Magdeburg. Milan finished seventh in Serie A, he was appointed first team coach in 1975. Trapattoni was head coach for Juventus for ten consecutive years, from 1 July 1976 to 30 June 1986. Trapattoni won, he won the Serie A league title six times, the Coppa Italia twice, the European Cup in 1984–85, the Intercontinental Cup in 1985, the Cup Winners' Cup in 1983–84, the European Super Cup in 1984, the UEFA Cup in 1976–77. Apart from winning the European Cup in 1984–85, Trapattoni came close to conquering the trophy on another occasion, in 1982–83, but Juventus suffered a surprising defeat at the hands of Hamburg in the Athens final, finishing as runners-up. During his years managing Juventus, Trapattoni established himself as one of the best managers in football history, well-known and respected among fans and journalists throughout Europe, he was renowned for combining expert man-management with unmatched tactical knowledge.
Trapattoni coached Inter Milan from 1 July 1986 to 30 June 1991. While in charge of the nerazzurri, he won the Serie A in 1988–89, the Supercoppa Italiana in 1989 and the UEFA Cup in 1990–91, he managed Juventus for a second time between 1991 and 1994, winning the UEFA Cup in 1992–93. Trapattoni became coach of Bayern Munich in the summer of 1994, after the end of his second spell with Juventus. However, he left at the end of the 1994–95 season. Trapattoni coached Cagliari in the 1995–96 season, his first match was a 1–0 loss to Udinese on 26 August 1995. The club's board of directors decided to dismiss him in February 1996, after a string of bad results, his final match was a 4–1 loss to Juventus. Cagliari were in 13th place at the time of his sacking. Trapattoni returned to manage Bayern again in July 1996, he is well remembered by German fans for an emotional outburst in broken German during a press conference on 10 March 1998 ("Was erlauben Strunz?"... Ich habe fertig! [German uses the ver
Tomislav Ivić was a Croatian football player and manager. Described as a brilliant strategist, Ivić is credited with helping develop the modern style of the game. In April 2007, Italian sports daily La Gazzetta dello Sport proclaimed him as the most successful football manager in history, due to his eight league titles won in six different countries. Ivić managed teams in 14 different countries along with four national teams, he won titles and cups in seven countries: Yugoslavia, the Netherlands, Portugal and France. Ivić never won the league title in Greece. Ivić won seven top flight championships. In Croatia, Ivić coached Hajduk Split, Dinamo Zagreb and the Croatia national team, he took Hajduk Split to the European Cup quarter final two times: 1975-76 and in 1979-80, he reached it with Ajax in 1977-78. His biggest achievement in the European Cup was reaching the semi final in 1981-82 with Anderlecht. With Porto he won 1987 Intercontinental Cup. Ivić has one of the best Champions League win ratios, having won 29 out of 46 matches with a ratio of 63.0%.
He was national team head coach of Yugoslavia, United Arab Emirates and Croatia for one match as caretaker manager subbing in for Miroslav Blažević. While UAE head coach, Ivić lost the 1996 AFC Asian Cup final against Saudi Arabia on penalties. In 2001, under the advisement of his doctor Ivić retired from coaching so he could be under less stress. Three years he coached Al-Ittihad Club for a season before taking up the youth selections of Standard Liège. Ivić died on 24 June 2011, in his hometown of Split, he was suffering from cardiac troubles, as well as diabetes. *Dates of first and last games under Ivić not dates of official appointments *Dates of first and last games under Ivić. "A Man for all Seasons". The Blizzard. Sunderland: Blizzard Media: 102–109. Managerial stats Tomislav Ivić managerial stats Croatia statistics
Al-Hilal Saudi Football Club is a Saudi Arabian professional multi-sports club based in Riyadh. The football team plays in the Saudi Professional League. Founded on 16 October 1957, it is one of four teams to have participated in all seasons of the Saudi Professional League since its establishment in 1976. Overall, they have won 58 official titles on the national and international stage, more than any other Saudi club. In domestic competitions, they have won 45 trophies: a record 15 Professional League titles, a record 13 Crown Prince Cup titles, a record 7 Federation Cup titles, 8 King Cup titles, 2 Super Cup title, the title winner of Saudi Founder's Cup. Internationally, Al-Hilal have a record 6 Asian Football Confederation trophies – the AFC Champions League in 1991 and 2000, the Asian Cup Winners Cup in 1997 and 2002, the Asian Super Cup in 1997, 2000. In September 2009, Al-Hilal was awarded Best Asian Club of the 20th Century by the IFFHS. Al-Hilal Club was known as the Olympic Club during its founding by Abdul Rahman Bin Saad Bin Saeed on 15 October 1957 in Riyadh.
The club's name lasted for only one year before it was changed to its current name on 3 December 1958 by King Saud Bin Abdul-Aziz. He changed the name after he attended a tournament, contested between the Olympic Club, Al-Shabab, Al-Riyadh and El-Kawkab clubs; as soon as the club's establishment, Al-Hilal enjoyed not only grassroots support but royal attention. After spending their formative years building a squad, the club made their first mark by lifting the King's Cup trophy in 1961; that began a period. Al-Hilal recaptured the King's Cup in 1964, with a penalty shootout victory over two-time Asian champions Al-Ittihad; the club were the inaugural winners when the Saudi Premier League came into existence in the 1976–77 season. Al-Hilal won the title another 12 times and finished runners-up on 12 occasions in the space of 32 years. Al-Hilal have seven King's Cup, twelve Crown Prince Cup and eight Saudi Federation Cup titles. With the success, a number of players and coaches from outside Saudi Arabia joined the club in the 1970s, including Brazilians Mario Zagallo and Roberto Rivelino.
In 1991, they won Asian Club Championship. They won it again in 1999–2000. In 1997 they captured the Asian Cup Winners Cup and the Asian Super Cup of that year, which they lifted again in 2002; the last time they got their hands on a continental trophy was in 2002, when they won the Asian Cup Winners' Cup. Al Hilal is the only Asian team. Al Hilal reached the final of the AFC Champions League in 2014, where they faced Western Sydney Wanderers; the Australian club won 1–0 on aggregate. Al-Hilal plays their home games at King Saud University Stadium in Riyadh and at King Fahd International Stadium a stadium, constructed in 1987 with a capacity of 67,000 supporters; the club's reserve team stadium, Prince Faisal bin Fahd Stadium, was used in 2011–12 when King Fahd Stadium was under renovation. When prince Abdulrahman bin Musa'ad became the owner of the club in 2008, there was some serious idea of making Al-Hilal home avenue but it was shortly declined. On, King Saud University had their new spectacular stadium offered for an annual contract and Al-Hilal was the club with the best offer.
Al-Hilal has a long-standing rivalry with Al-Ittihad. From the start of national competition the clubs were seen as representatives of two rival cities: Riyadh and Jeddah. Matches between the two are called'El Clasico's. After the success of Al Hilal in Asia when they won two Asian Club Championship in years 1991 and 1999–2000, Al Ittihad has won AFC Champions League two times in a row, in 2004 and 2005. Al-Hilal won the clasico 62 times, while Al-Ittihad has won it 50 times and two sides have drawn 35 times; the biggest win was when Al-Hilal defeated Al-Ittihad 5–0 in 2009–2010. Another rivalry is with their neighbors Al-Nassr, called Riyadh's Derby, they have met 148 times, Al-Hilal has won 59 times, lost 48 times, while 41 ties have ended in a draw. The biggest win is for Al-Hilal when they defeated Al-Nassr 5–1 in 2016–17; the rivalry with Al-Nassr is violent between them more than the rivalry with Al-Ittihad. As an example, when Al-Hilal reached the 2014 AFC Champions League Final, in 2nd leg Al-Nassr fans awaited Western Sydney Wanderers arrival at the airport to spur them on against Al-Hilal and tried to sabotage Al-Hilal's ticket plan.
Mobily was the main sponsor of Al-Hilal, as part of the sponsorship deal, their logo was displayed on the front of the club's shirts and a plethora of other merchandise. The Mobily deal was announced by the club's previous President Abdulrahman bin Musa'ad on 14 October 2008, is worth a Saudi record SAR 517 million, to be paid over six years; the previous president Prince Abdulrahman bin Musa'ad made a contract with Omar Almady, CEO of Volkswagen Group in Saudi Arabia. The contract period is 6 years and was signed on September 18, 2014. Al-Hilal receives SR 4.5 million per year from the Saudi Arabia Football Federation as the federation sell the complete matches' right in one package and all the clubs in the Saudi Professional League share the revenue equally. The income may increase in near future as clubs will have the rights to sell their own matches' broadcasting rights; the club's president and other board members pay any extra money required to run the club as the total expenses of the club in recent seasons surpassed SR 140 million.
This increase in expenses is due to the high level foreign and national players the club signed with such as Thiago Neves, Mirel Rădoi, Christian Wi
1. FC Kaiserslautern
1. Fußball-Club Kaiserslautern e. V. known as 1. FCK, FCK or 1. FC Kaiserslautern, is a sports club based in Rhineland-Palatinate, it is internationally known through its football division. In addition, the club operates in several other sports. On 2 June 1900, Germania 1896 and FG Kaiserslautern merged to create FC 1900. In 1909, the club went on to join FC FC Bavaria to form FV 1900 Kaiserslautern. In 1929, they merged with SV Phönix to become FV Phönix-Kaiserslautern before taking on their current name in 1933; as a founding member of the Bundesliga, FCK played from 1963 to 1996 uninterrupted in the top division. It has won four German championships, two DFB-Pokals, one DFL-Supercup, is among the most successful football clubs in Germany occupying tenth place in the All-time Bundesliga table; the club's international performances include reaching the Champions League quarter-finals in 1999 as well as two participations in the UEFA Cup semi-finals. Kaiserslautern won the German championship in the 1997–98 season as a newly promoted team, unique in German football.
After a six-year spell in the second tier, in 2018 they were relegated to the 3. Liga for the first time. Since 1920, Kaiserslautern's stadium has been the Fritz-Walter-Stadion, named after the captain of the West German national team who won the world title in 1954. Two of the club's predecessors, Bavaria and FC 1900 Kaiserslautern, were part of the Westkreis-Liga when this league was formed in 1908, with the latter winning the first league. From 1909 through 1918, the new FV Kaiserslautern performed well, finishing runners-up in 1910 and 1912; the team reached tier-one in the new Kreisliga Saar in 1919, the Kreisliga Pfalz in 1920 and the Bezirksliga Rhein-Saar in 1931 and spent the rest of the 1930s bouncing up and down between the Bezirksliga and the upper level Gauliga Südwest, one of sixteen top flight divisions formed in the re-organization of German football under the Third Reich. The club's performance was unremarkable in the years leading up to World War II, but improved after 1939.
They captured the Gauliga Südwest/Staffel Saarpfalz title, but lost the overall division title to Staffel Mainhessen winners Kickers Offenbach. In the 1941–42 season the Gauliga Südwest was split into the Gauliga Hessen-Nassau and the Gauliga Westmark, Kaiserslautern took the Westmark title, going on to play for the first time in the national final rounds, they were decisively put out 3–9 by eventual champions Schalke 04, the dominant side in this era of German football. The performance of the team slipped and they finished last in their division in 1944; the following year saw the collapse of league play in this part of Germany as the Third Reich crumbled under the advance of Allied armies. After the war, Southwestern Germany was part of the occupation zone held by the French. Teams there were organized into northern and southern divisions and played to determine which of them would join the new Oberliga being put together. French authorities were slow to loosen their control over play in their zones of occupation – and in the Saarland in particular – Teams in the French areas took longer to join the re-established German national league than in other parts of the country.
1. FC Kaiserslautern resumed play in the Oberliga Südwest in 1945 and finished the season just one point behind 1. FC Saarbrücken; the next season, they won the Gruppe Nord in 1947 due in large part due to the play of Fritz Walter and his brother Ottmar – the duo scored 46 goals between them, more than any other entire team. This marked the beginning of the club's dominance of the Oberliga Südwest as they went on to capture the division title eleven times over the next twelve seasons. FCK advanced to Germany's first post-war national final in 1948, but lost 1–2 to 1. FC Nürnberg. Kaiserslautern became a presence on the national scene through the early 1950s, capturing their first German championship in 1951 with a 2–1 victory of their own, this time over Preußen Münster, they won a second title in 1953, followed by two losing final appearances in 1954 and 1955. The club sent five players to the national side for the 1954 FIFA World Cup, which West Germany won in what became popularly known as "The Miracle of Bern".
Kaiserslautern's performance fell off late in the decade and into the early 1960s, highlighted only by an advance to the 1961 DFB-Pokal final, where they lost 0–2 to Werder Bremen. The side recovered its form in time to again win their division on the eve of the formation in 1963 of the Bundesliga, Germany's new professional football league; this secured them one of the 16 places in the new top flight circuit. However, the club's next honours would be some time in coming: they made failed German Cup final appearances in 1972, 1976, 1981 and were UEFA Cup semi-finalists in 1982 before winning the domestic Cup in 1990, they followed up the next season with their first Bundesliga championship. 1. FCK won a second German Cup in 1996, but that victory was soured since the team had been relegated to 2. Bundesliga with a 16th-place finish just one week before the Cup final. At the time, Kaiserslautern was one of only four of the original 16 teams that had played in each Bundesliga season since the inception of the league, having never been relegated.
This group included Eintracht Frankfurt, 1. FC Köln, "the Dinosaur", Hamburger SV, whose spell ended in 2018; the Red Devils came storming back with an accomplishment unique in Bundesliga history – and rare across the major European football leagues – by winning promotion from the 2. Bundesli
Carlo Ancelotti OSI is an Italian former professional footballer and current football manager of Napoli. Ancelotti is one of only three managers to have won the UEFA Champions League three times, one of only two to have managed teams in four finals, he has won the FIFA Club World Cup twice, managing Real Madrid. Ancelotti is one of seven people to have won the European Cup or Champions League as both a player and a manager, he is regarded as one of the best and most successful managers of all time. Nicknamed Carletto, Ancelotti played as a midfielder and began his career with Italian club Parma, helping the club to Serie B promotion in 1979, he moved to Roma the following season, where he won a Serie A title and four Coppa Italia titles, played for the late 1980s Milan team, with which he won two league titles and two European Cups, among other titles. At international level he played for the Italian national team on 26 occasions, scoring once, appeared in two FIFA World Cups, finishing in third-place in the 1990 edition of the tournament, as well as UEFA Euro 1988, where he helped his nation to reach the semi-finals.
As a manager, he has worked for Reggiana, Juventus, Chelsea, Paris Saint-Germain, Real Madrid and Bayern Munich, has won domestic titles in Italy, England and Germany. Ancelotti began his career in 1974 with Parma, he made his professional debut in Serie C during the 1976–77 season, at the age of 18. Under manager Cesare Maldini, he was deployed behind the forwards, or as a second striker, due to his eye for goal. Ancelotti excelled in this role and helped Parma to a second place in the Serie C1 girone A during the 1978–79 season, which qualified the team for the Serie B play-offs. In the decisive match in Vicenza, against Triestina, with the score tied at 1–1, he scored two goals, which gave Parma a 3–1 victory and sealed their place in Serie B the following season. After attracting strong interest from Inter Milan, in mid-1979, Ancelotti transferred to Roma, made his Serie A debut in a 0–0 draw against Milan on 16 September. Under manager Nils Liedholm, he was deployed as a winger or central midfielder and became one of the club's most important players in a team which featured the likes of Brazilian star midfielder Falcão and Italian footballers Roberto Pruzzo, Bruno Conti and Pietro Vierchowod winning consecutive Coppa Italia titles in his first two seasons with the club.
During his eight seasons at the club, he won the Coppa Italia a total of four times. After struggling with knee injuries, managing second- and third-place league finishes in 1981 and 1982, Ancelotti helped lead the team to win a historic Italian championship in 1983, the club's second league title in their history; the following season, he helped Roma to win another Coppa Italia title and reach the European Cup final in 1984, although missed the final through injury as Roma were defeated by Liverpool on penalties at the Stadio Olimpico in Rome. He was named the team's captain in 1985 under new club manager Sven-Göran Eriksson, served as a mentor to the young midfielder Giuseppe Giannini, as Roma won the Coppa Italia, but once again narrowly missed out on the league title during the 1985–86 Serie A season, finishing in second place behind Juventus. From 1987 until 1992, Ancelotti played for Milan, was a key part of the successful squad that won the Serie A title in 1988, consecutive European Cups in 1989 and 1990, two European Super Cups, two Intercontinental Cups and a Supercoppa Italiana under manager Arrigo Sacchi.
During this time, Milan played with one of their finest teams assembled in that decade under the financial backing of club president Silvio Berlusconi, with Paolo Maldini, Franco Baresi, Mauro Tassotti and Alessandro Costacurta as defenders. One of Ancelotti's most memorable moments with Milan was when he received a pass from Ruud Gullit, dribbled around two Real Madrid players and netted a powerful long-range shot during the Rossoneri's 5–0 thrashing of Real Madrid in the 1989 European Cup semi-finals, he went on to play all 90 minutes in Milan's 4–0 dismantling of Steaua București in the final. The following season, Ancelotti suffered an injury to his left knee in the quarter-finals of the European Cup against KV Mechelen which forced him to miss the semi-finals, although he was able to return in time to help Milan defend their title against Benfica in the final, held in Vienna. Following Sacchi's departure, he won a second Serie A title under replacement manager Fabio Capello during the 1991–92 Serie A season, as Milan won the title undefeated, but persistent knee injuries and competition from youngster Demetrio Albertini limited his playing time, forced him into premature retirement at the end of the season, at the age of 33.
He played the final match of his career with the club in a 4–0 home win over Hellas Verona on 17 May 1992, in which he came off the bench in the final 20 minutes of the game and scored two goals, was given an ovation by the fans. Under manager Enzo Bearzot, Ancelotti made his Italy national team debut and scored his first and only goal on 6 January 1981 in a one-off tournament against the Netherlands, which ended in a 1–1 draw, he was likely to be capped for the 1982 World Cup campaign, but a dramatic knee injury forced him away for several months, as Italy went on to win the tournament without him. He was a part of Italy's World Cup squad in the 1986 World Cup, where he did not make a single appearance, however, as both he and Paolo Rossi struggled during the team's fitness tests, due to the altitude of t
Verein für Leibesübungen Wolfsburg e. V. known as VfL Wolfsburg or Wolfsburg, is a German sports club based in Wolfsburg, Lower Saxony. The club grew out of a multi-sports club for Volkswagen workers in the city of Wolfsburg, it is best known for its football department, but other departments include badminton and athletics. The men's professional football team play in the Bundesliga, the top tier of the German football league system. Wolfsburg have won the Bundesliga once in their history, in the 2008–09 season, the DFB-Pokal in 2015 and the DFL-Supercup in 2015. Professional football is run by the spin-off organization VfL Wolfsburg-Fußball GmbH, a wholly owned subsidiary of the Volkswagen Group. Since 2002, Wolfsburg's stadium is the Volkswagen Arena; the city of Wolfsburg was founded in 1938 as Stadt des KdF-Wagen to house autoworkers building the car that would become famous as the Volkswagen Beetle. The first football club affiliated with the autoworks was known as BSG Volkswagenwerk Stadt des KdF-Wagen, a works team.
This team played in the first division Gauliga Osthannover in the 1943–44 and 1944–45 seasons. On 12 September 1945, in the aftermath of World War II, a new club was formed and was known as VSK Wolfsburg; this side began play in the white still worn by VfL today. On 15 December 1945, the club went through a crisis that ended its existence when all but one of its players left to join 1. FC Wolfsburg; the only player remaining, Josef Meyer, worked with Willi Hilbert to rebuild the side by signing new players. The new group adopted the moniker VfL standing for Verein für Leibesübungen; this can be translated as "club for gymnastics" or "club for exercises." Within a year they captured the local Gifhorn title. In late November 1946, the club played a friendly against longtime Gelsenkirchen powerhouse Schalke 04 at the stadium owned by Volkswagen, emerging as the successor to BSG as the company sponsored side; the club made steady progress in the following seasons. They captured a number of amateur level championships, but were unable to advance out of the promotion playoffs until breaking through to the top tier Oberliga Nord in 1954 with a 2–1 victory over Heider SV.
Wolfsburg, struggled in the top flight, narrowly missing relegation each season until being sent down in 1959. When Germany's first professional football league, the Bundesliga, was formed in 1963, Wolfsburg was playing in the Regionalliga Nord having just moved up from the Verbandsliga Niedersachsen, reaching the German Amateur Championship Final that same year. Wolfsburg remained a second division fixture over the next dozen years with their best performance being a second-place finish in 1970; that finish earned the club entry to the promotion round playoffs for the Bundesliga, where they performed poorly and were unable to advance. From the mid-1970s through to the early 1990s, Die Wölfe played as a third division side in the Amateur Oberliga Nord. Consecutive first-place finishes in 1991 and 1992, followed by success in the promotion playoffs, saw the club advance to the 2. Bundesliga for the 1992–93 season. Wolfsburg continued to enjoy some success through the 1990s; the team advanced to the final of the German Cup in 1995 where they were beaten 0–3 by Borussia Mönchengladbach, but went on to the top flight on the strength of a second-place league finish in 1997.
Early predictions were that the club would be sent back down, but instead, the Wolves developed into a mid-table Bundesliga side. In the 1998–99 season, under Wolfgang Wolf, were holding onto the fifth spot in the 33rd round of fixtures, they had hopes of making fourth place, to gain UEFA Champions League participation. Losing 6–1 away to MSV Duisburg in the final fixture, the Wolves finished in sixth place with 55 points and qualified for next season's UEFA Cup, they qualified for the Intertoto Cup in 2000, 2001, 2003, 2004 and 2005, enjoying their best run in 2003 after reaching the final in which they lost to Italian side Perugia. This was followed by a couple of seasons of little success for the club, just narrowly avoiding relegation with two 15th-place finishes in the 2005–06 and 2006–07 seasons. For the 2007–08 season, the club hired former Bayern Munich manager Felix Magath, with whom they managed to finish in fifth place at the end of the season, the highest finish for the club at the time.
This enabled the Wolves to qualify for the UEFA Cup for only the second time in their history. In the 2008–09 season, under Magath, Wolfsburg claimed their biggest success by winning their first Bundesliga title after defeating Werder Bremen 5–1 on 23 May 2009. During this campaign, Wolfsburg equalled the longest winning streak in one Bundesliga season with ten successive victories after the winter break, they became the only team in the Bundesliga to have had two strikers scoring more than 20 goals each in one season, with Brazilian Grafite and Bosnian Edin Džeko achieving this feat in their title-winning season, scoring 28 and 26 with Zvjezdan Misimović adding record 20 assists. As a result of their title win, Wolfsburg qualified for the UEFA Champions League for the first time in their history. In the 2009–10 season, Wolfsburg dismissed their newly appointed trainer Armin Veh after the winter break due to lack of success, with the club sitting tenth in the league. In the Champions League, they came third in their group, behind Manchester United and CSKA Moscow, losing the chance for a place in the competition's successive round.
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