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Eric S. Raymond

Eric Steven Raymond referred to as ESR, is an American software developer, open-source software advocate, author of the 1997 essay and 1999 book The Cathedral and the Bazaar. He wrote a guidebook for the Roguelike game NetHack. In the 1990s, he edited and updated the Jargon File in print as The New Hacker's Dictionary. Raymond was lived in Venezuela as a child, his family moved to Pennsylvania in 1971. He developed cerebral palsy at birth. Raymond began his programming career writing proprietary software, between 1980 and 1985. In 1990, noting that the Jargon File had not been maintained since about 1983, he adopted it. Paul Dourish maintains an archived original version of the Jargon File, because, he says, Raymond's updates "essentially destroyed what held it together."In 1996 Raymond took over development of the open-source email software "popclient", renaming it to Fetchmail. Soon after this experience, in 1997, he wrote the essay "The Cathedral and the Bazaar", detailing his thoughts on open-source software development and why it should be done as as possible.

The essay was based in part on his experience in developing Fetchmail. He first presented his thesis at the annual Linux Kongress on May 27, 1997, he expanded the essay into a book, The Cathedral and the Bazaar: Musings on Linux and Open Source by an Accidental Revolutionary, in 1999. The essay has been cited; the internal white paper by Frank Hecker that led to the release of the Mozilla source code in 1998 cited The Cathedral and the Bazaar as "independent validation" of ideas proposed by Eric Hahn and Jamie Zawinski. Hahn would describe the 1999 book as "clearly influential". From the late 1990s onward, due in part to the popularity of his essay, Raymond became a prominent voice in the open source movement, he co-founded the Open Source Initiative in 1998, taking on the self-appointed role of ambassador of open source to the press and public. He remains active in OSI, stepped down as president of the initiative in February 2005. In 1998 Raymond received and published a Microsoft document expressing worry about the quality of rival open-source software.

Raymond named this document, together with others subsequently leaked, "the Halloween Documents". In 2000–2002 he created Configuration Menu Language 2, a source code configuration system. Raymond attributed this rejection to "kernel list politics". Linus Torvalds on the other hand said in a 2007 mailing list post that as a matter of policy, the development team preferred more incremental changes, his 2003 book The Art of Unix Programming discusses user tools for programming and other tasks. Raymond is the administrator of the project page for the Global Positioning System data tool gpsd; some versions of NetHack include his guide. He has contributed code and content to the free software video game The Battle for Wesnoth. Raymond is the main developer on NTPSec, a "secure, hardened replacement" for the Unix utility NTP. Raymond coined an aphorism he dubbed Linus's law, inspired by Linus Torvalds: "Given enough eyeballs, all bugs are shallow", it first appeared in his book the Bazaar. Raymond has refused to speculate on whether the "bazaar" development model could be applied to works such as books and music, saying that he does not want to "weaken the winning argument for open-sourcing software by tying it to a potential loser".

Raymond has had a number of public disputes with other figures in the free software movement. As head of the Open Source Initiative, he argued that advocates should focus on the potential for better products; the "very seductive" moral and ethical rhetoric of Richard Stallman and the Free Software Foundation fails, he said, "not because his principles are wrong, but because that kind of language... does not persuade anybody". In a 2008 essay he "defended the right of programmers to issue work under proprietary licenses because I think that if a programmer wants to write a program and sell it, it's neither my business nor anyone else's but his customer's what the terms of sale are". In the same essay he said that the "logic of the system" puts developers into "dysfunctional roles", with bad code the result. Raymond is a member of the Libertarian Party, he is a gun rights advocate. He has endorsed the open source firearms organization Defense Distributed, calling them "friends of freedom" and writing "I approve of any development that makes it more difficult for governments and criminals to monopolize the use of force.

As 3D printers become less expensive and more ubiquitous, this could be a major step in the right direction."In 2015 Raymond accused the Ada Initiative and other women in tech groups of attempting to entrap male open source leaders and accuse them of rape, saying "Try to avoid being alone because there is a chance that a'women in tech' advocacy group is going to try to collect your scalp."Raymond has claimed that "Gays experimented with unfettered promiscuity in the 1970s and got AIDS as a consequence", that "Police who react to a random black male behaving suspiciously who might be in the critical age range as though he is an near-imminent lethal threat, are being rational, not racist." Progressive campaign The Great Slate was successful in raising funds for candidates in part by asking for contributions from tech workers in return for not posting similar quotes by Raymond. Matasano Security employee and Great Slate fundraiser Thomas Ptacek said, "I’ve been torturing Twitter with lurid Eric S. R

James Barnett (entrepreneur)

James Mark Barnett II is an American entrepreneur and community activist from Dallas, Texas. At 17, he created a social networking site for young adults called My-Boi. Com, which resulted in his father moving him from his Christian high school and his outing to his parents, his situation received national media attention and Barnett received several awards for his efforts on behalf of gay youth. Barnett has since created a web development firm and a social networking site for the general high school and college community. Barnett was motivated to create his own social networking site for gay youth after the only existing service, XY. Com, went from being a free service to being fee based one. In July 2004, he created My-Boi. Com, announcing the free status of his service in advertisements on XY. Com. Three months after My-Boi's creation, Trinity Christian Academy was notified of Barnett's homosexuality, the school administration called on him to further discuss his sexual orientation; the school notified Barnett's parents about James' homosexuality and website.

A compromise was reached wherein Barnett's father withdrew him from the school to avoid any damage to James' permanent school record. He completed his studies at a public high school. Barnett's situation was picked up by both the mainstream and gay-focused press, with national organizations such as the Human Rights Council discussing his situation on The O'Reilly Factor. In January 2005, Barnett was awarded the Point Foundation Scholarship. Vance Lancaster, the executive director of the foundation, noted that " is a sadly common and real example of why Point Foundation scholarships are necessary." In June 2005, Barnett was recognized with the Lawrence & Garner Courage Award, given by the Lambda Legal Foundation, for "outstanding courage in the face of uncertainty and hostility in the advancement of civil rights for the LGBT and HIV/AIDS communities." Barnett graduated from Plano West Senior High in a public high school. He is a graduate of the University of Texas at Dallas. In 2007, Barnett launched, a website for gay fans of science fiction and horror.

This is the first project of Door Q Entertainment, a Los Angeles-based production company he launched in May 2007 with two associates, Jody Wheeler and Daniel Greeney. He owns and operates Pointblanc, a web development corporation.

Halfdan Rasmussen

Halfdan Wedel Rasmussen was a Danish poet. He was known for his literary nonsense verse for children and his serious adult writings about social issues and human rights, he was awarded with the Ministry of Culture's children book prize in 1965. Rasmussen was a resistance fighter during the German occupation, he became well known and respected as a poet, nearly becoming a national poet of Denmark. One of his poems, Ikke Bødlen, was featured as one of the best poems on Human Rights on a 1979 book published by Amnesty International Denmark, would be translated into the first verse of Roger Waters' song Each Small Candle. Rasmussen joined the anarcho-syndicalist movement at an early age, from his 20s and on-wards he contributed to the syndicalist weekly Arbejdet. In the early 60s, he helped edit and publish the memoirs of revolutionary syndicalist Christian Christensen. On Rasmussen was active in the Danish anti-nuclear movement, the campaigns against EU membership, in Amnesty International. Vorherres Rosa, short story in Det første møde Soldat eller menneske Kejser Næsegrus og Kæmpesmeden: eventyr Det lukkede ansigt Solen, maanen og stjernerne: eventyr Digte under besættelsen Længsel, poems in Der brænder en ild Min barndom var en by Korte skygger De afsindige Fem små troldebørn, Gaden På knæ for livet Den som har set september Norske nutidsdigte: En antologi af ung lyrik Tullerulle tappenstreg spiste gummibolde Aftenland Lange Peter Madsen Forventning Den lille frække Frederik og andre børnerim Tosserier: 1.

Samling Tosserier: 2. Samling Digte i udvalg Tosserier: 3. Samling Skoven Tosserier: 4. Samling Hemmeligt forår Kasper Himmelspjæt Tosserier: 5. Samling I mørket: et digt Tosserier: 6. Samling Himpegimpe og andre børnerim Torso: Digte og tegninger fra Grækenland Tosserier: 7. Samling Lyriske installationer Noget om sundbusser: Et tosseri Pumpegris og andre børnerim Digte Tosserier i udvalg Lokumsdigte Stilheden: Skitser fra Grønland Med solen i ryggen Børnerim Hilsen til Halfdan Julekalender for voksne Gi’ den en tand til! Halfdans ABC Jacob i Tivoli Julemandens rejse Mørke over Akropolis Den sommer and Hjemad Hokus Pokus og andre børnerim Stigen Mis Ege på eventyr 8 digte om snaps Noget om: tosserier af Halfdan Rasmussen med musik af Mogens Jermiin Nissen Noget om Nanette Halfdanes nonsense and nursery rhymes Visse vasse viser Corsareu: piratudgave Og det var det Klatteradat Så du røgen? Julekalender for børn 365 godnatsange – rim og remser Fremtiden er forbi Tante Andante Efter Bikini?, Jeg fandt en sang på vejen: 23 digte, 1986) Onkel Karfunkel Noget om helte Regnens harpe: digte og grafik fra Irland Halfdan i bakspejlet Bare en regnvejrsaften Halfdan rundt: til Halfdan Rasmussen på 80 årsdagen den 29.

Januar 1995 Hr. Olsen og Peter Lohengrin Mariehønen Evigglad: rim for børn og barnlige sjæle Halvvejs til Halfdan Faxerier fra Halfdan Rasmussen til Johannes Møllehave 24 tosserier + 24. December Halfdans digte Rapanden Rasmus from Rinkenæs Sogn. 1958 – De Gyldne Laurbær for Torso 1965 – Ministry of Culture's children book prize 1978 – Herman Bangs Mindelegat 1988 – Grand Prize of the Danish Academy Ikke Bødlen Who is Who - The story behind Each Small Candle

Murder of Jagendra Singh

Murder of Jagendra Singh refers to the killing of a journalist in India by setting him on fire on 1 June. Jagendra Singh was an Indian journalist from Uttar Pradesh, he died on 8 June 2015 from burn injuries. He had been set on fire on 1 June 2015 by some local policemen and criminals under the directions of Uttar Pradesh Minister Rammurti Singh Verma. Singh had worked for Hindi language media for 15 years. Singh used to run a Facebook page called Shahjahanpur Samachar, it had a number of followers and Singh had written posts about Verma's alleged links to corruption and illegal mining. But, he had not backed the claims by posting evidence. On 4 May 2015, Rammurti Verma and some of his henchmen had raped a female Anganwadi worker, she told a local court that a First Information Report was being refused to be filed against Ram Murti Verma. Jagendra Singh had taken up the news. Verma had claimed that it was a political ploy by his rivals and Singh to plant the fake case against him. On 22 May 2015, Singh wrote a post saying that he was being harassed by policemen, criminals and that he feared that he might be killed by Verma.

On 1 June 2015, according to his family members, a group of policemen and goons came in two cars in late afternoon and barged into his house in Shahjahanpur. They got into an argument with him reminding him that he had been told not to write anything against Verma, they pinned him down, poured petrol on him and set him on fire. He was taken to the district hospital in Shahjahanpur initially, he was shifted to King George's Medical University in Lucknow where he died. The Superintendent of Police of Shahjahanpur, Babloo Kumar, had claimed that Singh was not a journalist, had committed suicide; the police had said he had an ongoing investigation against him and they had gone to arrest him when he attempted suicide. They said they waited; when they saw smoke coming out of a ventilation point, they found Singh on fire. They claimed that they took him to the hospital; the police said they were investigating the case. In his dying declaration, Singh held Verma responsible for the attack and added that another attempt had been made on his life on 28 April 2015.

He died of his injuries in a Lucknow hospital on 8 June. Soon afterwards, a video appeared on the internet which a badly burned Singh lying on his hospital bed talking to the camera, he could be heard saying, "Why did they have to burn me? If the ministers and his goondas had a grudge, they could have beaten me instead of pouring kerosene and burning me."Following Singh's death, his son Raghvendra Singh filed a police case. A FIR was filed against minister Ram Murti Verma, a police inspector Prakash Rai of Kotwali police station and four others, they were charged under Sections 120B, 504 and 506 of the Indian Penal Code. On 13 June 2015, 5 policemen suspected to be involved in the case were suspended, among them was Sri Prakash Rai. On 24 June 2015, The Hindu newspaper reported that according to its sources the forensic report says that the burns were self-inflicted; the Chairman of the Press Council of India, Chandramauli Kumar Prasad, on 10 June called it an attack on the freedom of press and asked the state government to form a Special Investigative Team consisting of officers of good character to handle the case.

Amnesty International urged the Government of Uttar Pradesh to start an independent inquiry into the case. Committee to Protect Journalists urged the authorities to conduct a swift and transparent investigation on the case. On 12 June 2015, Ram Gopal Yadav, the General Secretary of Samajwadi Party to which the prime accused belonged, told media persons that Verma will not be removed from state cabinet, he said. On 14 June 2015, the family members of the journalist started an indefinite dharna to demand for justice, they told reporters that they were getting threats and were being offered hush money to withdraw the case. On 22 June 2015, Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Akhilesh Yadav met the family and promised them an ex-gratia of ₹30 lakhs for the journalist's family. On 23 June, the family ended the dharna. List of journalists killed in India Mining scams in India Murder of Sandeep Kothari Sumaira Abdulali, an environmental activist

Leon Russell and the Shelter People

Leon Russell and the Shelter People is the second solo album by the singer-songwriter and multi-instrumentalist Leon Russell, released in 1971. It peaked at number 17 on the Billboard Hot 200 in the United States; the album has gold certification for sales of over 500,000 albums in the Canada. "The Ballad of Mad Dogs and Englishmen" is a song written by Leon Russell from the soundtrack of the 1971 film Mad Dogs & Englishmen. In a review for Allmusic, the critic Mike DeGagne called "The Ballad of Mad Dogs and Englishmen" the highlight of the album and wrote, "On the whole, Leon Russell and the Shelter People is an entertaining and more revealing exposition of Russell's music when he was in his prime.... Carney is an introspective piece which holds up a little better from a songwriting standpoint, but this album does a better job at bearing his proficiency as a well-rounded musician." All tracks composed by Leon Russell except where indicated "Stranger in a Strange Land" – 4:01 "Of Thee I Sing" – 4:22 "A Hard Rain's a-Gonna Fall" – 5:08 "Crystal Closet Queen" – 2:59 "Home Sweet Oklahoma" – 3:26 "Alcatraz" – 3:51 "The Ballad of Mad Dogs and Englishmen" – 3:51 "It Takes a Lot to Laugh, It Takes a Train to Cry" – 4:00 "She Smiles Like a River" – 2:58 "Sweet Emily" – 3:20 "Beware of Darkness" – 4:40The CD re-issue contains the following bonus tracks: "It's All Over Now, Baby Blue" – 3:38 "Love Minus Zero/No Limit" – 3:19 "She Belongs to Me" – 3:26 Leon Russell – vocals, piano, Hammond organ Jim Price, John Gallie, Barry Beckett – Hammond organ Jim Keltner, Chuck Blackwell, Jim Gordon, Roger Hawkinsdrums David Hood, Carl Radlebass guitar Don Preston – guitar, vocals Joey Cooper – guitar, vocals Claudia Lennear – vocals Kathi McDonald – vocals Jesse Ed Davis, Eric Clapton, Chris Stainton, Jimmy Johnson – guitarProduction Leon Russell – producer Denny Cordell – producer Terry ManningMoog programmer, engineer Glyn Johns – engineer Andy Johns – engineer Nick DeCaro – string arrangements "Alcatraz" - was covered by Jesse “Ed” Davis on his 1972 album ‘’Ululu’’ "Alcatraz" - was covered by Nazareth on their 1973 album Razamanaz

Adolphe Lechaptois

Adolphe Lechaptois was a priest of the White Fathers missionary society, Vicar Apostolic of Tangyanika from 1891 until his death in 1917, in what is now Tanzania. He took responsibility for the vicariate at a time of great danger, when the missions were insecure havens for people fleeing slavers; as the country settled down, he oversaw expansion in the number of schools. He was the author of a book on the ethnography of the local people that won a prize from the French Société de Géographie. Adolphe Lechaptois was born at Cuillé, France on 6 June 1852, he attended the seminary of Laval. In October 1872 he joined the White Fathers, taught for two years at the junior seminary at Algiers since the newly formed society was short of staff, he began his theological studies in November 1875. He was ordained a priest of the White Fathers on 6 October 1878 by Cardinal Charles Lavigerie, the founder of the society, he taught at the junior seminary and was assistant to the master of novices at the society's mother house at Maison Carrée, Algeria.

In 1884 he was appointed master of novices. In 1886, he was made regional superior of Algeria. In this position he encouraged the establishment of villages. Cardinal Lavigerie was concerned that the campaign to suppress slavery would cut off the missions around Lake Tanganyika from communication with the coast, he was interested in opening a new supply route from the port of Quelimane in the Portuguese colony of Mozambique via the Zambezi and Shire rivers to Lake Malawi and on to Lake Tanganyika. At the same time, the Portuguese wanted to gain international recognition of their claim to the territory to the south and west of Lake Nyasa. In June 1889 the White Fathers signed an agreement with the crown of Portugal to set up a mission at the village of chief Mponda, at the southern end of the lake. Lechaptois was chosen to lead the mission, assisted by two other priests, two lay brothers and two African assistants. One of the lay brothers died in an accident at Zanzibar; the other missionaries reached Quelimane in September 1889, where they learned that the British were claiming jurisdiction over the region to the west and south of the lake.

With considerable difficulty, the missionaries made their way north, reaching Mponda's village on 28 December 1889. The Portuguese withdrew their troops from the Shire and Kololo districts in January 1890, but the White Fathers went ahead with their mission beside Mponda's compound, they had difficulty with Mponda, Muslim and a heavy drinker, used force to maintain his power. The missionary Robert Laws had had trouble with Mponda; the missionaries provided medical services and taught the local Yao people in their own language, with some success. However, in August 1891 British control over the region was confirmed by an agreement with Portugal. Lavigerie ordered the missionaries to move north towards Tanganyika. Traveling by lake steamer, to the Protestant mission of Livingstonia continuing on foot, they reached the village of Nsokolo Chitambi, paramount leader of the Mambwe people, where they rested. Lachaptois continued north alone to the mission of Karema on the east shore of Lake Tanganyika to ask Bishop Léonce Bridoux for permission to set up a mission with the Mambe of Bembaland.

Bishop Bridoux died on 20 October 1890. On 19 June 1891 Lechaptois was appointed his successor as Vicar Apostolic of Tanganyika and Titular Bishop of Utica, he made his base at Karema, which he reached on 8 September 1891. From there he visited the missions of Mpala and Kibanga on the west shore; the Swahili-Arab slave traders were active in the region. The missions could do little except defend themselves, their orphanages and the refugees from the slavers; the Apostolic Vicariate of Upper Congo was separated from Tanganyika in 1892, led by Bishop Victor Roelens. Lechaptois returned to France, he was consecrated bishop on 20 May 1895 by Archbishop Prosper Auguste Dusserre. He returned to Karema in 1895 with the first members of the Missionary Sisters of Our Lady of Africa to work in the region; the Apostolic Vicariate of Nyassa was separated from Tanganyika on 12 February 1897, led by Joseph Dupont. Lechaptois founded the missions of Kala, Utinta and Galula between 1895 and 1901; the German colonial authorities in what was German East Africa supported his efforts, although there were some disputes over the demarcation of areas assigned to the Catholic and Moravian missions.

During the first part of the 20th century Lechaptois opened many schools, as well as five orphanages. The training center for catechist-teachers moved several times. Settling at Zimba; the center at Karema became a junior seminary, a major seminary was opened at Utinta. In 1913 Lechaptois published a set of studies of the people of the region based on his observations during twenty years. With obvious sympathy he described the history of the Fipa and Bende people, their politics, family structure, traditions, art and music; the Geographical Society of Paris awarded him their silver medal for the book. Lechaptois died on 30 November 1917 at Karema. Father Avon administered the vicariate until Joseph-Marie Birraux was named the new Vicar Apostolic. Lechaptois, Adolphe. Aux Rives du Tanganyika. Impr. des Pères Blancs. Citations Sources