An actor is a person who portrays a character in a performance. Simplistically speaking, the person denominated actor or actress is someone beautiful who plays important characters, the actor performs in the flesh in the traditional medium of the theatre, or in modern mediums such as film and television. The analogous Greek term is ὑποκριτής, literally one who answers, the actors interpretation of their role pertains to the role played, whether based on a real person or fictional character. Interpretation occurs even when the actor is playing themselves, as in forms of experimental performance art, or, more commonly, to act, is to create. Formerly, in societies, only men could become actors. When used for the stage, women played the roles of prepubescent boys. The etymology is a derivation from actor with ess added. However, when referring to more than one performer, of both sexes, actor is preferred as a term for male performers. Actor is used before the name of a performer as a gender-specific term.
Within the profession, the re-adoption of the term dates to the 1950–1960s. As Whoopi Goldberg put it in an interview with the paper, Im an actor – I can play anything. The U. K. performers union Equity has no policy on the use of actor or actress, an Equity spokesperson said that the union does not believe that there is a consensus on the matter and stated that the. subject divides the profession. In 2009, the Los Angeles Times stated that Actress remains the term used in major acting awards given to female recipients. However, player remains in use in the theatre, often incorporated into the name of a group or company, such as the American Players. Also, actors in improvisational theatre may be referred to as players, prior to Thespis act, Grecian stories were only expressed in song, and in third person narrative. In honor of Thespis, actors are commonly called Thespians, the exclusively male actors in the theatre of ancient Greece performed in three types of drama, tragedy and the satyr play.
Western theatre developed and expanded considerably under the Romans, as the Western Roman Empire fell into decay through the 4th and 5th centuries, the seat of Roman power shifted to Constantinople and the Byzantine Empire. Records show that mime, scenes or recitations from tragedies and comedies, from the 5th century, Western Europe was plunged into a period of general disorder
New York City
The City of New York, often called New York City or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States. With an estimated 2015 population of 8,550,405 distributed over an area of about 302.6 square miles. Located at the tip of the state of New York. Home to the headquarters of the United Nations, New York is an important center for international diplomacy and has described as the cultural and financial capital of the world. Situated on one of the worlds largest natural harbors, New York City consists of five boroughs, the five boroughs – Brooklyn, Manhattan, The Bronx, and Staten Island – were consolidated into a single city in 1898. In 2013, the MSA produced a gross metropolitan product of nearly US$1.39 trillion, in 2012, the CSA generated a GMP of over US$1.55 trillion. NYCs MSA and CSA GDP are higher than all but 11 and 12 countries, New York City traces its origin to its 1624 founding in Lower Manhattan as a trading post by colonists of the Dutch Republic and was named New Amsterdam in 1626.
The city and its surroundings came under English control in 1664 and were renamed New York after King Charles II of England granted the lands to his brother, New York served as the capital of the United States from 1785 until 1790. It has been the countrys largest city since 1790, the Statue of Liberty greeted millions of immigrants as they came to the Americas by ship in the late 19th and early 20th centuries and is a symbol of the United States and its democracy. In the 21st century, New York has emerged as a node of creativity and entrepreneurship, social tolerance. Several sources have ranked New York the most photographed city in the world, the names of many of the citys bridges, tapered skyscrapers, and parks are known around the world. Manhattans real estate market is among the most expensive in the world, Manhattans Chinatown incorporates the highest concentration of Chinese people in the Western Hemisphere, with multiple signature Chinatowns developing across the city. Providing continuous 24/7 service, the New York City Subway is one of the most extensive metro systems worldwide, with 472 stations in operation.
Over 120 colleges and universities are located in New York City, including Columbia University, New York University, and Rockefeller University, during the Wisconsinan glaciation, the New York City region was situated at the edge of a large ice sheet over 1,000 feet in depth. The ice sheet scraped away large amounts of soil, leaving the bedrock that serves as the foundation for much of New York City today. Later on, movement of the ice sheet would contribute to the separation of what are now Long Island and Staten Island. The first documented visit by a European was in 1524 by Giovanni da Verrazzano, a Florentine explorer in the service of the French crown and he claimed the area for France and named it Nouvelle Angoulême. Heavy ice kept him from further exploration, and he returned to Spain in August and he proceeded to sail up what the Dutch would name the North River, named first by Hudson as the Mauritius after Maurice, Prince of Orange
A given name is a part of a persons personal name. It identifies a person, and differentiates that person from other members of a group, such as a family or clan. The term given name refers to the fact that the name usually is bestowed upon a person and this contrasts with a surname, which is normally inherited, and shared with other members of the childs immediate family. Given names are used in a familiar and friendly manner in informal situations. In more formal situations the surname is commonly used, unless it is necessary to distinguish between people with the same surname. The idioms on a basis and being on first-name terms allude to the familiarity of addressing another by a given name. The order given name – family name, commonly known as the Western order, is used throughout most European countries and in countries that have cultures predominantly influenced by Western Europe. The order family name – given name, commonly known as the Eastern order, is used in East Asia, as well as in Southern and North-Eastern parts of India.
The order given name - fathers family name - mothers family name is used in Spanish-speaking countries to acknowledge the families of both parents. Today the order can be changed legally in Spain using given name - mothers family name - fathers family name, under the common Western naming convention, people may have one or more forenames. If more than one, there is usually a main forename for everyday use, sometimes however two or more forenames may carry equal weight. There is no particular ordering rule for forenames – often the main forename is at the beginning, a childs given name or names are usually chosen by the parents soon after birth. If a name is not assigned at birth, one may be given at a ceremony, with family. In most jurisdictions, a name at birth is a matter of public record, inscribed on a birth certificate. In western cultures, people normally retain the same name throughout their lives. However, in some cases names may be changed by petitioning a court of law. People may change their names when immigrating from one country to another with different naming conventions, in France, the agency can refer the case to a local judge.
Some jurisdictions, like in Sweden, restrict the spelling of names, parents may choose a name because of its meaning
Yiddish theatre consists of plays written and performed primarily by Jews in Yiddish, the language of the Central European Ashkenazi Jewish community. The range of Yiddish theatre is broad, musical comedy, themes such as immigration and poverty can be found in many Yiddish theatre productions. Nonetheless, the culture of the Eastern European Jews was permeated with music and these elements were to figure prominently in the Yiddish theatre. As with ancient Greek drama, many elements of Yiddish theatre arose as a refinement of religious practice. In a Jewish context psalms to the glory of God were almost always sung rather than spoken, religious services involved what was known in Hebrew as menatseach, essentially call-and-response. Traditional dances were associated with holidays, such as Sukkot. Often satiric and topical, Purim plays were performed in the courtyard of the synagogue. These made heavy use of masks and other devices, the masquerade generally extended to the whole congregation. Over time, these stories became less a subject matter than a pretext for topical.
Mordechai became a role for a clown. Purim plays were published as early as the early 18th century, at least eight Purim plays were published between 1708 and 1720, most of these do not survive, but one survives in the Jüdische Merkwürdigkeiten, a collection by Johann Jakob Schudt. Another similar current in Jewish culture was a tradition of masked dancers performing after weddings, less refined versions of the same occurred in 18th-century Germany. Additionally, there was a tradition of dialogues in the Jewish poetry known as Tahkemoni. Al-Harizis work contained dialogues between believer and heretic and wife, day and night and ocean, wisdom and foolishness, such dialogues figured prominently in early Yiddish theatre. The origin of theatre in Christian societies in Europe is often traced to Passion Plays and other religious pageants, Jews had far more exposure to secular European theatre once that developed. Professional Yiddish theatre is dated from 1876, although there is scattered evidence of earlier efforts.
Schertspierer of Vienna, with characters and good dramatic situations. Around the same time, there are indications of a traveling Yiddish-language theatre troupe in Galicia, in 1854, two rabbinical students from Zhytomyr put on a play in Berdichev
Dorothy Zbornak is a fictional character from the TV series The Golden Girls, portrayed by Bea Arthur for 7 years and 183 episodes. Dorothy was the strong, sarcastic, sometimes intimidating, though tough, she is normally friendly and does genuinely care for the other girls. In the 1000th issue of Entertainment Weekly, Dorothy Zbornak was selected as the Grandma for The Perfect TV Family, Dorothy Petrillo was born in New York, New York, and was the daughter of Italian immigrants Sophia and Salvadore Petrillo. Dorothy states in one episode that she is a Leo, in the season three episode, Nothing to Fear But Fear Itself, Sophia says Dorothy was conceived in 1931, after Sophias and Salvadores first argument as newlyweds. In the shows final season in 1992, Dorothys age is stated as 60, Dorothy was nicknamed Pussycat by her mother, and Spumoni Face by her father. In the fourth-season episode Foreign Exchange, Dorothy wondered whether she is the daughter of the Petrillos, since Dominic. However, in the third-season episode Mothers Day, Sophia Petrillos mother is played by Bea Arthur, so it is implied that Dorothy.
In that episode and three others took place in Dorothys young adulthood, Dorothy Zbornak was portrayed by a tall. She was a bookworm, and an over-achiever in high school, she suffered from low self-esteem, in part because one previous boyfriend was emotionally abusive, while another one supposedly stood her up on the night of her prom. In reality, he did show up, but was disrespectful toward Sophia, who did not like the way he was dressed or his attitude, she accepted a date with Stanley Zbornak because she felt she couldnt do any better. She became pregnant while still in school, resulting in a shotgun wedding to Stan possibly in 1946. The marriage produced two children and Kate, who appeared on the show. Stan and Dorothy eventually moved to Miami, but divorced after 38 years when Stan fell for a stewardess named Chrissy, in the first-season episode The Return of Dorothys Ex, Stan mentions how they bought property together when honeymooning in Miami. They would eventually make several attempts to reconcile, but never ultimately got back together, Dorothy worked as a high school substitute teacher of English and American History for over thirty years.
Her teaching career is important to her, since she learned French for an exam for her teaching position, when she was in college, she taught part-time at a school for the blind. She taught a course for adults wishing to complete their high school equivalency. Dorothy had summer and part-time jobs, which included tutoring Mario and she acted with her mother in a pizza commercial, but it was aborted when Sophia tasted the pizza for the first time and hated it and walked out. In one episode, she is able to upstage Blanche at the latters favorite bar and she is often very humble, and it is usually rare that she ever brags about herself
Touched by an Angel
Touched by an Angel is an American supernatural drama television series that premiered on CBS on September 21,1994, and ran for 211 episodes and nine seasons until its conclusion on April 27,2003. Created by John Masius and produced by Martha Williamson, the series stars Roma Downey, as an angel named Monica, throughout the series, Monica is tasked with bringing guidance and messages from God to various people who are at a crossroads in their lives. From season three on, they are joined by Andrew, the angel of death. The series went into syndication in 1998, and has shown on Ion Television, Hallmark Channel. Monica in one episode outlines that she started in the choir annunciations, followed by search and rescue, most cases involve a single person or a group of people who are at a crossroad in their lives and facing a large problem or tough decision. Monica and Tess bring them messages of hope from God and help give them guidance towards making their decision, as the series progresses, Monica continues gaining experience as a case worker and, during some cases having to learn lessons of her own.
During the series pilot, an angel of death named Adam is introduced, in the season two premiere, Interview with an Angel, the Angel of Death is introduced as Henry. In the season two episode entitled, The One That Got Away Andrew is introduced as the Angel of Death. During season seven, a new angel, Gloria, is sent by God during one of Monicas assignments, the explosion killed most of the children, leaving the citizens devastated. An out of town developer claims Zack is the perpetrator and despite the lack of evidence, Zack is put on trial. Monica does all she can to help him, including asking Mike to represent him, but the prosecutor in the case, Jones, is really Satan in disguise, and Zack is eventually convicted. After the trial, Monica is able to help the citizens realize their mistake and they begin going back to church, welcomed by the pastor they had once abandoned. Their change of heart, cannot free Zack, so Monica visits him in jail and she promises him that she will become his guardian angel, forgoing all future assignments and the coveted promotion, to protect him from harm in prison.
When she returns in the morning, the cell is empty, the citizens decide not to search for him, and it is revealed that Joey inadvertently caused the explosion after the devil tricked him into turning the boiler too high to warm some kittens hed found. The perplexed Monica returns to the desert to find Tess and Zack, she learns that Zack was actually God, and that her defending him was a test, which she passed by being willing to sacrifice herself for him. As she leaves, she says her goodbyes to Gloria, and to Andrew, before parting, Tess gives Monica the keys to the Cadillac, as she is leaving her job to sit at Gods feet. Monica is last shown driving away as the camera out over the desert. Roma Downey as Monica, a soft kind-hearted angel who is sent town-to-town to encourage people, Della Reese as Tess, a tough and sarcastic, but loving supervisor who plays a key role in every one of Monicas cases
Hollywood Forever Cemetery
Hollywood Forever Cemetery, originally named Hollywood Cemetery, is one of the oldest cemeteries in Los Angeles. It is located at 6000 Santa Monica Boulevard in the Hollywood district of Los Angeles, Paramount Studios is located at the south end of the same block on 40 acres which were once part of the cemetery, but held no interments. People who played roles in shaping Los Angeles are interred throughout the property. The cemetery is active and regularly hosts community events, including music, the cemetery, the only one actually in Hollywood, was founded in 1899 on 100 acres and called Hollywood Cemetery by F. W. </ref></ref> Incorporated. The Hollywood Cemetery Association filed articles of incorporation yesterday, </ref> The cemetery sold off large tracts to Paramount Studios, with RKO Studios, bought 40 acres by 1920. Part of the land was set aside for the Beth Olam Cemetery, a dedicated Jewish burial ground. In 1939, Jules Roth, a felon and millionaire, bought a 51% stake in the cemetery.
He used the money from the operations to pay for personal luxuries while allowing the cemetery and crematory to fall into disrepair. At the time of her death, Hollywood Memorial, like other cemeteries, was segregated, on the 47th anniversary of McDaniels death, the cemeterys current owner dedicated a cenotaph in her honor at a prime location south of Sylvan Lake. The crematory was shut down in July,1974 after the cremation of singer Cass Elliot, according to the cemetery grounds supervisor Daniel Ugarte, the crematory was in such disrepair that bricks began falling in around Elliots body. By the 1980s, the California Cemetery Board began receiving complaints from the families of people interred there. Family members complained that the grounds were not kept up and were disturbed to hear stories about vandalism on the cemetery grounds, the heirs of well-known makeup artist Max Factor moved his and other Factor family remains after the mausoleum sustained water damage that discolored the walls.
In the late 1980s, to settle tax bills and maintain his lavish lifestyle and those lawns are now strip malls which house, among other businesses, an auto parts store and a laundromat. After the 1994 Northridge earthquake, Roth couldnt afford to repair the roofs, by that time, Hollywood Memorial was no longer making money and only generated revenue by charging families $500 for disinterments. In 1997, Roth became ill after he fell in his Hollywood Hills home and he had been embroiled in a scandal regarding another cemetery he owned, Lincoln Memorial Park, in Carson, California. Roth died on January 4,1998, and he was interred next to his wife Virginia, his father, the state of California had revoked the cemeterys license to sell its remaining interment spaces. After Roths death, it was discovered that the cemeterys endowment care fund, meant to care for the cemetery in perpetuity, was missing about $9 million, according to the current owner. Those owners and Brent Cassity, purchased the now 62-acre property which was on the verge of closure in a bankruptcy proceeding, in 1998 for $375,000
Empty Nest is an American sitcom that originally aired on NBC from October 8,1988 to April 29,1995. For its first three seasons, Empty Nest was one of the years top 10 most-watched programs and it was produced by Witt/Thomas/Harris Productions in association with Touchstone Television. Empty Nest was part of NBCs Saturday night block of programming, in the episode and Renee Corliss, were introduced as the Girls neighbors, a middle-aged couple suffering from empty nest syndrome. Their teenage daughter Jenny, who had left for college, and Renees brother Chuck, the Corlisses had an annoying neighbor played by David Leisure. Ultimately, the series did not go ahead as planned and the premise was revamped with a new cast before Empty Nest debuted in 1988. The set of the Corlisses house, was exactly the same as the one became the Weston residence. The show revolved around pediatrician Dr. Harry Weston, whose life was turned upside down when his wife, died, early episodes established that The Golden Girls were neighbors of the Westons.
Bea Arthur, Rue McClanahan, Betty White and Estelle Getty all guest-starred as their Golden Girls characters, in seasons, Getty would join Empty Nests cast as a regular. Eldest daughter Carol was a neurotic, high-strung recent divorcée, while middle daughter Barbara was an undercover police officer. The two sisters frequently bickered and vied for the attention of their father, whom they called Daddy, the Westons large dog Dreyfuss was prominently featured. In 1992, McNichol left the show and the youngest Weston daughter and her character had not been seen before, but had been mentioned as being away at college. Rieffel left after one season, and for the final two seasons only Carol remained of the Weston children. McNichol returned for the finale in 1995. Another main character was the Westons neighbor, Charley Dietz, a cruise ship employee who frequently barged into the house unannounced to borrow food or make sexist comments. Charley had a relationship with Harry and a love-hate relationship with Carol.
Harrys job was another focus for the show. For the first five seasons he worked at a hospital, where he was assisted by wisecracking Southern nurse Laverne, in season six Harry retired, eventually going to work for a struggling inner-city medical clinic run by the tough-talking Dr. Maxine Douglas. Laverne, having been fired by Dr. Westons replacement, came to work there as well, other characters who joined the cast were Carols boyfriend, Patrick, an artist who was almost as eccentric as she
The Catskill Mountains, known as the Catskills, are a large area in the southeastern portion of the U. S. state of New York. They are located approximately 100 miles north-northwest of New York City and 40 miles southwest of Albany, the Catskills occupy much or all of five counties, with some areas falling into the boundaries of southwestern Albany, eastern Broome, northwestern Orange, and southern Otsego counties. Foothills are found in southeastern Chenango, southern Montgomery, northern Otsego, the Catskills are a mature dissected plateau, a once-flat region subsequently uplifted and eroded into sharp relief by watercourses. The Catskills form the end of, and highest-elevation portion of. Climatically, the Catskills lie within the Allegheny Highlands forests ecoregion, the regions many large resorts gave countless young stand-up comedians an opportunity to hone their craft. In addition, the Catskills have long been a haven for artists, nicolaes Visscher Is 1656 map of New Netherland located the Landt van Kats Kill at the mouth of Catskill creek.
While the meaning of the name and the namer are settled matters, exactly how, The most common, and easiest, explanation is that bobcats were seen near Catskill creek and the present-day village of Catskill, and the name followed from there. Mountain lions were known to have been in the area when the Dutch arrived in the 17th century and it was named for Dutch poet Jacob Cats, who was known for his real estate prowess, profiting from speculation in lands reclaimed from the sea. A ship named The Cat had gone up the Hudson shortly before the name was first used, in nautical slang of the era, cat could mean a piece of equipment, or a particular type of small vessel, called a catboat. It has suggested that it refers to lacrosse, which Dutch visitors had seen the Iroquois natives play. The Mohicans roamed the woods of New England during the 18th century, a Mohican tribe supposedly inhabited the area known as the Catskills today, led by a Mohican chief named Cat. The supposed Indian name for the range, was created by a white man in the mid-19th century to drum up business for a resort.
It, persists today as the name of a school district, the locals preferred to call the range the Blue Mountains, to harmonize with Vermonts Green Mountains and New Hampshires White Mountains. It was only after Washington Irvings stories that Catskills won out over Blue Mountains, at the eastern end of the range, the mountains begin quite dramatically with the Catskill Escarpment rising up suddenly from the Hudson Valley. The western boundary is far less certain, as the mountains decline in height. The Poconos, to the immediate southwest in Pennsylvania, are technically a continuation of the Catskills under a different name, the Catskills contain more than 30 peaks above 3,500 feet and parts of six important rivers. The Catskill Mountain 3500 Club is an organization whose members have climbed all the peaks in the Catskills over 3,500 feet, the highest mountain, Slide Mountain in Ulster County, has an elevation of 4,180 feet. The history of the Catskill Mountains is a story come full circle, from erosion and uplift
Golden Globe Award
Golden Globe Awards are accolades bestowed by the 93 members of the Hollywood Foreign Press Association, recognizing excellence in film and television, both domestic and foreign. The annual ceremony at which the awards are presented is a part of the film industrys awards season. The 74th Golden Globe Awards, honoring the best in film, the 1st Golden Globe Awards, honoring the best achievements in 1943 filmmaking, was held in January 1944, at the 20th Century-Fox studios. Subsequent ceremonies were held at venues throughout the next decade, including the Beverly Hills Hotel. In 1950, the Hollywood Foreign Press Association made the decision to establish an honorary award to recognize outstanding contributions to the entertainment industry. Recognizing its subject as a figure within the entertainment industry. The official name of the award became the Cecil B. In 1963, the Miss Golden Globe concept was introduced, in its inaugural year, two Miss Golden Globes were named, one for film and one for television.
The two Miss Golden Globes named that year were Eva Six and Donna Douglas, respectively, in 2009, the Golden Globe statuette was redesigned. It was unveiled at a conference at the Beverly Hilton prior to the show. The broadcast of the Golden Globe Awards, telecast to 167 countries worldwide, generally ranks as the third most-watched awards show each year, behind only the Oscars, gervais returned to host the 68th and 69th Golden Globe Awards the next two years. Tina Fey and Amy Poehler hosted the 70th, 71st and 72nd Golden Globe Awards in 2015, the Golden Globe Awards theme song, which debuted in 2012, was written by Japanese musician and songwriter Yoshiki Hayashi. On January 7,2008, it was announced due to the 2007–2008 Writers Guild of America strike. The ceremony was faced with a threat by striking writers to picket the event, the Hollywood Foreign Press Association was forced to adopt another approach for the broadcast. In acting categories, Meryl Streep holds the record for the most competitive Golden Globe wins with eight, including honorary awards, such as the Henrietta Award, World Film Favorite Actor/Actress Award, or Cecil B.
DeMille Award, Barbra Streisand leads with nine, Streisand won for composing the song Evergreen, producing the Best Picture, and directing Yentl in 1984. Jack Nicholson, Angela Lansbury, Alan Alda and Shirley MacLaine have six awards each, behind them are Rosalind Russell and Jessica Lange with five wins. Meryl Streep holds the record for most nominations with thirty, at the 46th Golden Globe Awards an anomaly occurred, a three way-tie for Best Actress in a Motion Picture – Drama
The performers may communicate this experience to the audience through combinations of gesture, song and dance. Elements of art, such as painted scenery and stagecraft such as lighting are used to enhance the physicality, the specific place of the performance is named by the word theatre as derived from the Ancient Greek θέατρον, itself from θεάομαι. Modern theatre, broadly defined, includes performances of plays and musical theatre, there are connections between theatre and the art forms of ballet and various other forms. The city-state of Athens is where western theatre originated, participation in the city-states many festivals—and mandatory attendance at the City Dionysia as an audience member in particular—was an important part of citizenship. The Greeks developed the concepts of dramatic criticism and theatre architecture, Actors were either amateur or at best semi-professional. The theatre of ancient Greece consisted of three types of drama, tragedy and the satyr play, the origins of theatre in ancient Greece, according to Aristotle, the first theoretician of theatre, are to be found in the festivals that honoured Dionysus.
The performances were given in semi-circular auditoria cut into hillsides, capable of seating 10, the stage consisted of a dancing floor, dressing room and scene-building area. Since the words were the most important part, good acoustics, the actors wore masks appropriate to the characters they represented, and each might play several parts. Athenian tragedy—the oldest surviving form of tragedy—is a type of dance-drama that formed an important part of the culture of the city-state. Having emerged sometime during the 6th century BCE, it flowered during the 5th century BCE, no tragedies from the 6th century BCE and only 32 of the more than a thousand that were performed in during the 5th century BCE have survived. We have complete texts extant by Aeschylus and Euripides, the origins of tragedy remain obscure, though by the 5th century BCE it was institution alised in competitions held as part of festivities celebrating Dionysus. As contestants in the City Dionysias competition playwrights were required to present a tetralogy of plays, the performance of tragedies at the City Dionysia may have begun as early as 534 BCE, official records begin from 501 BCE, when the satyr play was introduced.
More than 130 years later, the philosopher Aristotle analysed 5th-century Athenian tragedy in the oldest surviving work of dramatic theory—his Poetics, Athenian comedy is conventionally divided into three periods, Old Comedy, Middle Comedy, and New Comedy. Old Comedy survives today largely in the form of the surviving plays of Aristophanes. New Comedy is known primarily from the papyrus fragments of Menander. Aristotle defined comedy as a representation of people that involves some kind of blunder or ugliness that does not cause pain or disaster. In addition to the categories of comedy and tragedy at the City Dionysia, finding its origins in rural, agricultural rituals dedicated to Dionysus, the satyr play eventually found its way to Athens in its most well-known form. Satyrs themselves were tied to the god Dionysus as his loyal companions, often engaging in drunken revelry