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Etymologiae

Etymologiae known as the Origines and abbreviated Orig. is an etymological encyclopedia compiled by Isidore of Seville towards the end of his life. Isidore was encouraged to write the book by his friend Bishop of Saragossa; the Etymologies organized a wealth of knowledge from hundreds of classical sources. Isidore acknowledges Pliny, but not his other principal sources, namely Cassiodorus and Solinus; the work contains whatever an influential Christian bishop, thought worth keeping. Its subject matter is diverse, ranging from grammar and rhetoric to the earth and the cosmos, metals, ships, animals, law and the hierarchies of angels and saints. Etymologiae covers an encyclopedic range of topics. Etymology, the origins of words, is prominent, but the work covers among other things grammar, mathematics, music, medicine, the Roman Catholic Church and heretical sects, pagan philosophers, cities and birds, the physical world, public buildings, metals, agriculture, clothes and tools. Etymologiae was the most used textbook throughout the Middle Ages.

It was so popular that it was read in place of many of the original classical texts that it summarized, so these ceased to be copied and were lost. It was cited by Dante Alighieri, who placed Isidore in his Paradiso, quoted by Geoffrey Chaucer, mentioned by the poets Boccaccio and John Gower. Among the thousand-odd surviving manuscript copies is the 13th-century Codex Gigas. Etymologiae was printed in at least ten editions between 1472 and 1530, after which its importance faded in the Renaissance; the first scholarly edition was printed in Madrid in 1599. Etymologiae is less well known in modern times, though the Vatican considered naming its author Isidore the patron saint of the Internet. Scholars recognize its importance both for its preservation of classical texts and for the insight it offers into the medieval mindset. Isidore of Seville was born around 560 in Spain, under the unstable rule of the Visigoths after the collapse of the Roman Empire in the West, his older brother, the abbot of a Seville monastery, supervised Isidore's education in the school attached to his monastery.

Leander was a powerful priest, a friend of Pope Gregory, he became bishop of Seville. Leander made friends with the Visigothic king's sons and Reccared. In 586, Reccared became king, in 587 under Leander's religious direction he became a Catholic, controlling the choice of bishops. Reccared died not long after appointing Isidore as bishop of Seville. Isidore helped to unify the kingdom through Christianity and education, eradicating the Arian heresy, widespread, led National Councils at Toledo and Seville. Isidore had a close friendship with king Sisebut, who came to the throne in 612, with another Seville churchman, who became bishop of Saragossa. Isidore was read in Latin with a little Greek and Hebrew, he was familiar with the works of both the church fathers and pagan writers such as Martial and Pliny the Elder, this last the author of the major encyclopaedia in existence, the Natural History. The classical encyclopedists had introduced alphabetic ordering of topics, a literary rather than observational approach to knowledge: Isidore followed those traditions.

Isidore became well known in his lifetime as a scholar. He started to put together a collection of his knowledge, the Etymologies, in about 600, continued to write until about 625. Etymologiae presents in abbreviated form much of that part of the learning of antiquity that Christians thought worth preserving. Etymologies very far-fetched, form the subject of just one of the encyclopedia's twenty books, but perceived linguistic similarities permeate the work. An idea of the quality of Isidore's etymological knowledge is given by Peter Jones: "Now we know most of his derivations are total nonsense". Isidore's vast encyclopedia of ancient learning includes subjects from theology to furniture, provided a rich source of classical lore and learning for medieval writers. In his works including the Etymologiae, Isidore quotes from around 475 works from over 200 authors. Bishop Braulio, to whom Isidore dedicated it and sent it for correction, divided it into its twenty books. An analysis by Jacques André of Book XII shows it contains 58 quotations from named authors and 293 borrowed but uncited usages: 79 from Solinus.

Isidore takes care to name classical and Christian scholars whose material he uses in descending order of frequency, Jerome, Plato, Donatus, Augustine and Josephus. He mentions as the Christians Origen and Augustine, but his translator Stephen Barney notes as remarkable that he never names the compilers of the encyclopedias that he used "at second or third hand", Aulus Gellius, Nonius Marcellus, Lactantius and Martianus Capella. Barney further notes as "most striking" that Isidore never mentions three out of his four principal sources: Cassiodorus, S

Zhenxiong County

Zhenxiong County is a county in the northeast of Yunnan province, under the administration of Zhaotong prefecture and bordering Guizhou and Sichuan. Zhengxiong County is located in the northeastern part of Yunnan province, it has an area of 3,785 square kilometres, a latitude ranging from 27° 17' to 27° 50' N and a longitude ranging from 104° 18' to 105° 19' E. The county has a maximum east-west width of 99 km, it borders Xuyong County to the east across the Chishui River, Hezhang County to the south, Yiliang County to the west, Weixin County to the north. The village of Delong in Potou Township is located near the triple intersection point of the three provinces, is so nicknamed the "fowl cry of the three provinces". By road, the prefectural seat of Zhaotong is 265 km to the west, Kunming is 598 km to the southwest, Guiyang is 326 km to the southeast, Chongqing is 505 km to the northeast, Chengdu 618 km to the north-northwest. Zhenxiong is located amongst the northern slopes of the Yunnan–Guizhou Plateau, with elevations increasing from northeast to southwest, although the central and southern areas are more level.

Elevations range from 2,416 m at Mount Jiayao, in the village of Maiche, An'er Township, down to 630 m in the village of Tongping, Luokan Town. Most of the county has a subtropical highland climate. Zhenxiong County consists of ten townships: Most people in Zhenxiong County speak Standard Chinese, used in the media, by the government, as the language of instruction in education. A notable exception is the Yi people, who speak the Yi language); the other significant minority group living in Zhenxiong County is the Miao people, who live at higher elevations in the county. Zhenxiong possesses rich mineral resources, including coal, pyrite and cryolite. Among them and pyrite have a wide distribution with richer reserves; the prospective reserves and industrial reserves of coal are 7.4 million tons and 4.517 million tons, respectively. The former accounts for 28.01% of provincial output, the latter is about 17.1%. The main road passing through Zhenxiong County is China Provincial Road, a shengdao or shoudou, or provincial road.

Other important provincial roads include and. China County Road and are important xiandao, or county-level roads that pass through Zhenxiong County. From Zhenxiong County, it is 320 km to Guiyang, 500 km to Chongqing, 535 km to Chengdu, 570 km to Kunming, 900 km to Nanning, 1200 km to Xi'an, 1220 km to Guangzhou, 1330 km to Shenzhen, 1570 km to Lanzhou, 1790 km to Xiamen, 2250 km to Beijing. Bijie Feixiong Airport, with flights to Beijing-Nanyuan, Chongqing, Guiyang, Kunming, Nanning, Shanghai-Hongqiao, Shenzhen, Xi'an, Xiamen, is 100 km by ground transport from Zhenxiong County. Zhaotong Airport, with flights to Beijing-Nanyuan, Chongqing and Kunming, is 260 km by ground transport from Zhenxiong County. Zhenxiong County Official Site

Baretta

Baretta is an American detective television series which ran on ABC from 1975–78. The show was a revised and milder version of a 1973–74 ABC series, starring Tony Musante as chameleon-like, real-life New Jersey police officer David Toma; when Musante left the series after a single season, the concept was retooled as Baretta, with Robert Blake in the title role."Keep Your Eye on the Sparrow," the show's theme music, was composed by Dave Grusin and Morgan Ames and sung by Sammy Davis Jr. Anthony Vincenzo "Tony" Baretta is an unorthodox plainclothes police detective with the 53rd Precinct in an unnamed, fictional city, he resides in Apartment 2C of the run-down King Edward Hotel with Fred, his Triton sulphur-crested cockatoo. A master of disguise, Baretta wore many while performing his duties; when not working he wore a short-sleeve sweatshirt, casual slacks, a brown suede jacket and a newsboy cap. Baretta was seen with an unlit cigarette in his lips or behind his ear, his catchphrases included "Don't do the crime if you can't do the time", "You can take dat to da bank" and "And dat‘s the name of dat tune."

When exasperated he would speak in asides to his late father, Louie Baretta. He drove a rusted-out Mist Blue 1966 Chevrolet Impala four-door sport sedan nicknamed "The Blue Ghost", he frequented Ross's Billiard Academy and referred to his numerous girlfriends as his "cousins". Anthony Vincenzo "Tony" Baretta, a police detective. Billy Truman, retired cop who used to work with Baretta's father Louie at the 53rd Precinct. Rooster, a streetwise pimp and Baretta's favorite informant. Inspector Shiller and Lieutenant Hal Brubaker, Baretta's supervisors. Detective Foley, police detective. Fats, a gravelly-voiced, older detective. Detective Nopke, a rookie detective. Little Moe, a shoeshine man and informant. Mr. Nicholas, a mob boss. Mr. Muncie, the owner of a liquor store at 52nd and Main. Upon watching Blake in the 1973 film Electra Glide in Blue ABC executive Michael Eisner contacted the star about doing a police series, which culminated in Baretta. Blake was given creative control in most aspects of production.

The theme song, "Keep Your Eye on the Sparrow", was written by Morgan Ames. Every episode of Baretta began with the song, which contained the motto, "Don't do the crime if you can't do the time." According to Blake, studio executives did not want Davis's vocals for the theme song for fear that audiences would confuse Baretta for being a black series. Blake threatened to leave production, his bosses relented. The song was released as a single in Europe in 1976, reaching number one in the Dutch Top 40 as "Baretta's Theme"; the music for the theme song was performed by Los Angeles-based Latin influenced Rock band El Chicano from Los Angeles, California. El Chicano released the song as a 45 and as a track on one of their albums; the "Baretta" theme song by El Chicano was a huge hit in many countries including Turkey, Singapore and The Philippines. The song was released as a single in the US, but only charted as high as #42 on the Adult Contemporary Chart, while it "bubbled under the Hot 100" at #101.

After its initial run in syndication beginning in 1979, the series re-appeared on TV Land in 1999 as part of a package of series licensed from Universal. Me-TV aired reruns of Baretta on Saturday afternoons in 2007. On October 29, 2002, Universal Studios Home Entertainment released the first season of Baretta on Region 1 DVD in the United States. Mad magazine spoofed the series as "Barfetta". In ‘Taskmaster Live’, a 2016 show at the Edinburgh Festival contested by five television executives, Jeff Ford, the UK Managing Director of Fox Networks Group and SVP and Content Development Manager for Europe and Africa, described Baretta as a ‘lesser known 1960s vehicle’. In the Barney Miller episode'Copycat', Detective Arthur Dietrich tells a copycat criminal that cops and committing a crime are not like they are depicted on television. Baretta on IMDb Baretta at TV.com TV Character Bio: Tony Baretta at TV Acres Roy Huggins discusses the creation of Baretta in an Archive of American Television Interview