EuroAirport Basel Mulhouse Freiburg is an international airport 3.5 km northwest of the city of Basel, Switzerland, 20 km southeast of Mulhouse in France, 46 km south-southwest of Freiburg im Breisgau in Germany. The Franco-Swiss administered airport is geographically located within the French Alsace region, in the administrative commune of Saint-Louis near the border tripoint between France and Switzerland; the airport serves as a base for easyJet Switzerland and features flights to European metropolitan and leisure destinations. Plans for the construction of a joint Swiss–French airport started in the 1930s, but were halted by the Second World War. Swiss planners identified Basel as one of the four cities for which a main urban airport would be developed, but recognized that the existing airfield at Sternenfeld in Birsfelden was too small and, due development of the adjacent river port facilities, unsuitable for expansion; the suburb of Allschwil was proposed for a new airport, but this would require being constructed across the Franco-Swiss border, leading to talks with French authorities centered developing a single airport that would serve both countries, enhancing its international airport status.
In 1946 talks resumed and it was agreed that an airport would be built 4 kilometres north of Blotzheim, France. France would provide the land and the Swiss canton of Basel-Stadt would cover the construction costs. Basel-Stadt's Grand Council agreed to pay the costs for a provisional airport before an international treaty was signed. Construction began on 8 March 1946 and a provisional airport with a 1,200-metre runway was opened on 8 May. Between autumn 1951 and spring 1953, the east–west runway was extended to 1,600 metres and the "Zollfreistrasse" was constructed, allowing access from Basel to the departure terminal without passing through French border controls; the first enlargement project was approved by referendum in Basel in 1960 and, over the following decades, the terminals and runways were continually extended. The north–south runway was extended further to 3,900 metres in 1972. In 1984, an annual total of 1 million passengers was reached. In 1987, the trademark name EuroAirport Basel -- Mulhouse -- Freiburg.
In 1992 a total of 2 million passengers used the airport. By 1998, this number rose up to 3 million. A decision was made to enlarge the terminals again with a new "Y-finger" dock; the first phase was completed in 2002 and the second phase in 2005. Crossair was its largest airline. Following the Swissair liquidation in 2001, the subsequent ending of services in early 2002, the transformation of Crossair into Swiss International Air Lines, the number of flights from Basel fell and the new terminal was underused. In 2004 the low-cost carrier easyJet opened a base at Basel and the passenger totals rose again, reaching 4 million in 2006. From 2007 until 2009, Ryanair flew to the airport for the first time. However, as result of a dispute over landing fees, the airline closed all eight routes. More Ryanair announced it would return in April 2014, with the resumption of Basel–Dublin route as well as the new route Basel – London–Stansted. Since Ryanair has hinted at the possibility of adding new routes in the foreseeable future.
In December 2014, Swiss International Air Lines announced it would cease all operations at Basel by 31 May 2015 due to heavy competition from low-cost carriers. Swiss faced direct competition on five out of its six Basel routes, all of which were operated by Swiss Global Air Lines; the Lufthansa Group announced it would set up Eurowings' first base outside Germany at the EuroAirport as a replacement. However these plans were cancelled in favour of Vienna International Airport. In January 2017, the removal of Basel/Mulhouse from Air Berlin and its Swiss subsidiary Belair's route networks was announced. EuroAirport is one of the few airports in the world operated jointly by two countries, in this case France and Switzerland, it is governed by a 1949 international convention. The headquarters of the airport's operations are located in France; the airport is located on French soil. The airport is operated via a state treaty established in 1946 wherein the two countries are granted access to the airport without any customs or other border restrictions.
The airport's board has two advisers from Germany. The airport building is split into two separate sections -- French. Though the whole airport is on French soil and under French jurisdiction, the Swiss authorities have the authority to apply Swiss laws regarding customs, medical services and police work in the Swiss section, including the customs road connecting Basel with the airport. However, French police are allowed to execute random checks in the Swiss section as well. With Switzerland joining the Schengen Treaty in March 2009, the air side was rearranged to include a Schengen and non-Schengen zone; as border control is staffed by both Swiss and French border officers, passengers departing to or arriving from non-Schengen countries may receive either a Swiss or French passport stamp, depending on which officer they happen to approach. Due to its international status, EuroAirport has three IATA airport codes: BSL is the Swiss code, MLH is the French code and EAP is the neutral code; the ICAO airport code is: LFSB, sometimes LSZM is used
Bashar Matti Warda is a Chaldean Catholic cleric and the current Archbishop of Erbil, Kurdistan Iraq. Born in 1969, Warda joined the Saint Peter's Chaldean seminary in Baghdad and was ordained a priest in 1993. In 1995 he joined the Redemptorist order of Flanders in Belgium. After receiving his master's at the Catholic University of Louvain in 1999 he returned to Iraq. Warda was apostolic administrator of the Diocese of Zaku from July 2007 until its merger with the Diocese of Amadiyah in June 2013. In 2009 the Synod of Bishops of the Chaldean Catholic Church elected him Archbishop of the Archeparchy of Erbil. After Pope Benedict XVI gave his consent to this election in 2010 he was consecrated on 3 July of the same year.. On 17 May 2017 he was received by His Royal Highness The Prince of Wales in London. Media related to Bashar Warda at Wikimedia Commons Archbishop Bashar Warda, Catholic Hierarchy
James Evan Baillie was a British West Indies merchant and Whig politician who sat in the House of Commons in two periods between 1813 and 1835. Baillie was the third son of Evan Baillie of Dochfour and his wife Mary Gurley, daughter of Peter Gurley of St. Vincent, his father was a landowner in Scotland with commercial interests in Bristol including the firm of Evan Baillie, Sons & Co. Baillie, together with his older brother Hugh Duncan Baillie, became a partner in the Bristol Old Bank in 1812 after death of his brother Peter Baillie. In 1813 Baillie became Member of Parliament for Tralee and held the seat until 1818. Baillie was a partner in J E Baillie, Fraser & Co of Bristol, Chairman of British Guiana Association, president of Whig Anchor club of Bristol and a Member of Brook's club, he was put up for parliament at Bristol without his consent in 1820 but in fact his brother Hugh stood unsuccessfully. He became Member of Parliament for Bristol in 1830 and held the seat until 1835. In parliament he was in favour of catholic relief.
Baillie continued to buy land in Scotland after his father's death in 1835 and bought Glentrome in Badenoch in 1835. He had been a prominent opponent of abolition but after abolition received a slave compensation of £53,964 in 1835–1836; when the British government emancipated the slaves in the 1830s, James and his brother Hugh received compensation for more than 450 slaves across 21 estates in British Guiana, Grenada, St Kitts, St Vincent, Trinidad. This money was invested in further Scottish estates at Glenelg in 1837, Glenshiel in 1838 and Letterfinlay in 1851. Baillie never married and died at the age of 82 Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by James Evan Baillie