click links in text for more info

Evil Dead II

Evil Dead II is a 1987 American comedy horror film directed by Sam Raimi, both a sequel to and a parody of the 1981 horror film The Evil Dead. Written by Raimi and Scott Spiegel, Evil Dead II is produced by Robert Tapert and stars Bruce Campbell as Ash Williams, who vacations with his girlfriend to a remote cabin in the woods, he discovers an audio tape of recitations from a book of ancient texts, when the recording is played, it unleashes a number of demons which possess and torment him. Evil Dead II was shot in Michigan and North Carolina in 1986, the finished film was released in the United States on March 13, 1987, it was a minor box office success. It garnered positive reviews, with critics praising Raimi's direction and Campbell's performance; as with the first film, Evil Dead II has accumulated a cult following. It was followed by a third installment, Army of Darkness, in 1992, it was followed by a television series, Ash vs Evil Dead, in 2015. Ash Williams and his girlfriend, take a romantic vacation to a abandoned cabin in the woods.

While in the cabin, Ash plays a tape of archaeologist Raymond Knowby, the cabin's previous inhabitant, reciting passages from the Book of the Dead, Necronomicon Ex-Mortis, which he has discovered during an archaeological dig. The recorded incantation unleashes an evil force that kills and possesses Linda, turning her into a "deadite". Ash is forced to decapitate his girlfriend with a shovel and bury her near the cabin. At dawn, the evil force throws Ash through the woods. Ash becomes possessed by the demon, but when day breaks the force is gone, Ash returns to normal. Ash finds that the bridge leading to the cabin has been destroyed; the spirit chases Ash back to the cabin. Ash brings Linda's severed head to the shed. Ash gains the upper hand and slashes the relentless deadite Linda to death, killing her a second and final time. Ash's possessed right hand tries to kill him, Ash is forced to sever his hand with his chainsaw. Ash attempts to shoot the severed hand hiding in the wall of the cabin; the hand mocks him and gets away.

Meanwhile, Knowby's daughter and her research partner, Ed Getley, return from the dig with the missing pages of the Necronomicon in tow, only to find the destroyed bridge. They enlist the help of locals Jake and Bobby Joe to guide them along an alternate trail to the cabin; the four of them find an embattled Ash, slowly being driven insane by the demon, such as hallucinating that the room comes to life with objects in the room laughing hysterically at him. The four new arrivals meet Ash at the cabin and listen to a recording of Knowby detailing how his wife Henrietta was possessed by the Kandarian Demon, forcing him to kill her, they find Mrs. Knowby, now a deadite, in the cabin's root cellar, it attacks and possesses Ed. Bobby Joe is attacked by the demon trees and dragged to her death. Annie translates two of the pages before Jake turns on them and throws the pages into the cellar, holding them at gunpoint to force them to go look for Bobby Joe. Ash turns on his remaining companions, incapacitating Jake.

Annie retreats to the cabin and accidentally stabs Jake and drags him to the cellar door, where he is killed by Henrietta in a gory bloodbath. Deadite Ash tries to kill Annie, but returns to his normal self when he sees his girlfriend Linda's necklace. With Annie's help, Ash modifies the chainsaw and attaches it to his stump, where his right hand had been. Ash finds the missing pages of the Necronomicon and kills Henrietta, who has turned into a long-necked monster. After Ash kills Henrietta, the woods begin to unleash destruction on the house. Annie reveals; the spirit of the woods attacks the house. As she reads it, she is interrupted as she turns around, revealing that Ash's possessed hand has stabbed her in the back with the Kandarian dagger, she falls to the floor. When all hope is lost, Annie completes the incantation before succumbing to her wound; the incantation opens up a whirling temporal vortex/portal which not only draws in the demon, but nearby trees, Ash's Oldsmobile Delta 88, Ash himself.

Annie dies. Ash and his Oldsmobile land in the year 1300 AD, he is confronted by a group of knights who mistake him for a deadite, but they are distracted when a real one shows up. Ash blasts the harpy-like deadite with his shotgun and is hailed as a hero who has come to save the realm, at which point he breaks down and screams in anguish. Bruce Campbell as Ash Williams Sarah Berry as Annie Knowby Dan Hicks as Jake Kassie Wesley as Bobby Joe Denise Bixler as Linda Richard Domeier as Professor Ed Getley John Peaks as Professor Knowby Lou Hancock as Henrietta Knowby Ted Raimi as Possessed Henrietta William Preston Robertson as the voice of the Evil Dead The concept of a sequel to The Evil Dead was discussed during location shooting on the first film. Raimi wanted to toss his hero, through a time portal, back into the Middle Ages; that notion led to the third installment, Army of Darkness. After the release of The Evil Dead, Raimi moved on to Crimewave, a cross between a crime film and a comedy produced by Raimi and Joel and Ethan Coen.

Irvin Shapiro, a publicist, responsible for

Trevor Richards (musician)

Trevor Hamilton Edward Richards is an English jazz drummer. Richards played in Germany from 1963–1966 went to New York City, where he studied with Zutty Singleton, he played in jazz clubs until 1968, when he returned to England. That year, he drummed for the Olympia Brass Band on a European tour, he would spend much of the 1970s touring Europe, playing with Louis Nelson, Alton Purnell, Freddie Kohlman, Albert Nicholas, Benny Waters. In the 1980s he worked extensively with Art Hodes as well as with Ralph Sutton and Jacques Gauthé, he played with Clive Wilson. He has recorded for the labels Stomp L+R among others. "Trevor Richards". The New Grove Dictionary of Jazz. 2nd edition, ed. Barry Kernfeld

Burak Akçapar

Burak Akçapar is a Turkish diplomat with the rank of Ambassador. He is the Director General of Policy Planning at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Turkey. Born in Istanbul. Between July 2011-January 2017 he served as the Ambassador of Turkey to India and Maldives. Former posts included: Deputy Political Director General for South Asia at the Turkish Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Turkey's representative to the International Contact Group on Afghanistan and Pakistan. Other previous postings included: Twice the Head of Policy Planning Department at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Turkey, the Deputy Head of Mission of the Turkish Embassy in Washington, D. C. recipient in 2002 of NATO Secretary General's Award for Excellence for lasting contributions to the North Atlantic alliance. During his tenure at NATO, as Facilitator of the Southeast Europe Security Assistance Group, he led the efforts to promote regional cooperation among Balkan countries. Achievements included the Southeast Europe Common Assessment Paper on Regional Security Challenges and Opportunities adopted by Ministers in Budapest on 29 May 2001.

Other assignments included Deputy Chief of Mission in Doha and Vice-Consul in Hamburg, Germany. Research interests include international law, law of the sea, international security and international affairs. Taught courses on Political Risk Assessment at TOBB ETU and on problems in international security at METU in Ankara, his most recent book "People's Mission to the Ottoman Empire: Dr. Ansari and the Indian Medical Mission, 1912-13" is published by the Oxford University Press in 2014, he has launched the book in 2015 at Oxford University with a lecture published by the University as a podcast. He published an extensive study of Turkey's foreign policy and national security culture in "Turkey's New European Era". Previous book: "The International Law of Conventional Arms Control in Europe". Co-authored "The Debate on Democratization in the Broader Middle East and North Africa". Other publications include among others "PfP as an Agent of Continuity and Change in the Euro-Atlantic Region" and "Turkey's EU Accession" as well as "The Mutual Existence of Nascent and Senescent World Orders".

"Mr Akçapar's scholarship is ambitious: entire chapters are devoted to the intricate details of the two conflicts in the Balkans, the history of diplomatic relations between India and Turkey, pan-Islamism." —Business Standard "This is a thought-provoking study by a Turkish diplomat with well-marshaled arguments. Akçapar provides the best and most up-to-date study of the benefits that Turkey offers European Union countries for gaining full membership in the EU.... Well written and argued, this book makes clear the growing importance of Turkey as a political player on the global stage in the Middle East. Recommended."—Choice "Turkey's bid for membership in the European Union could be one of the most important geopolitical events of the next few decades, with profound consequences for Europe's identity, the security and politics of Eurasia and the Middle East, the debate about democracy in Muslim countries. Burak Akçapar, as one of the sharpest and most astute members of a new generation of Turkish diplomats, has a unique ringside seat on this unfolding drama.

His book is worth reading for anyone with an interest in Europe's future."—Mark Leonard, Centre for European Reform "Burak Akcapar's Turkey's New European Era is must-reading for anyone interested in Turkey and Europe. Akcapar's is the fresh and powerful voice of a younger generation of strategic thinkers in a country whose importance is destined to grow in the years ahead, his views on Turkey's quest to join the European Union highlight how much is at stake and how much better we need to understand these critical issues."—Ronald D. Asmus, Transatlantic Center of the German Marshall Fund of the United States. "Why does Turkey insist on EU membership? And why should the EU be interested in making Turkey a member? Skeptics would say that the EU should each go its own way. Akçapar, a foreign policy practitioner, asserts that this is neither possible. Turkey, the European Union, the United States are tied to each other in important ways, as this seasoned diplomat explains with aptitude and clarity.

A must-read for anyone, for or against Turkey's EU membership."—Soner Cagaptay, Washington Institute for Near East Policy. Burak Akcapar received his Doctor of the Science of Law degree at Universitaet Hamburg under the guidance of Rittstieg and Mutz, he has written on a diversity of fields and academic disciplines including history, international law, European Union studies and international security, IR theory as well as Turkish and Indian studies. In his account of the Indian Medical Mission to the Ottoman Empire during the Balkan Wars of 1912-13, he explains that concerned Muslims around India mobilized to dispatch three medical teams to treat wounded Ottoman soldiers. Among them, the one organized by Mohammad Ali Jauhar and directed by Mukhtar Ahmad Ansari caught the limelight, thanks to the regular letters sent home by the director of the Mission and published in the weekly Comrade journal. In the body of scholarship on Ottoman pan-Islamism, as a manifestation of pan-Islamist political ideology and Muslim internationalist action and its influence on the 1919 Khilafat Movement in India, the 1912-13 Indian Medical Mission has not been analys

1981 Philadelphia Eagles season

The 1981 Philadelphia Eagles season was the franchise's 49th season in the National Football League, they made the postseason for the fourth straight season. The team was coming off a Super Bowl loss to the Oakland Raiders the previous season; because they made the Super Bowl in 1980, they were picked by many to not only reach the Super Bowl, but to win it as well. The Eagles began the 1981 season with 6 straight wins, their best start to a season at the time; the Eagles would win 3 of their next 5 games to sit at 9-2. They would lose their next 4 games to slip to 9-6 and were in danger of missing out on the playoffs; the next week, they hammered the Cardinals 38-0 to clinch a playoff berth for the fourth straight season. In the playoffs, they met, it was New York's first playoff appearance in 18 years. In the game, the Giants would stun the eagles 27-21, ending the Eagles season as well as hopes for a second straight Super Bowl appearance; the Eagles would not make the playoffs again until 1988.

They wouldn't reach the Super Bowl again until 2004. After going 12–4 and winning the NFC title and losing in Super Bowl XV to the Oakland Raiders in the 1980 season the Eagles would be picking next to last in the 12 rounds of the draft The 1981 NFL Draft was the procedure by which National Football League teams selected amateur college football players, it is known as the NFL Annual Player Selection Meeting. The draft was held April 28–29, 1981. ESPN would cover all 12 rounds live for the first time. ESPN would show a replay that night; this would be over 2 days. The Philadelphia Eagles would get the 27th pick in the 12 rounds; the Eagles would draft 10 players in this year's draft. The 1981 season schedule was set by how the Eagles finished in 1st in NFC East; the way it was laid out, 4 of the 5 teams in the same 5 team division could end up having 10 to 14 common opponents during the 1981 season. When the last regular season game is over you know who you play the following year. A home and home series vs Dallas, New York Giants, St. Louis and Washington = 8 games The top 4 teams in the NFC East play the top 4 teams AFC East from the 1980 season = 4 games The 1st and 4th place team in NFC Central and NFC West in the 1980 Season Sunday, September 6, 1981 Kickoff 1:00 PM Eastern Played at Giants StadiumThe Meadowlands on an AstroTurf playing surface in 70F degrees with an 11 MPH wind Sunday, September 13, 1981 Kickoff 4:00 PM Eastern TV Broadcast: NBC Announcers: Dick Enberg and Merlin Olsen Played at Veterans Stadium on an AstroTurf playing surface weather= 74 °F Thursday, September 17, 1981 Kickoff 8:30 PM Eastern Played at Rich Stadium on AstroTurf playing surface in 55F degrees with an 8 MPH wind Sunday, September 27, 1981 Kickoff 1:00 PM Eastern Played at Veterans Stadium on an AstroTurf playing surface weather= 68 °F Monday, October 5, 1981 Kickoff 9:00 PM Eastern Played at Veterans Stadium on AstroTurf playing surface weather= 62 °F Sunday, October 11, 1981 Kickoff 12:00 PM Central Played at Louisiana Superdome on an AstroTurf playing surface in 72F degrees indoors Sunday, October 18, 1981 Kickoff 12:00 PM Central Played at Metropolitan Stadium on a grass playing surface in 44F degrees with a 27 MPH wind Sunday, October 25, 1981 Kickoff 1:00 PM Eastern Played at Veterans Stadium on an AstroTurf playing surface weather= 55 °F Sunday, November 1, 1981 Kickoff 4:00 PM Eastern Played at Veterans Stadium on an AstroTurf playing surface weather= 60 °F Sunday, November 8, 1981 Kickoff 12:00 PM Central Played at the Busch Memorial Stadium on an AstroTurf playing surface in 57F degrees with an 8 mph wind.

Sunday, November 15, 1981 Kickoff 1:00 PM Eastern Played at Veterans Stadium on AstroTurf weather= 54 °F Sunday, November 22, 1981 Kickoff 1:00 PM Eastern Played at Veterans Stadium on an AstroTurf playing surface weather= 46 °F Monday, November 30, 1981 Kickoff 9:00 PM Pacific Played at Orange Bowl on grass playing surface in 73F degrees with an 8 MPH wind Sunday, December 6, 1981 Kickoff 1:00 PM Eastern Played at Robert F. Kennedy Memorial Stadium on a grass playing surface in 43F degrees with a 21 MPH wind Sunday, December 13, 1981 Kickoff 3:00 PM Central Played at Texas Stadium on an AstroTurf playing surface in 44F degrees with a 9 MPH wind Sunday, December 21, 1981 Kickoff 1:00 PM Eastern Played at Veterans Stadium on AstroTurf playing surface weather= 29 °F Sunday, December 27, 1981 Kickoff 3:30 PM Eastern Played at Veterans Stadium on AstroTurf playing surface weather= 38 °F 1981 Philadelphia Eagles at

Brazilian battleship São Paulo

São Paulo was a dreadnought battleship designed and built by the British companies Armstrong Whitworth and Vickers for the Brazilian Navy. It was the second of two ships in the Minas Geraes class, was named after the state and city of São Paulo. São Paulo was launched on 19 April 1909 and commissioned on 12 July 1910. Soon after, it was involved in the Revolt of the Lash, in which crews on four Brazilian warships mutinied over poor pay and harsh punishments for minor offenses. After entering the First World War, Brazil offered to send São Paulo and its sister Minas Geraes to Britain for service with the Grand Fleet, but Britain declined since both vessels were in poor condition and lacked the latest fire control technology. In June 1918, Brazil sent São Paulo to the United States for a full refit, not completed until 7 January 1920, well after the war had ended. On 6 July 1922, São Paulo fired its guns in anger for the first time when it attacked a fort, taken during the Tenente revolts. Two years mutineers took control of the ship and sailed it to Montevideo in Uruguay, where they obtained asylum.

In the 1930s, São Paulo was passed over for modernization due to its poor condition—it could only reach a top speed of 10 knots, less than half its design speed. For the rest of its career, the ship was reduced to a reserve coastal defense role; when Brazil entered the Second World War, São Paulo sailed to Recife and remained there as the port's main defense for the duration of the war. Stricken in 1947, the dreadnought remained as a training vessel until 1951, when it was taken under tow to be scrapped in the United Kingdom; the tow lines broke during a strong gale on 6 November, when the ships were 150 nmi north of the Azores, São Paulo was lost. Beginning in the late 1880s, Brazil's navy fell into obsolescence, a situation exacerbated by an 1889 revolution, which deposed Emperor Dom Pedro II, an 1893 civil war. Despite having nearly three times the population of Argentina and five times the population of Chile, by the end of the 19th century Brazil was lagging behind the Chilean and Argentine navies in quality and total tonnage.

At the turn of the 20th century, soaring demand for coffee and rubber brought prosperity to the Brazilian economy. The government of Brazil used some of the extra money from this economic growth to finance a naval building program in 1904, which authorized the construction of a large number of warships, including three battleships; the minister of the navy, Admiral Júlio César de Noronha, signed a contract with Armstrong Whitworth for three battleships on 23 July 1906. The new dreadnought battleship design, which debuted in December 1906 with the completion of the namesake ship, rendered the Brazilian ships, all other existing capital ships, obsolete; the money authorized for naval expansion was redirected by the new Minister of the Navy, Rear Admiral Alexandrino Fario de Alencar, to building two dreadnoughts, with plans for a third dreadnought after the first was completed, two scout cruisers, ten destroyers, three submarines. The three battleships on which construction had just begun were scrapped beginning on 7 January 1907, the design of the new dreadnoughts was approved by the Brazilians on 20 February 1907.

In South America, the ships came as a shock and kindled a naval arms race among Brazil and Chile. The 1902 treaty between the latter two was canceled upon the Brazilian dreadnought order so both could be free to build their own dreadnoughts. Minas Geraes, the lead ship, was laid down by Armstrong on 17 April 1907, while São Paulo followed thirteen days at Vickers; the news shocked Brazil's neighbors Argentina, whose Minister of Foreign Affairs remarked that either Minas Geraes or São Paulo could destroy the entire Argentine and Chilean fleets. In addition, Brazil's order meant that they had laid down a dreadnought before many of the other major maritime powers, such as Germany, France or Russia, the two ships made Brazil the third country to have dreadnoughts under construction, behind the United Kingdom and the United States. Newspapers and journals around the world in Britain and Germany, speculated that Brazil was acting as a proxy for a naval power which would take possession of the two dreadnoughts soon after completion, as they did not believe that a insignificant geopolitical power would contract for such powerful warships.

Despite this, the United States attempted to court Brazil as an ally. S. naval journals began using terms like "Pan Americanism" and "Hemispheric Cooperation". São Paulo was christened by Régis de Oliveira, the wife of Brazil's minister to Great Britain, launched at Barrow-in-Furness on 19 April 1909 with many South American diplomats and naval officers in attendance; the ship was commissioned on 12 July, after fitting-out and sea trials, it left Greenock on 16 September 1910. Shortly thereafter, it stopped in Cherbourg, France, to embark the Brazilian President Hermes Rodrigues da Fonseca. Departing on the 27th, São Paulo sailed to Lisbon, where Fonseca was a guest of Portugal's King Manuel II. Soon after they arrived the 5 October 1910 revolution began, which caused the fall of the Portuguese monarchy. Although the president offered political asylum to the king and his family, the offer was refused. A rumor that the king was on board, circulated by newspapers and reported to the Brazilian legation in Paris, led revolutionaries to attempt to search the ship, but they were denied permission.

They asked for Brazil to land marines "to help in the maintenance of order", but this request was denied. São Paulo left Lisbon on 7 October

Simon Gillen

Simon Gillen was an American politician, farmer and jurist. He served one term in the Wisconsin State Assembly and held a number of local offices in Sheboygan County, Wisconsin. Born in the Town of Mitchell, Sheboygan County, Gillen was a farmer, he served as chairman of the Mitchell Town Board and on the Sheboygan County Board of Supervisors in 1880 and 1881. In 1882, Gillen was a Democrat. In 1882, Gillen was elected Clerk of Circuit Court for Sheboygan County. In 1888, Gillen was admitted to the Wisconsin bar and was elected district attorney for Sheboygan County. In 1894, Gillen was elected county judge and served until 1898. Gillen served on the Sheboygan Common Council in 1891 and from 1907 to 1909. Gillen died in Sheboygan, Wisconsin as a result of a stroke while working in his garden at his home