FAW Group Corporation is a Chinese state-owned automotive manufacturing company headquartered in Changchun, China. Its principal products are automobiles. FAW became China's first automobile manufacturer when it unveiled the nation's first domestically produced passenger car, the Hong Qi, in 1958. FAW is one of the "Big Four" Chinese automakers alongside Changan Automobile, Dongfeng Motor Corporation, SAIC Motor. In 2014, the company ranked third in terms of output making 2.7 million whole vehicles. The company has three publicly traded subsidiaries: FAW Car Co. Ltd. Tianjin FAW Xiali Automobile Co. Ltd. and Changchun FAWAY Automobile Components Co. Ltd.. In 1953, the first year of the first five-year plan, First Automobile Works broke ground on its first factory although it didn't produce its first product, the 4-ton Jie Fang CA-10 truck, until 1956. Soviet Russia lent assistance during these early years providing technical support and production machinery. Before its first factory opened, 39 Chinese FAW employees traveled to the Stalin Truck Factory for instruction in truck production.
Operations were conducted in the Soviet mold, Russia is credited with choosing Changchun as the location for the first FAW vehicle-manufacturing facility. The city boasted an industrial base left over from Japanese occupation and, situated in northeastern China, is near Russia. First Automobile Works made only commercial trucks but started producing passenger cars in 1958; these vehicles, the Hong Qi luxury sedans, were the first domestically produced Chinese automobiles. Only for party elite, the design changed little over their thirty-year production run. Following this, FAW's Audi products are the traditionally favored choice for ranking Chinese state officials; these Audis are, alongside Beijing Benz Mercedes Benzes some of the only Western luxury cars to have gained popularity in the Chinese market. In 1992, the name First Automobile Works was changed to China FAW Group Corporation. Though FAW was the fourth Chinese automaker to take on Western partners, its early joint venture with Volkswagen in 1990 saw it become the second Chinese auto company to develop a strong cooperative relationship with a foreign counterpart.
SAIC was the first, in 1984 and with VW. Other, failed foreign-Chinese joint ventures preceding FAW-VW are what is now Beijing Benz and the failed Guangzhou Peugeot Automobile Company. Volkswagen was the first foreign partner for FAW; the company acquired 50% ownership of Tianjin Automotive Xiali in September, 2002, renamed the brand FAW Tianjin. As a result, FAW ended up with Toyota as a foreign joint venture partner. FAW established a joint venture with General Motors in 2009 and has joint ventures with a handful of other foreign companies as well; the company produced more than 1.5 million vehicles in 2008, in 2009 it was the largest machinery corporation and the second largest auto manufacturer in China. In 2010, the 2.56 million units sold made it the third most-productive vehicle maker in China that year, one of its offerings, the FAW Xiali, was the 7th most-purchased car in China in 2010. It produced 2.6 million vehicles in the third-largest output of any China-based company. While it retained its third place rank, the number of whole vehicles produced in 2012 slowed to 2.3 million.
Passenger cars made up a scant 64% of total production that year. FAW sells products under at least ten different brands including its own; the following is an incomplete list. SiTech, a brand that focuses on electric vehicles. Established in 2018 with the first car called SiTech DEV1 launched. Besturn, established on August 18, 2006, It may be known as Ben Teng. Senia Dario Haima, a brand for Mazda-based vehicles built in Hainan Hong Qi Jiaxing, a brand of Tianjin FAW Xiali Automobile Company, a car manufacturing subsidiary of FAW Jie Fang Jilin, a maker of mini-vehicles, small trucks and vans that see commercial use, in Jilin City, Jilin province Junpai Oley, a new brand, targeting young buyers. Production for the brand commenced in March 2012 with the FAW Oley sedan; the brand was defunct in 2015. Pengxiang Shenli Yuan Zheng Tianjin XialiIts foreign joint ventures manufacture the following brands for sale in the Chinese market: Audi General Motors Mazda Toyota Volkswagen Hongqi E-HS3 Hongqi H5 Hongqi H7 Hongqi L5 Besturn B30 Besturn B50 Besturn B70 Besturn B70 RS Besturn B90 Besturn X40 Besturn X80 Besturn T33 Besturn T77 Besturn T99 Junpai A50 Junpai CX65 Junpai A70 Junpai D60 Junpai D80 Senia R7 Senia R9 Haima 1 Haima 2 Haima 3 Haima 7 Haima Family Haima Freema Haima M3 Haima M5 Haima M6 Haima M8 Haima S5 Haima S7 Haima V70 Including the Xiali passenger vehicle series.
FAW Weizhi V2 FAW Weizhi V5 FAW Weizhi Hatchback FAW Weizhi Sedan FAW Vita FAW Vizi FAW Xiali N3 FAW Xiali N5 FAW Xiali N7 FAW has at least 28 wholly owned subsidiaries and controlling shares in 18 owned subsidiaries. These include the wholly owned subsidiaries FAW Jie Fang Truck Co Ltd and FAW Bus and Coach Co Ltd, the foreign joint venture FAW-Volkswagen Automobile Co Ltd, the publicly traded FAW Car Co Ltd, Tianjin FAW Xiali Automobile Co Ltd, Changchun FAWAY Automobile Components Co Ltd. Unit/year production capacity figures may consider whole vehicles as discrete; the following is an incomplete list. The 9th Industrial Machinery Design and Research Institute A wholly owned subsidiary since 1958, this institute
Salil Ashok Ankola pronunciation is an Indian actor and former international cricketer who played one Test match and twenty One Day Internationals from 1989 to 1997 for India. A right-arm fast bowler, he played first-class cricket for Maharashtra opening the bowling. Ankola's consistent performances for Maharashtra earned him a call for representing India during their tour of Pakistan in 1989–90. After the first Test match at Karachi, he was dropped for the subsequent matches in the series owing to injuries. After a brief phase of playing first-class cricket, Ankola was called for the Indian ODI team during 1993 led to being a part of the 1996 Cricket World Cup. At age 28, Ankola retired due to a sudden development of bone tumor in his left shin bone because of which he could not run for 2 years. Since he went on to appear in a number of Indian soap operas and a few Hindi films. In 2006 he participated in Bigg Boss. Ankola was born into a Karnataka konkani family in 1968, he made his first-class debut at the age of 20 for Maharashtra in 1988–89.
Playing against Gujarat he took a six-wicket haul that included a hat-trick. He followed with another six-wicket haul. Overall, he collected 27 wickets at an average of 20.18 including three five wicket hauls during the season. Owing to the consistent performances during the season, Ankola caught the attention of the selectors, as he was selected for the India's tour of Pakistan in 1989–90. In a warm up match against BCCP Patron's XI he took six wickets for 77 runs in the first innings and collecting two more wickets in the second innings, thus taking his tally to eight wickets. Ankola made his Test debut during the first test of the tour at Karachi, alongside Sachin Tendulkar and Waqar Younis, both would go on to become successful cricketers in their careers. In a match, drawn, Ankola took two wickets for 128 runs. Injuries prevented him from appearing in the remaining Tests of the series. Soon after the Test series, drawn, Ankola was called for the ODI series, he made his ODI debut in the second of the three-match series.
Ankola picked up two wickets conceding 26 runs. He arrived at number 10 in the second innings at a stage. Ankola hit a six of the first ball that he faced off Imran Khan but ended on the losing side. In the next match, he bowled just 2.3 overs. Despite being selected in the Test squads on domestic series and overseas tours, he never got an opportunity to play for the team. Being dropped from the team without getting a game was known in cricket circles as being "Ankolad". However, Ankola continued to play ODI cricket. In the early 1990s, he along with other bowlers such as Abey Kuruvilla, Paras Mhambrey, Nilesh Kulkarni and Sairaj Bahutule was trained under Frank Tyson. Ankola worked on altering his style rather than pace. During this period, Ankola married Parineeta. After a period of three years, Ankola was selected for the Charms Cup against England and Zimbabwe at home. In a match against South Africa during the Hero Cup, he captured three wickets for 33 runs, which remained his career-best bowling figures in ODIs.
In 1996, Ankola was selected in the Indian team for the World Cup. In the tournament he played just one match against Sri Lanka. In a match that India lost, he conceded 28 runs off five overs without claiming any wicket. Shortly after the World Cup, the selectors with immediate effect dropped Ankola along with Vinod Kambli and all-rounder Manoj Prabhakar—all were a part of the squad earlier—for the Singer cup and Pepsi Sharjah Cup. Ankola was replaced by medium-fast bowler Prashant Vaidya. However, Ankola was subsequently selected for the Indian team that toured South Africa in 1996—97. Despite being a part of the squad, he was never given a chance to represent the playing XI in any of the Test matches. Following the Test series, he was picked up for the Standard Bank International ODI tournament. In the finals against South Africa that India lost, Ankola conceded 50 runs in seven overs in what became his last match; the tour remained his last in international cricket. Following that, Ankola declared his retirement from international cricket the same year.
After retiring from cricket, Ankola shifted his focus towards entering films. He made his cinematic debut through the 2000 Hindi film Kurukshetra, where he played the role of a cop accompanying his senior officer played by Sanjay Dutt, he followed that with Pitaah, his last major release Chura Liyaa Hai Tumne featured him alongside Esha Deol and Zayed Khan. The following year he acted in Silence Please... The Dressing Room, where he played the character of a cricket captain; the film did not fare well at the box-office, nonetheless Ankola's performance was appreciated. He participated in the first season of Bigg Boss, Indian version of the reality show Big Brother in 2006. Prior to that, he acted in the Indian soap opera titled Karam Apna Apna, where he signed a contract with Balaji Telefilms that " would not act in any television show on any channel apart from those produced by Balaji Films". Since he appeared in Bigg Boss before the contract would expire—one year from June 2006—the Bombay High Court ordered him not to act in any TV shows on other channels that are considered rivals for
Audhild Gregoriusdotter Rotevatn is a Norwegian journalist, television host, radio presenter, who has worked for the Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation and the now defunct Kanal 24. She is known for her unusual name and consistent use of Nynorsk. Rotevatn started her journalistic career as an intern in Sunnmørsposten, followed by a short spell in Bergens Tidende. Having finished radio journalism studies at Volda University College, she began working for the Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation in 1999. Rotevatn was a news presenter in Dagsnytt and a sports anchor on NRK1, she moved to Kanal 24 in 2003 working as a news anchor. She became news director. Following the ownership change in Kanal 24, Rotevatn left the radio channel and joined I&M Kommunikasjon, an advertising company, as a communications advisor. Rotevatn is a regular columnist for Dag og Tid, Vårt Land, Språknytt. In 2009, the Arts Council Norway offered Rotevatn a position in the committee that evaluates newspapers for press support.
Rotevatn was a member of the board of Dag og Tid at the time. After informing the Arts Council about the possible conflict of interest, she resigned from the Dag og Tid board, accepted the committee position. Dag og Tid received a major increase in subsidy, Rotevatn was criticized by Christian newspaper Norge IDAG, who lost press support after being assessed by the committee; the Arts Council maintained that there had been no conflict of interest since Rotevatn left the board of Dag og Tid before joining the committee. In 2010 she became a board member of the Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation; as a journalist and presenter, Rotevatn is known for her consistent use of Nynorsk, for which she received Kringkastingsprisen in 2004. She considers Nynorsk an essential part of the future of the Norwegian language, participates in the Norwegian language debate. "One should take the language conflict seriously... many feel discriminated because they are not allowed to write in their own language", she remarked in an interview.
During her studies at the University of Oslo, she was required to write her undergraduate thesis in political science in Bokmål, but wrote it in Nynorsk anyway. Rotevatn has criticized the Oslo newspapers Aftenposten, for not using Nynorsk. "They should be more conscious of their power and their responsibility," she said. Rotevatn received "Alf Helleviks mediemålpris", awarded by Det Norske Samlaget, in 2005. Rotevatn is well known for her unusual name, she was the first member of her family not to be christened "Gregoriusdotter", but added the middle name to uphold the tradition. In 2001, the word "huglaug" was acknowledged as a neologism by the Norwegian Language Council; the word was coined by "Audhild Gregoriusdotter Rotevatn sitt huglaug". "It's great. Maybe huglaug could mark the beginning of a small revolution", Rotevatn remarked. Rotevatn is married to Tormod Utne, news director of Sunnmørsposten, former director-in-chief of Nettavisen, they have three children
Joe Michael Clarke is an English cricketer who plays for Nottinghamshire County Cricket Club. He is a right-handed batsman who plays as a wicket-keeper, he made his first-class debut for Worcestershire against Hampshire in May 2015. He was educated at Oundle School. Following Worcestershire’s relegation to Division Two of the County Championship in 2018, he joined Nottinghamshire on a four year deal. In 2017, Clarke was included in an England Lions squad that toured Australia, scoring 45 against a CA XI in Perth. However, in May 2019, the England and Wales Cricket Board withdrew Clarke from the Lions' squad, after being named during Alex Hepburn's rape trial. Hepburn was found guilty of rape, although the judge said that Clarke "did nothing wrong" on the night of the attack, the ECB were concerned about the disrespectful messages about women, exchanged. On the 21 June 2019, the English Cricket Board charged Joe Clarke and Tom Kohler-Cadmore with bringing the game into disrepute in relation to their participation in the group actions which saw Alex Hepburn found guilty of rape.
On the 4 July 2019, both players were reprimanded and fined. Joe Clarke at CricketArchive Joe Clarke at ESPNcricinfo
The Freedom Sculpture is a stainless steel gold and silver monument located on Santa Monica Boulevard in a publicly accessible median at Century City, Los Angeles, California. The design of the Freedom Sculpture was created by artist and architect Cecil Balmond and commissioned by the Farhang Foundation, it is themed on the Cyrus Cylinder from 2,500 years ago, sometimes considered the first declaration of human rights. It commemorates the declaration of Cyrus the Great, King of ancient Iran, which some view as granting individual and religious freedoms to all those within his vast and culturally diverse empire. Cecil’s design was selected among over 300 worldwide entries for the design competition organized by the Farhang Foundation; the large-scale, modern-day sculptural interpretation of the Cyrus Cylinder is made of two stainless steel cylinders, one within the other. The interior cylinder is gold, the outer element is silver; the dimensions of the sculpture is 4.6 m the weight of it is 9,253 kg.
The sculpture was gifted to the city of Los Angeles and unveiled on 4 July 2017 to a crowd of over 75,000 attendees. At the unveiling ceremony, a proclamation of support by CA Governor Jerry Brown was read. Los Angeles Mayor Eric Garcetti sent a video message and Fifth District Councilman Paul Koretz, was on hand to give a certificate of appreciation to Farhang Foundation and the Iranian-American community for having led this initiative; the Freedom Sculpture generated significant support on social media, with over 1.1 million fans supporting its creation with over $2.2 million. While crowd-funding played a significant role in raising money for the Freedom Sculpture, a small group of people, comprising the Freedom Sculpture Founders Circle, contributed over 50% of the funds raised; the interpretation of the Cylinder as a "charter of human rights" has been described by some historians as "rather anachronistic" and tendentious. It has been dismissed as a "misunderstanding" and characterized as political propaganda devised by the Pahlavi regime.
The German historian Josef Wiesehöfer comments that the portrayal of Cyrus as a champion of human rights is as illusory as the image of the "humane and enlightened Shah of Persia". D. Fairchild Ruggles and Helaine Silverman describe the Shah's aim as being to legitimise the Iranian nation and his own regime, to counter the growing influence of Islamic fundamentalism by creating an alternative narrative rooted in the ancient Persian past. Writing in the immediate aftermath of the Shah's anniversary commemorations, the British Museum's C. B. F. Walker comments that the "essential character of the Cyrus Cylinder a general declaration of human rights or religious toleration but a building inscription, in the Babylonian and Assyrian tradition, commemorating Cyrus's restoration of the city of Babylon and the worship of Marduk neglected by Nabonidus". Two professors specialising in the history of the ancient Near East, Bill T. Arnold and Piotr Michalowski, comment: "Generically, it belongs with other foundation deposit inscriptions.
Lloyd Llewellyn-Jones of the University of Edinburgh notes that "there is nothing in the text" that suggests the concept of human rights. Neil MacGregor comments: Comparison by scholars in the British Museum with other similar texts, showed that rulers in ancient Iraq had been making comparable declarations upon succeeding to the throne for two millennia before Cyrus it is one of the museum's tasks to resist the narrowing of the object's meaning and its appropriation to one political agenda, he cautions that while the Cylinder is "clearly linked with the history of Iran," it is "in no real sense an Iranian document: it is part of a much larger history of the ancient Near East, of Mesopotamian kingship, of the Jewish diaspora". Some historians, as well as writers on human rights, have supported the interpretation of the Cyrus Cylinder as a human rights charter. W. J. Talbott, an American philosopher, believes the concept of human rights is a 20th-century concept but describes Cyrus as "perhaps the earliest known advocate of religious tolerance" and suggests that "ideas that led to the development of human rights are not limited to one cultural tradition."
The Iranian lawyer Hirad Abtahi argues that viewing the Cylinder as "an instrument of legitimizing royal rule" is unjustified, as Cyrus issued the document and granted those rights when he was at the height of his power, with neither popular opposition nor visible external threat to force his hand. A former Iranian prime minister, Hassan Pirnia, writing in the early 20th century, characterizes the Cylinder as "discuss human rights in a way unique for the era, dealing with ways to protect the honor and religious beliefs of all the nations dependent to Iran in those days". Freedom Sculpture Founders Circle: Nushin and Farhad Mohit Anousheh and Ali Razi Anna and Aria Mehrabi Shirin and Michael Amin Dionne and Francis Najafi Tina and Hamid Moghadam Soraya and Younes Nazarian Bita Daryabari Katy and Michael Saei Salar Kamangar Faraj Alalaei and Susan Akabarpour Andy Saberi Mahshid and Ebi Hamedi Other notable supporters Jerry Brown Eric Garcetti Paul Koretz Anthony Rendon Elon Musk Lynda Resnick Mi
This is a list of the National Register of Historic Places listings in Grundy County, Tennessee. This is intended to be a complete list of the properties and districts on the National Register of Historic Places in Grundy County, United States. Latitude and longitude coordinates are provided for many National Register districts. There are 22 districts listed on the National Register in the county. Another 4 properties in the county have since been removed. See National Register of Historic Places listings in Marion County, Tennessee for additional properties in Monteagle, a city that spans the county line; this National Park Service list is complete through NPS recent listings posted February 28, 2020. List of National Historic Landmarks in Tennessee National Register of Historic Places listings in Tennessee