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FC Porto

Futebol Clube do Porto, MHIH, OM known as FC Porto or Porto, is a Portuguese professional sports club based in Porto. It is best known for the professional football team playing in the Primeira Liga, the top flight of Portuguese football, Founded on 28 September 1893, Porto is one of the "Big Three" teams in Portugal – together with Lisbon-based rivals Benfica and Sporting CP – that have appeared in every season of the Primeira Liga since its establishment in 1934, they are nicknamed Dragões, for the mythical creature atop the club's crest, Azuis e brancos, for the shirt colours. The club supporters are called Portistas. Since 2003, Porto have played their home matches at the Estádio do Dragão, which replaced the previous 103-year-old ground, the Estádio das Antas. Porto is the second most decorated team in Portugal, with 76 major trophies, of which 69 were achieved in domestic competitions; these comprise 28 Primeira Liga titles, 16 Taça de Portugal, 4 Campeonato de Portugal, a record 21 Supertaça Cândido de Oliveira.

Porto is the second team in Portuguese league history to have won two titles without any defeat, namely in the 2010–11 and 2012–13 seasons. In the former, Porto achieved the largest-ever difference of points between champion and runner-up in a three-points-per-win system, on their way to a second quadruple. In international competitions, Porto is the most decorated Portuguese team, with seven trophies, they won the European Cup/UEFA Champions League in 1987 and 2004, the UEFA Cup/Europa League in 2003 and 2011, the UEFA Super Cup in 1987, the Intercontinental Cup in 1987 and 2004. In addition, they were runners-up in the 1983–84 European Cup Winners' Cup and in the 2003, 2004 and 2011 editions of the UEFA Super Cup. Porto is the only Portuguese club to have won the UEFA Cup/Europa League, the UEFA Super Cup and the Intercontinental Cup, to have achieved a continental treble of domestic league, domestic cup and European titles. Porto have the second-most appearances in the UEFA Champions League group stage, behind Barcelona and Real Madrid.

At the end of the 2018–19 season, Porto ranked 10th in the UEFA club coefficient ranking. The club was founded on 28 September 1893 as Foot-Ball Club do Porto by António Nicolau de Almeida, a local port wine merchant and avid sportsman, who became fascinated with football during his trips to England. Porto played its first matches with other Portuguese clubs, including one against Lisbon's Foot-Ball Club Lisbonense on 2 March 1894; this match had the patronage of King Carlos I and Queen Amélie of Orléans, who traveled to Porto to witness the event and present a trophy to the winners. Almeida's enthusiasm and involvement with the club waned due to family pressure, by the turn of the century, Porto had entered a period of inactivity. In 1906, José Monteiro da Costa returned to Porto after finishing his studies in England. Like Almeida, thirteen years before, he was captivated by the English game, together with some associates, decided to reintroduce the practice of football in the city, outside of the British circles.

On 2 August 1906, Porto was revived and Monteiro da Costa appointed its president. Although football was the driving force, the club promoted other sports, including gymnastics and wrestling, athletics and swimming. Shortly after, Porto rented its first ground and recruited a French coach named Adolphe Cassaigne, who would stay in the club until 1925. On 15 December 1907, Porto played its first match against a foreign team, hosting Spain's Real Fortuna. In the following month, Porto played its first match abroad. Four years the club won the inaugural staging of the Taça José Monteiro da Costa, securing its first-ever major title. In 1912, Porto joined efforts with Leixões to establish the Porto Football Association, which began organising the regional championship in the following year. Porto finished the first season as runners-up, behind local rivals Boavista, but in the following season the club won its first championship. By the end of the 1920–21 season, Porto had been regional champions six times in seven years, outright winners of the Taça José Monteiro da Costa, after claiming a third consecutive victory in 1916.

The 1921–22 season was marked by the creation of the first nationwide football competition – the Campeonato de Portugal. Organised by the national federation, this knockout tournament gathered the winners of the regional championships to determine the Portuguese champion. After clinching its fourth consecutive regional title, Porto defeated Sporting CP in the inaugural edition and became the first national champions. While a dominant regional force, the club faced stronger opposition in the national championship, winning it only three more times in a span of sixteen years. In 1933–34, Porto was denied participation in the Campeonato de Portugal by its football association for refusing to release players for a match between the Porto and Lisbon regional teams. In the following season, a second nationwide competition named "Campeonato da Primeira Liga", or Primeira Liga, was provisionally established by the national federation to increase the number of matches per season and improve the competitiveness of Portuguese football.

As the regional champion, Porto qualified for the first edition of the new round-robin competition, winning it with 10 victories in 14 matches. Due to the success of its format, the Primeira Liga was made an official championship competition for the 1938–39 season – its name

Church of St Mary and St John

The Church of St Mary and St John is the older of two Roman Catholic churches in the town of Ballincollig, County Cork, Ireland. The church was built in the 1860s, funded by donations from the local people of the time, opened on 28 October 1866; the church is combined with some features of other periods. It is built of ashlar limestone with roof slates. Up to 1808, Catholic residents of Ballincollig had to travel to Ballinora, Kilnaglory or Clash Cross in Carriganarra to attend mass. An increase in the Catholic population due to the expansion of the Ballincollig Royal Gunpowder Mills, made it necessary for a new church to be erected in Ballincollig; this new church became the parish church - replacing Ballinora as the main church in the area. The first church was built in 1808 by Fr. Nicholas O’Riordan P. P. in the building, now occupied by the community hall. The site was given by Charles Henry Leslie for 960 years at the rent of 6d per year. Leslie donated 100 guineas towards the cost of building the church.

The Bishop of Cork, Francis Moylan, was involved in the negotiations for the site. After the closure of this church building in 1866, it was converted to use as a school; the ceremony to lay the foundation stone of a new Roman Catholic Church in Ballincollig was led by the Right Rev. Dr. Delany, Bishop of Cork, on 13 August 1865; the population of the parish of Ballincollig had grown so large that for a considerable time the chapel which stood on the south side of the village was unable to cope with the large attendances. The new site was on higher ground less than 100 yards to the south of the old church, it was on the property of Thomas Wise. He gave the use of a quarry at his property in Coolroe, a short distance away, where all the stone was needed for the building could be got. Other funds were provided by the management of the nearby Gunpowder Mills - with some sources attributing these donations as an attempt to appease some sections of the local population; the total cost was expected to be about £5,000, half of, raised by the time of the foundation laying ceremony.

This ceremony followed a mass in the old church. The Bishop led a procession to the site of the new church, where a service and ceremonial sprinkling of holy water took place; the Bishop blessed the foundation stone, it was formally laid. A collection was made in aid of the funds for the new church and nearly £100 was subscribed on the spot; the building was designed by George Goldie. Goldie had designed many other churches in England and Ireland; the design of the church was neo-gothic in style, typical of this period. Goldie combined features from other periods, giving Ballincollig church some "unique" characteristics; the builder employed to construct the church was Mr. Barry McMullen of Cork; the walls of the church were made of ashlar limestone. The stained glass for the windows was supplied by messrs. Wiles of Newcastle in England; the windows vary in size from the narrow pointed type to the rose shaped-windows. The window shapes incorporate limestone tracery; the names of a number of people who contributed to the construction of the church can be seen on some of the windows.

For example, the stained glass window behind the statue of Mary was donated by Barry McMullen, reads: "Pray for Barry McMullen Builder of the church". Others read: "Pray for George Goldie Architect of this church" and "Pray for the Rev David Horgan of Cork, Priest of Ballincollig who erected the church with help of his parishioners and all the faithful- A. D. 1866". The metalwork in the church was done by messrs. Peard and Jackson of London. Much of this ornate metalwork has now been removed, e.g. the altar railings, the metal brackets which held the oil lamps. The railings on the outer wall of the church are the most visible examples of their work. Another feature of the church is the belfry with its pointed top, it is another example of the Gothic style of architecture. It is surmounted with a stone cross; the bell itself was supplied by Sheridan of Dublin. On 28 October 1866, the church of St. Mary and St. John was dedicated by the Right Rev. Dr. Delaney, Lord Bishop of the Diocese of Cork. A large number of people came to witness the dedication, with special trains running on the Cork and Macroom Railway.

During the dedication mass, the Rev. Fr. Brigitt delivered a sermon which included passages from the gospel of Luke VI, V and VI: "And when Jesus came to the place, looking up he saw him and said to him,'Zacheus, make haste and come down, for this day I must abide in thy house'." Fr. Brigitt said that the building indicated that the spirit of Zacheus was reflected in the people of Ballincollig

Émile-Joseph-Maurice Chevé

Émile-Joseph-Maurice Chevé was a French music theorist and music teacher. Chevé was born in Douarnenez, he qualified there to become a doctor and surgeon. In 1835, he studied medicine and mathematics, he visited a course taught by Aimé Paris, who propagated a music notation system inherited from Pierre Galin. He was attracted to the method, when he ended up marrying Paris's sister Nanine, he promoted and developed it together with Paris. From 1844, he gave in Paris more than 150 courses in the method, which became known as the Galin-Paris-Chevé method, he edited with his wife a series of textbooks that were used at such schools as the École normale supérieure, the École polytechnique and the Lycée Louis-le-Grand. His son Amand Chevé carried forth his interest in the system. Under John Curwen it came into the English-speaking world, was carried by Lowell Mason into the United States. A hundred years the Hungarian music educator Zoltán Kodály adapted the system in his Kodály Method, he is the father of Émile-Frédéric-Maurice Chevé, a poet.

Méthode élémentaire de musique vocale, théorie et pratique, chiffrée et portée Méthode d'harmonie et de composition 800 duos gradués Méthode élémentaire de piano Appel au bon sens de toutes les nations qui désirent voir se généraliser chez elles l'enseignement musical Protestation adressée au comité central d'instruction primaire de la ville de Paris, contre un rapport de la Commission de chant La routine et le bon sens Coup de grâce à la routine musicale Edwin E. Gordon: Learning Sequences in Music: A Contemporary Music Learning Theory, GIA Publications, 2007, ISBN 978-1-57999-688-8, p. 83 ff