White Houses, Frederiksberg
The White Houses in the Frederiksberg district of Copenhagen, are a building society development built for workers at Frederiksberg Gasworks. It is located near Frederiksberg Gardens; the first gasworks in Frederiksberg opened in 1860 and was located at H. C. Ørsteds Vej. When the installation of gas in private homes became common in the 1890s, it was decided to build a new plant at Flintholm, which opened in 1895, it was located in rural surroundings a few kilometres outside town and with no public transport available, it prompted a wish for new residences for its workers, located closer to their new workplace. Frederiksberg Gasworks Workers' Building Society was founded in 1898 after an act adopted earlier that year provided for state loans for the construction of workers housing; the building society acquired a 4.5 hectare site at Peter Bangs Vej, just under one kilometre from Frederiksberg Gasworks. The architects Gotfred Tvede and Olaf Schmidth were charged with the design of the houses which were built in 1788 and 1900.
The development contained 194 dwellings as well as a building with retail space. Frederiksberg Workers' Building Society was dissolved in 1922 when the apartments were converted into private ownership; the development consists of seven detached houses. The design is based on a cubic volume where the length and height of roof ridge all measure 8.46 m. The semi-detached houses consist of two cubes put together. Gotfred Tvede and Olaf Schmidth created seven different designs for variation; the buildings are designed in a Neo-Baroque style locally known as palæstil, inspired by 18th-century Rococo mansions, popular in Denmark at the time. Common features are white-dressed facades, Mansard roofs with red tiles, gable dormers and small paned windows; the house owners are now organized in Vejlauget FAB. The houses are located on Peter Bangs Vej, Kronprinsensvej, Folkets Allé, Frihedsvej and Broderskabsvej. Ida Auken, politician Eberts Villaby Lyset Official website Interactive map of the development Original renderings
Rosenørns Allé is a street located on the border between Frederiksberg and Nørrebro, on the west side of The Lakes, in Copenhagen, Denmark. The street branches from the south side of the busy throughfare Kampmannsgade-Åboulevard at the west end of the embankment which separates St. Jørgen's Lake from Peblinge Lake, runs west to Julius Thomsens Plads and continues in a more northwesternly direction to Bülowsvej where it turns into Rolighedsvej and Godthåbsvej before reaching Bellahøj in Brønshøj. Rosenørns Allé is associated with the Radio House and its name was used as a metronym for DR's radio broadcasting operations prior to the inauguration of DR Byen in 2009. Julius Thomsens Plads, across the street from the Radio House, is a public space surrounded by the multi-purpose- venue Forum Copenhagen, several large, educational institutions and St. Mark's Church, it is the site of the Forum metro station. Rosenørns Allé is built on land that used to belong to Ladegården a farm under Copenhagen Castle built by Christian IV in the 1620s.
When Copenhagen's second central station was located at Axeltorv, the westbound trains crossed The Lakes on the embankment where Gyldenløvevej runs today and followed what is now Rosenørns Allé to present-day Julius Thomsens Plads where it split into a northbound and a westbound line. The western part of the avenue was established in about 1905 at the private initiative of Aktieselskabet Futurum and continued 125 meter east from H. C. Ørsteds Vej. It was called Vinkelvek; the avenue was extended to Gyldenløvesgade by Copenhagen Municipality in 1927-28 and its name was changed to Rosenørns Allé after Ernst Emil Rosenørn. The triangular area between Åboulevard, Rosenørns Allé and the new street Julius Thomsens Gade had been transferred from Frederiksberg to Copenhagen municipality when Ladegården's old main building was demolished in 1924; the Functionalist apartment building Trekanten on the rounded corner of Rosenørns Allé with Åboulevard was designed by Kay Fisker. In collaboration with C. F. Møller, The insurance company Andels-Anstalten Tryg's former headquarters is from 1927 and was designed by Arthur Wittmaack.
Arbejdernes Foreningsbygning is from 1924. It now houses the Danish branch of Save the Children. Kvindelig Arbejderforbund had a building in the street, it was built in 1940 to design by Edvard Heiberg who had designed their building on Godthåbsvej. The building on the corner of Bülowsvej and Rosenørns Allé is from 1906 and was designed by Axel Preisler in collaboration with Povl Baumann. Julius Thomsens Plads takes its name after the chemist Julius Thomsen. Forum Copenhagen occupies the west side of the square. On the east side is Købmandsskolen from 1927, built in 1927 to design by Jesper Tvede, it now houses Niels Brock Copenhagen Business College's upper secondary school Handelsgymnasiet JTP and the IT Department are based on the east side. St. Mark's Church acts as a point de vue at the southern end of the square
Bülowsvej is a street in the Frederiksberg district of Copenhagen, Denmark. It runs from Gammel Kongevej in the south to Åboulevard in the north, linking Madvigs Allé with Brohusgade; the University of Copenhagen's Frederiksberg Campus dominates the west side of the street with its large main building from 1895. The east side of the street is home to one of Denmark's oldest neighbourhoods of single family detached homes; the street takes its name after Frederik Christoffer Bülow, inspector at Ladegården. When the so-called Demarcation Line was moved from Jagtvej to The Lakes in 1852, he acquired large areas of land, both between the Ladegård Canal and Gammel Kongevej in Frederiksberg and at Blågård in Nørrebro, he sold off the land in Frederiksberg in lots with a registered contractual term, effective until 1925, ensuring that it could only be used for low, private villas. Bülow proposed that H. C. Ørstedsvej was extended all the way to Gammel Kongevej but this was rejected. He established Bülowsvej on his own land, naming it after himself.
Frederiksberg became an independent municipality in 1968. In 1858, the new Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University's main building was inaugurated on the west side of the street as a replacement for the old Royal Veterinarian School on Sankt Annæ Gade in Christianshavn; the railway to Roskilde crossed the street from its opening in 1864. In 1902, Paul Bergsøe opened a metalware factory at a site next to the railway on the east side of the street, it was demolished in 1945. The railway crossing disappeared. Bülowvej's most prominent landmark is the main building of University of Copenhagen's Frederiksberg Campus, it owes its current appearance to an extension designed by Johannes Emil Gnudtzmann in 1895. To the north of the old main building, on the other side of Thorvaldsensvej, is Copenhagen Plant Science Center under construction, it will consist of four cylindrical buildings designed by Tranberg. DTU Vet, National Veterinary Institute, part of the Technical University of Denmark, conducts research in infectious animal diseases.
It is the result of a merger of the Royal Veterinary and Agricultural College's Serumlaboratorium and Statens Veterinære Institut for Virusforskning in 2002 under the name Danmarks Veterinærinstitut. It has been part of DTU since 1 January 2007; the Neo-Baroque apartment building on the corner of Bülowsvej with Rosenørns Allé is from 1905 and was designed by Axel Preisler and Povl Baumann. The area on the east side of the street is Denmark's oldest neighbourhood of single family detached housing, it comprises streets such as Uraniavej, Lindevej and Amalievej
Frederiksberg Gardens is one of the largest and most attractive greenspaces in Copenhagen, Denmark. Together with the adjacent Søndermarken it forms a green area of 64 hectares at the western edge of Inner Copenhagen, it is a romantic landscape garden designed in the English style. Frederiksberg Gardens was established by King Frederik IV in connection with the construction of Frederiksberg Palace as his new summer retreat on high grounds atop Valby Hill. Work on the project began in the last half of the 1690s with inspiration from Italy and France which Frederick, at that time still Crown Prince, had visited on several occasions, he commissioned the eminent Swedish architect Nicodemus Tessin to draw a proposal and the final plan was subsequently made by Hans Heinrich Scheel, a captain in the Corps of Royal Engineers. The plan involved a parterre with a complex system of cascades on the sloping terrain in front of the new palace, it was fed by a inefficient system of pumps which never came to work properly.
In the end, Johan Cornelius Krieger, at the time working on an extension and adaption of Fredensborg Palace, north of Copenhagen, was called upon to redesign the parterre. Unusually of the time, he gave up the parterre and instead transformed the slope into a series of terraces. In the 1790s, as fashion changed, the park was adapted into an English landscape garden. P. Petersen created a new garden plan in 1795, he created a typical English-style landscape garden with winding lawns, lakes and spinneys as well as grottos, temples and summerhouses. The final result may well have been based on Johan Ludwig Mansa's book on English-style gardening written in 1798. Frederik VI was fond of the garden. From 1804, he sailed the canals in a gondola, it was moved to Frederiksborg Castle and Lake Esrum. Though a palace park, the general public had access to the grounds but sailors and people in poor clothing or carrying large bundles were turned away by the guard at the park's sole entrance. Not until 1865 did access to the park become unrestricted, in line with what was the case elsewhere in the city, such as at Langelinie.
Smørrebrødsplænen, on the corner of Roskildevej and Pile Allé, where K. B.'s tennis halls are today, became a popular picnic destination for families. Frederiksberg Gardens is an English-style Romantic landscape garden with winding paths, lakes, small islands and magnificent trees. A large variety of plants and birds can be seen, including mute swans, greylag geese, grey herons, Canada geese. Of the romantic landscape garden, the park houses two follies, waterfalls and other garden features; the main entrance to Frederiksberg Gardens was, in its present form, built in 1755, following the fire two years earlier at the Prince's House, the precursor of Frederiksberg Palace, which used to be located at the site. The gate was designed by Lauritz de Thurah who had become general master builder after Eigtved's death; the vases at the top of the two sandstone pillars were executed by the sculptor Johann Friedrich Hännel. The gate opens to a path which passes between two yellow buildings with white details.
They are the two surviving wings of the Prince's House. The south wing, located on the left-hand side when entering the park, was converted into an orangery by Nicolai Eigtved in 1744 and is now part of the Royal Danish Horticultural Society's Garden; the north wing, located on the right-hand side, is used by the park's administration. The Chinese summerhouse was completed in 1803 as a replacement for a pavilion which had stood at the center of the baroque garden but was pulled down in 1799, it was sited on a small artificial island accessible by across a bridge, built to a matching Chinese design. The summerhouse was built by the court architect Andreas Kirkerup, like the rest of the buildings in the park it was a feature well known from the English garden; the summerhouse contained two cabinets, a kitchen and lavatory. The only window in the lavatory was made of red glass; the furniture consisted of copies of Chinese furniture as well as a set of genuine Chinese bamboo furniture acquired through the Asiatic Company.
Both the exterior and the interior has rich Chinese-inspired decorations, pictures and other ornaments, there were bells on the roof. Imitation bamboo was used in the ceilings; the Apis Temple is located on the border to Copenhagen Zoo. It was designed in the style of a Roman temple by the painter Nicolai Abildgaard and built in 1802, it is named for the Egyptian bull-deity Apis, depicted on the frontispice. The temple front consists of 10 columns of which 8 are recycled from a rebuilding of Moltke's Palace while the last 2 columns are replicas. Decorations include the Ox Cranium Frieze and the Bull Relief, both carved in sandstone. On the inside, the temple consists of a barrel vaulted room with two windows which had stained glass; the room was furnished with a sofa and console tables which the royalties could use for drinking tea. From 1874 to 1970, the temple was used as entrance to the Zoo, built in 1859, the décor changed; the temple is open for the public and has been used for art exhibitions.
Like the Apis Temple, the Swiss Cottage lies in the part of the park, incorporated when the park was redesigned in the Romantic style. Designed by Abildgaard and built between 1800 and 1801, the contains a hall, a cabinet and some smaller rooms in which the royal family could take coffee after dinner or a stroll in the garden. In 1894, the house was converted into a residence for the castle gardener, the interior was radically altered; the style has little
Jagtvej is a major artery in the Nørrebro and Østerbro districts of Copenhagen, Denmark. It runs from Agade on the border with Frederiksberg in the southwest to Østerbrogade in the northeast, linking Falkoner Allé with Strandboulevarden; the street passes Assistens University of Copenhagen's North Campus and Fælled Park. The road originates in a track, established in the 1660s to enable royal hunting parties to travel more from Frederiksberg Palace to Jægersborg Deer Garden and Frederiksborg Castle in North Zealand; the so-called Demarcation Line, which enforced a no-built zone outside Copenhagen's fortifications, was moved to the track in 1682. In 1750, it was expanded into a larger, tree-lined road, used for royal hunts. Riders would wait for signal at Nørrebro Runddel; the road extended from the Royal Falconry and was reserved for members of the royal court but in the century opened to the public. The Demarcation Line was moved to The Lakes in 1852 and Jagtvej was subsequently built over in the second half of the 19th century.
Meyer Hertz moved his tannery and shoeware factory to Jagtvej in 1875. The railway crossing on the street disappeared in 1930; the former home of the Regional Archives for Zealand, Lolland–Falster and Bornholm is located at Nuuks Plads. The oldest part of the complex was built in the National Romantic style by Martin Nyrop in 1891–93. There are plans to redevelop the site with youth housing; the primary school Nørrebro Park Skole is located at Assistens Cemetery. The school was called Jagtvejens Skole, it was built at the site. The school was most expanded and received its current name in 2008. Fogedgården and Fogedmarken are residential developments for senior citizens built in the 1940s to design by Kay Fisker and C. F. Møller. Rigshospitalets Kollegium us a dormitory associated Rigshospitalet; the street passes Vibenshus Rundelpasses University of Copenhagen's University Park, part of its North Campus. The under construction Niels Nohr Building will span the street with a long skywalk. Other buildings located directly on the street include the Museum of Zoology and the August Krogh Building.
NEXT EDU Copenhagen Technical College, has a building at No. 163. The building was built for Københavns Tekniske Skole to design by Henning Hansen. Taksigelseskirken isa Church of Denmark parish church, it was designed by Frederik Kiørboe. The Roman Catholic St. Augustine's Church was completed in 1915 to design by Emil Jørgensen; the complex contained a convent which now houses Niels Steensens Gymnasium, a Catholic upper secondary school, a hall of residence. The listed housing block Kanslergården was designed by Henning Hansen. Kanslerhus is designed in a somewhat similar style. Meyer Hertz' former shoeware factory was demolished in 1987 and replaced by a Postmodern housing development called Garvergården designed by Tegnestuen Vandkunsten, it reuses a few elements from the industrial complex. Copenhagen Metro's under construction City Circle Line will have three underground stations along the road, they will be located at Nørrebro Runddel and Poul Henningsens Plads. The Nørrebro Route of Copenhagen's super bikeway system crosses Jagtvej just south of Nørrebro Park Skole
Denmark the Kingdom of Denmark, is a Nordic country and the southernmost of the Scandinavian nations. Denmark lies southwest of Sweden and south of Norway, is bordered to the south by Germany; the Kingdom of Denmark comprises two autonomous constituent countries in the North Atlantic Ocean: the Faroe Islands and Greenland. Denmark proper consists of a peninsula, an archipelago of 443 named islands, with the largest being Zealand and the North Jutlandic Island; the islands are characterised by flat, arable land and sandy coasts, low elevation and a temperate climate. Denmark has a total area of 42,924 km2, land area of 42,394 km2, the total area including Greenland and the Faroe Islands is 2,210,579 km2, a population of 5.8 million. The unified kingdom of Denmark emerged in the 10th century as a proficient seafaring nation in the struggle for control of the Baltic Sea. Denmark and Norway were ruled together under one sovereign ruler in the Kalmar Union, established in 1397 and ending with Swedish secession in 1523.
The areas of Denmark and Norway remained under the same monarch until Denmark -- Norway. Beginning in the 17th century, there were several devastating wars with the Swedish Empire, ending with large cessions of territory to Sweden. After the Napoleonic Wars, Norway was ceded to Sweden, while Denmark kept the Faroe Islands and Iceland. In the 19th century there was a surge of nationalist movements, which were defeated in the 1864 Second Schleswig War. Denmark remained neutral during World War I. In April 1940, a German invasion saw brief military skirmishes while the Danish resistance movement was active from 1943 until the German surrender in May 1945. An industrialised exporter of agricultural produce in the second half of the 19th century, Denmark introduced social and labour-market reforms in the early 20th century that created the basis for the present welfare state model with a developed mixed economy; the Constitution of Denmark was signed on 5 June 1849, ending the absolute monarchy, which had begun in 1660.
It establishes a constitutional monarchy organised as a parliamentary democracy. The government and national parliament are seated in Copenhagen, the nation's capital, largest city, main commercial centre. Denmark exercises hegemonic influence in the Danish Realm, devolving powers to handle internal affairs. Home rule was established in the Faroe Islands in 1948. Denmark negotiated certain opt-outs, it is among the founding members of NATO, the Nordic Council, the OECD, OSCE, the United Nations. Denmark is considered to be one of the most economically and developed countries in the world. Danes enjoy a high standard of living and the country ranks in some metrics of national performance, including education, health care, protection of civil liberties, democratic governance and human development; the country ranks as having the world's highest social mobility, a high level of income equality, is among the countries with the lowest perceived levels of corruption in the world, the eleventh-most developed in the world, has one of the world's highest per capita incomes, one of the world's highest personal income tax rates.
The etymology of the word Denmark, the relationship between Danes and Denmark and the unifying of Denmark as one kingdom, is a subject which attracts debate. This is centered on the prefix "Dan" and whether it refers to the Dani or a historical person Dan and the exact meaning of the -"mark" ending. Most handbooks derive the first part of the word, the name of the people, from a word meaning "flat land", related to German Tenne "threshing floor", English den "cave"; the -mark is believed to mean woodland or borderland, with probable references to the border forests in south Schleswig. The first recorded use of the word Danmark within Denmark itself is found on the two Jelling stones, which are runestones believed to have been erected by Gorm the Old and Harald Bluetooth; the larger stone of the two is popularly cited as Denmark's "baptismal certificate", though both use the word "Denmark", in the form of accusative ᛏᛅᚾᛘᛅᚢᚱᚴ tanmaurk on the large stone, genitive ᛏᛅᚾᛘᛅᚱᚴᛅᚱ "tanmarkar" on the small stone.
The inhabitants of Denmark are there called "Danes", in the accusative. The earliest archaeological findings in Denmark date back to the Eem interglacial period from 130,000–110,000 BC. Denmark has been inhabited since around 12,500 BC and agriculture has been evident since 3900 BC; the Nordic Bronze Age in Denmark was marked by burial mounds, which left an abundance of findings including lurs and the Sun Chariot. During the Pre-Roman Iron Age, native groups began migrating south, the first tribal Danes came to the country between the Pre-Roman and the Germanic Iron Age, in the Roman Iron Age; the Roman provinces maintained trade routes and relations with native tribes in Denmark, Roman coins have been found in Denmark. Evidence of strong Celtic cultural influence dates from this period in Denmark and much of North-West Europe and is among other things reflected in the finding of the Gundestrup cauldron; the tribal Danes came from the east Danish islands and Scania and spoke an early form of North Germanic.
Historians believe that before their arrival, most of Jutland and the nearest islands were settled by tribal J
Fuglebakken known as Fuglebakkekvarteret, is a residential neighbourhood in the northern part of Frederiksberg in Copenhagen, Denmark. The area is bounded by Godthåbsvej to the south, Nordre Fasanvej to the east, Borups Allé to the north and the S-train line on the municipal border with Copenhagen to the west, it consists of a mixture of single family detached terraced housing and apartment buildings. The land belonged to Store Godthåb but was sold to the two new country houses Fuglebakken and Lille Godthåb in the late 18th century. In about 1900, it was acquired by a consortium and development began when a tram line was extended to a tram loop at present day Kristian Zartmanns Plads in 1905; the central part of the Fuglebakken area was built over with single family detached homes and terraced houses over the next three decades while taller buildings were constructed along its edges. The area between Vagtelvej and the railway in the westernmost part of the area was the site of an industrial zone until the 1960s when the industrial buildings were replaced by 8 large apartment blocks.
The area was served by trams from 1905. Bakkehusene is a large development of terraced housing built in 1928–29 to design by the architect Thorkild Henningsen, it consists of 165 houses and is listed.. Duevej School, a public primary school, opened in 1905 to design by Valdemar Schmidt and is still in use; the main building, gymnastics hall, former principal's residence and school yard are listed. The neighbourhood is home to a former children's hospital from 1913, converted into apartments; the politician Aksel Larsen lived in the neighbourhood. On Kristian Zahrtmanns Plads stands a statue of Kristian Zahrtmann, it was created by the sculptor Hans Syberg and unveiled in 1931. Former prime minister Jens Otto Krag and his wife the actress Helle Virkner lived at Egernvej 61. Soviet First Secretary Nikita Khrushchev visited their home during his state visit to Denmark in 1964. Another politician, Aksel Larsen, had his home on Fuglebakkevej for 20 years. Other notable residents in the area include the sculptors Gunnar Hammerich and Edvard Eriksen, the painters Albert Naur and Kristian Zahrtmann and painter Mogens Lorentzen, author Henri Nathansen and the composer Niels Viggo Bentzon.
Fuglebakken station is located on the S-train network's Ring Line. Mariendalsvej Fuglebakkens Ejerlaug