Fashion design

Fashion design is the art of applying design and natural beauty to clothing and its accessories. It is influenced by cultural and social attitudes, has varied over time and place. Fashion designers work in a number of ways in designing clothing and accessories such as bracelets and necklaces; because of the time required to bring a garment onto the market, designers must at times anticipate changes to consumer tastes. Designers interpret them for their audience, their specific designs are used by manufacturers. This is the essence of a designer's role. Fashion designers attempt to design clothes, they consider, to wear a garment and the situations in which it will be worn, they work within a wide range of materials, colors and styles. Though most clothing worn for everyday wear falls within a narrow range of conventional styles, unusual garments are sought for special occasions such as evening wear or party dresses; some clothes are made for an individual, as in the case of haute couture or bespoke tailoring.

Today, most clothing is designed for the mass market casual and every-day wear are called ready to wear. Fashion designers may work full-time for one fashion house, as'in-house designers', which owns the designs, or they work alone or as part of a team. Freelance designers work for themselves, selling their designs to fashion houses, directly to shops, or to clothing manufacturers; the garments bear the buyer's label. Some fashion designers set up their own labels; some fashion designers design for individual clients. Other high-end fashion designers cater to high-end fashion department stores; these designers create original garments, as well as those. Most fashion designers, work for apparel manufacturers, creating designs of men's, women's, children's fashions for the mass market. Large designer brands which have a'name' as their brand such as Abercrombie & Fitch, Justice, or Juicy are to be designed by a team of individual designers under the direction of a design director. Fashion designers work in different ways.

Some sketch their ideas on paper. When a designer is satisfied with the fit of the toile, he or she will consult a professional pattern maker who makes the finished, working version of the pattern out of card or via a computerized system. A sample garment is made up and tested on a model to make sure it is an operational outfit. Fashion design is considered to have started in the 19th century with Charles Frederick Worth, the first designer to have his label sewn into the garments that he created. Before the former draper set up his maison couture in Paris, clothing design and creation was handled by anonymous seamstresses, high fashion descended from that worn at royal courts. Worth's success was such that he was able to dictate to his customers what they should wear, instead of following their lead as earlier dressmakers had done; the term couturier was in fact first created in order to describe him. While all articles of clothing from any time period are studied by academics as costume design, only clothing created after 1858 is considered as fashion design.

It was during this period that many design houses began to hire artists to sketch or paint designs for garments. The images were shown to clients, much cheaper than producing an actual sample garment in the workroom. If the client liked their design, they ordered it and the resulting garment made money for the house. Thus, the tradition of designers sketching out garment designs instead of presenting completed garments on models to customers began as an economy; the garments produced by clothing manufacturers fall into three main categories, although these may be split up into additional, more specific categories Until the 1950s, fashion clothing was predominately designed and manufactured on a made-to-measure or haute couture basis, with each garment being created for a specific client. A couture garment is made to order for an individual customer, is made from high-quality, expensive fabric, sewn with extreme attention to detail and finish using time-consuming, hand-executed techniques. Look and fit take priority over the cost of materials and the time it takes to make.

Due to the high cost of each garment, haute couture makes little direct profit for the fashion houses, but is important for prestige and publicity. Ready-to-wear, or prêt-à-porter, clothes are a cross between haute mass market, they are not made for individual customers, but great care is taken in the choice and cut of the fabric. Clothes are made in small quantities to guarantee exclusivity, so they are rather expensive. Ready-to-wear collections are presented by fashion houses each season during a period known as Fashion Week; this occurs twice a year. The main seasons of Fashion Week include: spring/summer, fall/winter, resort and bridal. Half-way garments are an alternative to "off-the-peg", or prêt-à-porter fashion. Half-way garments are intentionally unfinished pieces of clothing that encourages co-design between the "primary designer" of the garment, what would be considered, the passive "cons


Hitachi, Ltd. is a Japanese multinational conglomerate company headquartered in Chiyoda, Japan. It is the parent company of the Hitachi Group and formed part of the Nissan zaibatsu and DKB Group of companies before DKB merged into the Mizuho Financial Group. Hitachi operates eleven business segments, ranging from Information & Telecommunication Systems to Construction Machinery. Hitachi is listed on the Tokyo Stock Exchange and is a constituent of the Nikkei 225 and TOPIX indices, it is ranked 38th in the 2012 Fortune Global 500 and 129th in the 2012 Forbes Global 2000. Hitachi was founded in 1910 by electrical engineer Namihei Odaira in Ibaraki Prefecture; the company's first product was Japan's first 4-kilowatt induction motor developed for use in copper mining. The company began as an in-house venture of Fusanosuke Kuhara's mining company in Ibaraki. Odaira moved headquarters to Tokyo in 1918. Odaira coined the company's toponymic name by superimposing two kanji characters: hi meaning “sun” and tachi meaning “rise.”World War II had a significant impact on the company with many of its factories being destroyed by Allied bombing raids, discord after the war.

Founder Odaira was removed from the company. Hitachi's reconstruction efforts after the war were hindered by a labor strike in 1950; the company saw an increase in business during the Korean War due to defense contracts offered by the American military. Meanwhile, Hitachi went public in 1949. Hitachi America, Ltd. was established in 1959. Hitachi Europe, Ltd. was established in 1982. From 2006 to 2010, Hitachi lost US$12.5 billion. This prompted Hitachi to restructure and sell a number of divisions and businesses, a process, expected to finish in 2021. In March 2011, Hitachi agreed to sell its hard disk drive subsidiary, HGST, to Western Digital for a combination of cash and shares worth US$4.3 billion. Due to concerns of a duopoly of WD and Seagate Technology by the EU Commission and the Federal Trade Commission, Hitachi's 3.5" HDD division was sold to Toshiba. The transaction was completed in March 2012. In January 2012, Hitachi announced. In September 2012, Hitachi announced that it had invented a long-term data solution out of quartz glass, capable of preserving information for millions of years.

In October 2012, Hitachi agreed to acquire the United Kingdom-based nuclear energy company Horizon Nuclear Power, which plans to construct up to six nuclear power plants in the UK, from E. ON and RWE for £700 million. In November 2012, Hitachi and Mitsubishi Heavy Industries agreed to merge their thermal power generation businesses into a joint venture to be owned 65% by Mitsubishi Heavy Industries and 35% by Hitachi; the joint venture began operations in February 2014. In October 2015, Hitachi completed a deal with Johnson Controls to form a joint-venture that would takeover Hitachi's HVAC business. Hitachi maintained a 40 % stake of Johnson Controls-Hitachi Air Conditioning. In May 2016, Hitachi announced. In February 2017, Hitachi and Honda announced a partnership to develop and sell motors for electric vehicles. On March 14, 2018, Zoomdata announced its partnership with Hitachi INS Software to help develop big data analytics market in Japan. In December 2018, Hitachi Ltd. announced it would take over ABB Ltd.'s power grid division for $6.4 billion.

In 2017, private equity firm KKR bought Hitachi Kokusai's semiconductor equipment division, becoming Kokusai Electric. Kokusai Electric would be bought by Applied Materials in 2019, for US$2.2 billion. In 2019, Hitachi sold Hitachi Chemical to Showa Denko and its medical imaging business to Fujifilm for a total of US$6.38 billion. In October 2019, Honda was reported to be in talks with Hitachi to merge the two companies' car parts businesses, creating a components supplier with $17 billion in annual sales. Hitachi T.2 Hitachi TR.2 Hitachi Hatsukaze Car Information Systems Drive Control Electric Powertrain Systems Engine Management Systems Batteries Hard disk drives Information Storage Media LCDs Hydraulic Excavators Forestry Equipment Mechanical & Hydraulic Cranes Mining Dump Trucks Crawler Dump trucks Wheel Loaders Military vehicles Vetronics Crisis management C4I systems Satellite image processing systems Social Infrastructure security business Electric propulsion technology Electro-mechanical systems Advanced Combat Infantry Equipment System – Primary contractor Air conditioning equipment Hitachi Magic Wand LCD projectors Professional DLP Projectors Optical disc drives Plasma and LCD Televisions Refrigerators Room air conditioners Washing machinesNote: A new product from Hitachi called Memory glass was to be introduced in 2015.

It is a high density information storage medium utilizing laser etched/readable Fused quartz. LCDs Medical electronics equipment Power tools Test and measurement equipment Leasing Loan guarantees Invoice finance Consumer finance Business finance Circuit boards and materials Copper products High grade casting components and materials Magnetic materials and components Semiconductor and display related materials Specialty steels Wires and cables ATMs Disk array subsystems Mainframe c

Paul Faries

Paul Tyrrell Faries is a retired Major League Baseball second baseman. He played during four seasons at the major league level for the San Diego Padres and San Francisco Giants, he was drafted by the Padres in the 23rd round of the 1987 amateur draft. Faries played his first professional season with their Class A Spokane Indians in 1987, his last season with the Detroit Tigers' Triple-A club, the Toledo Mud Hens, in 1998. Faries attended Campolindo High School in Moraga and attended Pepperdine University in 1984-87. Faries became one of the earliest Waves to earn All-American status, as the American Baseball Coaches Association put him on its third team in 1987, he shared West Coast Conference Player of the Year honors with teammate Steve Erickson during his senior season as well. He was named to the All-WCC first team as a sophomore and a senior, to the second team as a junior. Career statistics and player information from Baseball-Reference, or Fangraphs "Paul Faries". Society for American Baseball Research.

Retrieved on 14 March 2009