Fayette, Alabama

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Fayette
Fayette County courthouse in Fayette
Fayette County courthouse in Fayette
Location of Fayette in Fayette County, Alabama.
Location of Fayette in Fayette County, Alabama.
Coordinates: 33°41′31″N 87°49′56″W / 33.69194°N 87.83222°W / 33.69194; -87.83222
CountryUnited States
StateAlabama
CountyFayette
Area
 • Total8.63 sq mi (22.36 km2)
 • Land8.55 sq mi (22.14 km2)
 • Water0.08 sq mi (0.21 km2)
Elevation
371 ft (113 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total4,619
 • Estimate 
(2018)[2]
4,327
 • Density506.08/sq mi (195.41/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
35555
Area code(s)205
FIPS code01-25840
GNIS feature ID0157950
Websitefayetteal.org

Fayette is a city in Fayette County, Alabama, United States. The population was 4,619 at the 2010 census,[3] down from 4,922 at the 2000 census; the city is the county seat of Fayette County.

History[edit]

Originally known as "La Fayette", it incorporated on January 15, 1821;[4] when Fayette County was created in 1824, the town's name was officially changed to "Fayette Court House", though it was also known as "Fayetteville", which was the name shown on maps and on the U.S. Census in 1880 and 1890, it was officially shortened to "Fayette" in 1898.

Geography[edit]

Fayette is located in west-central Fayette County at 33°41′31″N 87°49′56″W / 33.69194°N 87.83222°W / 33.69194; -87.83222 (33.692068, -87.832358).[5]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 8.6 square miles (22.4 km2), of which 8.5 square miles (22.1 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.2 km2), or 0.95%, is water.[3]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880180
1900452
191063640.7%
19201,741173.7%
19302,10921.1%
19402,66826.5%
19503,70738.9%
19604,22714.0%
19704,5688.1%
19805,28715.7%
19904,909−7.1%
20004,9220.3%
20104,619−6.2%
Est. 20184,327[2]−6.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
2013 Estimate[7]

As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 4,922 people, 2,092 households, and 1,303 families residing in the city; the population density was 575.1 people per square mile (222.0/km²). There were 2,336 housing units at an average density of 273.0 per square mile (105.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 75.34% White, 23.38% Black or African American, 0.12% Native American, 0.28% Asian, 0.30% from other races, and 0.57% from two or more races. One percent of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 2,092 households out of which 26.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.2% were married couples living together, 14.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.7% were non-families. 35.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.20 and the average family size was 2.85.

In the city, the population was spread out with 21.4% under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to 24, 24.2% from 25 to 44, 23.9% from 45 to 64, and 21.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females, there were 81.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 75.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $25,714, and the median income for a family was $36,589. Males had a median income of $29,857 versus $21,899 for females; the per capita income for the city was $15,553. About 12.5% of families and 18.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.2% of those under age 18 and 22.9% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[9] of 2010, there were 4,619 people, 1,924 households, and 1,206 families residing in the city; the population density was 530.2 people per square mile (206.2/km²). There were 2,239 housing units at an average density of 257.4 per square mile (100.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 73.4% White, 24.3% Black or African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 0.6% from other races, and 1.2% from two or more races. 1.4% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 1,924 households out of which 26.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.8% were married couples living together, 18.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.3% were non-families. 32.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.27 and the average family size was 2.88.

In the city, the population was spread out with 22.9% under the age of 18, 9.6% from 18 to 24, 23.0% from 25 to 44, 25.6% from 45 to 64, and 18.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40.2 years. For every 100 females, there were 88.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $31,705, and the median income for a family was $41,905. Males had a median income of $34,271 versus $27,500 for females; the per capita income for the city was $16,602. About 15.4% of families and 20.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.2% of those under age 18 and 15.9% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people[edit]

Local media[edit]

The Times-Record is the local newspaper.

The local radio stations are WLDX the River and WTXT.

Activities[edit]

Government[edit]

[16] Mayor Ray Nelson

Councilwoman Linda McCraw Ward 1

Councilman Eddy Campbell Ward 2

Councilman Jason Cowart Ward 3

Councilman Cedric Wilson (Mayor Pro-Tem)

Councilman Jerry Nichols Ward 5

Education[edit]

Bevill State Community College has a location in Fayette.

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Fayette has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[17]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2018 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 4, 2019.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 4, 2019.
  3. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001): Fayette city, Alabama". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved April 11, 2016.
  4. ^ http://www.encyclopediaofalabama.org/article/h-2931
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 6, 2013.
  7. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013". Archived from the original on May 22, 2014. Retrieved June 3, 2014.
  8. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2015-07-23.
  10. ^ https://www.imdb.com/title/tt2124976/
  11. ^ https://www.al.com/entertainment/2014/01/art_by_lois_wilson_known_for_w.html
  12. ^ https://www.alabamaheritage.com/issue-120-spring-2016.html
  13. ^ http://www.myamea.org/1970-jerry-bobo/
  14. ^ https://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=1817&dat=19710427&id=XxYfAAAAIBAJ&sjid=GpwEAAAAIBAJ&pg=4829,4940467&hl=en
  15. ^ http://www.tuscaloosanews.com/news/20170923/longtime-fayette-band-director-honored-on-birthday
  16. ^ https://fayetteal.org/about/city-council/
  17. ^ Climate Summary for Fayette, Alabama

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 33°41′31″N 87°49′56″W / 33.692068°N 87.832358°W / 33.692068; -87.832358