The Federal Constitutional Court is the supreme constitutional court for the Federal Republic of Germany, established by the constitution or Basic Law of Germany. Since its inception with the beginning of the post-World War II republic, the court has been located in the city of Karlsruhe, the seat of the Federal Court of Justice; the main task of the Federal Constitutional Court is judicial review, it may declare legislation unconstitutional, thus rendering them ineffective. In this respect, it is similar to other supreme courts with judicial review powers, yet the court possesses a number of additional powers, is regarded as among the most interventionist and powerful national courts in the world. Unlike other supreme courts, the constitutional court is not an integral stage of the judicial or appeals process, does not serve as a regular appellate court from lower courts or the Federal Supreme Courts on any violation of federal laws; the court's jurisdiction is focused on constitutional issues and the compliance of all governmental institutions with the constitution.
Constitutional amendments or changes passed by the Parliament are subject to its judicial review, since they have to be compatible with the most basic principles of the Grundgesetz defined by the eternity clause. The Basic Law of the Federal Republic of Germany stipulates that all three branches of the state are bound directly by the constitution in Article 20, Section 3 of the document; as a result, the court can rule acts of any branches unconstitutional, whether as formal violations or as material conflicts. The powers of the Federal Constitutional Court are defined in article 93 of the Grundgesetz; this constitutional norm is set out in a federal law, the Federal Constitutional Court Act, which defines how decisions of the court on material conflicts are put into force. The Constitutional Court has therefore several defined procedures in which cases may be brought before it: Constitutional complaint: By means of the Verfassungsbeschwerde any person may allege that his or her constitutional rights have been violated.
Although only a small fraction of these are successful, several have resulted in major legislation being invalidated in the field of taxation. The large majority of the court's procedures fall into this category. Abstract regulation control: Several political institutions, including the governments of the Bundesländer, may bring a federal law before the court if they consider it unconstitutional. A well-known example of this procedure was the 1975 abortion decision, which invalidated legislation intended to decriminalise abortion. Specific regulation control: Any regular court, convinced, that a law in question for a certain case is not in conformance with the constitution must suspend that case and bring this law before the Federal Constitutional Court. Federal dispute: Federal institutions, including members of the Bundestag, may bring internal disputes over competences and procedures before the court. State–federal dispute: The Länder may bring disputes over competences and procedures between the states and federal institutions before the court.
Investigation committee control Federal election scrutiny: Violations of election laws may be brought before the court by political institution or any involved voter. Impeachment procedure: Impeachment proceedings may be brought against the Federal President, a judge, or a member of one of the Federal Supreme Courts, by the Bundestag, the Bundesrat or the federal government, based on violation of constitutional or federal law. Prohibition of a political party: Only the Constitutional Court has the power to ban a political party in Germany; this has happened just twice, both times in the 1950s: the Socialist Reich Party, a neo-Nazi group, was banned in 1952, the Communist Party of Germany was banned in 1956. In the case of a third political party, the National Democratic Party of Germany has been brought by many other political parties before the court on more than one occasion. Due to logistical reasons, all of these attempts have failed; the court opted to rule that NPD was constitutional in 2003 after it was learned that the German federal government had injected many of its officials as spies into the party for surveillance and security.
Three judges objected to continuing, sufficient as banning a party requires a two-thirds majority. The court itself did not choose to ban the party. In another instance, back in 2016, it was decided by the second senate of the Federal Constitutional Court that the appeal to ban NPD should be rejected because the party itself had such a small proportion of support and influence that it could be sufficiently argued that it was nonexistent at any level of government in the country. Banning NPD was subsequently seen as pointless since it was believed that what few supporters that it had would either proceed to form a new political party with a different title or move to support the Alternative for Germany Party - another far-right political party in Germany, more popular than NPD and is quite arguably seen by many people as constitutionally antithetical. Despite this particular attempt at trying to ban the party, the Federal Constitutional Court did assert that NPD is unconstitutional due to the contents of its ideology and manifesto - going as fa
’O surdato ’nnammurato is a famous song written in the Neapolitan language. The song is used as the anthem of S. S. C. Napoli; the words were written by Aniello Califano and the music composed by Enrico Cannio in 1915. The song describes the sadness of a soldier, fighting at the front during World War I, who pines for his beloved. Cannio's sheet music was published with piano accompaniment, but in recordings, on 78rpm LP, Neapolitan standards such as O surdato have been orchestrated to suit each tenor. Staje luntana da stu core e a te volo cu'o penziero: niente voglio e niente spero ca tenerte sempe a ffianco a me! Si' sicura'e chist'ammore comm'i' so' sicuro'e te... Oje vita, oje vita mia... oje core'e chistu core... si' stata'o primmo ammore... E'o primmo e ll'ùrdemo sarraje pe' me! Quanta notte nun te veco, nun te sento'int'a sti bbracce, nun te vaso chesta faccia, nun t'astregno forte'mbraccio a me? Ma, scetánnome'a sti suonne, mme faje chiagnere pe' te... Oje vita Scrive sempe e sta' cuntenta: io nun penzo che a te sola...
Nu penziero mme cunzola, ca tu pienze sulamente a me...'A cchiù bella'e tutt'e bbelle, nun è maje cchiù bella'e te! Oje vita English translation:You are far away from this heart, I fly to you in thought: I hope and want nothing more than always keeping you by my side! Be sure about this love As I am sure that I love you... Oh life, oh my life... Oh heart of this heart... You were the first love... and the first and last you will be for me! How many nights have I not seen you, not felt you in my arms, not kissed your face, not held you tight in my arms?! But, waking from these dreams, you make me cry for you... Oh life, oh my life Always write and be happy: I can only think of you... One thought comforts me, that you only think of me... The most beautiful woman of all, is never more beautiful than you! Oh life, oh my life The Corrs when performing with Luciano Pavarotti used the following English lyrics for the second piece: So many nights without you without you in my arms I can kiss you, I can draw you close to me but wake up from your slumber you make me cry for you!
Mario Lanza Mario! 1958 Sergio Franchi on Romantic Italian Songs. 1962 RCA Victor Red Seal album. Billboard Top 200 Franco Corelli on Passione. 1963 Giuseppe di Stefano on Neapolitan Songs III 1965 Anna Magnani's performance of the song, in the film La sciantosa, is well known, as is the version of Massimo Ranieri. Luciano Pavarotti on Favourite Neapolitan songs 1981 Luciano Pavarotti duet with the Corrs; the middle verse is sung in English Video on YouTube Andrea Bocelli on "Incanto" Vittorio Grigolo on "Arrivederci" Nini Grassia directed a film which took its name from the song in 1983. ’O surdato ’nnammurato on IMDb, 1983 E-chords Italian translation
The Spanish pavilion houses Spain's national representation during the Venice Biennale arts festivals. The Venice Biennale is an international art biennial exhibition held in Italy. Described as "the Olympics of the art world", participation in the Biennale is a prestigious event for contemporary artists; the festival has become a constellation of shows: a central exhibition curated by that year's artistic director, national pavilions hosted by individual nations, independent exhibitions throughout Venice. The Biennale parent organization hosts regular festivals in other arts: architecture, film and theater. Outside of the central, international exhibition, individual nations produce their own shows, known as pavilions, as their national representation. Nations that own their pavilion buildings, such as the 30 housed on the Giardini, are responsible for their own upkeep and construction costs as well. Nations without dedicated buildings create pavilions in venues throughout the city; the pavilion was designed and built by Francisco Javier de Luque between 1921 and 1922.
While its façade shows influence of 17th century Spanish Baroque architecture, its internal layout is similar to that of the German Pavilion, for a kind of uniformity in the early Giardini buildings. The painter-architect Joaquín Vaquero Palacios restored the pavilion in 1952 and made its façade more modern, with a continuous brick face. 1954 — Miguel Ortiz Berrocal 1958 — Eduardo Chillida 1970 — Gaston Orellana 1984 — Antoni Clavé 1988 — Jorge Oteiza, Susana Solano 1990 — Antoni Miralda 1993 — Antoni Tàpies 1999 — Manolo Valdés, Esther Ferrer 2001 — Ana Laura Aláez, Javier Pérez 2003 — Santiago Sierra 2005 — Antoni Muntadas 2007 — Manuel Vilariño, José Luis Guerín, "Los Torreznos", Rubén Ramos 2009 — Miquel Barceló 2011 — Dora García 2013 — Lara Almarcegui 2015 — Francesc Ruiz, Pepo Salazar, Cabello/Carceller 2017 — Jordi Colomer 2019 — Itziar Okariz, Sergio Prego
Live Rescue is an American television program on the A&E Network. It follows live camera crew ride-alongs with fire departments and rescue squads in cities and towns across the country; the series is a spin-off of Live PD. The first season consisted of sixteen episodes. Two spin-offs of the series entitled Live Rescue: Rewind and Live Rescue: Emergency Response airs on A&E as well; the second season premiered on September 23, 2019. The show was hosted by Ashleigh Banfield. Matt Iseman took over as host for the second season. In 2019, A&E began developing a spin-off of Live PD called Live Rescue focusing on emergency rescue calls as opposed to police calls. Ashleigh Banfield was the first host of the series; the series received an initial eight episode order and premiered on April 22, 2019. A bonus episode of the series aired on May 9 bringing the episode count up to nine episodes. A&E ordered an additional ten episodes bringing the final episode count to nineteen. Live Rescue has its own spin-offs entitled Live Rescue: Rewind and Live Rescue: Emergency Response.
Live Rescue: Rewind highlights segments from aired episodes of Live Rescue and airs in the same format of Live PD: Rewind. Live Rescue: Emergency Response is a half hour show which shows highlights from Live Rescue and interviews with the fire fighters and emergency medical technicians featured. For the second season, Matt Iseman took over as host. Season 2 premiered on September 23, 2019; the series returned with two new agencies, including the Tallahassee Fire Department and the San Bernardino County Fire Department. Returning departments include the Mesa Fire and Rescue Department, the Paterson Fire Department, the St. Louis Fire Department, the Hamilton County EMS, the Sacramento Fire Department. Official website Live Rescue on IMDb
Gérard Dagon was a French evangelical Protestant pastor, author and long-time Christian counter cultist. He was Master of Divinity at the faculty of Protestant theology in Strasbourg, he became pastor of the Protestant Reformed Church of Alsace and Lorraine in 1959 directed the Union of Evangelical Churches Chrischona. He participated in the creation of the Evangelical Federation of France which he directed for a long time, he founded, alongside others such as Swiss pastor and former member of the ADFI Paul Ranc, the association Vigi-sectes in 1998 who fights against cults from an evangelical perspective. He published books about Protestant movements, about Christian-oriented groups he considered cults because of their supposed biblical errors, an extensive encyclopedia on Christianity, he listed 150 people. Sébastien Fath considered Dagon a "key figure of French evangelical Protestantism since the 1970s, Émile Poulat qualified him a "pioneer" in the religious issues. Although his works are used by sociologists, he received some criticisms.
For example, Secretary of the French episcopate for the study of cults and new religious movements Jean Vernette said that Dagon used his anti-cult fight to attract new followers to his church. Les Sectes en France, 1958 Petites églises de France, six volumes, 1960s-1970s Parlons sectes, Barnabas editions, 1991, ISBN 2-908582-04-X Panorama de la France Évangélique, Barnabas editions, 1993, ISBN 2-908582-07-4 Les Sectes à visage découvert: Tome 1, Yerres: Barnabas editions, 1995, ISBN 2-908582-09-0 Les Sectes à visage découvert: Tome 2, Dozulé:Barnabas editions, 1997, ISBN 2-908582-17-1 Nouvelle Encyclopédie chrétienne, Gandrange, 2005, 1247 p. ISBN 2-9500197-3-0 Site of Vigi-sectes
John Alexander Crawford, professionally known as JonFX, is a music producer from St. Andrews, Jamaica, he has worked with dancehall and reggae artists Shabba Ranks, I Wayne, Vybz Kartel and Akon, as well as late rapper XXXTentacion. In June 2018, he was appointed as a governor on the board of the Florida Grammy Chapter. In November 2018, Arms Around You, a song produced by JonFX, entered the Billboard Hot 100 at number 28, he produced Sizzla Kalonji's I'm Yours, which made to the Billboard Reggae chart and Billboard Heatseeker's chart at No. 3 and No. 4. JonFX produced Gyptian's Hold Yuh and an album of the same name in 2010. In 2017, he produced Sizzla's I'm Yours, which entered both the Billboard Reggae chart and Billboard Heatseeker's chart at No. 3 and No. 4. Crawford mixed XXXTentacion's hit Jocelyn Flores which peaked at number No. 19 on the Billboard Hot 100 and has been certified platinum in the United States. Some of his credits include, Gun Session featuring Young Jeezy, Shabba Ranks and Vybz Kartel.
He has been credited as writer and engineer on three tracks, Part 3, Smash and I Don't Even Speak Spanish LOL, from XXXTentacion's platinum-selling album. He serves as a governor on the board of the Florida Grammy Chapter. List of features with other performing artists, showing year released and song titlePeak Chart Positions List of Jamaican record producers JonFX at AllMusic Jon "Fx" Crawford discography at Discogs