Federal Hill is a neighborhood in Baltimore, United States that lies just to the south of the city's central business district. Many of the structures are included in the Federal Hill Historic District, listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1970. Other structures are included in the Federal Hill South Historic District, listed in 2003; the neighborhood is named for the prominent hill, viewed from the Inner Harbor area, to which the neighborhood forms the physical south boundary. The hillside serves as a community park; the neighborhood occupies the northwestern part of a peninsula that extends along two branches of the Patapsco River—the Northwest Branch and the Middle Branch. This peninsula is referred to as the South Baltimore Peninsula, includes the neighborhoods of Federal Hill, Locust Point, South Baltimore, Sharp-Leadenhall. While not physically a part of the peninsula, Otterbein is included in the collection of neighborhoods which make up greater South Baltimore. Traditionally, Federal Hill was triangular, bordered by Hanover Street to the west.
The Cross Street Market, a historic marketplace built in the 19th century, continues to serve residents and is the primary social and commercial hub for the neighborhood. As of late 2016, the City of Baltimore has entered into an agreement with Caves Valley Partners to renovate Cross Street Market; the multimillion-dollar rebuild is anticipated to break ground during Spring 2017. The primary business district is bounded by Montgomery, Light and Hanover Streets, is home to a large number of restaurants of a wide range of taste and price, many small shops as well as a few larger, more practical stores; the neighborhood is a popular destination for tavern goers and music lovers, with street festivals several times a year. These are organized through a active neighborhood organization and business organization, as is the annual Shakespeare on the Hill series of summer performances in the park atop the actual Federal Hill; the neighborhood is home to the American Visionary Art Museum and Maryland Science Center.
Significant and historic houses of worship include Christ Lutheran Church, Church of the Advent-Episcopal, Ebenezer African Methodist Episcopal Church, Light Street Presbyterian Church, Lee Street Baptist Church, Holy Cross Roman Catholic Church, St. Mary's Star of the Sea Roman Catholic Church. Federal Hill is served by Federal Hill Elementary School, Thomas Johnson Elementary Middle School, Francis Scott Key Elementary and Middle School, Digital Harbor High School; the public library is the Light Street Branch of the famous Enoch Pratt Free Library. Federal Hill is home to many popular retail and entertainment options all within walking distance for most neighborhood residents. With most daily needs covered by businesses within a few blocks of the community center, Federal Hill has emerged as a premier neighborhood for the increasing number of people choosing an urban lifestyle. Federal Hill is located conveniently to Interstate 95, Interstate 395, the Baltimore-Washington Parkway, Charles and Light Streets, which provide the major north-south surface route through Baltimore.
The western portions of the neighborhood are within walking distance of the Hamburg Street and Camden Yards stops on the Baltimore Light Rail. The Charm City Circulator is a free bus system that services central Baltimore and consists of four separate routes. Two of the routes, the Purple Route which runs from Penn Station to Federal Hill, the Banner Route which runs from the Inner Harbor to Fort McHenry, service Federal Hill. Early in the colonial period the area known as Federal Hill was the site of a paint pigment mining operation; the hill has several tunnels beneath its present parklike setting. On occasion a part of a tunnel will collapse causing the need to infill the area if the depression is near the surface of the edges of the hill. From early in the history of the city, the hill was civic treasure; the hill itself was given the name in 1789 after serving as the location for the end of a parade and a following civic celebration of the ratification of the new "Federal" constitution of the United States of America.
For much of the early history of Baltimore, the hill was known as Signal Hill because it was home to a maritime observatory serving the merchant and shipping interests of the city by observing the sailing of ships up the Patapsco River and signalling their impending arrival to downtown businesspeople. On the night of May 12, following the Baltimore riot of 1861, the hill was occupied in the middle of the night by a thousand Union troops and a battery under the command of General Benjamin F. Butler, who had entered the city, under cover of darkness and during a thunderstorm, from Annapolis via the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad. During the night and his men erected a small fort, with cannon pointing towards the central business district, their goal was to guarantee the allegiance of the city and the state of Maryland to the United States government. This fort and the Union army presence persisted for the duration of the Civil War. A large flag, a few cannons, a small Grand Army of the Republic monument remain to testify to this period of the hill's history.
In the 20th century, Federal Hill was a working-class neighborhood, by the late 1970s was yet another struggling Baltimore inner city neighborhood, with increasing crime, racial tension, depressed property values, an aging and decaying housing stock. Many of the industrial
Christopher Lee Heston is an American professional baseball pitcher, a free agent. He played college baseball for East Carolina University and played in Major League Baseball for the San Francisco Giants, the Seattle Mariners and the Minnesota Twins. On June 9, 2015, he threw the 17th no-hitter in Giants franchise history. Heston graduated from Bayside High School in Florida, he played college baseball for two years at Seminole Community College. He was drafted by the Minnesota Twins in the 47th round of the 2007 Major League Baseball Draft but did not sign with the team. In 2008 the Washington Nationals drafted Heston in the 29th round, but he again did not sign and attended East Carolina University, he was drafted a third time, by the San Francisco Giants in the 12th round in 2009, signed. Heston's professional career got off to a rocky start with a 1–5 record and 4.11 ERA in the rookie Arizona League in 2009. In 2010, he finished 5–13 with a 3.75 ERA with the Single-A Augusta GreenJackets. With the Class A-Advanced San Jose Giants in 2011, he improved to 12–4 with a 3.16 ERA and 131 strikeouts.
With the Double-A Richmond Flying Squirrels in 2012, he finished 9–8 with a 2.24 ERA, the second-lowest ERA in Flying Squirrels' franchise history. He earned a spot in the Eastern League All-Star Game and was named Eastern League Pitcher of the Year. Heston was added to the Giants' 40-man roster on November 20, 2012, he was optioned to AAA Fresno on March 2, 2013, struggled to a 7–6 record and 5.80 ERA. He was designated for assignment on July 13 to clear a roster spot for Jeff Francoeur and released on July 21, he was re-signed by the Giants to a minor league contract on July 24. In 2014, Heston improved to 12–9 with a 3.38 ERA in Fresno and was re-added to the 40-man roster in September 2014. Heston made his Major League debut with the San Francisco Giants on September 13, 2014, in the ninth inning against the Los Angeles Dodgers where he pitched a scoreless inning, he appeared in three games, including one start, pitched five and one-third innings with a 5.06 ERA. The Giants clinched a wild card spot with an 88–74 record and won the 2014 World Series, their third championship in five seasons.
Heston did not participate in any postseason activity but received his first championship ring for his regular season contributions. Heston was slated to start the 2015 season in AAA Sacramento, but was called up on April 7 to replace the injured Matt Cain, he got his first MLB win in his second start for the Giants on April 8, 2015, defeating the Arizona Diamondbacks 5–2 and throwing 6 innings. Heston earned, but had five strikeouts gaining the win. On May 12, 2015, Heston pitched a complete game against the Houston Astros, allowing only two hits and one run, with 10 strikeouts and no walks. Heston was the first Giants rookie to throw a complete game with at least 10 strikeouts since Roger Mason on October 4, 1985, the first Giants rookie with double-digit strikeouts since Tim Lincecum on July 1, 2007. On June 9, 2015, Heston no-hit the New York Mets 5–0 at Citi Field, becoming the 22nd rookie pitcher since 1900 to throw a no-hitter in a major-league regular-season game, he walked none. Heston closed his no-hitter with three strikeouts in the 9th inning, a feat last accomplished by Sandy Koufax in his perfect game in 1965 against the Chicago Cubs.
He became the first pitcher to no-hit the Mets in a Mets' home game since Pittsburgh's Bob Moose no-hit them at Shea Stadium in 1969. Heston's three hit by pitch batters in his no-hitter were the most since 1914, has Heston as the fourth MLB pitcher since 1914 to have all of his base runners in his no-hitters be batters hit by a pitch. In the same game, Heston logged his first career RBIs with a two-run single. For his efforts, Heston was honored his first career National League Player of the Week Award as well as the key to the city by the mayor of Palm Bay, Florida. On July 23, 2015, Heston carried a no-hitter into the sixth inning against the San Diego Padres allowing only one hit and no runs in 71⁄3 innings pitched; the 9–3 victory over the Padres was Heston's 10th win, making him the first Giants rookie to reach 10 wins since Matt Cain in 2006. Heston was optioned to Triple-A Sacramento on August 21, 2015 to make room for acquired outfielder Marlon Byrd. On August 28, 2015 he was recalled from Triple-A Sacramento since Matt Cain was placed on the disabled list.
Heston finished the season with a 12–11 record, 3.95 ERA, 141 strikeouts in 1772⁄3 innings pitched. In 2015 he shared the major league lead in hit batsmen, with 13. Heston started the 2016 season in the Giants' bullpen, he was optioned down to Triple-A after four appearances, spent the rest of the season in the minors or on the disabled list. On December 7, 2016, Heston was traded to the Seattle Mariners for a player to be named later. On May 26, 2017, he was claimed off waivers by the Los Angeles Dodgers. Heston was claimed off waivers by the Minnesota Twins on June 7, 2017, he was outrighted to AAA on June 2017, when they purchased the contract of Adam Wilk. He elected free agency on November 6, 2017. On January 24, 2018, Heston signed a minor league contract to return to the San Francisco Giants, he was released by the organization on July 27, 2018. Career statistics and player information from MLB, or ESPN, or Baseball-Reference, or Fangraphs, or Baseball-Reference East Carolina Pirates bio Chris Heston on Twitter
The year 2020 in art involves various significant events. January 20 - Vincent van Gogh's Self-portrait as a sick person from the collection of the National Museum of Art and Design in Oslo is verified by experts at the Van Gogh Museum in Amsterdam as authentic. February 10 - Rembrandt's Portrait of a Young Lady from the collection of the Allentown Art Museum in Allentown, Pennsylvania is announced as having been reassessed after conservation as authentic. February 11 - David Hockney's 1966 painting The Splash sells for £23.1m at auction at Sotheby's in London. February 13 - A Banksy artwork for Valentine's Day appears on the side wall of a house in Barton Hill, England. January 2 - John Baldessari, 88, American conceptual artist January 6 - Akbar Padamsee, 91, Indian painter January 13 - André Lufwa, 94, Congolese sculptor January 17 - Oswald Oberhuber, 88, Austrian artist January 19 - James Mollison, 88, Australian arts administrator, director of the National Gallery of Australia and the National Gallery of Victoria January 27 - Jason Polan, 37, American artist February 5 - Beverly Pepper, 97, American sculptor February 11 - Anne Windfohr Marion, 81, art patron, co-founder of Georgia O'Keeffe Museum February 19 - Jack Youngerman, 93, American artist February 20 - Peter Dreher, 87, German painter March 2 - Ulay, 76, German artist