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Federico García Lorca

Federico del Sagrado Corazón de Jesús García Lorca, known as Federico García Lorca, was a Spanish poet and theatre director. García Lorca achieved international recognition as an emblematic member of the Generation of'27, a group consisting of poets who introduced the tenets of European movements into Spanish literature, he was killed by Nationalist forces at the beginning of the Spanish Civil War. His remains have never been found. García Lorca was born on 5 June 1898, in Fuente Vaqueros, a small town 17 km west of Granada, southern Spain, his father, Federico García Rodríguez, was a prosperous landowner with a farm in the fertile vega surrounding Granada and a comfortable villa in the heart of the city. García Rodríguez saw his fortunes rise with a boom in the sugar industry. García Lorca's mother, Vicenta Lorca Romero, was a teacher. After Fuente Vaqueros, the family moved in 1905 to the nearby town of Valderrubio. In 1909, when the boy was 11, his family moved to the regional capital of Granada, where there was the equivalent of a high school.

For the rest of his life, he maintained the importance of living close to the natural world, praising his upbringing in the country. All three of these homes—Fuente Vaqueros and Huerta de San Vicente—are today museums. In 1915, after graduating from secondary school, García Lorca attended the University of Granada. During this time his studies included law and composition. Throughout his adolescence he felt a deeper affinity for music than for literature; when he was 11 years old, he began six years of piano lessons with Antonio Segura Mesa, a harmony teacher in the local conservatory and a composer. It was Segura, his first artistic inspirations arose from the scores of Claude Debussy, Frédéric Chopin and Ludwig van Beethoven. With his friendship with composer Manuel de Falla, Spanish folklore became his muse. García Lorca did not begin a career in writing until Segura died in 1916, his first prose works such as "Nocturne," "Ballade," and "Sonata" drew on musical forms, his milieu of young intellectuals gathered in El Rinconcillo at the Café Alameda in Granada.

During 1916 and 1917, García Lorca traveled throughout Castile, León, Galicia, in northern Spain, with a professor of his university, who encouraged him to write his first book, Impresiones y paisajes. Fernando de los Rios persuaded García Lorca's parents to let him move to the progressive, Oxbridge-inspired Residencia de Estudiantes in Madrid in 1919, while nominally attending classes at the University of Madrid. At the Residencia de Estudiantes in Madrid, García Lorca befriended Luis Buñuel and Salvador Dalí and many other creative artists who were, or would become, influential across Spain, he was taken under the wing of the poet Juan Ramón Jiménez, becoming close to playwright Eduardo Marquina and Gregorio Martínez Sierra, the Director of Madrid's Teatro Eslava. In 1919 -- 20, at Sierra's invitation, he staged his first play, The Butterfly's Evil Spell, it was a verse play dramatising the impossible love between a cockroach and a butterfly, with a supporting cast of other insects. He would claim that Mariana Pineda, written in 1927, was, in fact, his first play.

During the time at the Residencia de Estudiantes, he pursued degrees in law and philosophy, though he had more interest in writing than study. García Lorca's first book of poems, Libro de poemas, was published in 1921, collecting work written from 1918 and selected with the help of his brother Francisco, they concern the themes of religious faith and nature that had filled his prose reflections. Early in 1922 at Granada García Lorca joined the composer Manuel de Falla in order to promote the Concurso de Cante Jondo, a festival dedicated to enhance flamenco performance; the year before Lorca had begun to write his Poema del cante jondo, so he composed an essay on the art of flamenco, began to speak publicly in support of the Concurso. At the music festival in June he met the celebrated a flamenco cantaor; the next year in Granada he collaborated with Falla and others on the musical production of a play for children, La niña que riega la albahaca y el príncipe preguntón adapted by Lorca from an Andalusian story.

Inspired by the same structural form of sequence as "Deep Song," his collection Suites was never finished and not published until 1983. Over the next few years, García Lorca became involved in Spain's avant-garde, he published a poetry collection called Canciones, although it did not contain songs in the usual sense. Shortly after, Lorca was invited to exhibit a series of drawings at the Galeries Dalmau in Barcelona, from 25 June – 2 July 1927. Lorca's sketches were a blend of avant-garde styles, complementing Canción. Both his poetry and drawings reflected the influence of traditional Andalusian motifs, Cubist syntax, a preoccupation with sexual identity. Several drawings consisted of superimposed dreamlike faces, he described the doub

Charles S. Wainwright

Charles Shiels Wainwright was a produce farmer in the state of New York and an artillery officer in the Union Army during the American Civil War. He played an important role in the defense of Cemetery Hill during the July 1863 Battle of Gettysburg, where his artillery helped repel a Confederate attack, his extensive diary kept during the war is considered to be among the finest such documents from the Civil War period. Wainwright was born December 31, 1826, in New York City, the brother of future doctor and Union general, William P. Wainwright; as a young man, he helped run his father's sprawling 320-acre farm, "The Meadows," in the Hudson Valley, delivering produce to markets in the city. He was a prosperous farmer in 1860, his residence was listed as New York. He left behind an elderly father and two sisters when he joined the army in the early autumn of 1861 at the age of 34, his diary was begun on October 1 of that year. Wainwright was commissioned a major in the 1st New York Artillery on October 17, 1861, served throughout the war as an artillery officer in the Army of the Potomac.

Early in his service, he was recorder of a board used to weed out unfit officers. He was present with his guns at the Battle of Fredericksburg, his batteries supported the attack of the Pennsylvania Reserves on the Confederate right flank at the latter battle. Wainwright was chief of artillery of I Corps at the Battle of Chancellorsville, his actions in that battle were praised by the army's chief of Brig. Gen. Henry J. Hunt, he commanded the artillery brigade of the I Corps at the Battle of Gettysburg. During the struggle for control of Cemetery Hill on July 2, 1863, Wainwright commanded all the guns on the eastern part of the hill, his batteries were instrumental in helping repulse the twilight attack of the Louisiana Tigers, they dueled with Confederate artillery the following day preceding Pickett's Charge. When Maj. Gen. George G. Meade reorganized the Army of the Potomac in 1864, Wainwright became chief of artillery of V Corps, replacing Augustus P. Martin, he served in that role to the end of the war.

Among his most successful actions was using guns to break a Confederate attack at the Battle of North Anna. He was promoted to brevet brigadier general on August 1, 1864, he was the author of A Diary of Battle: The Personal Journals of Colonel Charles S. Wainwright, 1861–1865, published posthumously in 1962, his journals provide insights into the administration of the artillery, as well as its use in battle. Wainwright's observations on the Union commanders with whom he served are pungent. Maj. Gen. Gouverneur K. Warren, under whom he had served in V Corps, Maj. Gen. Joseph Hooker receive negative reviews. After the war, Wainwright resided in Dutchess County, New York, in Europe and in Washington, D. C.. He belonged to the Sons of the American Revolution. Wainwright died in Washington, D. C. on September 13, 1907, at the George Washington University Hospital. He was buried in Brooklyn. Wainwright died unmarried, his brother inherited the manuscripts of the diary he kept during the war. Cox, John D. Culp's Hill: The Attack And Defense Of The Union Flank, July 2, 1863.

Basic Books, 2003. ISBN 0-306-81234-7. Eicher, John H. and Eicher, David J. Civil War High Commands, Stanford University Press, 2001, ISBN 0-8047-3641-3. A Diary of Battle: the Personal Journals of Colonel Charles S. Wainwright, 1861-1865, ed. Allan Nevins, New York, Brace & World, 1962

Batman: The Caped Crusader

Batman: The Caped Crusader is an action-adventure game developed by Special FX Software and published by Ocean Software in 1988. It was licensed by Erbe Software for release in North American and Spain, it was the second of three unrelated Batman games released by Ocean, after Batman in 1986 and preceding Batman: The Movie in 1989. The Apple II version was developed by California-based Quicksilver Software; as with many other Ocean releases, the C64 port came in separate disk releases. The disk version contained remixed music and differences in enemy spawns. Batman: The Caped Crusader is an arcade adventure which uses a unique style, innovated by Jonathan Smith and Charles Davies, to display the action as though it takes place in a comic book; this technique involved having each game location set in its own panel with a comic book style caption in the upper-left corner, with inactive panels faded out behind the current active location. This concept was expanded upon by Sega's Comix Zone seven years later.

A further notable feature was that the game was split into two independently playable parts in which Batman is faced with two of his most well-known adversaries: "A Bird In The Hand" featuring the Penguin and "A Fete Worse Than Death" which involved the Joker. The gameplay involves Batman using punches and kicks and his batarang in order to fight the villains' henchmen as well as solving puzzles. Your Sinclair magazine awarded it 9 out of 10, praising the colourful and expressive graphics and the inclusion of two separate adventures. Computer Gaming World gave a positive review, praising the graphics the Atari ST's graphics over the C64's. However, it was noted the game emphasises mazes and puzzles over beating up bad guys, as such did not quite meet expectations