Fenham Barracks

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Fenham Barracks
Newcastle upon Tyne
Fenham Barracks.jpg
Former entrance to Fenham Barracks
Fenham Barracks is located in Tyne and Wear
Fenham Barracks
Fenham Barracks
Location within Tyne and Wear
Coordinates 54°58′47″N 01°37′53″W / 54.97972°N 1.63139°W / 54.97972; -1.63139Coordinates: 54°58′47″N 01°37′53″W / 54.97972°N 1.63139°W / 54.97972; -1.63139
Type Barracks
Site information
Owner Ministry of Defence
Operator  British Army
Site history
Built 1804–1806
Built for War Office
In use 1806-Present
Garrison information
Occupants Command and Support Squadron and Regimental Headquarters Queen's Own Yeomanry
201 (Northern) Field Hospital

Fenham Barracks is a military installation in Barrack Road, Newcastle upon Tyne.

History[edit]

The site was acquired by the War Office from Newcastle Corporation in 1804 and, following the construction of three barrack blocks, became the home of units of the 6th (Inniskilling) Dragoons under the name of Newcastle Barracks in 1806.[1] The officers' mess, designed by James Wyatt, was completed around the same time.[2] Soldiers' duties included putting down the Chartism movement riots in the 1840s.[1] In 1846 units of the Royal Horse Artillery arrived and in 1873 a system of recruiting areas based on counties was instituted under the Cardwell Reforms and the barracks became the depot for the two battalions of the 5th (Northumberland Fusiliers) Regiment of Foot.[1] Following the Childers Reforms, the 5th Regiment of Foot evolved to become the Northumberland Fusiliers with its depot at the barracks in 1881[3] and the Durham Light Infantry arrived from Sunderland Barracks in 1884.[4]

The Durham Light Infantry museum opened at Fenham Barracks shortly after the First World War[5] but moved out to Brancepeth Castle when the regiment transferred there in 1939.[6] The Royal Northumberland Fusiliers museum opened at Fenham Barracks in 1929 and remained there after the Royal Northumberland Fusiliers were absorbed into the Royal Regiment of Fusiliers in 1962.[1] The museum finally moved out to Alnwick Castle in 1970.[7][8]

The majority of the Georgian barracks buildings were demolished in the 1970s and replaced with new buildings (those that remained were sold off twenty years later and now serve as student residences). In 1975 the barracks became the home of 15th/19th The King's Royal Hussars; they moved out in 1992 when the regiment was amalgamated to form part of the Light Dragoons.[1] The barracks remain the home of the following Army Reserve units: Command and Support Squadron and Regimental Headquarters of the Queen's Own Yeomanry[9] and 201 (Northern) Field Hospital, Royal Army Medical Corps.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "The Building Of Newcastle Barracks (later known as Fenham Barracks)". Retrieved 29 March 2014. 
  2. ^ "Former Officers' Mess, Fenham Barracks, Newcastle upon Tyne". British listed buildings. Retrieved 17 November 2015. 
  3. ^ "Training Depots". Regiments.org. Archived from the original on 10 February 2006. Retrieved 16 October 2016. 
  4. ^ "Durham Light Infantry museum" (PDF). Retrieved 29 March 2014. 
  5. ^ "Durham Light Infantry Museum". Archived from the original on 29 March 2014. Retrieved 29 March 2014. 
  6. ^ "Regimental Headquarters or Depot". Retrieved 29 March 2014. 
  7. ^ "About the museum". Retrieved 29 March 2014. 
  8. ^ "Museum enlists force of model recruits". Northumberland Gazette. 23 September 2004. Retrieved 2 June 2018. 
  9. ^ "Queen's Own Yeomanry". Retrieved 29 March 2014. 
  10. ^ "201 Field Hospital". Ministry of Defence. Retrieved 29 March 2014. 

Further reading[edit]