The Fijian dollar has been the currency of Fiji since 1969 and was the currency between 1867 and 1873. It is abbreviated with the dollar sign $, or alternatively FJ$ to distinguish it from other dollar-denominated currencies, it is divided into 100 cents. Fiji followed the pattern of South Africa and New Zealand in that when it adopted the decimal system, it decided to use the half pound unit as opposed to the pound unit of account; the choice of the name dollar was motivated by the fact that the reduced value of the new unit corresponded more to the value of the US dollar than it did to the pound sterling. The dollar was reintroduced on 15 January 1969, replacing the Fijian pound at a rate of 1 pound = 2 dollars, or 10 shillings = FJ$1. Despite Fiji having been a republic since 1987, coins and banknotes continued to feature Queen Elizabeth II until 2013, when her portrait was replaced with pictures of plants and animals. In 1969, coins were introduced in denominations of 1c, 2c, 5c, 10c & 20c, with a 50c coin issued in 1975.
The coins had the same sizes and compositions as the corresponding Australian coins, with the 50 cents matching the cupronickel dodecagonal type introduced in Australia in 1969. In 1990, new compositions were introduced, with copper-plated zinc used for the 1¢ and 2¢ coins, nickel-plated steel for the 5c, 10c, 20c & 50c. An aluminium-bronze $1 coin was introduced in 1995. 2009 saw the introduction of a new smaller coinage from 5 to 50 cents. These are made with the three-ply electroplate method; the 1 and 2 cents were discontinued and withdrawn the same year. A thinner brass plated steel $1 coin was introduced in 2010 phasing out the older type. In 2013 Fiji released a whole family of new coins, with fauna themes, without the Queen's portrait; this new series saw the introduction of a $2 coin, replacing the corresponding note just as the $1 coin had done before. This coin faced controversy due to being too mistaken as a $1, as it was only larger of the same color, it was replaced by a larger and thicker Spanish flower shaped $2 coin in 2014.
The metallic content of both the $1 and $2 was changed in 2014 for better durability and resistance to wear after widespread complaints of the coins corroding and "turning black". In 1867, the government treasury issued 1 dollar notes; these were followed by notes for $1, $5, $10, $25 and $50 issued between 1871 and 1873. Between 1871 and 1873, King Seru Epenisa Cakobau issued notes in denominations of 12½¢, 25¢, 50¢, 100¢ and $5. Levuka issued $1 and $5 notes during the 1870s. On 15 January 1969, the government introduced notes in denominations of 50 cents, $1, $2, $10, $20; the Central Monetary Authority took over the issuance of paper money in 1974, issuing the same denominations, although the 50c note was replaced by a coin on 3 March 1975. In 1986, the Reserve Bank of Fiji began issuing notes; the $1 note was replaced by a coin in 1995. The $50 note was introduced in 1996, followed by a $100 note on 10 April 2007. Banknote denominations in circulation as of 2017 are: $5, $10, $20, $50 and $100.
2000 2 Dollars - Millennium. 2000 2,000 Dollars - Millennium. 2017 7 Dollars - Victory of the Fijian 7s rugby team at the 2016 Summer Olympics in Rio de Janeiro. On 16 August 2005, Finance Minister Ratu Jone Kubuabola announced that the Cabinet had approved the introduction of a $100 banknote and the withdrawal of the 1 and 2 cent coin, as the minting cost exceeded its face value. Kubuabola said that the $100 banknote would measure 156 × 67 mm, with the other banknotes receding at 5 mm towards the lowest banknote denomination; the portrait of Queen Elizabeth II would remain on all banknotes, he added in answer to calls from some politicians to remove the Queen's portrait from the currency after 18 years as a republic. Fiji is, however, a member of the Commonwealth, Queen Elizabeth is recognized as Paramount Chief of the Great Council of Chiefs of Fiji, her portrait was updated to a more mature one, released in 2007, becoming the fourth portrait of the Queen to appear on Fijian currency. In 2009, the demonetization of the 1 and 2 cent coins was made official and a new coin set of 5, 10, 20, 50 cent coins with reduced size were introduced.
The old coins based on the Australian size standard were withdrawn from circulation. The reformed coins were introduced to save on production costs; the new 50 cent piece is round with reeded edges rather than twelve-sided. On 2 March 2011, it was announced that Fiji would drop Queen Elizabeth II from its coins and notes, instead opting for local flora and fauna; the removal was seen as retaliation for Fiji's suspension from its full membership of the Commonwealth. The new set, unveiled on 12 December 2012 and was issued on 2 January 2013; the new series of Fijian coins include a bi-metallic $2 coin intended to replace the note, a thinner, reduced weight $1 coin. The new series of Fijian dollar banknotes feature Fijian flora and fauna to replace the portrait of Queen Elizabeth II. One change in the redesign of the Fijian dollar banknotes was the $5 note. Printed on paper, it is now issued as a polymer banknote; the Reserve Bank of Fiji Governor Savenaca Narube announced on 11 February 2006 that polymer plastic-coated notes would be introduced, featuring images of local people, culture and industry.
The new notes, which would be ready for distribution in early 2007, would vary in size, Narube said. A new series of notes, the "Flora and Fauna" design series, is being introduced starting in 2013 which will feature the country's endemic flora and
FCC Environment Limited is a waste management company headquartered in Northampton, United Kingdom and a wholly owned subsidiary of Fomento de Construcciones y Contratas. It was formed in May 2012 through the merger and rebranding of Focsa Services and Waste Recycling Group. Waste Recycling Group acquired Hanson Waste Management from Hanson plc for £185 million in cash in December 2000. Waste Recycling Group was acquired by the private equity group Terra Firma Capital Partners for £315.2 million in June 2003. In September 2006 Fomento de Construcciones y Contratas acquired Waste Recycling Group, excluding its landfill gas operations, from Terra Firma for £1.4 billion. In May 2012 Focsa Services and Waste Recycling Group were merged and rebranded "FCC Environment". FCC Environment's principal services are: business waste services, including waste collection and recycling services. FCC Environment's head office is in Northampton with a major regional office located in Doncaster. FCC Environment has around 2,400 staff and operates around 200 facilities across England and Wales.
Empire of the Sun is a 1984 novel by English writer J. G. Ballard. Like Ballard's earlier short story "The Dead Time", it is fiction but draws extensively on Ballard's experiences in World War II; the name of the novel is derived from the etymology of the name for Japan. Ballard wrote of his experiences in China as a boy and the making of the film of the same name in his autobiography Miracles of Life; the novel recounts the story of a young British boy, Jamie Graham, who lives with his parents in Shanghai. After the Pearl Harbor attack, Japan occupies the Shanghai International Settlement, in the following chaos Jim becomes separated from his parents, he spends some time in abandoned mansions, living on remnants of packaged food. Having exhausted the food supplies, he decides to try to surrender to the Imperial Japanese Army. After many attempts, he succeeds and is interned in the Lunghua Civilian Assembly Center. Although the Japanese are "officially" the enemies, Jim identifies with them, both because he adores the pilots with their splendid machines and because he feels that Lunghua is still a comparatively safer place for him.
Towards the end of the war, with the Japanese army collapsing, the food supply runs short. Jim survives, with people around him starving to death; the camp prisoners are forced upon a march with many dying along the route. Jim leaves the march and is saved from starvation by air drops from American bombers. Jim returns to Lunghua camp, soon returning to his pre-war residence with his parents; the book was adapted by Tom Stoppard in 1987. The screenplay was filmed by Steven Spielberg, to critical acclaim, being nominated for six Oscars and winning three British Academy Awards, it starred a 13-year-old Christian Bale, as well as John Malkovich and Miranda Richardson. Rossi, Umberto. "Mind is the Battlefield: Reading Ballard's'Life Trilogy' as War Literature". In J. Baxter. J. G. Ballard, Contemporary Critical Perspectives. London: Continuum. Pp. 66–77. Listen to J. G. Ballard discussing Empire of the Sun - a British Library recording. Empire of the Sun at the British Library's Discovering Literature: 20th Century website
The Fragile, the second album by the folk music duo O'Hooley & Tidow, was released on 9 February 2012 on the No Masters label. It received a four-starred review in The Guardian; the album's title is derived from the words of one of its songs, "Mein Deern", about the dying hours of Heidi Tidow's German grandmother. The album features guest performances by Andy Cutting, Jackie Oates, Jude Abbott, Cormac Byrne, Anna Esslemont, Sam Pegg, The Solo Players and London's Diversity Choir. According to O'Hooley & Tidow, all the songs on The Fragile are linked by the common theme of vulnerability. A single from the album, "The Last Polar Bear", was released in November 2011; the track was reissued on 1 November 2012 as a double single with "Gentleman Jack". This is a song from the album, about Anne Lister, an early 19th-century Yorkshire lesbian gentlewoman; the words of "Little Boy Blue" are from a 19th-century poem by Eugene Field. The poem, about a young boy and his toys, suggests that he dies and is taken by angels and his toys wait for him to return.
"She Lived Beside the Anner" is a traditional folk song from Ireland. In a four-starred review, Robin Denselow of The Guardian described The Fragile as an "intriguing, ambitious set" and said that the album's cover version of Massive Attack's "Teardrop" was "an exquisite reworking". Guardian music critic Jude Rogers voted it as one of the best tracks of 2012. Northern Sky praised the album's "complex string arrangements and fine instrumental accompaniment" and "highly accomplished pieces of musical composition. Reviewing the album for Folking.com, Dai Jeffries said "The confidence and earthiness of their voices both solo and in harmony are what shine through this excellent album. Folk Wales Online described the album as a "beautiful, hypnotic CD" and "breathtakingly original". Northern Sky music magazine's reviewer described the song "The Last Polar Bear" as "utterly beautiful", saying "This is how love songs should be written". Holger Brandstaedt, reviewing the album for FolkWorld, said: "The influence of the producer is unmistakable.
Some of the tracks sound by Chumbawumba, others have their godfathers in The Beautiful South". "The Tallest Tree" 4:34 "The Last Polar Bear" 3:25 "Gentleman Jack" 2:47 "Teardrop" 1:33 "Little Boy Blue" 4:27 "Calling Me" 5:52 "Mein Deern" 7:20 "A Daytrip" 4:15 "Pass It On" 3:14 "She Lived Beside the Anner" 4:17 "Ronnie's Song" 6:28 "Madgie in the Summerlands" 2:32Total album length = 50:48 Belinda O'Hooley – vocals, dampened piano, hand claps Heidi Tidow – vocals, guitar Jude Abbott – euphonium, cornet Cormac Byrne – bodhrán, percussion Andy Cutting – diatonic button accordion Anna Esslemont – violin Diversity Choir – vocals Jackie Oates – bass. Diversity Choir's contribution was recorded live at St Anne's Church, London; the album was mixed and mastered by Neil Ferguson of Chumbawamba at Hill Top Studio, Leeds. and was released on 9 February 2012 on the No Masters label. The illustrations on the cover, designed by Boff Whalley, are by Kate Aughey; the photographs of O’Hooley & Tidow standing in the sea were taken by Casey Orr at Sandsend in Whitby.
Official website: O'Hooley & Tidow Official website: Diversity Choir
Bengt Walter Feldreich was a Swedish radio and television journalist, TV-producer and television presenter. He worked for public service between 1950 until 1985, amongst others the show "Snillen spekulerar" on SVT, the annual Christmas Eve broadcasts from the same channel. In 1975, Feldreich was awarded an honorary degree at Linköping University. In 1984, he was awarded the KTH Great Prize by the Royal Institute of Technology for "mirroring technology and science in mass media for the benefit of research and development", he was the speaker-voice for the Swedish version of From All of Us to All of You, broadcast every Christmas Eve in Sweden on SVT. Feldreich sings the 16 second Jiminy Cricket rendition of When You Wish Upon a Star on the same show which has received attention. Feldreich continued to add new updates for the show every year. Feldreich grew up as an only child in Kungsholmen in Stockholm, he graduated in 1944, became a teacher in 1949. After graduating, Feldreich worked daytime as a teacher and in the evenings he worked as a presenter for AB Radiotjänsts broadcasts.
In 1950, he got full-time employment at Radiotjänst and at Sveriges Radio. Between 1955 and 1963, he worked for the news segment Dagens Eko at Sveriges Radio. In 1955, Feldriech worked at Försöks-TV, he for some time worked as a main contributor for Natur och vetenskap on SVT. In 1959, he became. All years except 1963, he was the presenter of one episode of Sommar i P1 in the 1960s, broadcast on Sveriges Radio. On 3 September 1967, he was the presenter of the live broadcast of the change in traffic in Sweden right-traffic change. On 20 July 1969, he presented a live broadcast of the Apollo 11 mission. On 19 June 1976, he presented the live broadcast of the royal wedding between Carl XVI Gustaf and Silvia Sommerlath, along with Lennart Hyland, he retired in 1985. He was an amateur radio operator with the call sign SM0GU. Feldreich was the father of former basketball player Sten Feldreich. On 21 October 2019, Feldreich died after suffering from pneumonia. Bengt Feldreich on IMDb Media related to Bengt Feldreich at Wikimedia Commons
Teremky is a station on the Kiev Metro's Obolonsko–Teremkivska Line opened on 6 November 2013. It is the southern end of the line, located just after the Ipodrom station; the station is named after the Teremky neighborhood of Kiev. At the opening of the Ipodrom station on 25 October 2012 Ukrainian Prime Minister Mykola Azarov had stated that the Teremky station "would soon open". According to planning the station should have opened on 24 August 2013, Independence Day of Ukraine, but instead it was opened on 6 November 2013, on that day was celebrated Day of Kyiv's liberation from Nazi invaders. Photos of the station by UNIAN