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Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco

The Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco, comprising the de Young Museum in Golden Gate Park and the Legion of Honor in Lincoln Park, is the largest public arts institution in the city of San Francisco. The permanent collection of the Fine Arts Museums, with about 150,000 objects, is organized into nine areas, each with a curatorial staff. Unlike most other major art museums, the Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco do not have a large endowment from which to draw; the museums operate on an annual budget funded by membership dues, ticket sales and purchases in its stores. They are run in a private-public partnership with the city of San Francisco, which owns the two museum buildings and covers about 23 percent of their operating expenses by providing security guards and paying insurance premiums. In 2016, the two museums drew a combined 1,402,000 visitors. FAMSF operates on an annual budget of around $55 million dollars; the de Young’s Artist Studio is an artist-in-residency program to encourage arts community engagement and support emerging artists and since 2010 is part of the Cultural Encounters initiative.

In 2012, the Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco and the Louvre museum signed an agreement that provides for collaborative exhibitions and the sharing of art works. The agreement has a duration of five years, it creates a partnership to promote short- and long-term loans art works that allow the works to be seen in both cities, joint publications, art conservation projects and educational programs. Thomas P. Campbell became director of the Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco on November 1, 2018, replacing the role held by Max Hollein. Media related to Collections of the Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco at Wikimedia Commons Official website

The Saint (film series)

The Saint refers to eight B movies made by RKO Pictures between 1938 and 1941, based on some of the books in British author Leslie Charteris' long-running series about the fictional character Simon Templar, better known as The Saint. A few years after creating the character in 1928, Charteris was successful in getting RKO Radio Pictures interested in a film based on one of his books; the first, The Saint in New York, was based on the 1935 novel of the same name. It starred Louis Hayward as Simon Templar and Jonathan Hale as Inspector Henry Farnack, the American counterpart to the British character, Chief inspector Claud Eustace Teal; the film was seven more films followed rapidly. They were sometimes based upon outlines by Charteris, while others were based loosely on his novels or novellas. George Sanders took over from Hayward as The Saint in the second film, starred in a further four between 1939 and 1941, before being enticed by RKO to play the lead in their forthcoming series about The Falcon, which they made into a blatant copy of The Saint.

In 1941, Hugh Sinclair took over the role as Templar for two more films. However, by the time shooting finished of The Saint Meets the Tiger in June 1941, a major dispute ensued between Charteris and RKO over the upcoming first film in The Falcon series, The Gay Falcon, due for release in October 1941. Charteris argued that it was a case of copyright infringement, as RKO's version of The Falcon was an obvious copy of his own character, the fact that their film starred George Sanders, who personified The Saint after having played him in five of the seven films released up to that point, made this more obvious; the legal dispute forced RKO to put the film on hold. The conflict wasn't settled until 1943, with RKO selling the US distribution rights to Republic Pictures, while RKO's British arm handled the UK distribution as planned; the film was released in both countries in 1943. The Saint in New York – with Louis Hayward as The Saint The Saint Strikes Back – with George Sanders as The Saint The Saint in London – with George Sanders as The Saint The Saint's Double Trouble – with George Sanders as The Saint The Saint Takes Over – with George Sanders as The Saint The Saint in Palm Springs –with George Sanders as The Saint The Saint's Vacation – with Hugh Sinclair as The Saint The Saint Meets the Tiger – with Hugh Sinclair as The SaintIn the 1930s, RKO purchased the rights to produce a film adaptation of Saint Overboard, but no such film was produced.

A ninth film, The Saint's Return from 1953, with Louis Hayward returning as The Saint, is sometimes regarded as part of the RKO series. However, it was produced by British Hammer Film Productions 12 years after the conflict between Charteris and RKO, based on a special agreement between Hammer Films and Leslie Charteris, which gave Charteris a percentage in the film. RKO acted only six months after the UK release; the Saint

Pearl Vardon

Pearl Joyce Vardon was a British broadcaster of Nazi propaganda during World War II. In 1946 she was convicted of an offence under the Defence Regulations and sentenced to nine months' imprisonment. Pearl Vardon was a school teacher on Jersey when the island fell under the German occupation of the Channel Islands in 1940; as she spoke German, she found herself ordered by the German administration to work locally as an interpreter for a construction company based in Cologne. She began a relationship with a Wehrmacht officer, Oberleutnant Siegfried Schwatlo, when he was posted to Germany in 1944 she decided to go with him. Vardon began employment as an announcer at Radio Luxembourg for the Deutsche Europasender, she introduced music and programmes such as Ladies First which criticised the USA and praised Germany's social security system, Matters of Moment which gave news from a German perspective. More in For the Forces and their Kin, she read out letters written by British POWs for their families back home.

A German colleague said of Vardon's attitude that she "simply hated all things English and loved all things German". In mid 1944 she was evacuated to Berlin and in October 1944 she was working at Apen in Lower Saxony until the Red Army drew close on the advancing Eastern Front. Vardon fled from Apen to Wilhelmshaven, arriving on 30 April 1945, she was arrested there when she enquired how to obtain new identity papers and she was held by the British Army at Esterwegen Internment Camp, the former Esterwegen concentration camp, where she was interrogated. Vardon was tried at the Old Bailey in February 1946. There she pleaded guilty to the offence of ‘doing an act to assist the enemy’ and was given a nine-month prison sentence. Pearl Vardon married Siegfried Schwatlo in 1950 at Abergavenny, Monmouthshire, her subsequent life is unknown. The declassified MI5 files on her were released by the Public Record Office in 2000, they show that British prosecutors were inclined to take a more lenient attitude towards female collaborators such as Vardon and Margaret Joyce, the wife of the traitor William Joyce, than with their male counterparts.

The MI5 report on Vardon states, ‘Her motive seems to have been the clear one of avoiding as much as possible separation from the German officer with whom she fell in love’ but added, ‘It is just possible that her motives were not so simple as they appear to have been on the surface’. The Security Service file on her is held by The National Archives under reference KV 2/256 and the Home Office file on her is held there under reference HO 45/25811. Leonard Banning Norah Briscoe Gertrude Hiscox Tyler Kent John Lingshaw Dorothy O'Grady Anna Wolkoff "News in Brief." Times, England, 6 Feb. 1946: 2. The Times Digital Archive. Web. 20 Mar. 2015. "Charge Of Aiding Enemy." Times, England, 7 Feb. 1946: 2. The Times Digital Archive. Web. 20 Mar. 2015. "News in Brief." Times, England, 28 Feb. 1946: 2. The Times Digital Archive. Web. 15 Apr. 2015