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First Epistle to the Corinthians

The First Epistle to the Corinthians referred to as First Corinthians or 1 Corinthians is a Pauline epistle of the New Testament of the Christian Bible. The epistle is attributed to Paul the Apostle and a co-author named Sosthenes, is addressed to the Christian church in Corinth. Scholars believe that Sosthenes was the amanuensis who wrote down the text of the letter at Paul's direction, it addresses various issues. There is a consensus among historians and theologians that Paul is the author of the First Epistle to the Corinthians; the letter is quoted or mentioned by the earliest of sources, is included in every ancient canon, including that of Marcion of Sinope. Some scholars point to the epistle's embarrassing references to the existence of sexual immorality in the church as strengthening the case for the authenticity of the letter. However, the epistle does contain a passage, believed to have been interpolated into the text by a scribe:As in all the churches of the saints, women should be silent in the churches.

For they are not permitted to speak, but should be subordinate, as the law says. If there is anything they desire to know, let them ask their husbands at home. For it is shameful for a woman to speak in church. Part of the reason for suspecting that this passage is an interpolation is that in some manuscripts, it is placed at the end of Chapter 14, instead of at its canonical location; this kind of variability is considered by textual critics to be a sign that a note placed in the margins of the document, has been copied into the body of the text by a scribe. The passage seems to contradict 11:5, where women are described as praying and prophesying in church. Furthermore, some scholars believe that the passage 10:1–22 constitutes a separate letter fragment or scribal interpolation because it equates the consumption of meat sacrificed to idols with idolatry, while Paul seems to be more lenient on this issue in 8:1–13 and 10:23–11:1; such views are rejected by other scholars who give arguments for the unity of 8:1–11:1.

About the year AD 50, towards the end of his second missionary journey, Paul founded the church in Corinth, before moving on to Ephesus, a city on the west coast of today's Turkey, about 180 miles by sea from Corinth. From there he traveled to Caesarea, Antioch. Paul returned to Ephesus on his third missionary journey and spent three years there, it was while staying in Ephesus that he received disconcerting news of the community in Corinth regarding jealousies and immoral behavior. It appears that based on a letter the Corinthians sent Paul, the congregation was requesting clarification on a number of matters, such as marriage and the consumption of meat offered to idols. By comparing Acts of the Apostles 18:1–17 and mentions of Ephesus in the Corinthian correspondence, scholars suggest that the letter was written during Paul's stay in Ephesus, dated as being in the range of AD 53–57. Anthony C. Thiselton suggests that it is possible that I Corinthians was written during Paul's first stay in Ephesus, at the end of his Second Journey dated to early AD 54.

However, it is more that it was written during his extended stay in Ephesus, where he refers to sending Timothy to them. The epistle may be divided into seven parts: Salutation Paul addresses the issue regarding challenges to his apostleship and defends the issue by claiming that it was given to him through a revelation from Christ; the salutation reinforces the legitimacy of Paul's apostolic claim. Thanksgiving The thanksgiving part of the letter is typical of Hellenistic letter writing. In a thanksgiving recitation the writer thanks God for health, a safe journey, deliverance from danger, or good fortune. In this letter, the thanksgiving "introduces charismata and gnosis, topics to which Paul will return and that he will discuss at greater length in the letter". Division in Corinth Facts of division Causes of division Cure for division Immorality in Corinth Discipline an immoral Brother Resolving personal disputes Sexual purity Difficulties in Corinth Marriage Christian liberty Worship Doctrine of Resurrection Closing Paul's closing remarks in his letters contain his intentions and efforts to improve the community.

He would first conclude with his paraenesis and wish them peace by including a prayer request, greet them with his name and his friends with a holy kiss, offer final grace and benediction:Now concerning the contribution for the saints: as I directed the churches of Galatia… Let all your things be done with charity. Greet one another with a holy kiss... I, write this greeting with my own hand. If any man love not the Lord Jesus Christ, let him be Anathema Maranatha; the grace of the Lord Jesus be with you. My love be with you all in Christ Jesus. Amen; some time before 2 Corinthians was written, Paul paid them a second visit to check some rising disorder, wrote them a letter, now lost. They had been visited by Apollos by Peter, by some Jewish Christians who brought with them letters of commendation from Jerusalem. Paul wrote this letter to correct. Several sources informed Paul of conflicts within the church at Corinth: Apollos, a letter from the Corinthians

The Other Side (2006 film)

The Other Side is a 2007 film written and directed by Gregg Bishop, who served as the film's editor and visual effects artist. The Other Side follows Samuel North who escapes from Hell to find the person who murdered him, but a team of invincible bounty hunters called Reapers are sent from the Netherworld to bring him back. After graduating from the University of Southern California filmschool, Bishop took the profits he made from his short film Voodoo and financed his first feature film The Other Side himself with $15,000; the supernatural action/thriller starred Jaimie Alexander in her first leading role and premiered at the Slamdance Film Festival in Park City, Utah where it was acquired for a 2007 theatrical release for an undisclosed amount. In 2019, Bishop began developing the movie as a TV series. Samuel North has returned from college to reunite with his girlfriend Hanna Thompson. On the night he is to have a romantic dinner with her on the banks of a river she does not show up, he is run into the river by a large white van.

His soul goes to Hell, aka "The Pit," where he is tormented by the worst memories of his life, including being bullied, finding his parents murdered, the regretful taxi ride to college, which took him from Hanna. However, he experiences only a moment of torment before being rescued by other souls who have found a way out, he escapes and wakes up along with the other escapees in a hospital, where he learns that Hanna did not return home the previous night, he is a suspect for her disappearance. Before he can find out any more, three bounty hunters dispatched from hell to retrieve them appear. Only Sam and two others escape; the duo, Mally and Oz, have both escaped numerous times only to be brought back. They explain that two of the three bounty hunters are "Switchers," who can switch from dead body to body when their host body is killed; however their leader, a "Changer," does not need to change. They escape to a motel filled with escapees, all scarred by the Mark of the Damned, how the Reapers track them.

Mally and Oz plan to escape to Mexico. Mally wants to flee to Mexico, but Oz decides to help Sam find Hanna, believing that helping him may be their ticket to Redemption and out of The Pit for good. Mally relents and the trio go to the bar. Sam discovers that Hanna was being sexually harassed by a regular named Isaac, that one of Hanna's friends had told Isaac that Hanna was reporting him to the police; the friend further explains that Isaac followed Hanna out to her car and didn't return home that night. The trio find Hanna's car in the woods near a dead body next to it. Sam's police friend, informs him the dead body was John Rice, who drove a white van. However, he was pulled over and stabbed to death and his white van was hijacked; that night, while picking up a few items from his brother, Sam is shot at by a man in the white van and his brother is injured. After dropping David off at the Emergency Room he breaks into Isaac's house and interrogates him, only to receive a truthful answer that Isaac left Hanna alone.

Sam returns to the motel. Although many escapees are killed and sent back to The Pit, they succeed in sending one Switcher back to Hell. Mally and Oz, tired of fighting, decide to leave for Mexico, but before they can leave Sam reveals the sin for which he went to Hell: murder. Despite this, Oz and Mally leave Sam alone to fight the Reapers. On Sam is attacked by the Reapers, but manages to send another Switcher back to Hell. Meanwhile, Hanna's body is found in a river, the search is called off. David, meanwhile, is let out of the hospital, Peter offers to drive him home. On the way he finds the driver has entered a motel. Before he can call in backup, David confronts the man in the white van, it is revealed that David hired the man to kill Sam. He berates him for being careless and not ditching the van; the man forces David to arrange a meeting at the Church between Sam. They meet, it is revealed the man is William Cain, the man who murdered Sam's parents and who Sam—in revenge—killed as he was trying to escape.

William escaped from Hell and offered to kill Sam and Hanna so that David could claim the inheritance, because their parent's will left everything to Sam, Sam's will left everything to Hanna. Before Will can kill Sam, the final Reaper—the Changer—arrives and attacks both of them and kills William, but not before he tells Sam that David hired him to kill him. Now in its natural form the Changer nearly kills Sam before being killed by Mally and Oz, who have returned. Oz confesses that Sam didn't escape by accident and was in fact broken out by Oz, a Guardian Angel, he offers to take Sam down to Mexico. David admits not only to having Will kill Sam and Hanna but having their parents murdered by Will because he was jealous of both his parents' treatment of Sam as well as the inheritance money. Following their argument, Sam is shot by David. In a brief struggle Sam gains the upper hand and spares his brother, only to be shot in the back as he is leaving; as the police arrive to arrest David, Sam has the opportunity to fire back at David.

For this act Sam gains redemption for his previous sin. After he dies, he awakens in heaven with Hanna, where they spend the rest of eternity ever after. Nathan Mobley as Samuel North Jaimie Alexander as Hanna Thompson Cory Rouse as Mally Poncho Hodges as Oz Shale Nelson as David No

Stagonomus venustissimus

Stagonomus venustissimus, common name woundwort shieldbug, is a species of shieldbug belonging to the family Pentatomidae, subfamily Pentatominae. The species was first named by Fabricius as Cimex melanocephalus; however this name had been used by Linnaeus for the mirid bug now known as Phylus melanocephalus - at the time, the genus Cimex encompassed the entirety of the Heteroptera. The replacement name Eysarcoris fabricii given by Kirkaldy in 1904 was used for many years, but Rider pointed out the name venustissimus given by Schrank to what he called Eysarcoris venustissimus, Schönste Wanze, most beautiful bug; this species has been transferred to the genus Stagonomus, so the new correct name should be Stagonomus venustissimus. This species can be found in most of Europe. Stagonomus venustissimus can reach a length of 5–7 millimetres; these small bugs have a greenish-grey body. The head and the pronotum are copper coloured, they have a bronze-purple triangular stain at the base of the scutellum.

The connexivum has white markings. The legs are whitish with black spots; the larvae are visible from late June to October, while the new generation of adults appear from August through the following July. The nymphs feed on hedge woundwort the seeds, on Lamiaceae species on white dead-nettle. EOL Biolib Nature Spot