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Fishing

Fishing is the activity of trying to catch fish. Fish are caught in the wild. Techniques for catching fish include hand gathering, netting and trapping. “Fishing” may include catching aquatic animals other than fish, such as molluscs, cephalopods and echinoderms. The term is not applied to catching farmed fish, or to aquatic mammals, such as whales where the term whaling is more appropriate. In addition to being caught to be eaten, fish are caught as recreational pastimes. Fishing tournaments are held, caught fish are sometimes kept as preserved or living trophies; when bioblitzes occur, fish are caught and released. According to the United Nations FAO statistics, the total number of commercial fishermen and fish farmers is estimated to be 38 million. Fisheries and aquaculture provide direct and indirect employment to over 500 million people in developing countries. In 2005, the worldwide per capita consumption of fish captured from wild fisheries was 14.4 kilograms, with an additional 7.4 kilograms harvested from fish farms.

Fishing is an ancient practice that dates back to at least the beginning of the Upper Paleolithic period about 40,000 years ago. Isotopic analysis of the skeletal remains of Tianyuan man, a 40,000-year-old modern human from eastern Asia, has shown that he consumed freshwater fish. Archaeology features such as shell middens, discarded fish bones, cave paintings show that sea foods were important for survival and consumed in significant quantities. Fishing in Africa is evident early on in human history. Neanderthals were fishing by about 200,000 BC. People could have developed basketry for fish traps, spinning and early forms of knitting in order to make fishing nets to be able to catch more fish in larger quantities. During this period, most people lived a hunter-gatherer lifestyle and were, of necessity on the move. However, where there are early examples of permanent settlements such as those at Lepenski Vir, they are always associated with fishing as a major source of food; the British dogger was an early type of sailing trawler from the 17th century, but the modern fishing trawler was developed in the 19th century, at the English fishing port of Brixham.

By the early 19th century, the fishermen at Brixham needed to expand their fishing area further than before due to the ongoing depletion of stocks, occurring in the overfished waters of South Devon. The Brixham trawler that evolved there was of a sleek build and had a tall gaff rig, which gave the vessel sufficient speed to make long-distance trips out to the fishing grounds in the ocean, they were sufficiently robust to be able to tow large trawls in deep water. The great trawling fleet that built up at Brixham, earned the village the title of'Mother of Deep-Sea Fisheries'; this revolutionary design made large scale trawling in the ocean possible for the first time, resulting in a massive migration of fishermen from the ports in the South of England, to villages further north, such as Scarborough, Grimsby and Yarmouth, that were points of access to the large fishing grounds in the Atlantic Ocean. The small village of Grimsby grew to become the largest fishing port in the world by the mid 19th century.

An Act of Parliament was first obtained in 1796, which authorised the construction of new quays and dredging of the Haven to make it deeper. It was only in 1846, with the tremendous expansion in the fishing industry, that the Grimsby Dock Company was formed; the foundation stone for the Royal Dock was laid by Albert the Prince consort in 1849. The dock covered 25 acres and was formally opened by Queen Victoria in 1854 as the first modern fishing port; the elegant Brixham trawler spread across the world. By the end of the 19th century, there were over 3,000 fishing trawlers in commission in Britain, with 1,000 at Grimsby; these trawlers were sold to fishermen including from the Netherlands and Scandinavia. Twelve trawlers went on to form the nucleus of the German fishing fleet; the earliest steam-powered fishing boats first appeared in the 1870s and used the trawl system of fishing as well as lines and drift nets. These were large boats 80–90 feet in length with a beam of around 20 feet, they travelled at 9 -- 11 knots.

The earliest purpose-built fishing vessels were designed and made by David Allan in Leith, Scotland in March 1875, when he converted a drifter to steam power. In 1877, he built. Steam trawlers were introduced at Hull in the 1880s. In 1890 it was estimated; the steam drifter was not used in the herring fishery until 1897. The last sailing fishing trawler was built in 1925 in Grimsby. Trawler designs adapted as the way they were powered changed from sail to coal-fired steam by World War I to diesel and turbines by the end of World War II. In 1931, the first powered drum was created by Laurie Jarelainen; the drum was a circular device, set to the side of the boat and would draw in the nets. Since World War II, radio navigation aids and fish finders have been used; the first trawlers fished over the side, rather than over the stern. The first purpose-built stern trawler was Fairtry built-in 1953 at Scotland; the ship was much larger than any other trawlers in operation and inaugurated the era of the'super trawler'.

As the ship pulled its nets over the stern, it could lift out a much greater haul of up to 60 tons. The ship served as a basis for the expansion of'super trawlers' around the world in the following decades; the early ev

Gable Mansion

The Gable Mansion is a Victorian mansion in Woodland, listed as a California Historical Landmark, built in 1885 for Amos and Harvey Gable, two Yolo County pioneers and ranchers. The Gable brothers, Amos W. and Harvey C. Gable, had the home designed and built for them at 659 First Street by Edward Carlton "Carl" Gilbert, the owner of the Woodland firm Gilbert & Sons, for $16,000. U. C. Davis Art History Professor, Joseph Baird, a former professor of art history at the University of California, has described it as "a locally unique variant of the Stick style of Victorian architecture in vogue in the 1880s"; the first floor plan of the Gable Mansion includes a central "stair hall" that has a curved stairway visible from the front entrance. The second story has several bedrooms and the third story was an attic, it has since been remodeled into living space. An elevation and first-floor plan of the Gable Mansion, published by Gilbert in the October 1887 edition of the California Architect and Building News, a trade journal of the American Institute of Architects' San Francisco chapter, show similarities with another house published several years earlier.

During the 1970s and 1980s many Woodland residents began to restore historic residences south of Main Street. In 1972 Robert McWhirk purchased the Gable Mansion from the Gable estate and spent twenty years rehabilitating it; the house is decorated with murals. It was registered as a California State Landmark on September 13, 1973, as an example of 19th-century Victorian Italianate architecture and for being "one of the last of its style and proportion in California"

Retribution Gospel Choir

Retribution Gospel Choir is an indie rock band based in Duluth, Minnesota. Current members of the band include Alan Sparhawk and Steve Garrington, both of whom are in the band Low, Eric Pollard. Despite sharing the majority of their members, RGC's high-energy performance differs from Low's subdued, minimalist feel; until 2008, Matt Livingston bassist with Low, played bass for the band. Sparhawk's wife and Low bandmate Mimi Parker appears on vocals on one Retribution Gospel Choir track. Studio albumsRetribution Gospel Choir 2 3 EPsThe Revolution EP Appear onTwin Town High, Music Yearbook Volume 09 Leak- Volume #5 Alan Sparhawk - vocals, guitar Eric Pollard - drums, vocals Steve Garrington - bass Mimi Parker - vocals on "Breaker" Matt Livingston - bass Official website http://www.discogs.com/artist/Retribution+Gospel+Choir http://www.last.fm/music/Retribution+Gospel+Choir