A fishing rod is a long, flexible rod used by fishermen to catch fish. At its simplest, a fishing rod is a simple pole attached to a line ending in a hook; the length of the rod can vary between 20 feet. To entice fish, bait or lures are impaled on one or more hooks attached to the line; the line is stored on a reel which reduces tangles and assists in landing a fish. Traditionally rods are made from bamboo, while contemporary rods are made from fibreglass or carbon fibre. In contrast with nets, which are used in subsistence and commercial fishing, fishing rods are more used in recreational fishing and competitive casting. Fishing rods come in many sizes, actions and configurations depending on whether they are to be used for small, medium or large fish or in different fresh or salt water situations. Various types of fishing rods are designed for specific types of fishing. Fly rods are used to cast artificial flies, spinning rods and bait casting rods are designed to cast baits or lures. Ice fishing rods are designed to fish through small holes in ice covered lakes.
Trolling rods lures behind moving boats. Judging by stone inscriptions dating back to 2000 BC, fishing rods go back to ancient Egypt, Greece and Tobago, Rome and medieval England; the art of fly fishing took a great leap forward after the English Civil War, where a newly found interest in the activity left its mark on the many books and treatises that were written on the subject at the time. The renowned officer in the Parliamentary army, Robert Venables, published in 1662 The Experienced Angler, or Angling improved, being a general discourse of angling, imparting many of the aptest ways and choicest experiments for the taking of most sorts of fish in pond or river. Compleat Angler described the fishing in the Derbyshire Wye, it was a celebration of the spirit of fishing in prose and verse. A second part to the book was added by Walton's friend Charles Cotton; the 18th century was an era of consolidation of the techniques developed in the previous century. Running rings began to appear along the fishing rods, which gave anglers greater control over the cast line.
The rods themselves were becoming sophisticated and specialized for different roles. Jointed rods became common from the middle of the century and bamboo came to be used for the top section of the rod, giving it a much greater strength and flexibility; the industry became commercialized – rods and tackle were sold at the haberdashers store. After the Great Fire of London in 1666, artisans moved to Redditch which became a centre of production of fishing related products from the 1730s. Onesimus Ustonson established his trading shop in 1761, his establishment remained as a market leader for the next century, he received a Royal Warrant from three successive monarchs starting with King George IV. The impact of the Industrial Revolution was first felt in the manufacture of fly lines. Instead of anglers twisting their own lines, a laborious and time-consuming process, the new textile spinning machines allowed for a variety of tapered lines to be manufactured and marketed; the material used for the rod itself changed from the heavy woods native to England, to lighter and more elastic varieties imported from abroad from South America and the West Indies.
Bamboo rods became the favoured option from the mid 19th century, several strips of the material were cut from the cane, milled into shape, glued together to form light, hexagonal rods with a solid core that were superior to anything that preceded them. Other materials used, were Tonkin bamboo Calcutta reed, ash wood, ironwood, lancewood, or malacca cane; these products were light and pliable. Rods were made in three pieces called a butt and tip; the butts were made of maple, with bored bottom. Midsections were made from ironwood because it was a thicker, strong wood. Tips were made from bamboo for its elasticity which could throw the bait further and more accurately. Handles and grips were of cork, wood, or wrapped cane. Many different types of glue held these sections together, most Irish glue and bone glue; this was until cement glue, was introduced because of its waterproof qualities. Today, Tonkin split-bamboo rods are still popular in fly fishing; until the mid-1800s rods were made in England.
This changed in 1846 when American Samuel Phillippe introduced an imported fishing rod the first six strips of Calcutta cane made in Bavaria where Phillippe was importing Violins that he passed off as his own hand work. Split-cane rods were independently produced after Phillippe started to sell the imported rods to a New York retailer and copied by Americans Charles Orvis, Hiram Leonard and Englishman William Hardy in the 1870s and mass production methods made these rods accessible to the public. Horton Manufacturing Company first introduced an all steel rod in 1913; these rods did not satisfy many customers. The next big occurrence in fishing rods was the introduction of the fiberglass rod in the 1940s and was developed by Robert Gayle and a Mr. Mcguire. Boron and Graphite rods came around in the 1960s and 1970s when the United States and United Kingdom invested considerable research into developing the new technologies. Hewitt and Howald were the first to come up with a way to lay the fibers into the shape of
Lee Jung-ok is a South Korean professor of sociology at Catholic University of Daegu serving as Minister of Gender Equality and Family since her appointment by President Moon Jae-in in September 2019. Lee has been active in academia and civic societies - both domestic and international. From 1986 Lee taught sociology at Hyosung Women's College until 1992 when she transferred to its successor, Catholic University of Daegu, as an associate professor of sociology. Since she took multiple roles in her university and promoted to professor. From 2011 she is a dean of Graduate School of Social Economy and a director of Social Sciences Research Institute. From 2016 to 2018 she was a dean of its School of Sociology, she was previously a visiting scholar at Waseda University and Harvard University. She is a director of Korean Association of Women's Studies as well as a senior advisor and ex-president of the Korean Association of NGO Studies. Lee is currently the co-chair of Gender Equality Committee of Ministry of National Defense, co-president of Women's Forum for Peace & Diplomacy and chair of International Cooperation Committee of Korea Democracy Foundation.
She was a member and chair of Public Interest Activity Promotion Committee of Seoul Metropolitan Government. Moreover, Lee is a director of Transparency International Korea from February 2019. From 1995 to 1999 she led the International Human Rights Centre of People’s Solidarity for Participatory Democracy as its assistant director and director. In 1999 Lee became the co-president of Korean House for International Solidarity. Furthermore, Lee is a board member of Democracy International based in Cologne and an international fellow of Asia Regional Exchange for New Alternatives based in Hong Kong. Lee graduated from Seoul National University with three degrees: bachelor in English Education and master and doctorate in sociology
Georgi Hristov is a former Bulgarian footballer who played as a striker. Hristov grew up as part of Maritsa Plovdiv's academy and made his debut for senior team in 2002/2003 season, he played for Maritsa until 2007. During the 2005/2006 season he became top scorer of B PFG. In the same season he was chosen the best footballer of B PFG East group by other players, he signed a contract with Botev during summer of 2007. In his first season in A PFG he became a topscorer, scoring 19 goals and was chosen the best footballer of the season by other players. Hristov became a free-agent on 4 July 2008. Hristov started training with Levski Sofia on 23 June 2008, he signed his contract with'the Blues'. He scored a hat-trick in one of his first matches for Levski. On 13 August 2008, Hristov earned a penalty for Levski Sofia in the first leg of a decisive Champions League match against BATE Borisov, but it was not converted and the "bluemen" subsequently lost the match by a score of 0:1. On 26 April 2009 Hristov scored four goals against PFC Belasitsa Petrich.
He scored in 63rd, 65th and 86th minute. The result of the match was 1:7 with a guest win for Levski Sofia. On 9 May 2009 Hristov scored the first goal for Levski Sofia in The Eternal Derby against CSKA; the result of the match was 0:2 with a guest win for Levski. He became a Champion of Bulgaria in 2009. On 15 July 2009, Hristov opened his goal account for the new season with two goals in the first official match for Levski during 2009/2010 season; the event took place in the 2nd Qualifying round of UEFA Champions League, where Levski beaten the team of UE Sant Julià. The result of the match was 4:0 with a home win for Levski. On 5 August 2009, he scored against FK Baku to wrap up a 2:0 win for the team from Sofia. In the play-off round Levski was eliminated by Debreceni VSC with 4:1. However, Levski qualified for UEFA Europa League. On 8 January 2009; the coach of Levski Georgi Ivanov, announced. On 26 February 2010 Wisła Kraków signed the Bulgarian forward on loan from PFC Levski Sofia. On 7 June 2010 it was announced that Hristov's loan contract would be terminated and he would return to Levski, unlike the initial plans of Wisła having him on loan until December 2010.
On 31 August 2010, Hristov moved to PFC Slavia Sofia. In August 2012, he moved to another A PFG outfit PFC Lokomotiv Sofia. In February 2013, he trialed with Major League Soccer club Philadelphia Union. On 8 March 2013, The Tampa Bay Rowdies, of the North American Soccer League, announced that the club had signed Hristov to a two-year deal. Year two of the contract is a club option. Hristov scored his first goal for the Rowdies in a 2-0 win against the San Antonio Scorpions. Hristov made 22 appearances during his first season in USA, finishing as the club's top scorer with 12 goals, he made 8 assists. He won the MVP award of the league that year. On July 4, 2018 Hristov scored his 58th career goal for the Rowdies, making him the Rowdies’ all-time top scorer. Georgi Hristov was called up for one friendly match against Bosnia and Herzegovina in August 2008, but remained an unused substitute. Hristov is an avid rock music fan, cited the American thrash metal band Metallica as his favourite, his older brother Hristo is a guitarist in the rock band P.
I. F. A PFG: 2008–09 Bulgarian Supercup: 2009 B PFG Top Goalscorer: 2005–06 A PFG Top Goalscorer: 2007–08 B PFG "East" Footballer of the Season: 2005–06 A PFG Footballer of the Season: 2007–08 NASL Golden Ball: 2013 NASL Best XI: 2013 NASL Player of the Month - September 2013 Media related to Georgi Hristov at Wikimedia Commons Tampa Bay Rowdies profile Profile at LevskiSofia.info
The Bayerische Akademie für Außenwirtschaft e. V. headquartered in Munich, was founded in 1989 as a private university of cooperative education and state-approved vocational school for training qualified young professional and managerial staff for the international professional world. The Bayerische Akademie is an UNESCO ASPNet. There is an administrative cooperation of the Bavarian Academy for the Didact Kfm. Training Company based in Elsenheimerstraße; the core competencies of the Bayerische Akademie für Außenwirtschaft are business economics, international business, financial services, transport industry, facility management. It offers continuing education for adults; the BAA with their cooperating state-approved vocational school in particular educates State-Certified International business professionals and offers the Bachelor's degree. Admission is based on the Higher education entrance qualification. For academic postgraduate studies in business administration, in international economics as well as various commercial training are offered.
For school leavers with a General Certificate of Secondary Education the BAA offers studies for Euro-Management Assistants. Companies such as BMW, Airbus, VW, Wacker Chemie and Audi have integrated the curricula of the Bayerische Akademie in their house training and encourage their employees to participate in the BAA-examinations. Homepage of the Bayerischen Akademie für Außenwirtschaft Facebook-Profil of the BAA
Christopher Merrill is an American poet, essayist and translator. He serves as director of the International Writing Program at the University of Iowa, he led the initiative that resulted in the selection of Iowa City as a UNESCO City of Literature, a part of the Creative Cities Network. In 2011, he was appointed to the U. S. National Commission for UNESCO. Christopher Merrill was raised in New Jersey, he did his undergraduate work at Middlebury College and his graduate degree at the University of Washington. He has published six collections of poetry, including Watch Fire, for which he received the Peter I. B. Lavan Younger Poets Award from the Academy of American Poets, he has published translations, several edited volumes, six books of nonfiction. His work has been translated into nearly 40 languages, his journalism appears in many publications. For 10 years he was the book critic for the daily radio news program The World. Merrill's honors include a Chevalier from the French government in the Ordre des Arts et des Lettres.
He held the William H. Jenks Chair in Contemporary Letters at the College of the Holy Cross before becoming the director of the International Writing Program at the University of Iowa in 2000. Workbook Fevers & Tides. Santa Fe: Teal Press, 1989. ISBN 9780913793107 Watch Fire. White Pine Press. 1995. ISBN 978-1-877727-43-6. Brilliant Water. White Pine Press. 2001. ISBN 978-1-893996-12-0. Seven Poets, Four Days, One Book. Boat. Tupelo Press, 2013. After the Fact: Scripts & Postscripts, a poetic collaboration with Marvin Bell. 2016. Necessities, prose poetry. Buffalo: White Pine Press, 2013. Vienna: Edition Pen Löcker, 2014. Rome: Edizioni Fili d’Aquilone, 2017; the Grass of Another Country: A Journey Through the World of Soccer The Old Bridge: The Third Balkan War and the Age of the Refugee Only the Nails Remain: Scenes from the Balkan Wars. Rowman & Littlefield. 2001. ISBN 978-0-7425-1686-1. Things of the Hidden God: Journey to the Holy Mountain Cultural Diplomacy: The Linchpin of Public Diplomacy, Report of the Advisory Committee on Cultural Diplomacy, U.
S. Department of State The Tree of the Doves: Ceremony, War Self-Portrait with Dogwood Aleš Debeljak. Anxious Moments. Translator Christopher Merrill. White Pine Press. ISBN 978-1-877727-35-1. CS1 maint: uses authors parameter CS1 maint: others Tomaž Šalamun; the Four Questions of Melancholy: New and Selected Poems of Tomaž Šalamun. Translator Christopher Merrill. White Pine Press. ISBN 978-1-877727-57-3; the City and the Child, poems by Aleš Debeljak Because of the Rain: A Selection of Korean Zen Poems Even Birds Leave the World: Selected Poems of Ji-woo Hwang Scale and Stairs: Selected Poems of Heeduk Ra Translucency: Selected Poems of Chankyung Sung, translated from the Korean with Won-Chung Kim. The Growth of a Shadow: Selected Poems of Taejoon Moon, translated from the Korean withWon-Chung Kim. 2012. The Night of the Cat’s Return by Chanho Song, translated from the Korean with Won-ChungKim. 2015. If My Tongue Refuses to Remain in My Mouth by Kim Sun-Woo Kim, translated from theKorean with Won-Chung Kim.
2018. John McPhee. Christopher Merrill. Outcroppings. Peregrine Smith Books. ISBN 978-0-87905-262-1. Christopher Merrill, ed.. The Forgotten Language: Contemporary Poets and Nature. Peregrine Smith Books. ISBN 978-0-87905-376-5. What Will Suffice: Contemporary American Poets on the Art of Poetry From the Faraway Nearby: Georgia O'Keeffe as Icon The Way to the Salt Marsh: A John Hay Reader John Turnbull, Alon Raab, Thom Satterlee, eds.. "A Boy Juggling a Soccer Ball". The Global Game: Writers on Soccer. University of Nebraska Press. P. 70. ISBN 978-0-8032-1078-3. Christopher Merrill. CS1 maint: uses editors parameter William J. Walsh, ed.. "Suite for Ashes and Strings". Under the rock umbrella: contemporary American poets, 1951-1977. Mercer University Press. ISBN 978-0-88146-047-6; the New Symposium: Poets and Writers on What We Hold in Common, edited with Natasa Durovicova. 2012. Flash Fiction International: Very Short Stories from Around the World, edited with Robert Shapard and James Thomas. 2015. The Same Gate: A Collection of Writings in the Spirit of Rumi, edited with Natasa Durovicova.
2018. Christopher Merrill: Sajak sajak, translated into Malay Why the Grass Whispered Again: Selected Poems, translated into Arabic Sherman Brown Neff Fellowship, University of Utah John Ciardi Fellow in Poetry, Bread Loaf Writers’ Conference Pushcart Prize XV in Poetry Editors’ Award in Poetry, Columbia: A Magazine of Poetry & Prose Ingram Merrill Foundation Award in Poetry Readers’ Choice Award in Poetry, Prairie Schooner The Academy of American Poets Peter I. B. Lavan Younger Poets Award Translation Award, Slovenian Ministry of Culture Finalist, Los Angeles Times Book Prize Writers Association of Bosnia-Herzegovina Annual Literary Award, The Bosnian Stecak Translation Awards, Korean Literature Translation Institute Kostas Kyriazis Foundation Honorary International Literary Prize Chevalier de l’Ordre des Arts et des Lettres, French Ministry of Culture and Communications Finalist, Best Translated Poetry Book Award, for Scale and Stairs: Selected Poems ofHeeduk Ra, translated from the Korean with Won-Chung Kim.
Regents Award for Faculty Excellence, Board of Regents, State of Iowa. Changwon KC International Literary Prize, Korea. Bronze Medalist, Foreword INDIE
Wyrley Rangers F. C. was a football club based in Essington, England. The club was established in 1988. In 1998, they joined the West Midlands League Division One North and gained promotion to the Premier Division in 2005; the club folded in 2007. Wyrley Rangers Football Club was founded in 1998 and joined the West Midlands Regional League, however after one season they left that league to play in the Wolverhampton Combination, they re-joined the West Midlands League in 2001, playing in Division One North, finished mid-table in their first season. In 2003 they absorbed another club from Marston Wolves. In the 2004–05 season the club started off poorly but turned their fortunes around after the arrival of Tony Wall as manager, with a run of 12 successive wins carrying them to third place in the Division One table. Two resignations from the Premier Division gave them an opportunity to apply for Premier status, which they were granted providing that the appropriate ground grading criteria could be met prior to the League AGM on 30 June.
Plans to upgrade the ground for possible future Premier Division status had always been on the cards, but the work had to completed in less than three weeks. The club completed the work with just hours to spare and were therefore able to take their place in the Premier Division, where they finished in 5th place in their first season. In 2007, after finishing 14th in their second season in the Premier Division and winning the league's JW Hunt Cup, the club withdrew from the West Midlands League and folded; the work undertaken to bring Long Lane Park up to Premier Division standard in 2005 saw the addition of three new changing rooms, a players' entrance, hard standing around the ground, a 100-seater cantilever stand. The ground boasts floodlights. Since the demise of Wyrley Rangers it has been used by WMRL Division One team Wyrley Juniors FC, Wyrley Ladies FC and Warstone Wanderers. Best league position: 5th in West Midlands League Premier Division, 2005–06 Best FA Cup performance: none Best FA Vase performance: 2nd qualifying round, 2006–07