click links in text for more info

Flag of Canada

The flag of Canada referred to as the Canadian flag, or unofficially as the Maple Leaf and l'Unifolié, is the national flag of Canada which consists of a red field with a white square at its centre in the ratio of 1:2:1, in the middle of, featured a stylized, red, 11-pointed maple leaf charged in the centre. It is the first flag approved by the Parliament of Canada for use as the country's national flag. In 1964, Prime Minister Lester B. Pearson formed a committee to resolve the ongoing issue of the lack of an official Canadian flag, sparking a serious debate about a flag change to replace the Union Flag. Out of three choices, the maple leaf design by George Stanley, based on the flag of the Royal Military College of Canada, was selected; the flag made its first official appearance on February 15, 1965. The Canadian Red Ensign was unofficially used since the 1860s and approved by a 1945 Order in Council for use "wherever place or occasion may make it desirable to fly a distinctive Canadian flag".

The Royal Union Flag remains an official flag in Canada. There is no law dictating how the national flag is to be treated, but there are conventions and protocols to guide how it is to be displayed and its place in the order of precedence of flags, which gives it primacy over the aforementioned and most other flags. Many different flags created for use by Canadian officials, government bodies, military forces contain the maple leaf motif in some fashion, either by having the Canadian flag charged in the canton, or by including maple leaves in the design; the flag is horizontally symmetric and therefore the obverse and reverse sides appear identical. The width of the Maple Leaf flag is twice the height; the white field is a Canadian pale. In heraldic terminology, the flag's blazon as outlined on the original royal proclamation is "gules on a Canadian pale argent a maple leaf of the first"; the maple leaf has been used as a Canadian emblem since the 18th century. It was first used as a national symbol in 1868 when it appeared on the coat of arms of both Ontario and Quebec.

In 1867, Alexander Muir composed the patriotic song "The Maple Leaf Forever", which became an unofficial anthem in English-speaking Canada. The maple leaf was added to the Canadian coat of arms in 1921. From 1876 until 1901, the leaf appeared on all Canadian coins and remained on the penny after 1901; the use of the maple leaf by the Royal Canadian Regiment as a regimental symbol extended back to 1860. During the First World War and Second World War, badges of the Canadian Forces were based on a maple leaf design; the maple leaf would adorn the tombstones of Canadian military graves. By proclaiming the Royal Arms of Canada, King George V in 1921 made red and white the official colours of Canada; these colours became "entrenched" as the national colours of Canada upon the proclamation of the Royal Standard of Canada in 1962. The Department of Canadian Heritage has listed the various colour shades for printing ink that should be used when reproducing the Canadian flag. 0-712. No. 4T51577. 62539/0 Rieger Inks, No. 25564 Sinclair and Valentine, No.

RL163929/0. The number of points on the leaf has no special significance; the image of the maple leaf used on the flag was designed by Jacques Saint-Cyr. The colours 0/100/100/0 in the CMYK process, PMS 032, or PMS 485 in the Pantone colour specifier can be used when reproducing the flag. For the Federal Identity Program, the red tone of the standard flag has an RGB value of 255–0–0. In 1984, the National Flag of Canada Manufacturing Standards Act was passed to unify the manufacturing standards for flags used in both indoor and outdoor conditions; the first flag known to have flown in Canada was the St George's Cross carried by John Cabot when he reached Newfoundland in 1497. In 1534, Jacques Cartier planted a cross in Gaspé bearing the French royal coat of arms with the fleurs-de-lis, his ship flew a red flag with the French naval flag at the time. New France continued to fly the evolving French military flags of that period; as the de jure national flag of the United Kingdom, the Union Flag was used in Canada from the 1621 British settlement in Nova Scotia.

Its use continued after Canada's independence from the United Kingdom in 1931 until the adoption of the current flag in 1965. Shortly after Canadian Confederation in 1867, the need for distinctive Canadian flags emerged; the first Canadian flag was that used as the flag of the Governor General of Canada, a Union Flag with a shield in the centre bearing the quartered arms of Ontario, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick surrounded by a wreath of maple leaves. In 1870 the Red Ensign, with the addition of the Canadian composite shield in the fly, began to be used unofficially on land and sea and was known as the Canadian Red Ensign; as new provinces joined the Confederatio


Poppy. Computer is the debut studio album by YouTube personality Poppy, it was released on October 6, 2017, followed by a 34-city, 40-concert Poppy. Computer Tour. Poppy. Computer was written in Los Angeles during 2016 by Poppy and Titanic Sinclair, with help from songwriter Simon Wilcox and Chris Greatti of Blame Candy. Near the end of the year and Titanic went to Japan to work with producers on the record went back in the spring of 2017 to finish it. On May 6, 2017, Poppy confirmed on Twitter. On the same tweet Poppy confirmed that there would be a tour to promote the album and that she knows when the album will be released; when asked by a fan if she could release the album herself she stated, "There's too much fun to be had from now to then." After being interviewed for an article with the Wired, the website accidentally leaked the release date of Poppy's album as October 6, 2017, the anniversary of Poppy's YouTube channel creation. On September 8, 2017, Poppy announced her upcoming album in the video "Poppy.

Computer". A remix EP was released on iTunes on March 16, 2018. "I'm Poppy" was released on February 2017, as the first single from Poppy. Computer. "Computer Boy" was released on May 2017, as the second single from the album. "Let's Make a Video" was released on June 22, 2017, as the third single from Poppy. Computer A music video was released on July 11, 2017. "Interweb" was released as the fourth single on July 17, 2017, with a music video released on July 21, 2017. To promote the single, she made her late night debut to perform the song on The Late Late Show with James Corden. "My Style" was released as the fifth single on September 1, 2017. Music videos were released for "Moshi Moshi" on November 10, 2017 and "Bleach Blonde Baby" on December 13, 2017; the was performed on Total Request Live on January 29, 2018. AllMusic's Neil Z. Yeung noted an "injection" of J-pop into Poppy's "computer veins", mentioning that the album results in a "winking piece of art pop that sounds like Fame-era Lady Gaga meets Grimes or L.

A. M. B.-era Gwen Stefani going full'Harajuku Girl'" suggesting to "think of this as the'Material Girl' for the Internet age". Rolling Stone's Maura Johnston said that " adds her airy voice to hyper-stylized, detail-rich gloss-pop" stating that "Poppy. Computer‘s off-kilter recounting of microcelebrity, hiccuping vocals and intricate production help her neatly avoid that fate". Credits adapted from Tidal. On March 16, 2018 a remix EP was released by Mad Decent for digital download across various platforms featuring remixes of selected songs from the album. Credits adapted from Tidal


Tecplot is the name of a family of visualization & analysis software tools developed by Tecplot, Inc., headquartered in Bellevue, Washington. The firm was operated as Amtec Engineering. In 2016, the firm was acquired by Vela Software, an operating group of Constellation Software, Inc.. Tecplot 360 is a Computational Fluid Dynamics and numerical simulation software package used in post-processing simulation results. Tecplot 360 is used in chemistry applications to visualize molecule structure by post-processing charge density data. Common tasks associated with post-processing analysis of flow solver data include calculating grid quantities, normalizing data. Tecplot 360 may be used to visualize output from programming languages such as Fortran. Tecplot's native data format is PLT or SZPLT. Many other formats are supported, including: CFD Formats: CGNS, FLOW-3D, ANSYS CFX, ANSYS FLUENT.cas and.dat format and polyhedra, OpenFOAM, PLOT3D, Tecplot and polyhedra, Ensight Gold and HDF5. Data Formats: HDF, Microsoft Excel, comma- or space-delimited ASCII.

FEA Formats: Abaqus, ANSYS, FIDAP Neutral, LSTC/DYNA LS-DYNA, NASTRAN MSC Software, Patran MSC Software, PTC Mechanica, SDRC/IDEAS universal and 3D Systems STL. ParaView supports Tecplot format through a VisIt importer. Tecplot RS is a tool tailored towards visualizing the results of reservoir simulations, which model the flow of fluids through porous media, as in oil and gas fields, aquifers. Tecplot Focus is plotting software designed for measured field data, performance plotting of test data, mathematical analysis, general engineering plotting. Tecplot Chorus is a data management, design optimization, aero database development framework used for comparing collections of CFD simulations. Official Site User Community File format definition

Dismal Lakes

Dismal Lakes are a series of three interconnected lakes in the Canadian Northwest Territories located midway between the Coronation Gulf and Great Bear Lake, east of the Dease River. The Teshierpi River discharges into the narrows between the second and third Dismal Lakes, the third lake discharges into the Kendall River; the lakes were named by explorer Thomas Simpson. Two miles west of the western lake is Sandy Creek, which flows south into the Dease River; the west end of western lake is surrounded by bare hills covered in sharp broken rock, it is from this barren area that the lakes get their name. Three small brooks enter the lake at this end, one from the south, two from the west. Six miles from the western end of the lake it narrows to half a mile, on the other side of these narrows the lake is surrounded by rounded slopes covered with grass and heaths. There is a shallow sandbar extending across the eastern end of the lake; the narrows between the first and second lakes are a favored crossing-place for the caribou.

The narrow river is confined between steep gravel hills and has a strong current. The center lake is hemmed in by mountains. On the north side the Coppermine Mountains rise in terraces to nearly one thousand feet. There are some small spruce in a cove on the north shore. On the south side of the lake is Teshierpi Mountain, the southern-most spur of the Coppermine Mountains, rising 800 feet. At the east end of the lake is a shallow sandbar which extends across the width of the lake, followed by a series of small willow covered islands; the narrows between the second and third lakes is a short river with a sandy channel. The Teshierpi River joins this channel from the south; the eastern lake is the smallest of the three three miles long and a mile wide. It is surrounded by rising grassy shores and, at a distance, mountains. There is a shallow sandbar extending across the eastern end of the lake; the third lake discharges into the Kendall River. The extreme end of the third lake is sparsely wooded with small spruce, which extend down the Kendall.

The Dismal Lakes are one of the historical homes of a Copper Inuit subgroup. Lands forlorn: a story of an expedition to Hearne's Coppermine River, George Mellis Douglas

Jelmer Steenhuis

Jelmer Jan Steenhuis is a Dutch creator of puzzles and games. Steenhuis is best known for his weekly puzzles in the newspaper NRC Handelsblad and magazine Vrij Nederland. Jelmer Steenhuis used to be a lawyer, an occupation he started to combine with the design of puzzles. From 1987 he was responsible for the cryptic crossword in NRC Handelsblad, the so-called Scrypto, a renowned puzzle that until was compiled by Henk Scheltes. On, from 1990, Steenhuis started to compile a weekly variety puzzle in the Vrij Nederland, loosely based on similar puzzles in American periodicals. In 1997 Steenhuis decided to concentrate on the compiling of puzzles as a profession, resulting in his own business start-up Studio Steenhuis. Studio Steenhuis provides, in addition to the mentioned-above, many other puzzles and games, including the daily newspuzzle In Het Midden in and the picture puzzle Gezocht in NRC Handelsblad. In magazines such as Safe, the sponsored magazine from the asset management firm Robeco, Resource, the student magazine at the University of Wageningen, one can find puzzles of Studio Steenhuis.

The annual Econogram, in which the economic year is cryptically discussed, is a highlight for many readers of NRC Handelsblad. Besides puzzles on paper, Studio Steenhuis produces online games, TV formats and boardgames. In addition, Studio Steenhuis and NRC Handelsblad started a subscription-based website in 2010, on which puzzles and games are offered. Official website Puzzle website Gesprek met Jelmer Steenhuis. Grossier in puzzeldrugs,, 4 maart 2003

Fiestas Patrias (Mexico)

Fiestas Patrias in Mexico originated in the 19th century and are observed today as five public holidays. This day commemorates the Constitution of 1917, promulgated after the Mexican Revolution on February 5. Article 74 of the Mexican federal labor law provides that the first Monday of February will be an official holiday in Mexico marking this occasion; this was a modification of the law made in 2005, effective since 2006. This day commemorates President Benito Juárez's birthday on March 21, 1806. Juárez is popularly regarded as an exemplary politician because of his liberal policies that, among other things, defined the traditionally strict separation of the church and the Mexican state. Article 74 of the Mexican labor law provides that the third Monday of March will be an official holiday in Mexico; as with Constitution Day, the holiday was celebrated every year on the same date, but the federal labor law was modified in 2005 so the holiday is always celebrated on a Monday. Día del Trabajo commemorates the Mexican workers' union movements on May 1 — the 1906 Cananea and the 1907 Río Blanco, labor unrest and repression.

Grito de Dolores and Aniversario de la Independencia commemorate Father Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla's Grito de Dolores — on September 16, 1810, in the village of Dolores, near Guanajuato. Hidalgo called for the end of Spanish rule in Mexico. On October 18, 1825, the Republic of Mexico declared September 16 its national Independence Day. Mexican Independence day referred to as Dieciséis de septiembre, is celebrated from the evening of September 15 with a re-creation of the Grito de Dolores by all executive office-holders and lasts through the night; this day commemorates the Mexican Revolution which started on November 20, 1910 when Francisco I. Madero planned an uprising against dictator Porfirio Díaz's 31-year-long iron rule. Article 74 of the Mexican labor law provides that the third Monday of November will be an official holiday in Mexico; this was a modification of the law made in 2005, effective since 2006. Although November 20 is the official day, the uprising started on different days in different parts of the country.

Contrary to common misconception in the U. S. Cinco de mayo is not Mexico's "Independence Day", but rather commemorates an initial victory of Mexican forces over French forces in the Battle of Puebla on May 5, 1862. In contrast to Independence Day, described above, Cinco de mayo is observed at a local level and is a minor Bank Holiday in the rest of Mexico. Many labor unions have negotiated to have the day off, since its proximity to Labor Day allows an extended five-day weekend or two consecutive three-day weekends. Flag flying days in Mexico Holidays and celebrations in Mexico