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The Flatirons are rock formations in the western United States, near Boulder, consisting of flatirons. There are five large, numbered Flatirons ranging from north to south along the east slope of Green Mountain, the term "The Flatirons" sometimes refers to these five alone. Numerous additional named Flatirons are on the southern part of Green Mountain, Bear Peak, among the surrounding foothills; the Flatirons were known as the "Chautauqua Slabs" c. 1900 and "The Crags" c. 1906. There are two hypotheses regarding the origin of the current name, one based on resemblance to old-fashioned clothes irons, the other based on resemblance to the Flatiron Building completed in 1902; the Flatirons consist of conglomeratic sandstone of the Fountain Formation. Geologists estimate the age of these rocks as 290 to 296 million years; the Flatirons were subsequently exposed by erosion. Other manifestations of the Fountain Formation can be found in many places along the Colorado Front Range, including Garden of the Gods near Colorado Springs, Roxborough State Park in Douglas County, Red Rocks Amphitheatre near Morrison.

The Flatirons on Green Mountain are within the City of Boulder Open Mountain Parks system. They are popular destinations for hikers and rock climbers, with rock grades ranging from easy to world-class. Images of the numbered Flatirons on Green Mountain are ubiquitous symbols of the city of Boulder; the area abounds with Flatirons photographs, drawings and sculptures. The city government, the University of Colorado, many businesses make use of this symbol in their logos and marketing materials. Many businesses use the word Flatirons or Flatiron in their names. In addition, Boulder is referred to in the tech industry as the "Silicon Flatirons", analogous to Santa Clara Valley's famous nickname; the third Flatiron bore a "CU," for the University of Colorado, in 50-foot white letters from the 1950s until 1980, when the city painted over the initials to restore the natural look of the stone formation. CU students Dale Johnson and Robert Rowlands climbed the flatiron one night in November 1949 to paint the original "C."

The "C" was painted again, with a "U" being added in the 1950s. The letters are still faintly visible under the reddish paint used by the city in 1980. Climbing according to Geology Flatiron Webcam 360 Degree Panoramas Near Flat Irons Gibson, Dick. "Geology of Boulder Flatirons: The Fountain Formation". Gravmag. Gibson Consulting. Retrieved 7 October 2014

J. B. Moraes

John Baptist Moraes was a Konkani poet and writer. Jonh Baptist Moraes was born in 1933 in a village called Kallamundkur near Mangalore. Mr. Moraes received the Sahitya Akademi Award for his collection of Konkani poems Bhitorlem Tufan in 1985, he was the first Konkani writer from Karnataka to receive this Award. He received Maharashtra Gaurav Puraskar in 1990 and Sandesha Prathistan Literary Award in the year 2000, he has written a monograph of the great Konkani poet C. F. DeCosta for the Sahitya Akademi under the series'Makers of Indian Literature', he has translated History of Kannada Literature for Sahitya Akademi. As a journalist, Mr. Moraes has a long experience of over 45 years in working with the various Konkani periodicals. Mr. Moraes was elected President of the 19th Session of the All India Konkani Parishad held in Madgaon in January 1993. Mr. Moraes was an instrumental in reviving the oldest representative body of Konkanis "Konkani Bhasha Mandal, Mumbai’, in 1992, he was its General Secretary since 1992.


Azizon Abdul Kadir

Azizon bin Abdul Kadir is a former professional footballer who played as a goalkeeper. During 2005 season, Azizon helped Negeri Sembilan promoted into Malaysia Super League, they become the champions of 2005–06 Malaysia Super League. He helps Kuala Muda Naza to win Premier League Malaysia. From 2012 to 2013, Azizon played for Kuala Lumpur. In 2014, he was signed by PDRM FA, played a significant contribution as the team won the 2014 Malaysia Premier League. Azizon played for his state team, Perak FA in 2015 before changing teams in 2016 to Perlis FA, leaving them at the end of the season; as of 2018, Perlis is the final professional team. On international stage, Azizon earned his first cap against Hong Kong on 13 October 2004 in 2006 FIFA World Cup qualification, he was part of the squad in the 2004 Tiger Cup as backup to Mohd Syamsuri Mustafa. During 2007 AFC Asian Cup, absence of Syamsuri due to injury has given Azizon the chance to take his place as the first choice goalkeeper; however disaster occurs during the tournament as Azizon conceded 12 goals in 3 matches as Malaysia lose in all their group games.

After the dismal performance at the Asian Cup, Azizon was not included into the Malaysia squad again for 7 years, until he was recalled into the Malaysia starting line-up on 14 September 2014 by Dollah Salleh for the friendly match against Indonesia. He played in the match as a starter, which ends in a 2–0 loss to Malaysia This, as it turned out, is the final appearance of Azizon for the national team. Profile at Azizon Abdul Kadir at

Hindu Religious and Charitable Endowments Department

The Hindu Religious and Charitable Endowments Department is one of the departments of the Government of Tamil Nadu which manages and controls the temple administration within the state. In 1923, Madras Hindu Religious Endowments Act was passed by Madras Presidency. In 1925, the Government constituted "The Hindu Religious and Charitable Endowments Board" consisting of a President and two to four Commissioners nominated by the Government to function as a statutory body. Subsequently, it was modified and in 1960 it became The Hindu Religious and Charitable Endowments department by Tamil Nadu Hindu Religious and Charitable Endowments Act XXII of 1959 which came into force with effect from 1 January 1960. From 1991, no religious and spiritual leaders are involved in maintenance and administration of the Hindu Temples and Charitable Endowments. However, the maintenance and administration of the Jain temples are under the administration of Jain religious and spiritual leaders; the act controls 36,425 temples, 56 mutts or religious orders, 1,721 specific endowments and 189 trusts.

Annadhanam Scheme is conducted in 518 Temples and 50 to 300 devotees are provided with mid day meals after Uchikala Pooja. In every year Special Rejuvenation camp for mutt and temple elephants to maintain their balanced physical and mental health. Spiritual and Moral Instruction classes were conducted in 485 temples by scholars. Various welfare schemes for temple employees and Nathaswara artists were performed by this department; this department publishes. Below are the few maintained temples. Annamalaiyar Temple, Tiruvannamalai Meenakshi Amman Temple, Madurai Palani Murugan Temple, Palani Ramanathaswamy Temple, Rameshwaram Marundeeswarar Temple, Chennai Ranganathaswamy Temple, Coimbatore Jalakandeswarar Temple, Vellore Baghavathiamman Temple, Kanyakumari Thanumalayaswamy Temple, Suchindrum

Ocean deoxygenation

Ocean deoxygenation is the expansion of oxygen minimum zones in the world's oceans as a consequence of anthropogenic emissions of carbon dioxide. The change has been rapid and poses a threat to fish and other types of marine life, as well as to people who depend on marine life for nutrition or livelihood. Oceanographers and others have discussed what phrase best describes the phenomenon to non-specialists. Among the options considered have been ocean suffocation, "ocean oxygen deprivation", "decline in ocean oxygen", "marine deoxygenation", "ocean oxygen depletion" and "ocean hypoxia". Ocean deoxygenation poses implications for ocean productivity, nutrient cycling, carbon cycling, marine habitats. Most of the excess heat from CO2 and other greenhouse gas emissions is absorbed by the oceans. Warmer oceans cause deoxygenation both because oxygen is less soluble in warmer water, through temperature driven stratification of the ocean which inhibits the production of oxygen from photosynthesis; the ocean surface stratifies as the ocean warms causing ice melt and glacial runoff.

This results in therefore a less dense layer that floats on top. The warmer waters themselves are less dense; this stratification inhibits the upwelling of nutrients into the upper layer of the ocean. This is; this decrease in nutrient supply is to decrease rates of photosynthesis in the surface ocean, responsible for half of the oxygen produced globally. Increased stratification can decrease the supply of oxygen to the interior of the ocean. Warmer waters increase the metabolism of marine organisms, leading to increased respiration rates. In the surface ocean, increased respiration will lead to lower net oxygen production, thus less oxygen transferred to the atmosphere. In the interior ocean, the combination of increased respiration and decreased oxygen supply from surface waters can draw oxygen down to hypoxic or anoxic levels. Not only are low levels of oxygen lethal to fish and other upper trophic level species, they can change the microbially mediated cycling of globally important elements such as nitrogen.

All this, increased demand on herbivores, decreased nutrient supply, decreased dissolved oxygen, etc. result in catastrophic food web mismatches. Ocean model simulations predict a decline of up to 7% in the global ocean O2 content over the next hundred years; the decline of oxygen is projected to continue for a thousand years or more. Anoxic event Anoxic waters Dead zone Ocean acidification Seaweed#Bioremediation 1.^ Expanding Oxygen-Minimum Zones in the Tropical Oceans by L. Stramma et al. doi:10.1126/science.1153847 2.^ [Biotic and Human Vulnerability to Projected Changes in Ocean Biogeochemistry over the 21st Century by Mora et al. Plos Biology, 11 e1001682, 2013 doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.1001682 3.^ Ocean Dead Zones Growing.

William Hayes Ackland

William Hayes Ackland was an American lawyer and art collector from Nashville, Tennessee. He lived most of his life away from Tennessee, in Washington, DC, various social spots, traveling to England annually for its social season; the Ackland Art Museum at the University of North Carolina Chapel Hill was begun with his collection. William Hayes Acklen was born on September 1855, in Nashville, Tennessee, he changed his last name to Ackland by 1892. He was a son of Colonel Joseph Alexander Smith Acklen, a lawyer from Alabama who had served in the Mexican–American War of 1846–1848, Adelicia Franklin Acklen, she was a wealthy widow when she married Col. Acklen, their children benefitted by her wealth, his maternal grandfather, Oliver Bliss Hayes, was a lawyer and Presbyterian minister from South Hadley, Massachusetts. Hayes, who served as President of the United States from 1877 to 1881. William's older brother, Joseph H. Acklen, served as U. S. Representative from Louisiana from 1878 to 1881. Acklen grew up at his family plantation home, Belmont Mansion, in Nashville, on his mother's family plantations in Louisiana.

He received a Bachelor of Arts from the University of Nashville, followed by a Bachelor of Laws from Vanderbilt University. He was one of the first students at Vanderbilt. After law school, Acklen moved to Washington, D. C. where he practiced as a lawyer. In the 1880s, he worked at journalism in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Acklen was part of a wealthy social class, spending much of his time attending society galas and balls in Washington, in Ormond Beach, Florida, he traveled to England annually for its season. He became known as a member of high society; when Acklen published his novel Sterope: The Veiled Pleiad, it was under his changed surname as "Ackland". He published three volumes of poetry and a memoir. Ackland wrote plays and attended theatre, he corresponded with older writers such as Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Oliver Wendell Holmes Sr. James Russell Lowell, John Greenleaf Whittier. Ackland became an important art collector. To preserve his art collection, he wanted to establish a museum on a Southern university campus.

But, Duke University and Rollins College rejected hosting a museum in his name. The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill agreed, the Ackland Art Museum was established on its campus. Ackland married Laura Crocker on June 2, 1896, in Ohio, they divorced a year later. He inherited US$100,000 from one of his late half-sisters. By the time of his death, he left an estate of US$1,350,000. In his years, Ackland became a Knight Templar. At the end of his life, Ackland resided in Ormond, where he died on February 16, 1940, he was buried in Mount Olivet Cemetery. William Hayes Ackland, Sterope: The Veiled Pleiad. John Emil Larson, William Hayes Ackland, 1855–1940