Flavian dynasty

The Flavian dynasty was a Roman imperial dynasty, which ruled the Roman Empire between 69 AD and 96 AD, encompassing the reigns of Vespasian, his two sons Titus and Domitian. The Flavians rose to power during the civil war of 69, known as the Year of the Four Emperors. After Galba and Otho died in quick succession, Vitellius became emperor in mid 69, his claim to the throne was challenged by legions stationed in the Eastern provinces, who declared their commander Vespasian emperor in his place. The Second Battle of Bedriacum tilted the balance decisively in favour of the Flavian forces, who entered Rome on December 20; the following day, the Roman Senate declared Vespasian emperor of the Roman Empire, thus commencing the Flavian dynasty. Although the dynasty proved to be short-lived, several significant historic and military events took place during their reign; the reign of Titus was struck by multiple natural disasters, the most severe of, the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 79. The surrounding cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum were buried under ash and lava.

One year Rome was struck by fire and a plague. On the military front, the Flavian dynasty witnessed the siege and destruction of Jerusalem by Titus in 70, following the failed Jewish rebellion of 66. Substantial conquests were made in Great Britain under command of Gnaeus Julius Agricola between 77 and 83, while Domitian was unable to procure a decisive victory against King Decebalus in the war against the Dacians. In addition, the Empire strengthened its border defenses by expanding the fortifications along the Limes Germanicus; the Flavians initiated economic and cultural reforms. Under Vespasian, new taxes were devised to restore the Empire's finances, while Domitian revalued the Roman coinage by increasing its silver content. A massive building programme was enacted by Titus, to celebrate the ascent of the Flavian dynasty, leaving multiple enduring landmarks in the city of Rome, the most spectacular of, the Flavian Amphitheatre, better known as the Colosseum. Flavian rule came to an end on September 96, when Domitian was assassinated.

He was succeeded by the longtime Flavian supporter and advisor Marcus Cocceius Nerva, who founded the long-lived Nerva–Antonine dynasty. The Flavian dynasty was unique among the four dynasties of the Principate Era, in that it was only one man and his two sons, without any extended or adopted family. Decades of civil war during the 1st century BC had contributed to the demise of the old aristocracy of Rome, replaced in prominence by a new Italian nobility during the early part of the 1st century AD. One such family were the Flavians, or gens Flavia, which rose from relative obscurity to prominence in just four generations, acquiring wealth and status under the emperors of the Julio-Claudian dynasty. Vespasian's grandfather, Titus Flavius Petro, had served as a centurion under Pompey during Caesar's civil war, his military career ended in disgrace when he fled the battlefield at the Battle of Pharsalus in 48 BC. Petro managed to improve his status by marrying the wealthy Tertulla, whose fortune guaranteed the upward mobility of Petro's son Titus Flavius Sabinus I.

Sabinus himself amassed further wealth and possible equestrian status through his services as tax collector in Asia and banker in Helvetia. By marrying Vespasia Polla he allied himself to the more prestigious patrician gens Vespasia, ensuring the elevation of his sons Titus Flavius Sabinus II and Vespasian to the senatorial rank. Around 38 AD, Vespasian married the daughter of an equestrian from Ferentium, they had two sons, Titus Flavius Vespasianus and Titus Flavius Domitianus, a daughter, Domitilla. Domitilla the Elder died. Thereafter his mistress Caenis was his wife in all but name until she died in 74; the political career of Vespasian included the offices of quaestor and praetor, culminated with a consulship in 51, the year Domitian was born. As a military commander, he gained early renown by participating in the Roman invasion of Britain in 43. Ancient sources allege poverty for the Flavian family at the time of Domitian's upbringing claiming Vespasian had fallen into disrepute under the emperors Caligula and Nero.

Modern history has refuted these claims, suggesting these stories were circulated under Flavian rule as part of a propaganda campaign to diminish success under the less reputable Emperors of the Julio-Claudian dynasty, maximize achievements under Emperor Claudius and his son Britannicus. By all appearances, imperial favour for the Flavians was high throughout the 60s. While Titus received a court education in the company of Britannicus, Vespasian pursued a successful political and military career. Following a prolonged period of retirement during the 50s, he returned to public office under Nero, serving as proconsul of the Africa province in 63, accompanying the emperor during an official tour of Greece in 66. From c. 57 to 59, Titus was a military tribune in Germania, served in Britannia. His first wife, Arrecina Tertulla, died two years after their marriage, in 65. Titus took a new wife of a more distinguished family, Marcia Furnilla. However, Marcia's family was linked to the opposition to Emperor Nero.

Her uncle Barea Soranus and his daughter Servilia were among those who were killed after the failed Pisonian conspiracy of 65. Some modern historians theorize that Titus divorced his wife because of her family's connection to the conspiracy, he never remarried. Titus appears to have had at least one of them by Marcia Furnilla; the onl


Bloglines was a web-based news aggregator for reading syndicated feeds using the RSS and Atom formats. Users could subscribe to the syndicated feeds for free using a web browser. Bloglines offered an application programming interface that maintainers of web sites could use to write software to read feeds, search its database of feed entries, ping the service when a website was updated. Bloglines became unavailable in early 2015. Mark Fletcher, former CEO of ONElist, founded the site in June 2003 and sold it in February 2005 to In 2005, it hosted more than 200 million searchable blog articles. On July 23, 2007, Bloglines released an iPhone version of their site. On August 27, 2007 the company released a public beta version of their site, with new features such as drag-and-drop feeds in the feed tree and a customizable start page. announced that Bloglines would be shut down effective November 15, 2010. However, on November 4, 2010 on-line marketing company MerchantCircle announced that it would assume control of Bloglines.

On May 26, 2011, Reply! Inc. acquired MerchantCircle for $60 million in cash and stock. The transaction was completed in Q3 2011. In December 2015 Bloglines had been down for at least 320 days, but users still can retrieve their subscriptions list from Netvibes using their Bloglines account. Included in Time Magazine's Top 50 Web Sites for 2004 Voted Best Blog/Feed Search Engine by the Search Engine Watch Awards in 2005 BusinessWeek's Best of the New Web List of feed aggregators Main website

Brewster Building (Queens)

The Brewster Building is a 400,000-square-foot building at 27-01 Queens Plaza North in Long Island City, New York City. Once an assembly plant for Rolls Royce cars and Brewster cars and Brewster Buffalo airplanes, it is now the corporate headquarters for JetBlue; the building, designed by Stephenson & Wheeler, opened in 1911 to handle the assembly of the chassis for the Brewster cars that were being built since 1905 at 47th Street and Broadway in Times Square in nearby Manhattan. The building was one of the first major developments at the foot of the Queensboro Bridge, opened in 1909, which reduced car transport from Queens to Times Square to a matter of minutes. In 1915 it began building the Brewster Knight. In 1925, the company was bought by Rolls-Royce of America, operating out of a plant in Springfield, Massachusetts. In 1931, the Rolls Royce Springfield operation ended. From 1931 to 1934, Rolls-Royce Phantom II chassis were shipped directly to the Long Island City plant when Rolls Royce terminated its United States assembly program.

From 1934 to 1936, under J. S. Inskip, Brewster automobiles using Ford chassis were built at the plant; the Brewster operation ceased in 1936. The Brewster Aeronautical Corporation manufactured the Brewster F2A Buffalo and a version of the Vought F4U Corsair known as the F3A-1 during World War II at the plant; the multi-story layout of the building limited airplane production efficiency. The aircraft were flown from Roosevelt Field in Mineola; the building fell into disrepair following the war and its clock tower was dismantled in 1950. A series of garment manufacturers occupied the building until 1996. In 1996, Brause Realty extensively remodeled the building and an adjoining 12-story tower and it became an operational center for Metropolitan Life Insurance with 1,500 employees. In 2010, JetBlue announced it would combine its existing large Kew Gardens, New York and existing small 70-person Darien, Connecticut office staff members into the building, bringing 1,000 employees to it. JetBlue is the only major airline headquartered in New York City.

The new headquarters is 6 miles from the previous one. JetBlue, looking for a new corporate headquarters, had considered Orlando, Florida; as part of taking on the moniker of being the hometown airline of New York City, JetBlue announced it would be joint branding the "I Love New York" logo. JetBlue stated in 2012 that it plans to construct a 40-foot lighted sign stating "JetBlue" on top of the 8th floor, adjacent to the outdoor terrace. Media related to Brewster Building at Wikimedia Commons