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Florence Griffith Joyner

Florence Delorez Griffith Joyner known as Flo-Jo, was an American track and field athlete. She is considered the fastest woman of all time based on the fact that the world records she set in 1988 for both the 100 m and 200 m still stand. During the late 1980s she became a popular figure in international track and field because of her record-setting performances and flashy personal style. Griffith-Joyner was raised in California, she began running track meets as a child. While attending California State University and University of California, Los Angeles, she continued to compete in track and field. While still in college, Griffith-Joyner qualified for the 100 m 1980 Olympics, although she did not compete due to the U. S. boycott. She made her Olympic debut four years winning a silver medal in the 200 meter distance at the 1984 Olympics held in Los Angeles. At the 1988 U. S. Olympic trials, Griffith set a new world record in the 100 meter sprint, she went on to win three gold medals at the 1988 Olympics.

In February 1989, she abruptly retired. After her retirement from athletics, Griffith-Joyner remained a pop culture figure through endorsement deals and designing, she died in her sleep as the result of an epileptic seizure in 1998 at the age of 38. Griffith was born in Los Angeles, seventh of eleven children born to Robert, an electronic engineer and Florence Griffith, a seamstress; the family lived in Littlerock, California before Florence Griffith moved with her children to the Jordan Downs public housing complex located in the Watts section of Los Angeles. When Griffith was in elementary school, she joined the Sugar Ray Robinson Organization, running in track meets on weekends, she won the Jesse Owens National Youth Games two years in a row, at the ages of 14 and 15. Griffith ran track at Jordan High School in Los Angeles. Showing an early interest in fashion, Griffith persuaded the members of the track team to wear tights with their uniforms; as a high school senior in 1978, she finished sixth at the CIF California State Meet behind future teammates Alice Brown and Pam Marshall.

By the time Griffith graduated from Jordan High School in 1978, she set high school records in sprinting and long jump. She is cathy freemans role model Griffith attended the California State University at Northridge, was on the track team coached by Bob Kersee; this team, which included Brown and Jeanette Bolden, won the national championship during Griffith's first year of college. However, Griffith had to drop out taking a job as a bank teller. Kersee found financial aid for Griffith and she returned to college in 1980, this time at University of California at Los Angeles where Kersee was working as a coach. Brown and Griffith qualified for the 100-meter final at the trials for the 1980 Summer Olympics. Griffith ran the 200 meters, narrowly finishing fourth, a foot out of a qualifying position. However, the U. S. Government had decided to boycott those Olympic Games mooting those results. In 1983, Griffith graduated from UCLA with her bachelor's degree in psychology. Griffith finished fourth in the 200-meter sprint at the first World Championship in Athletics in 1983.

The following year, Griffith qualified for the Olympics in the 200-meter distance with the second fastest time at the United States Olympic Trials, held in Los Angeles. Evelyn Ashford, another UCLA alumnus and early favorite to medal, dropped out of the 200-meter due to injury. Griffith went on to win a silver medal in the 1984 Summer Olympics. After the 1984 Olympic Games, she spent less time running. Griffith continued to run part-time, winning the 100-meter IAAF Grand Prix Final with the time of 11.00 seconds. She did not compete at the 1985 U. S. National Championship; that same year, she styled hair and nails in her spare time. She married Al Joyner, the Olympic triple jump champion of 1984, in 1987, she returned to athletics in April 1987. Four months at the 1987 World Championships in Rome, Griffith-Joyner finished second in the 200 meter sprint, her success during the 1987 season resulted in being ranked second in Track and Field News' 1987 world rankings. The 200-meter remained a stronger event for Griffith-Joyner than the 100-meter, where she was ranked seventh in the United States.

Before the 1988 U. S. Olympic Trials, Griffith-Joyner continued to work with her coach, now brother in law, Kersee two days a week, but with her new husband coaching her three days a week, she ran the 100 meter in 10.96-second at the 1987 Cologne Grand Prix Track and Field Meet, a personal best but the mark was not in the top 40 of all time. She continued to improve, again setting a personal best in the 100 meters in San Diego on June 25, 1988, but still remained shy of American record holder Evelyn Ashford's three best times. A week before the trials she ran a tune-up race in 10.99 in Santa Monica. In the first race of the quarterfinals of the U. S. Olympic Trials, she stunned her colleagues when she sprinted 100 meters in 10.49 seconds, a new world record. Since 1997 the International Athletics Annual of the Association of Track and Field Statisticians has listed this performance as "probably wind assisted, but recognized as a world record". Over the two day trials, Griffith-Joyner recorded the three fastest times for a woman at 100 meters: 10.49 in the quarter-final, 10.70 in the semi-final, 10.61 in the finals.

At the same Olympic trials Griffith-Joyner set an American record at the 200-meter distance with a time of 21.77 seconds. Following the Olympic trials, in late July 1988

Bourbon Township, Callaway County, Missouri

Bourbon Township is one of eighteen townships in Callaway County, Missouri, USA. As of the 2010 census, its population was 2,059. Bourbon Township was established Feb 21, 1825, named after Bourbon County, Kentucky; the township was reduced in size by about one-third between 1883 and 1897 by the creation of Cleveland Township from what had up to that time been its northern sector. These changes are shown in historical maps listed in the bibliography of the article on Callaway County and are significant for historical and genealogical research. Bourbon Township today covers an area of 43.23 square miles and while containing no incorporated settlements, it includes the unincorporated communities of Millersburg and historic Earl, plus rural homes. It contains two cemeteries: Mount Olivet and White Cloud, while Reeds Lake is within this township, the stream of Owl Creek runs through this township. USGS Geographic Names Information System US-Counties.com City-Data.com

Roman Catholic Diocese of Isiro–Niangara

The Roman Catholic Diocese of Isiro–Niangara is a diocese located in the city of Isiro–Niangara in the Ecclesiastical province of Kisangani in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. December 18, 1911: Established as Apostolic Prefecture of Eastern Uélé from the Apostolic Prefecture of Uélé May 6, 1924: Promoted as Apostolic Vicariate of Eastern Uélé December 14, 1926: Renamed as Apostolic Vicariate of Niangara November 10, 1959: Promoted as Diocese of Niangara March 23, 1970: Renamed as Diocese of Isiro – Niangara Bishops of Isiro–Niangara, below Bishop Julien Andavo Mbia Bishop Charles Kambale Mbogha, A. A. appointed Archbishop of Bukavu Bishop Emile Aiti Waro Leru’a Bishop Ambroise Uma Arakayo Amabe Bishop François Oddo de Wilde, O. P.. P.. P.. P. Prefects Apostolic of Eastern Uélé, below Fr. Emilio Rolin, O. P. Fr. Reginaldo van Schoote, O. P. Ambroise Uma Arakayo Amabe Dieudonné Madrapile Tanzi, appointed Bishop of Isangi in 2016 Roman Catholicism in the Democratic Republic of the Congo GCatholic.org Catholic Hierarchy

2015 Football League Championship play-off Final

The 2015 Football League Championship play-off Final was a football match contested by Norwich City and Middlesbrough on 25 May 2015 at Wembley Stadium. The winner, Norwich City, gained promotion to the Premier League for the 2015–16 season, it was Norwich's second appearance in a play-off final, having played in the 2002 Football League First Division play-off Final losing to Birmingham City on penalties. Described as "the richest game in football", victory in the game is worth an estimated £120m to the winning club. Note: In all results below, the score of the finalist is given first. Finalist win Draw Finalist loss Upcoming fixture On 19 May Wembley Stadium apologised to Middlesbrough supporters for issuing tickets with the team's name misspelled as "Middlesborough". Norwich City were allocated 38,888 tickets which were sold to season ticket holders and club members

Hennig Brand

Hennig Brand was a German merchant and alchemist, who lived and worked in Hamburg. He is the discoverer of the chemical element phosphorus; the circumstances of Brand's birth are unknown but he was born in 1630 and died around 1692 or 1710. Some sources describe his origins as humble and indicate that he had been an apprentice glassmaker as a young man. However, correspondence by his second wife Margaretha states. In any case he held a post as a junior army officer during the Thirty Years' War and his first wife's dowry was substantial, allowing him to pursue alchemy on leaving the army, he was one of the many searchers for the philosopher's stone. In the process, he accidentally discovered phosphorus. Like other alchemists of the time, Brand searched for the "philosopher's stone", a substance which transformed base metals into gold. By the time his first wife died, he married his second wife Margaretha, a wealthy widow whose financial resources allowed him to continue the search. Like many before him, he was interested in water and tried combining it with various other materials, in hundreds of combinations.

He had seen for instance a recipe in a book 400 Auserlensene Chemische Process by F. T. Kessler of Strasbourg for using alum and concentrated urine to turn base metals into silver. Around 1669 he heated residues from boiled-down urine on his furnace until the retort was red hot, where all of a sudden glowing fumes filled it and liquid dripped out, bursting into flames, he could catch the liquid in a jar and cover it, where it solidified and continued to give off a pale-green glow. What he collected was phosphorus, which he named from the Greek word for "light-bearing" or "light-bearer." Phosphorus must have been awe-inspiring to an alchemist: it was a product of man, seeming to glow with a "life force" that did not diminish over time. Brand kept his discovery secret, as alchemists of the time did, worked with the phosphorus trying unsuccessfully to use it to produce gold, his recipe was: Boil urine to reduce it to a thick syrup. Heat until a red oil distills up from it, draw that off. Allow the remainder to cool, where it consists of a black spongy upper part and a salty lower part.

Discard the salt, mix the red oil back into the black material. Heat that mixture for 16 hours. First white fumes come off an oil phosphorus; the phosphorus may be passed into cold water to solidify. The chemical reaction Brand stumbled on was. Urine contains phosphates PO43−, as sodium phosphate in the form of microcosmic salt, various carbon-based organics. Under strong heat the oxygen atoms from the phosphate react with carbon to produce carbon monoxide CO, leaving elemental phosphorus P, which comes off as a gas. Phosphorus condenses to a liquid below about 280°C and solidifies below about 44°C; this same essential reaction is still used today. Brand's process yielded far less phosphorus; the salt part he discarded contained most of the phosphate. He used about 5,500 litres of urine to produce just 120 grams of phosphorus. If he had ground up the entire residue he could have got many times more than this. John Emsley, The Shocking History of Phosphorus, 2000, ISBN 0-330-39005-8 Weeks, Mary Elvira.

"The discovery of the elements. XXI. Supplementary note on the discovery of phosphorus". Journal of Chemical Education. 10: 302. Doi:10.1021/ed010p302. Today in Science History Elements - Phosphorus "Brandt, Nicholas". Encyclopedia Americana. 1920. Alphons Oppenheim, "Brand", Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie, 3, Leipzig: Duncker & Humblot, p. 236

Jules Worms

Jules Worms was a French academic painter and illustrator. Born into a family of Parisian shopkeepers, he entered the École des Beaux-Arts in 1849 at the age of seventeen, where he studied under Jean-Adolphe Lafosse, he made his debut at the Paris Salon of 1859. Worms is best known for genre scenes depicting Spanish life comical and painted in a realistic manner with many details and bright colors. In the early 1860s, Worms made his first trip to Spain, where he was enchanted with Spanish culture and customs. Worms returned for six extended trips between 1860–61 and 1882, traveling and gathering sketches and costumes for studio paintings back in Paris. In 1871 he spent six months in Granada with the Catalan painter Marià Fortuny, whom he had met in Paris, his painting La romance à la mode, exhibited at the Salon of 1868, was purchased by the French State. It is displayed at the Luxembourg Palace in Paris. Worms created illustrations for books, including Les Contes rémois by Louis de Chevigné, the Fables of La Fontaine in 1873, Don Quixote in 1884, One Thousand and One Nights.

Worms continued to exhibit his paintings at the annual Paris Salon until the 1890s. His illustrated memoirs of travels in Spain, Souvenirs d’Espagne, impressions de voyages et croquis, was published in 1906, he continued to paint at least up until World War I, his paintings continued to sell in both France and the United States. Jules Worms died in Paris at the age of 91 on 25 November 1924. Worms was made a Knight of the Legion of Honour in 1876, he became a member of the Society of French Artists in 1883. In the United States, his work is held in the permanent collections of the Haggin Museum and the Clark Art Institute. A work by Worms in the Nob Hill mansion of Leland Stanford was destroyed in the San Francisco earthquake and fire of 1906. Souvenirs d'Espagne - impressions de voyages et croquis, illustrated book with 53 engravings and 8 plates after the drawings and paintings by the author, Paris: H. Floury, 1906. Jules Worms—a brief biography of Worms and numerous images of his work