click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Flowers and Trees

Flowers and Trees is a 1932 Silly Symphonies cartoon produced by Walt Disney, directed by Burt Gillett, released to theatres by United Artists on July 30, 1932. It was the first commercially released film to be produced in the full-color three-strip Technicolor process after several years of two-color Technicolor films; the film was a commercial and critical success, winning the first Academy Award for Best Cartoon Short Subject. During spring the flowers and trees do their calisthenics; some trees play a tune, using a chorus of robins. A fight breaks out between a waspish-looking hollow tree and a younger, healthier tree for the attention of a female tree; the young tree emerges victorious. The plants and animals try to evade the blaze. By poking holes in clouds and making it rain, the birds manage to put out the fire, although the hollow tree perishes in the flames after getting caught up in them himself; the young tree proposes to the female tree, with a caterpillar serving as a ring, they embrace as a 12-color rainbow forms behind them.

In May 1932, the first three-strip Technicolor camera was completed. Herbert Kalmus wanted to test it in the animation field, giving the company time to build enough cameras to offer the whole movie industry, but could not find any interested animators. Walt Disney agreed to try it as an experiment on Flowers and Trees, in production in black-and-white, ordered the cartoon redone in color; the color animation caused the production to run over budget ruining Disney financially, but the cartoon proved so popular that the profits made up for the budget overage. As a result of the success of Flowers and Trees, all future Silly Symphonies cartoons were produced in three-strip Technicolor; the added novelty of color helped to boost the series' disappointing returns. Disney's other cartoon series, the Mickey Mouse shorts, were deemed successful enough not to need the extra boost of color, remaining in black-and-white until The Band Concert. Disney's exclusive contract with Technicolor, in effect until the end of 1935, forced other animation producers such as Ub Iwerks and Max Fleischer to use Technicolor's inferior two-color process or a competing two-color system such as Cinecolor.

Flowers and Trees was the first animated film to win an Oscar at the fifth Academy Awards in 1932. It won an Oscar for best "Short Subjects, Cartoons", a category first introduced that year; the short was released on the 2001 Walt Disney Treasures DVD box set Silly Symphonies. Flowers and Trees in The Encyclopedia of Disney Animated Shorts Flowers and Trees on IMDb

HMS Abundance (1799)

HMS Abundance was a Royal Navy transport launched and purchased in 1799. The Admiralty sold her in 1823. Abundance was a mercantile vessel, she was commissioned in 1800 under William Price, for the East Indies. She returned to Woolwich for repairs between October and December 1802, returned to the East Indies. On 5 January 1803 she sailed for the Mediterranean but grounded the next day on Sconce Point, near The Needles, Isle of Wight. Morgiana and Autumn sailed to her assistance. By the 11th they had gotten her off with little damage and she sailed for Gibraltar. In early 1804 Captain Lord Cochrane, in Arab, ran into Abundance, after some days earlier having run into another navy vessel. All vessels survived. On 1 May 1804 HMS Port Mahon spoke with Abundance off Jamaica, she and her convoy from Portsmouth were "all well". After her return to Britain, Abundance sailed for the Mediterranean. On 28 January 1806, Abundance sailed from Portsmouth with a fleet for the West Indies. By 23 March she, the storeship William, ten of the fleet were at Barbados, having separated from the rest of the fleet shortly after their departure from Britain.

In 1806 Abundance came under the command of Master. That year Josiah Oakes, took command, he would remain in command, except for a break in 1812 when W. Kirby temporarily replaced him, until 1815. On 6 November Oakes sailed Abundance for the West Indies. Abundance sailed to the Cape of Good Hope in December 1807, together with the storeship Sally, under escort by Crocodile, they arrived in March 1808 after a voyage of 12 weeks. They brought recruits for the 29th, 72nd, 93rd regiments of foot. While under Oakes's command Abundance recaptured Sedulous on 9 February 1813. Sedulous, master, had been sailing from Cephalonia to Hull when a French privateer had taken her. Sedulous reached Portsmouth on 10 February; the storeships Abundance and Dolphin left Bermuda on 7 December with a convoy under the escort of Conflict. In May 1816 Abundance left Antwerp with statues and paintings that Napoleon and his officers had stolen; the largest item was a statue of the Nile, weighed 17,600 pounds. Cardinal Ercole Consalvi, Minister of State, came down from Rome on behalf of Pope Pius VII.

A large state dinner followed, the Cardinal invited all of Abundance's officers to come to Rome at the Pope's expense. The officers did so, together with the British consul. In Rome they met the Pope, with Oakes kissing the Pope's hand three times, spent several days being shown the sights, before returning to their vessel. Abundance arrived at Portsmouth on 16 October with 60 cases of statuary and other gifts from the Pope; the Prince Regent George IV, wrote the Pope a letter of thanks. In October the Admiralty delivered Abundance to the Committee for Distressed Seamen as an accommodation ship. However, between August 1818 and March 1819, she underwent modifications for service as a storeship, she sailed to Saint Helena. At the time she was under the command of Lieutenant Robert Campbell. Abundance was at Saint Helena, she sailed for Britain on 21 June 1821 and was laid up at Deptford in August. The Admiralty put Abundance up for sale at Deptford in May 1823, she was sold on the 22nd to Mr. Levy for £2,600.

Notes Citations References Boyden, Peter B. The British Army in Cape Colony: soldiers' letters and diaries, 1806-58.. Colledge, J. J.. Ships of the Royal Navy: The Complete Record of all Fighting Ships of the Royal Navy. London: Chatham Publishing. ISBN 978-1-86176-281-8. O’Byrne, William R. A naval biographical dictionary: comprising the life and services of every living officer in Her Majesty's navy, from the rank of admiral of the fleet to that of lieutenant, inclusive. Vol. 1. Winfield, Rif. British Warships in the Age of Sail 1793–1817: Design, Construction and Fates. Seaforth. ISBN 1861762461; this article includes data released under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported UK: England & Wales Licence, by the National Maritime Museum, as part of the Warship Histories project

List of former state routes in Ohio (142–219)

This is a list of former state routes in Ohio since 1923 with route numbers from 142 through 219 inclusive. For a full list of former state highways in Ohio, see the list of state routes in Ohio. SR 142 was a state route in southeastern Ohio that existed from 1923 until 1926; the route ran from Kerr, just outside Gallipolis to Hamden. After 1926, the entire route was replaced by SR 160, a route. SR 153 was a route in Ohio; the route existed from 1923 until 1931 when it became an extension of SR 45. The route ran from SR 7 in Wellsville to US 30 in West Point. SR 155 was a state route in Ohio between Minerva; the route was in existence from 1923 until 1926 when it was replaced by SR 80, extended south. Today, SR 183 follows the entire route of the former SR 155. SR 156 was a 6-mile-long state highway in Ohio; the route's eastern terminus had always been in Muskingum Township at SR 77. At the time of its first designation in 1923, the route began east of Hanover in Licking County at SR 16. By 1930, SR 146 was extended from its former end in Zanesville to SR 16 leaving SR 156 to begin near Nashport.

After being paved in 1946, the route would not experience any other changes until the route was deleted after 1962. Today, the road exists as Creamery Road known as Muskingum County Road 500. SR 157 was a state route in the vicinity of Buckeye Lake. First designated in 1923, the route ran from the point at which SR 79 ends at SR 37 on the Licking–Fairfield County line west of Buckeye Lake to US 40 near Hebron. No major changes would occur to the routing until the entire designation was removed around 1959. Most of the former route within Buckeye Lake and west of the village became SR 79 while the balance of the route outside of the village is today known as Licking County Road 489. SR 160 was a route in central Ohio that followed what is now US 42 between the cities of London and Delaware; the route existed from 1923 until 1926 when it was replaced in whole by US 42. SR 177 was a route that existed in Wayne County from 1923 until 1925; the route served as a shortcut to and from Wooster. After its deletion by 1926, the route was replaced by county roads.

SR 177 was a short-lived state route in Lucas County. The route started at SR 6 north of the Toledo city limits and traveled due north along Crabb Road and Telegraph Road to the Michigan state line; the route only existed in 1926 before it was replaced by US 24. SR 177 was a route Tuscarawas County that existed from 1927 until 1932; the headed north west towards New Philadelphia. By 1933, SR 16 took over the entire length of the route and today it is designated SR 416. SR 178 was a state highway in Richland County connecting Franklin Township at SR 13 and Plymouth at SR 61 and SR 98. First designated in 1923, the route traveled north-northwest from its southern terminus towards Ganges and Shiloh. In the area of Shiloh, the route headed in a more northwesterly direction towards Plymouth. In the center of the town, the route ended. Throughout its history, no major changes occurred to its routing. After 1959, the segment between SR 13 and Shiloh was removed from the state highway system while SR 603, which had its western terminus at SR 178 near Shiloh, was extended over the remainder of the route to Plymouth.

The former state-maintained section of the route is now known as Richland County Road 207. SR 180 was a short north-south state highway in Ohio, in existence from 1923 until 1926; the route's southern terminus was in the village of Savannah at SR 60 and its northern terminus was at SR 30 in Fitchville. In 1927, SR 180 was deleted. Today, the route is a part of US 250. SR 182 was a state highway that existed from 1923 until about 2005; the route served as an alternate route of US 30 between Upper Bucyrus. From 1923 until 1969, the route stretched between Upper Sandusky at US 30N to US 30N at a point between Oceola and Bucyrus. By 1971, the route's eastern terminus was moved to SR 231 in the village of Nevada. SR 182 was removed from the state highway system between 2005 and 2007, around the time the nearby US 30 expressway was completed between Upper Sandusky and Bucyrus. SR 183 was a state route in Lucas County, at the time northwest of the city limits of Toledo. For most of its history, the route began at SR 246 near Ottawa Hills and headed due north along Secor Road.

Near the Michigan state line, the route made a turn to the left onto Whiteford Center Road before ending at the border. At the time of its first designation in 1923 and 1924, SR 183 started in western Toledo, headed west on Dorr Street and turned north onto its routing as described. For the next two years, the route started near Maumee and traveled north along Byrne Road to the point of its long-time southern terminus. By 1947, most of the route became co-signed with Bypass US 23-24-25. After 1951, SR 183 was deleted and most of the route became signed as the bypass route. Today, most of the road exists as a municipally-maintained road as Toledo annexed the surrounding land including all of the areas through which the former SR 183 ran. SR 184 was a state highway in western Wood County; the route, which existed from 1923 until 1941, was an east-west road that started at SR 65 near Grand Rapids to SR 64 east of Tontogany. After 1941, the entire route became an extension of SR 110 to Bowling Green.

However, after the road of the former SR 183 was downgraded to a county highway, the road today exists as Wood County Road 184 (Kellogg Road

Perfect Angel

Perfect Angel is the second studio album by American singer Minnie Riperton, released in 1974 by Epic Records. The album contains the biggest hit of Riperton's career, "Lovin' You", which topped the U. S. Pop Singles chart for one week in early April 1975. In 1973, a college intern for Epic Records found Riperton in semi-retirement, she had become a mother of two in Florida. After he heard a demo of the song "Lie In The World", the rep took the tape to Gracie Allen, VP of A&R for Epic. Riperton signed with Epic Records, the family moved to Los Angeles. Riperton's husband, Richard Rudolph, said that shortly after she was signed to Epic, Ellis asked them who they wanted to produce the album. Riperton requested Stevie Wonder, busy at the time with his band Wonderlove. Rudolph said that Wonder was a huge fan of Riperton and agreed to produce Perfect Angel under one condition. According to Rudolph, Wonder was signed to Motown and concerned that they would not allow him to work on the project. Wonder said that he would only produce it under a pseudonym and with Rudolph as co-producer.

Therefore, Rudolph recounted, they created the name El Toro Negro for Wonder and a production company called Scorbu Productions. With associate producers Malcolm Cecil and Robert Margouleff on hand engineering and programming the synthesizers and company recorded Perfect Angel at the Record Plant in LA, Stevie Wonder's choice of studio on the West Coast. Perfect Angel was a musical romp through rock, easy-going pop with a wonderful message song that closed out side one. Wonder wrote the title tune as well as “Take a Little Trip”. At the end of production, there were eight completed songs, he asked Riperton and songwriter-husband Richard Rudolph to come up with a tune that they considered to be their “most embarrassing song”. With hesitation, Riperton did mention a lullaby she sang to her daughter Maya to put her to sleep at night so that she and Rudolph could spend “grown-up time”. With Rudolph’s help, Riperton created "Lovin’ You" from that lullaby, the song was recorded with Wonder on electric piano and synthesizers.

Rudolph supplied the chirping birds from a sound effects reel. Epic released Perfect Angel in August 1974, one month after Wonder’s Fulfillingness' First Finale hit the record stores. While the album represented Riperton’s eclectic musical directions, it posed a marketing dilemma with the label: is she a rock, soul or pop singer? As for radio, "Reasons", the first single, was embraced by the rock stations, but R&B radio weren’t too keen on the hard-rocking guitar work heard on the disc. “Every Time He Comes Around” and “Seeing You This Way” hit a similar brick wall. Sales started slow, Epic was ready to move on to the next project However, a few MOR radio stations were playing “Lovin' You” as an album cut. Riperton and Rudolph asked Epic to give the song a shot as a single release; the label agreed and “Lovin’ You” was on 45 in January 1975. The single made a slow three-month climb to #1 on the pop charts in April, thanks to an intense promotional schedule and several in-person concert appearances.

The album went Gold on the strength of "Lovin' You" and remains the only Gold Album in Riperton's career. Minnie Riperton was revered as the "lady with the high voice and flowers in her hair." The album featured the song "Every Time He Comes Around", with Deniece Williams singing the background vocals. In December 2017, Capitol Records released a deluxe edition of Perfect Angel as a two CD set with outtakes and unreleased alternate versions of the original songs. All songs written by Richard Rudolph except where indicated. Side One "Reasons" – 3:25 "It's So Nice" – 4:47 "Take a Little Trip" – 4:11 "Seeing You This Way" – 2:51 "The Edge of a Dream" – 4:20Side Two "Perfect Angel" – 3:41 "Every Time He Comes Around" – 3:55 "Lovin' You" – 3:44 "Our Lives" – 5:42 Information adapted from the original album’s Liner Notes Minnie Riperton – vocals Stevie Wonder – acoustic piano, electric piano, cymbals, bass drum, harmonica Michael Sembello – lead guitar Marlo Henderson – guitar Richard Rudolph – guitar Reggie McBride – bass Ollie E. Browndrums Rocki Dzidzornucongas Deniece Williams – backing vocals Yvonne Wright – backing vocals Shirley Brewer – backing vocals Lani Groves – backing vocals Production Baker Bigsby – assistant remix engineer Malcolm Cecil – engineer, associate producer Kent Duncan – mastering Barry Feinstein – cover author Ann Garner – artwork Robert Margouleff – engineer, associate producer Gary Olazabal – assistant engineer Richard Rudolph – producer Stevie Wonderarranger, producer Four artists who performed on this album would all find themselves sharing space on the pop singles charts within a year of each other, a decade after this album's release.

Minnie Riperton-Perfect Angel at Discogs List of number-one R&B albums of 1975

Matthew Johns

Matthew James Johns is an Australian rugby league media personality and former professional player. An Australian international and New South Wales State of Origin representative five-eighth, Johns played his club football with the Newcastle Knights, alongside his younger brother, Andrew Johns. Since March 2001, Johns has been a co-host on the Triple M Sydney breakfast show called The Grill Team with Mark Geyer. Since 2012, Johns has been a part of the Fox Sports NRL coverage, he had his own show for one season, The Matty Johns Show. Johns is the eldest son of coal miner and former country rugby league player Gary Johns and his wife Gayle. After playing junior rugby league in Cessnock, he joined the Newcastle Knights in 1991, he played as five-eighth for the Knights, playing outside his younger brother Andrew Johns at halfback for nine seasons. Johns was part of the Australian squad that won the 1995 Rugby League World Cup, went on to play eight matches for his country, he played four State of Origin series matches for New South Wales.

Another highlight of his career with the Knights was the 1997 Australian Rugby League grand final victory over the Manly-Warringah Sea Eagles. Johns was selected for the Australian team to compete in the end of season 1999 Rugby League Tri-Nations tournament. In the final against New Zealand he played at five-eighth and scored a try in the Kangaroos' 22-20 victory. Salary cap problems led to Johns leaving the Knights at the end of 2000 to play a season with the UK based Super League club the Wigan Warriors, he considered playing for Wales at the 2000 Rugby League World Cup due to his Welsh heritage. Johns played for the Wigan Warriors at five-eighth in their 2001 Super League Grand Final loss to the Bradford Bulls. Johns returned to the National Rugby League in 2002 to play a season with the Cronulla-Sutherland Sharks, before shoulder and neck injuries forced his retirement at the end of the season. While on a pre-season tour of New Zealand in February 2002, Johns and 11 other unnamed members of the Cronulla Sharks were involved in a group sex session with a 19-year-old in a Christchurch hotel room.

Following an allegation of sexual assault from the woman five days police investigated the incident both in New Zealand and Australia but did not lay any charges. Seven years the ABC TV Four Corners program "Code of Silence", broadcast on 11 May 2009, reported on the incident. Although Four Corners spoke to Johns about the incident, he declined to give an on-camera interview for the program; the alleged victim stated that she had returned to room 21 of the Racecourse Hotel with Johns and another player, that when one of them began to kiss her without her consent, she felt awkward objecting to the unwanted advance. Johns stated that the act was consensual. In May 2009, Johns agreed to be interviewed by the Nine Network to give his viewpoint of the incident, saying it had been painful for his family and regretted what happened, he stated. Subsequent to the Four Corners program, Johns was stood down by Channel Nine from his role as rugby league commentator and co-host of The Footy Show; the Melbourne Storm took the step of releasing Johns indefinitely as an assistant coach.

Johns's first foray into entertainment began in 1999 when he adopted the persona of Reg Reagan in a low-budget film, In Search of the Holy Grail, which appeared at the Newcastle Film Festival. The film starred fellow Knights players Andrew Johns, Matthew Gidley and Robbie O'Davis; the Nine Network showed excerpts of the film on The Footy Show. The Reg Reagan character was developed further in an article in the Sydney Morning Herald in 2000 where Johns described the character as a late 1970s Australian who smoked only Winfield Reds and drank KB beer. Fans of Johns's new side Cronulla started wearing copies of the T-shirt worn by Reagan, with the slogan "Bring Back the Biff", to games. Johns appeared in Footy Legends; the film was directed by Khoa Do, released on 3 August 2006. In 2007 The Final Winter presented Johns in his first feature film acting role where he starred as'Jack', the 1980s coach of the Newtown Jets. In 2002, Johns became a regular on The Footy Show with Reagan and a new character, Trent, a gay flight attendant from San Francisco.

After his retirement as a player, Johns signed deals with the Nine Network and Sony Music Entertainment. He appeared on The Footy Show and as a commentator on Nine's broadcasts of rugby league matches, he has recorded a DVD titled "All of Me", released in June 2004, featuring skits by Reg Reagan and Trent the flight attendant. Since he has released a follow up entitled "Blood and Beers" and features on The Footy Show's'Best Of' DVD collection from 1994-2002. In 2004, as Reg Reagan, Johns recorded a song called "Am I Ever Gonna See the Biff Again?" Sung to the tune of The Angels' 1977 hit "Am I Ever Gonna See Your Face Again?". The song is a humorous lamentation of the decline of onfield violence in professional rugby league. Johns was indefinitely stood down from his position on the Nine Network in May 2009 after the airing of the Four Corners program, he was subsequently replaced by Phil Gould. He was asked by Channel 9 to make a comeback to commentary in the season but Johns declined. Towards the end of 2009, Johns turned down a $600,000-a-year contract with Channel 9 in favour of starting up his own production company alongside John Singleton.

In 2010, Johns signed with rival network Channel Seven and launched a new family-friendly, NRL/entertainment show on 25 March at 7:30pm in NSW and Queensland. After one season, the s

Kimiko Zakreski

Kimiko Zakreski is a Canadian snowboarder who resides in Halifax, Nova Scotia. Zakreski competes in Parallel GS and Parallel Slalom, she was featured in the MTV Canada series Summer Sessions with national riders like Dominique Vallee and close friend Michael Lambert. She is featured in the follow-up MTV show Over the Bolts which followed the Canadian national team over the season. Zakreski and her friendship with Lambert is one of the main "storylines" followed on the show. Zakreski got her first World Cup podium on the 2008-09 FIS Snowboard World Cup tour, finishing second in Limone Piemonte, Italy. In December during the 2009-10 FIS Snowboard World Cup season she achieved her second WC podium finishing third in Telluride, Colorado. Kimiko competed for Canada at the 2010 Winter Olympics in Vancouver, British Columbia. Official Website FIS Biography National Team Profile CTV Olympic Profile