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Fokker was a Dutch aircraft manufacturer named after its founder, Anthony Fokker. The company operated under several different names, starting out in 1912 in Schwerin, moving to the Netherlands in 1919. During its most successful period in the 1920s and 1930s, it dominated the civil aviation market. Fokker went into bankruptcy in 1996, its operations were sold to competitors. At age 20, while studying in Germany, Anthony Fokker built his initial aircraft, the Spin —the first Dutch-built plane to fly in his home country. Taking advantage of better opportunities in Germany, he moved to Berlin, where in 1912, he founded his first company, Fokker Aeroplanbau moving to the Görries suburb just southwest of Schwerin, where the current company was founded, as Fokker Aviatik GmbH, on 12 February 1912. Fokker capitalized on having sold several Fokker Spin monoplanes to the German government and set up a factory in Germany to supply the German Army in World War I, his first new design for the Germans to be produced in any numbers was the Fokker M.5, little more than a copy of the Morane-Saulnier G, built with steel tube instead of wood for the fuselage, with minor alterations to the outline of the rudder and undercarriage and a new aerofoil section.

When it was realized that arming these scouts with a machine gun firing through the arc of the propeller was desirable, Fokker developed a synchronization gear similar to that patented by Franz Schneider. Fitted with a developed version of this gear, the M.5 became the Fokker Eindecker, which due to its revolutionary armament, became one of the most feared aircraft over the western front, its introduction leading to a period of German air superiority known as the Fokker Scourge which only ended with the introduction of new aircraft such as the Nieuport 11 and Airco DH.2. During World War I, Fokker engineers were working on the Fokker-Leimberger, an externally powered 12-barrel Gatling gun in the 7.92×57mm round claimed to be capable of firing over 7200 round per minute. In the war, after the Fokker D. V had failed to gain acceptance with the Luftstreitkräfte, the German government forced Fokker and Junkers to cooperate more which resulted in the foundation of the Junkers-Fokker Aktiengesellschaft, or Jfa, on 20 October 1917.

As this partnership proved to be troublesome, it was dissolved again. By former Fokker welder and new designer Reinhold Platz, who had taken the late Martin Kreutzer's place with the firm, had adapted some of Prof. Junkers' design concepts, that resulted in a visual similarity between the aircraft of those two manufacturers during the next decade; some of the noteworthy types produced by Fokker during the second half of the war, all designed by Herr Platz, included the Fokker D. VI biplane, Fokker Dr. I triplane or Dreidecker, Fokker D. VII biplane and the Fokker D. VIII parasol monoplane. In 1919, owing large sums in back taxes, returned to the Netherlands and founded a new company near Amsterdam with the support of Steenkolen Handels Vereniging, now known as SHV Holdings, he chose the name Nederlandse Vliegtuigenfabriek to conceal the Fokker brand because of his World War I involvement. Despite the strict disarmament conditions in the Treaty of Versailles, Fokker did not return home empty-handed.

In 1919, he arranged an export permit and brought six entire trains of parts, 180 types of aircraft across the Dutch-German border, among them 117 Fokker C. Is, D. VIIs, D. VIIIs; this initial stock enabled him to set up shop quickly. After his company's relocation, many Fokker C. I and C. IV military airplanes were delivered to Russia and the still clandestine German air force. Success came on the commercial market, with the development of the Fokker F. VII, a high-winged aircraft capable of taking on various types of engines. Fokker continued to design and build military aircraft, delivering planes to the Royal Netherlands Air Force. Foreign military customers included Finland, Denmark, Switzerland and Italy; these countries bought substantial numbers of the Fokker C. V reconnaissance aircraft, which became Fokker's main success in early 1930s. In the 1920s, Fokker entered its glory years, becoming the world's largest aircraft manufacturer by the late 1920s, its greatest success was the 1925 F. VIIa/3m trimotor passenger aircraft, used by 54 airline companies worldwide and captured 40% of the American market in 1936.

It shared the European market with the Junkers all-metal aircraft, but dominated the American market until the arrival of the Ford Trimotor which copied the aerodynamic features of the Fokker F. VII, Junkers structural concepts. In 1923, Anthony Fokker moved to the United States, where in 1927, he established an American branch of his company, the Atlantic Aircraft Corporation, renamed the Fokker Aircraft Corporation of America. In 1930, this company merged with General Motors Corporation and the company's name became General Aviation Manufacturing Corporation, which in turn merged with North American Aviation and was divested by GM in 1948. In 1931, discontented at being subordinate to GM management, Fokker resigned. A serious blow to Fokker's reputation came after the 1931 crash of a Transcontinental & Western Air Fokker F-10 in Kansas, when it be

1820 United States elections

The 1820 United States elections elected the members of the 17th United States Congress. The election took place during Era of the First Party System. Despite the Panic of 1819, the Democratic-Republican Party maintained control of the presidency and both houses of Congress, while the Federalist Party provided only limited opposition. Missouri joined the union during the 17th Congress. In the presidential election, incumbent Democratic-Republican President James Monroe received no major opposition, although fellow Democratic-Republican John Quincy Adams received one electoral vote; the Federalists did not nominate a presidential candidate, although four Federalists received a scattering of electoral votes for vice president. Monroe joined George Washington as the only presidential candidates who won election without any serious opposition. In the House, Federalists picked up a small number of seats, but Democratic-Republicans continued to dominate the chamber. In the Senate, Democratic-Republicans picked up a moderate number of seats, increasing their already-dominant majority.

1820 United States presidential election 1820 and 1821 United States House of Representatives elections 1820 and 1821 United States Senate elections

Peter Kruschwitz

Peter Kruschwitz FHEA FRHistS M. A. E. is Professor of Ancient Cultural History at the University of Vienna. He specialises in Roman poetic culture and song culture with a particular focus on Latin verse inscriptions and non-elite cultural practice, he has published on Roman comedy, Latin linguistics and Roman linguistic discourse, the wall inscriptions of Pompeii and Herculaneum, Roman metre. Kruschwitz studied Classical Philology at the Freie Universität Berlin, where he was awarded his PhD in 1999, his doctoral thesis, supervised by Gabriele Thome, was entitled'Carmina Saturnia Epigraphica: Einleitung, Text und Kommentar zu den saturnischen Versinschriften'. During his doctoral studies Kruschwitz began to work as a member of research staff of the Corpus Inscriptionum Latinarum at the Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Sciences and Humanities. In 2007 Kruschwitz was appointed Lecturer in Classics at the University of Reading, where he was promoted to Reader in Classics in 2009 and to Professor of Classics in 2011.

Kruschwitz has been awarded numerous fellowships, visiting positions, research grants. In 2005 Kruschwitz was awarded a two-year Emmy Noether postdoctoral fellowship of the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft which he spent at the University of Oxford. In 2007 Kruschwitz was a Visiting Fellow of All Souls Oxford. In 2014 Kruschwitz was awarded a British Academy Mid-Career Fellowship. In 2018 Kruschwitz was a visiting professor at the University of Seville. Kruschwitz is academician of the Pontifical Academy for Latin and a full member of the Academia Europaea. In 2019 Kruschwitz was awarded a European Research Council Advanced Grant for a project on'Mapping out the poetic landscape of the Roman empire'. Kruschwitz is member of the editorial board of Habis. Kruschwitz was appointed Professor of Ancient Cultural History at the University of Vienna in 2019; the writing on the wall: Reading’s Latin inscriptions. Two Rivers Press: Reading 2015. Die metrischen Inschriften der römischen Republik. W. de Gruyter: Berlin/New York 2007.

Terentius Poeta. Beck: München 2007. Das vorklassische Lehrgedicht der Römer. Winter: Heidelberg 2005. Römische Inschriften und Wackernagels Gesetz. Untersuchungen zur Syntax epigraphischer Texte aus republikanischer Zeit. Winter: Heidelberg 2004. Terenz. Olms-Verlag: Hildesheim 2004. Carmina Saturnia Epigraphica. Einleitung, Text und Kommentar zu den saturnischen Versinschriften. Steiner Verlag: Stuttgart 2002. Terenz: Phormio. Lateinisch / Deutsch. Reclam: Stuttgart 1999. “Dichterische Freiheit und sklavische Unterordnung: Überlegungen zur Poetik der Sklaverei in den Carmina Latina Epigraphica Germaniens”, Gymnasium. Zeitschrift für Kultur der Antike und Humanistische Bildung 125 195–220. “Inhabiting a Lettered World. Exploring the Fringes of Roman Writing Habits”, Bulletin of the Institute of Classical Studies 59.1 26–41. “Reading and writing in Pompeii: an outline of the local discourse”, Studj Romanzi n. s. 10 245–279. “How to apologise in Latin: a case study”, in: Bochumer Altertumswissenschaftliches Colloquium 95, Trier 2013, 53–86.

Memento mori: The Use of the Future Imperative in the Carmina Latina Epigraphica”, in: J. Gómez Pallarès – J. del Hoyo – M. Limón – C. Fernández Martínez, Ex officina: literatura epigrafica en verso, Seville 2013, 193–216. “Language and Power: Reassessing the Linguistic Discourse about Female Speech in Latin Sources”, Athenaeum 100 197–229. “How to Avoid Profanity in Latin: An Exploratory Study”, in: Materiali e discussioni 68 9–38. “Gallic War Songs: Furius Bibaculus’ Annales Belli Gallici”, Philologus. Zeitschrift für antike Literatur und ihre Rezeption 154 285–305. “Attitudes towards wall inscriptions in the Roman Empire”, Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik 174 207–218. "Tree Inscriptions: restoring a lost facet of the Graeco-Roman epigraphic habit”, Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik 173 45–62. “Patterns of Text Layout in Pompeian Verse Inscriptions”, Studia Philologica Valentina 11 225–264. “Carmina Latina Epigraphica Pompeiana: Ein Dossier”, Arctos. Acta philologica Fennica 38 27–58.

"Die antiken Quellen zum Saturnischen Vers”, Mnemosyne. A Journal of Classical Studies S. IV 55 465–498. “Die antiken Wurzeln des Begriffs “Parasit””, in: Th. Hiepe – A. Aeschlimann – J. Eckert – R. Lucius, Parasitismus als Lebensform. Leopoldina-Symposium vom 16. Bis 18. September 1999 in Halle 2000, 147–158. “Römische Werbeinschriften”, Gymnasium. Zeitschrift für Kultur der Antike und Humanistische Bildung 106 231–253. “Saturnier erkennen, ohne den Saturnier zu kennen?”, Epigraphica. Periodico internazionale di epigrafia 61 27–35. “Daniel Bernoulli: Entwurf einer neuen Theorie zur Bewertung von Lotterien. “Specimen theoriae novae de mensura sortis”, Commentarii Academiae Scientiarum Imperialis Petropolitanae 1738, S. 175–192. Aus dem Lateinischen übersetzt”, Die Betriebswirtschaft 56 733–742. University homepage

1983–84 Yugoslav Cup

The 1983–84 Yugoslav Cup was the 36th season of the top football knockout competition in SFR Yugoslavia, the Yugoslav Cup known as the "Marshal Tito Cup", since its establishment in 1946. The 1984 Yugoslav Cup Final was contested by Hajduk Split and Red Star over two legs, played at the Poljud Stadium in Split and the Red Star Stadium in Belgrade. Hajduk Split won 2–1 on aggregate, winning the first leg in Split with goals from Blaž Slišković and Zoran Vulić, while the second leg in Belgrade ended in a goalless draw. Hajduk had reached the final ten times winning six titles, it was their first silverware in five years after their 1978–79 Yugoslav First League win. 1983–84 Yugoslav First League 1983–84 Yugoslav Second League 1983–84 cup season details at Rec. Sport. Soccer Statistics Foundation 1984 cup final details at Rec. Sport. Soccer Statistics Foundation match's highlights on youtube

Glay Rare Collectives Vol. 1 and 2

Glay Rare Collectives Vol. 1 and 2 are the third and fourth released collection albums from the Japanese rock band, Glay. Unlike Review and Drive: Glay Complete Best, these two double disc CDs feature all of the B sides from their singles that were released from their debut to "mata koko de aimashou" as well as some other songs used for different works and not featured in any of their albums or singles; the first volume features the original song "Shiawase ni naru, sono toki ni", while the second volume featured the newly released song "Itsuka". Disc 1 Life ~tooi sora no shita de~ Innocence Regret Gone with the Wind Acid Head Believe in fate Together Haru wo ai suru hito I'm Yours Little Lovebirds Doku Rokku Sutoroberii Sheiku It's Dying It's Not Dying Shiwase ni naru, sono toki ni Disc 2 Innocence (Live Version 1995.6.12 in Shibuya Kokaido) Mitsumeteitai (見つめていたい, from Glay Tour'98 pure soul Pamphlet CD) Sabaibaru Misery (from Hide Tribute Spirits) Misery Koko dewanai, dokoka e Hitohira no jiyuu Disc 1 Young Oh!

Oh! Hello My Life Summer FM Rock Icon Good Bye Bye Sunday Time Why Don't We Make You Happy Good Morning N. Y. C Back Up Super Ball 425 Sotsugyou made, ato sukoshi Brothel Creepers Itsuka Disc 2 17bars Cynical Neuromancer Ai Surf Rider Giant Strong Faust Super Star 17ans I'm Yours Dosanko shiisaa Volume OneOricon Top Ranking: #3 Weeks on: 11 Overall Glay Ranking: #12 Volume TwoOricon Top Ranking: #2 Weeks on: 11 Overall Glay Ranking: #11 Oricon - Glay's profile on the Oricon Happy Swing Space Site - Official Site

Prunus incisa

Prunus incisa, the Fuji cherry, gets its scientific name from the deep incisions on the leaves. A dainty slow-growing, early white-flowering cherry, it is a century-old cultigen from Hondo, Japan, it is regarded as an ornamental but the wood has no industrial value. It is hardy to -20 °C, crossed with Prunus speciosa, has yielded the cultivar Prunus'Umineko', it is in the ornamental section Pseudocerasus of the cherry subgenus Cerasus of the genus Prunus. Ma et al. classified it in a group with Prunus nipponica. The following cultivars have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit:'The Bride"Kojo-no-mai"Oshidori' Prunus incisa f. yamadei'Kojo-no-Mai' is a cultivar suitable for the small garden, as with judicious pruning it can be kept to a maximum size of 1.5–2 m. In a large pot it will produce a dome of twiggy growth, has the added bonus of brilliant autumn colour. List of Award of Garden Merit flowering cherries