The Folketing known as the Danish Parliament in English, is the unicameral national legislature of the Kingdom of Denmark—Denmark proper together with the Faroe Islands and Greenland. Established in 1849, until 1953 the Folketing was the lower house of a bicameral parliament, called the Rigsdag, it meets on the islet of Slotsholmen in central Copenhagen. The Folketing passes all laws, approves the cabinet, supervises the work of the government, it is responsible for adopting the state's budgets and approving the state's accounts. As set out in the Danish Constitution, the Folketing shares power with the reigning monarch. In practice, the monarch's role is limited to signing laws passed by the legislature; the Folketing consists of 179 representatives. General elections must be held every four years, but it is within the powers of the Prime Minister to ask the monarch to call for an election before the term has elapsed. On a vote of no confidence, the Folketing may force a single Minister or the entire government to resign.
Members are democratically elected by proportional representation: 135 in districts using the D'Hondt method and with 40 leveling seats. The Danish political system has traditionally generated coalitions. Most post-war governments have been minority coalitions ruling with the support of non-government parties; the first sitting of the house is attended by Queen Margrethe II. From 1849 to 1953 the Folketing was one of the two houses in the bicameral parliament known as the Rigsdag. Since both houses, in principle, had equal power, the terms "upper house" and "lower house" were not used; the difference between the houses was voter representation. The Folketing was elected by common vote among men and consisted of independent farmers and merchants as well as the educated classes. From 1866 to 1915 the right of vote for the Landsting was restricted to the wealthiest, some of its members were appointed by the king, thus it predominantly represented the landed gentry and other conservatives. From 1915 both men and women had the right of vote for both houses, the Landsting was elected by common vote, although indirectly and with a higher age limit than for the Folketing.
During the next decades, law-making took place in the Folketing and the Landsting came to be regarded as a superfluous rubber stamp. In 1953, a revised constitution was adopted by popular vote. Among the changes was the elimination of the Landsting and the introduction of a unicameral parliament, known only as the Folketing. Christiansborg Palace has been the domicile of parliament since 1849; the palace is located in the heart of Copenhagen. Gaining representation in parliament requires only 2% of the vote. With such a low election threshold, a large number of parties are represented in the chamber, making it all but impossible for one party to win the 90 seats necessary for a majority. No party has achieved this since 1901. All Danish governments since have been coalitions or one-party minority governments. For this reason, a long-standing provision in the constitution allows a government to take office without getting a vote of confidence and stay in office as long as it does not lose a vote of no confidence.
One consequence is that, unlike in most other parliamentary systems, a Danish government can never be sure its legislative agenda will pass, it must assemble a majority for each individual piece of legislation. Composition of membersThe Folketing consists of 179 members all elected for a four-year term or until the Prime Minister calls for elections, whichever comes first. 175 members are elected in Denmark proper, while Greenland and the Faroe Islands each elect two members separately. The constitution does not mention political parties at all, although the electoral act does, MPs are always elected for a party; the only independent, elected in modern times is the comedian Jacob Haugaard, but independents unknown ones, are seen at every election. Requirements for standing as an independent candidate are much more lenient than for a new party, but independents are only allowed to contest in a single district, making it difficult to gain the needed number of votes for a seat. Voting systemThe Constitution requires for "equal representation of the various opinions of the electorate", for regional representation to be secured.
The electoral act stipulates the details for this: 135 seats are elected by proportional representation in 10 districts, 40 supplementary seats are allotted to make out for the difference between district and nationwide vote. The 135 seats are distributed to the parties by the D'Hondt method of the party-list system of proportional representation and the 40 supplementary seats by the Sainte-Laguë method; each party may choose among a number of methods for how the seats won by that party are to be distributed among the candidates. The result is proportional representation; the voter may vote for a party list, one of the candidates on a party list, or an independent candidate. Parties decide on the nomination of candidates before the election; when co-nomination is assigned, candidates are elected according to personal votes. When priority order is assigned, only an extreme n
Sinbad is a 1976 album by jazz keyboardist, Weldon Irvine. The Allmusic review by Jason Ankeny awarded the album 4 stars stating: Recorded with an exemplary supporting cast featuring pianist Don Blackman, guitarist Eric Gale, saxophonist Michael Brecker, Sinbad explores the extremes of Weldon Irvine's music, juxtaposing several of the keyboardist's funkiest, most energetic grooves to date alongside mellow, contemplative performances of uncommon intricacy and beauty. Inspired in both sound and spirit by the soul-searching Motown efforts of Marvin Gaye and Stevie Wonder, complete with covers of their respective "What's Going On" and "Don't You Worry'Bout a Thing," Sinbad contrasts the elegant soul-jazz contours and luminous, horn-driven arrangements of the title cut and "Do Something for Yourself" alongside the nuances and soft pastels of "I Love You" and "Music Is the Key." The resiliency of Irvine's vision and the vibrant performances of his collaborators create a kind of yin-yang dynamic that enables the album's divided soul to operate in harmony.
All songs written by Weldon Irvine. - 4:38 "I Love You" - 3:03 "Do Something for Yourself" 4:45 "Music is the Key" - 7:36 "Here's Where I Came In" 3:36 "Gospel Feeling" 4:16 Weldon Irvine - Keyboards, Conductor Don Blackman - Acoustic Piano, Lead Vocals Cornell Dupree, Eric Gale - Guitar Chris Parker, Steve Gadd - Drums Gordon Edwards - Bass Richard Tee - Acoustic Piano Napoleon Revels-Bey - Percussion Michael Brecker - Tenor Saxophone Phil Bodner - Baritone Saxophone George Young - Alto Saxophone Randy Brecker - Trumpet Alan Raph - Bass Trombone Wayne Andre - Trombone Adrienne Albert, Bunny McCullough, Deborah McDuffie - Background Vocals Ted Coconis - artwork Weldon Irvine-Sinbad at Discogs
Francis Hindes Groome, son of Robert Hindes Groome Archdeacon of Suffolk. A writer and foremost commentator of his time on the Romani people, their language, history, customs and lore. Groome was born at his father's rectory of Monk Soham on 30 August 1851, he was educated at Ipswich School, where his lifelong interest in Romanies was sparked, continued at Oxford University. He left Oxford without taking a degree, spent some time at Göttingen, for 6 years lived with Romani at home and abroad, he married a woman of Romani blood, Esmeralda Locke, in 1876 and settled down to regular literary work in Edinburgh. Groome contributed generously and on a variety of subjects to such publications as the Encyclopædia Britannica, the Dictionary of National Biography, Blackwood's Magazine, the Athenaeum, Johnson's Universal Cyclopedia, The Bookman, Chambers' Biographical Dictionary, the Ordinance Gazetteer of Scotland, as joint editor, with his father and poet Edward Fitzgerald, of "Suffolk Notes and Queries" for the Ipswich Journal.
His article on'Gipsies', in the ninth edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica, made him known to the world as a "gypsyologist". In 1899 he published his most significant book for Gypsy Folk-Tales; these well-annotated collections are a significant addition to the comparative study of the world's folktales. He co-edited the first three volumes of Gypsy Lore Society's Journal, wrote nineteen brief articles and collections of folktales for it, he wrote a number of books including a novel of Romani life, an English-Scottish border history, a sketch of his father and Fitzgerald, an autobiographical account of his six years with the Romani. F. H. Groome was a sub-editor of Chambers's Encyclopaedia, he is well remembered for his six volume Ordnance Gazetteer of Scotland which appears in full at the Gazetteer of Scotland website. It appears as part of The Gazetteer for Scotland, produced by the University of Edinburgh, is directly searchable within "A Vision of Britain through Time". A singularly alert and eager intellect, he was unwearied in research, impatient of anything less than precision, a frank and fearless critic.
He was nicknamed the “Tarno Rye”. Groome died on 24 January 1902, was buried at Monk Soham, Suffolk. In October 1901, Francis Hindes Groome's library of books and manuscripts bearing upon the study of the Romani was purchased by the Boston Athenæum; the collection comprises over one hundred volumes, some which are rare, others contain rare tracts and magazine articles. There are Mr. Groome's own books with his marginal additions, over thirty volumes of manuscript notes and his correspondence with M. Paul Bataillard, the eminent French student of the Romani, covering the years 1872-1880. Books and articles written on the Romani People: The Gipsies: Reminiscences and Social Life of this Extraordinary Race Google Books In Gipsy Tents Google Books Gipsy folk-tales: A Missing Link Athenaeum catalog The Influence of the Gypsies on the Superstitions of the English folk. Boston Athenaeum catalog Tobit and Jack the Giant-Killer Boston Athenaeum catalog Gypsy Folk-tales Google Books Antonio de Solario Boston Athenaeum catalogOther Non-Fiction: The Only Darter: a Suffolk clergyman's reminiscence Boston Athenaeum catalog Two Suffolk Friends Google Books Edward FitzGerald: an Aftermath Google Books A Short Border History 1887 Google BooksFiction: Kriegspiel: The War Game Google BooksEditor: Ordnance Gazetteer of Scotland: a Survey of Scottish Topography, Statistical and Historical Lavengro Gypsy Lore Society Journal Volume 1-3 Chamber's Dictionary of Biography 1897 edition This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Cousin, John William.
A Short Biographical Dictionary of English Literature. London: J. M. Dent & Sons – via Wikisource. Patrick, David. "Groome, Francis Hindes". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. Media related to Francis Hindes Groome at Wikimedia Commons Biography at the Gazetteer for Scotland Works by Francis Hindes Groome at Project Gutenberg Works by or about Francis Hindes Groome at Internet Archive