The Ford Fiesta is a supermini marketed by Ford since 1976 over seven generations. It has been manufactured in the United Kingdom, Spain, Brazil, Venezuela, China, India and South Africa. In 2008, the sixth generation Fiesta was introduced worldwide, making it the first Fiesta model to be sold in North America since the Fiesta Mark I was discontinued at the end of 1980. Ford has sold over 16 million Fiestas since 1976, making it one of the best selling Ford marques behind the Escort and the F-Series; the Fiesta was developed under the project name "Bobcat" and approved for development by Henry Ford II in September 1972, just after the launch of two comparable cars – the Fiat 127 and Renault 5. More than a decade earlier, Ford had decided against producing a new small car to rival BMC's Mini as the production cost was deemed too high, but the 1973 oil crisis saw a rise in the growing demand for smaller cars; the Fiesta was an all new car in the supermini segment, was the smallest car yet made by Ford.
Development targets indicated a production cost US$100 less than the current Escort. The car was to have a wheelbase longer than that of the Fiat 127, but with overall length shorter than that of Ford's Escort; the final proposal was developed by Tom Tjaarda at Ghia, overseen by Ford of Europe's chief stylist Uwe Bahnsen. The project was approved for production in late 1973, with Ford's engineering centres in Cologne and Dunton collaborating. Ford estimated that 500,000 Fiestas a year would be produced, built an all-new factory near Valencia, Spain. Final assembly took place in Valencia; the name Fiesta belonged to General Motors, used as a trim level on Oldsmobile station wagons, when the car was designed and was given for Ford to use on their new B-class car. After years of speculation by the motoring press about Ford's new car, it was subject to a succession of crafted press leaks from the end of 1975. A Fiesta was on display at the Le Mans 24 Hour Race in June 1976, the car went on sale in France and Germany in September 1976.
Its initial competitors in Europe, apart from the Fiat 127 and Renault 5, included the Volkswagen Polo and Vauxhall Chevette. Chrysler UK were about to launch the Sunbeam by this stage, British Leyland was working on a new supermini, launched as the Austin Metro in 1980; the Fiesta was available in Europe with the Valencia 957 cc I4, 1,117 cc engines and in Base, Popular Plus, L, GL, Ghia and S trim, as well as a van. The US Mark I Fiesta was built in Cologne, West Germany, but to different specifications; these trim levels changed little in the Fiesta's three-year run in the US, from 1978 to 1980. All US models featured the more powerful 1,596 cc engine, fitted with a catalytic converter and air pump to satisfy strict Californian emission regulations), energy-absorbing bumpers, side-marker lamps, round sealed-beam headlamps, improved crash dynamics and fuel system integrity as well as optional air conditioning. In the US market, the Ford Escort replaced both the Fiesta and the compact Pinto in 1981, competing with the Chevrolet Chevette and Chevrolet Cavalier.
A sporting derivative was offered in Europe for the 1980 model year, using the 1.3 L Kent Crossflow engine to test the market for the similar XR2 introduced a year which featured a 1.6-litre version of the same engine. Black plastic trim was added to the interior; the small square headlights were replaced with larger circular ones, with the front indicators being moved into the bumper to accommodate the change. For the 1979 auto show season, Ford in conjunction with its Ghia Operations in Turin, produced the Ford Fiesta Tuareg off-road car, it was touted in press materials as "a concept vehicle designed and equipped for practical, off-road recreational use."Minor revisions appeared across the range in late 1981, with larger bumpers to meet crash worthiness regulations and other small improvements in a bid to maintain showroom appeal ahead of the forthcoming second generation. The Fiesta Mark II appeared in August 1983 with a revised front end and interior, a bootlid mirroring the swage lines from the sides of the car.
The 1.3 L OHV engine was dropped, being replaced in 1984 by a CVH powerplant of similar capacity, itself superseded by the lean burn 1.4 L two years later. The 957 and 1,117 cc Kent/Valencia engines continued with only slight alterations and for the first time a Fiesta diesel was produced with a 1,600 cc engine adapted from the Escort; the new CTX continuously variable transmission fitted in the Fiat Uno appeared early in 1987 on 1.1 L models only. The Mk2 Fiesta core range was made up of the following model variants; the second generation Fiesta featured a different dashboard on the lower-series trim levels compared to the more expensive variants. The XR2 model was updated with a larger bodykit, it featured a 96 bhp 1.6 L CVH engine as seen in the Ford Escort XR3, five
The 223rd Coastal Division was an infantry division of the Italian Army during World War II. The division was located in the south of France coastal region; the 223 Coastal Division was formed from elements of Regular Infantry Regiments from the Alpini Divisions, from the 5th and 8th Alpine Regiments and the 26th Alpine Battalion. Coastal divisions were second line divisions, formed from men in their forties and fifties intended to perform labouring and second line duties. Recruited locally, they were commanded by officers called out of retirement, their equipment was second rate. The Prime Minister of Italy, Benito Mussolini had hoped to obtain large quantities of arms and equipment from the disbanded Vichy French army, but this was sabotaged or arrived with no ammunition. 5th Alpine Regiment 8th Alpine Regiment 26th Alpine Battalion Jowett, Philip S.. The Italian Army 1940–45: Europe 1940–1943. Botley, Oxford: Osprey. ISBN 978-1-85532-864-8
Jerry Oliver is a former American basketball coach who served as the head coach of the Indiana Hoosiers men's basketball team during the 1969–70 season and for the final game of the 1970-71 season. Oliver began his coaching career at George Washington High School where he won the 1965 state championship. Billy Keller, George McGinnis, Steve Downing were among the players Oliver coached at Indianapolis Washington. Oliver joined Indiana's coaching staff in 1968 as an assistant to Lou Watson. Oliver served as acting head coach of the Hoosiers for the final 20 games of the 1969–70 season while Watson was recovering from surgery. Oliver served as acting head coach again the following season when Watson resigned before the final game of the season. After three seasons at Warren Central High School, Oliver was hired by the Indiana Pacers where he served as an assistant coach and director of player personnel. After his coaching career, Oliver served as the manager of the Hoosier Dome and Florida Suncoast Dome
Om Dar-B-Dar is a 1988 Indian Hindi-language postmodernist film directed by Kamal Swaroop and starring Anita Kanwar, Aditya Lakhia and Gopi Desai. The film, about the adventures of a school boy named Om along with his family, is set in Ajmer and Pushkar in Rajasthan, employs nonlinear narrative and an absurdist story line to satirise mythology, arts and philosophy; the film won the Filmfare Critics Award for Best Movie in 1989. It was never commercially released in India, though it achieved success in International Film Festivals, including Berlin where it premiered, it soon became a cult film. In 2013, National Film Development Corporation of India had planned an official national release of a digitally restored print of the film; the film released in Indian theaters after 26 years, on 17 January 2014. Om-Dar-B-Dar is a portrait of life in Rajasthan; the film tells the story of a young boy named Om in the period of his carefree adolescence and its harsh disillusions. The story ends as a thriller.
Om has a rather strange family. His father, Babuji, a government employee, leaves his job so that he can dedicate himself to astrology. Om is involved in science, but is attracted to magic and religion. In all, it seems that his outstanding skill is his ability to hold his breath for a long time. Anita Kanwar as Phoolkumari Gopi Desai as Gayatri Lalit Tiwari as Jagdish Bhairavchandra Sharma Lakshminarayan Shastri as Om's Father Ramesh Mathur Aditya Lakhia as Om Manish Gupta as young Om Peter Morris Messe The film was made on a budget of Rs. 10 lakhs. It had its premiere at the Berlin International Film Festival in 1988, was played at the film festival circuit and became a cult film; however it was never commercially released in India, only as a video release. The film received renewed attention when it was screened at Experimenta, an experimental film festival in Mumbai in 2005. Thereafter, it went into a digital restoration project funded by the National Film Development Corporation of India.
The digitally restored version was released on 17 January 2014, by PVR Cinemas in metro cities. The movie was described by its director Kamal Swaroop as a story of Lord Brahma, it sprouted from the idea that in Hinduism, although Lord Brahma was considered the father of the entire universe, strangely no one worshiped him. Swaroop said that the film's script was written based on dreams and images that he had and claimed he "cannot think in words." The songs by Swaroop's assistant, are sporadic and choppy and don't make any logical sense, are used tongue-in-cheek as mocking the tradition of spontaneous songs and musical numbers in Bollywood cinema, many of which don't do anything to move the story forward, but are instead used as an escapist "break" from the story line. Although the film was never released or seen in India during its initial rounds at the film festivals, Om-Dar-B-Dar has in the past 30 years gained a huge cult following and fame amongst film critics, industry insiders and cinephiles alike.
One of the first serious articles about the film was written on the film blog The Seventh Art. The blog stated, "Swaroop's film is an antithesis to whatever is recognized globally as Indian cinema – a reason good enough to make Om-Dar-B-Dar a must-see movie" and that the movie can be defined as many things, the most popular of them "the great Indian LSD trip." The film can be looked at as a jab at mainstream Indian cinema, many of the themes and images in the film are direct satires of conventions of Bollywood film-making. Director Imtiaz Ali mentioned the vast amount of influence that the film had on aspiring independent directors in Indian cinema, stating that Om-Dar-B-Dar is "like old wine" and "antiquated because of the 25-year delay in its release". Director Anurag Kashyap mentioned in his film blog that in his directorial venture Dev. D, the song "Emotional Attyachar" was inspired in its music and staging from the song "Meri Jaan" in Om-Dar-B-Dar. Producer Kiran Rao recalled watching the film on a VCD which came with a bad print and poor sound quality, yet being able to somehow stitch the missing bits in her head, which she noted was a great way to watch a film.
This film has been categorized by Amrit Gangar as a Cinema of Prayoga film. Om Dar-Ba-Dar on IMDb Indian Auteur Master Series: Kamal Swaroop Indianauteur Om-Dar-Ba-Dar review Om Dar Ba Dar: A Pioneer in Indian Avant-Garde
"The 3:10 to Yuma" is a folk song written by George Duning and Ned Washington and sung by Frankie Laine as the theme song to the 1957 film 3:10 to Yuma. There were two sets of lyrics recorded by Laine; the version used as the film theme is western-themed, mentioning buzzards and the ghosts of outlaws, a version describing the singer wanting to take that train again in the hope of meeting a woman he had seen on it previously. A version was recorded by Sandy Denny and Johnny Silvo in 1967 but it was only loosely based on that first version sung in the film; the first line, "There is a lonely train called the 3:10 to Yuma", is the only obvious aspect that the two songs have in common. Its lyrics reflect more on human existence as a whole, as suggested in the line "They say the life of man is made up of four seasons"; the song is built up around four basic verses. The first, coming after a brief intro on the guitar, reflects on the eponymous train, the 3:10 to Yuma; the narrator intends indicating that it will be her final journey.
The next two verses feature the narrator reflecting on her past life and human existence as a whole, comparing it to the progress of one year. During the third verse in particular, the narrator compares the final stage of a man's life to a winter, with death compared with "walking into the rain"; this is followed by the enigmatic line "But the rains of death never fall from the cloudless skies of Yuma". The first verse is repeated. A French version of the song recorded. On the Sandy Denny version, aside from vocals, the song features a double bass; the bass plays a regular rhythm of a quarter note followed by two eighth notes throughout the song. Meanwhile, the vocals and rhythm are complemented by a played melody on the acoustic lead guitar; the song was released on the Saga Records album Sandy and Johnny in 1967. It was reissued in 1970 on the Saga Records compilation It's Sandy Denny, rereleased under various titles such as Where the Time Goes, Sandy Denny or The Original Sandy Denny. Sandy Denny songs: The 3:10 to Yuma Sandy and Johnny album
The National Council of Welfare was a Canadian arm's length advisory body to the federal Minister of Human Resources and Skills Development on poverty and the realities of low-income Canadians. Its legal mandate was to "advise the Minister of Human Resources and Skills Development in respect of any matter relating to social development that the Minister may refer to the Council for its consideration or that the Council considers appropriate"; the Council consisted of members appointed by the Governor-in-Council. All members served in their personal capacities rather than as representatives of organizations or agencies; the Council published reports and communicated with the Minister on a wide range of issues involving poverty and public policy. It presented submissions to Parliamentary Committees and Royal Commissions and participated in a range of government and non-government workshops and events on poverty-related issues, it released regular publications about the level and adequacy of welfare incomes in Canada and statistical profiles of poverty in Canada.
The Council published special topic reports, for example,'The Dollars & Sense of Solving Poverty'. Over the years, subjects included: a national anti-poverty strategy Aboriginal children and youth poverty lines and statistics income security programs and policies the cost of poverty child benefits the tax system the retirement income system employment programs social services, such as child care and child welfare legal services women and children The National Council of Welfare was first established in legislation in 1962; the members consisted of the Deputy Minister of Welfare and the Deputy Ministers of Provincial Departments of Welfare, among others. It was intended that the Council act in an advisory capacity to the Minister of Health and Welfare on matters relating to welfare; the Council was reconstituted in 1969 under the Government Organization Act. Official federal and provincial government appointees were excluded and representation was changed to include persons from non-government sources with experience in fields such as labour and welfare, as well as persons in receipt of one form or other of welfare benefits.
In a press release announcing the establishment of the new National Council of Welfare, the Minister of Health and Welfare, John Munro, stated that: There has been a great deal of talk about the need to create opportunities for the poor to participate in the development of programs aimed at combating poverty … I believe that this Council can make an important contribution to achieving that end. One of the early activities of the Council was to develop a proposal for the first national conference of representatives of organizations of the poor; the Poor People’s Conference was held in Toronto in January 1971. At the conference, over 500 delegates representing more than 250 anti-poverty groups passed resolutions aimed at fighting poverty in Canada. One of the resolutions was to form a national organization; this led to the creation of the National Anti-Poverty Organization that year. Following this stance, the Council advocated in 1976 for the implementation of the guaranteed annual income in Canada.
When the Department of Health and Welfare was split in 1993, the Council moved with the welfare/income security side of the department to advise the Minister of the newly formed Human Resources Development Canada. When HRDC was reorganized in 2003, the Council became an advisory group to the Minister of Social Development; the Council advises the Minister of Human Resources and Skills Development Canada HRSDC, a department, formed in 2006 by merging the two departments of Social Development Canada and Human Resources and Skills Development Canada. In 2012, the Canadian government under Prime Minister Stephen Harper cut the entire budget of the National Council of Welfare closing the Council. Poverty in Canada CWP HRSDC