The Formula 3 Euro Series was a European-based junior single seater formula for Formula Three chassis, launched in 2003 as a merger of the French Formula Three Championship and German Formula Three Championship. The Formula Three category, including this championship, is part of the established career ladder up which European drivers progress to the Formula One world championship, the highest form of single seater racing defined by the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile, motorsport's world governing body. 5-time Formula One champion Lewis Hamilton, won the Euro Series drivers' title in 2005. EuroSeries champions Paul di Resta, Romain Grosjean and Nico Hülkenberg have driven in Formula 1. Other Formula One drivers who raced in the series include 4-time world champion Sebastian Vettel, Adrian Sutil, Kamui Kobayashi and Nico Rosberg. In 2012, the FIA announced that the series would be discontinued and incorporated into the FIA Formula 3 European Championship in 2013; the concept of a European Formula Three Championship dates back to 1975, with a five-race series known as the F3 European Cup.
Races were held at Monaco, the Nürburgring in Germany, Anderstorp in Sweden, Monza in Italy and Croix-en-Ternois in France. The series title was won by Australian Larry Perkins driving a Ralt-Ford run by Team Cowangie. In 1976, the Cup evolved into a full-scale, ten-round European F3 Championship, which ran until 1984. Among its champions were notable future Formula One drivers, such as Riccardo Patrese Alain Prost, the late Michele Alboreto; the modern-day Formula 3 Euro Series was inaugurated in 2003 in a collaboration between two of Europe's national governing bodies for motorsport – the Fédération Française du Sport Automobile in France and the Deutscher Motor Sport Bund in Germany. The new partnership between the FFSA and DMSB spelled the end of national Formula Three in France with the closure of the French Formula Three Championship, but Germany's national championship was supplanted by the creation of the Recaro Formel 3 Cup, though the DMSB attempted to block its creation; this lower-status series was formed by ADAC, the F3V and a few key German teams that chose not to participate in the new Euro Series.
BSR's owner Bertram Schäfer acts as the series' promoter. The FFSA and DMSB hold joint responsibility for determining the sporting regulations of the Euro Series; the organisation and promotion of the championship is handled by ITR, which performs the same role for the DTM touring car championship. The championship consists of ten events, each comprising two races, held at a variety of European circuits. 50–60% of these events occur at circuits in Germany, while the other events are held in various countries, including Great Britain, the Netherlands, Italy and Spain. Most rounds are shared with the Deutsche Tourenwagen Masters. Notable venues have included Le Mans in France. From 2004 onwards, the Masters of Formula 3, held at Zandvoort in the Netherlands, was included as a round of the championship. In 2005, the series visited Monaco as a Grand Prix support event, the first Formula Three event at Monaco since 1997; this famous motor-racing venue has long-standing associations with Formula Three.
The FFSA and DMSB created the new championship around the FIA-sanctioned F3 formula of multiple chassis builders and production-based 4-cylinder 2-litre engines with control supplies of tyres and fuel. As in most F3 championships, the Italian company Dallara is the dominant chassis supplier, it was planned to restrict entry to two-car teams, but this requirement was relaxed. In most Formula Three championships and single-car entries are common; some Formula Three championships, such as the British Formula Three Championship, use a two-tier system to provide an opportunity for low-budget teams and drivers to compete with out-dated chassis specifications. In an effort to minimise costs, Formula Three chassis regulations permit major updates only periodically, with annual updates restricted to minor improvements; when the Euro Series was launched, restrictions were placed on the teams' choice of chassis specification by opting not to create a lower-tier championship class, all entrants used the two most recent available specifications.
There is a rookie classification system with a Rookie of the Year title for drivers who have not competed in this championship. The Drivers' Trophy was introduced in 2006 to provide a classification system and class title for drivers using chassis of between two and four years old. Eligibility for this "B class" was restricted to drivers who were not more than 22 years old at the start of the season; this class is no longer in use in 2007. In 2006, testing was restricted to a maximum of 10 days per driver/car, with no testing at race venues, Consequently and drivers have to make the most of the test sessions during race weekends, reduced from 90 to 60 minutes in 2005. Tyre usage is restricted to three sets per car for the entire race weekend. There is no limit on the use of wet-weather tyres, but only when they are deemed necessary by race officials; as is the case with most racing disciplines outside Formula One, tyre warming devices are not permitted. An unauthorised engine change during the course of a race weekend invokes a ten-place penalty on the starting grid.
Each race weekend begins on Friday, with one 60-minute practice session and a qualifying session that decides the starting grid for the first
Gregg Gonsalves is a global health activist, an epidemiologist, an Assistant Professor at Yale School of Public Health and an Associate Professor at Yale Law School. He was born in Mineola, New York on October 21, 1963, grew up in nearby East Meadow, NY and attended East Meadow High School, his parents were New York City school teachers, both of whom were born and grew up in Brooklyn, NY, with his father's family from Madeira and his mother's family from Sicily, Italy. He attended Tufts University starting in 1981, but dropped out before finishing his BA degree in English and American Literature and Russian Language and Literature, he has two sisters, Carin Gonsalves, a physician in Philadelphia, Dana Gonsalves, a commercial artist in New York City. He began working with the AIDS Coalition to Unleash Power in 1990, going on to co-found the Treatment Action Group in 1992, with his colleagues from the Treatment and Data Committee of ACT UP New York, including Peter Staley, Mark Harrington, Spencer Cox.
With TAG, he authored several reports on HIV research, including a critical review of AIDS research at the National Institutes of Health, which led to a reorganization of the NIH's AIDS program by Congress. He found out he was HIV+ in 1995. In 2000, Gonsalves went on to join its Department of Public Policy. In 2006, Gonsalves moved to Cape Town, South Africa to work for the AIDS and Rights Alliance for Southern Africa where he was part of campaigns to expand access to antiretroviral therapy in Southern Africa. In the mid-2000s, he gave well-regarded plenary speeches at two back-to-back International AIDS Conferences in Toronto and Mexico City, he is a co-founder of the International Treatment Preparedness Coalition, a collective of AIDS activists from around the world fighting for access to AIDS treatment and other life-saving medicines through education and advocacy. In 2008, he received $100,000 as the first recipient of the AIDS Leadership Award from the John M. Lloyd Foundation. In 2008, he enrolled in Yale College as part of the Eli Whitney Students Program and obtained a BS with distinction in Ecology and Evolutionary Biology in 2011.
From 2011-2012, he was an Open Society Foundations Fellow comparing social movements on AIDS, tuberculosis and maternal health in South Africa and Ukraine. In 2012, he enrolled in a PhD program in the Epidemiology of Microbial Diseases at Yale School of Public Health and Yale Graduate School of Arts and Sciences obtaining a PhD in 2017, where he co-founded the Yale Global Health Justice Partnership, the first collaboration between the public health and law schools at Yale, he writes for the popular press and has contributed op-eds and articles to the New York Times, Washington Post, Foreign Policy and The Nation. He joined the faculty of Yale School of Public Health in July 2017, his research focuses on using quantitative models to improve the delivery of services and shape policy-making on HIV/AIDS. At Yale, he is affiliated with the Public Health Modeling Unit and the Yale Program in Addiction Medicine. In 2019, he received an Avenir award from the National Institute on Drug Abuse, a grant program devoted "to early-stage investigators who propose innovative studies researchers who represent the future of addiction science" for his proposal to examine the syndemic of HIV, hepatitis C and overdose in the contest of the US opioid crisis.
In 2008, he won the John M. Lloyd Foundation's inaugural AIDS Leadership Award. 2018, he was awarded a MacArthur Foundation "Genius" Fellowship. LGBT people in science List of Italian Americans List of Portuguese Americans
Sir Robert Henry Hobart, 1st Baronet, was a British Liberal Party politician. Hobart was the oldest son of Hon. Henry Lewis Hobart, third son of the 3rd Earl of Buckinghamshire, Charlotte Selina Moore, daughter of Richard Moore, he was a civil servant in the War Office between 1860 and 1900, was appointed a Companion of the Order of the Bath in 1885. In October 1901 the Earl Marshal, the Duke of Norfolk, appointed him a Secretary to the Earl Marshal´s office, to work on preparations for the 1902 coronation of King Edward VII, he received the King Edward VII Coronation Medal, on 11 August 1902 was knighted as a Knight Commander of the Royal Victorian Order for his services. Hobart was the Official Verderer of the New Forest and sat as Member of Parliament for New Forest from 1906 until 1910. On 14 July 1914, he was created a Baronet, of Langdown, in the County of Southampton. On 13 May 1869, Hobart married Hon. Julia Trollope, oldest daughter of the 1st Baron Kesteven, he was succeeded in the baronetcy by his only son Claud.