Citrus bergamia, the bergamot orange, is a fragrant citrus fruit the size of an orange, with a yellow or green color similar to a lime, depending on ripeness. Genetic research into the ancestral origins of extant citrus cultivars found bergamot orange to be a probable hybrid of lemon and bitter orange. Extracts have been used to scent food and cosmetics. Use on the skin can increase photosensitivity; the word bergamot is etymologically derived from the Italian word "bergamotto" of Turkish origin: bey armudu or bey armut. Citrus bergamia is a small tree; the juice tastes more bitter than grapefruit. The active ingredients in bergamot juice are neoeriocitrin, neohesperidin, ponceritin and mitrocin and 0.69% miriflin with 0% moisture brutieridin. Melitidin and brutieridin exhibit statin-like properties. Synephrine is not present in citrus bergamot; the bergamot orange is unrelated to the herbs known as bergamot or wild bergamot, Monarda didyma and Monarda fistulosa, which are in the mint family, are named for their similar aroma.
Citrus bergamia has been classified as Citrus aurantium subsp. Bergamia. Citrus bergamia is sometimes confused with: Citrus medica – citron, the yellow fruit of, known as etrog. Production is limited to the Ionian Sea coastal areas of the province of Reggio di Calabria in Italy, to such an extent that it is a symbol of the entire city. Most of the bergamot comes from a short stretch of land there; the fruit is produced in Argentina, Algeria, the Ivory Coast, Tunisia and South-East Asia where it has its roots. Citrus bergamot is commercially grown in southern Calabria, southern Italy, it is grown in southern France and in Côte d'Ivoire for the essential oil and in Antalya in southern Turkey for its marmalade. The fruit is not grown for juice consumption. However, in Mauritius where it is grown on a small-scale basis, it is consumed as juice by the locals. One hundred bergamot oranges yield about three ounces of bergamot oil. Adulteration with cheaper products such as oil of rosewood and bergamot mint has been a problem for consumers.
To protect the reputation of their produce, the Italian government introduced tight controls, including testing and certificates of purity. The Stazione Sperimentale per le Industrie delle Essenze e dei Derivati dagli Agrumi located in Reggio di Calabria, was the quality control body for the essential oil Bergamotto di Reggio Calabria DOP. During World War II, Italy was unable to export to countries such as the Allied powers. Rival products from Brazil and Mexico came on to the market as a substitute, but these were produced from other citrus fruits such as sweet lime; the fruit of the bergamot orange is edible. An essence extracted from the aromatic skin of this sour fruit is used to flavour Earl Grey and Lady Grey teas, as well as confectionery, it is used to make marmalade in Italy. In Sweden and Norway, bergamot is a common flavourant in snus, a smokeless tobacco product. In dry nasal snuff, it is a common aroma in traditional blends. Carpentierbe, a company based in San Giorgio Morgeto, makes a digestif liqueur derived from bergamot marketed under the name Liquore al Bergamotto.
In France the Ardennes region and the city of Nancy, essential oils made from the fruit are used to make a square, flat candy called the "Bergamote de Nancy". Bergamot peel is one of the most common ingredients used in perfumery, prized for its ability to combine with an array of scents to form a bouquet of aromas which complement each other. Bergamot is a major component of the original Eau de Cologne composed by Farina at the beginning of the 18th century in Germany; the first record of bergamot oil as a fragrance ingredient was in 1714, to be found in the Farina Archive in Cologne. In several patch test studies, application of some sources of bergamot oil directly to the skin of guinea pigs was shown to have a concentration-dependent phototoxic effect of increasing redness after exposure to ultraviolet light; this is a property shared by many other citrus fruits. Bergapten has been implicated as a potassium channel blocker. Bergamot is a source of bergamottin which, along with the chemically related compound 6',7'-dihydroxybergamottin, is believed to be responsible for grapefruit–drug interactions in which the consumption of the juice affects the metabolism of a variety of pharmaceutical drugs.
Used in cosmetics and perfume products, bergamot may cause skin irritation. In the past, psoralen extracted from bergamot oil has been used in tanning accelerators and sunscreens; these substances have been known to be photocarcinogenic since 1959, but they were only banned from sunscreens in 1995. These photocarcinogenic substances were banned years after they had caused many cases of malignant melanoma and deaths; as of 2017, clinical research conducted on bergamot oil has been of poor quality, with no conclusions about its possible health effects. Use on the skin can be unsafe for children and pregnant women. Potential side effects of drinking large amounts of bergamot oil can include
Brut is the brand name for a line of men's grooming and fragrance products first launched in 1964 by Fabergé, now owned by the British-Dutch company Unilever. The Brut line would grow to include aftershave and deodorant. Packaged in a green glass bottle with a silver-coloured medallion, it is still sold as of 2019. In 1968, a budget range was marketed as Brut 33 because it contained 33% of the fragrance of the original product. Packaged in cheaper plastic bottles, it was described by the company as a "lighter fragrance." Fabergé was taken over by Unilever in 1989, transferred to the Chesebrough-Pond's division in 1989. There the Brut 33 range took over the name Brut; the Fabergé version retained its distinctive packaging. In 2003, the rights to the brand were purchased for some regions by Idelle Laboratories, a division of Helen of Troy Limited. Apart from some regions, Unilever sells Brut around the world with big markets in the United Kingdom and Far East. Australia produces its own Brut aftershave, purported to have a different scent.
In Brazil, there is a Brut branded lather shaving cream in tube with the classic Brut fragrance. Called "The Essence of Man" in its advertising, Brut is marketed in the United States as representing traditional masculine strength of character. Sponsorship of the NHRA and of driver Ron Capps highlights fatherhood and courage as hallmarks of the user, it is sold in drugstores. The star of the 1970s United Kingdom advertising campaign was boxer Henry Cooper who used the slogan "splash it all over". Motor Cycle World Champion Barry Sheene, athlete David Hemery, show-jumper Harvey Smith and footballer Kevin Keegan appeared in the campaigns. In Germany the brand was endorsed in the 1970s by famous football player Franz Beckenbauer; the footballer Paul Gascoigne starred in an advertising campaign although he was dropped amid domestic violence allegations made by his ex-wife. In 1973, Allan Moffat drove a Brut 33 sponsored Ford Mustang in the Australian Touring Car Championship followed by a Brut 33 sponsored XB Ford Falcon GT in 1974.
The West Indies Cricket Team in the 1970s did a commercial for Brut. After receiving Brut as a secret santa gift, Dean Connaughton is quoted as saying "all I want for Christmas is Brut". Elvis Presley was known to have used this cologne; when he acted out the role of James Bond, Roger Moore once used an aerosol version similar to this deodorant for self-defence in Live and Let Die by touching the ignited end of a cigar he was smoking to the aerosol spray and thus improvising a crude flamethrower, since the propellant chemicals are flammable. In 2015, Jim Harbaugh was quoted saying "I've been a Brut man since I was 10 years old." In 2006, after acquiring partial ownership of the Brut copyright and patents, Idelle Laboratories launched Brut Revolution, an "ozonic" variant on the core fragrance. "As Different As You Are" is the theme of the fragrance, housed in a blue and silver bottle, breaking with the traditional green of the original. Apart from Brut original, the range has grown in recent years with new fragrances such as Oceans, Revolution, Instinct and Passion.
The whole range is available in roll-on, after shave, splash-on, shower gel, Eau de Toilette. Official website
Yves Saint Laurent (brand)
Yves Saint Laurent SAS known as Saint Laurent, is a French luxury fashion house founded by Yves Saint Laurent and his partner, Pierre Bergé. The company revived its haute couture collection in 2015 under former Creative Director Hedi Slimane. In April 2016, Anthony Vaccarello was appointed as the Creative Director. Founded in 1961, it has been considered one of the world's most prominent fashion houses and is known for its modern and iconic pieces, such as its tuxedo jackets for women. Today, Saint Laurent markets a broad range of women's and men's ready-to-wear products, leather goods and jewellery. Yves Saint Laurent Beauté has a notable presence in the luxury beauty and fragrance market, although this is owned by L'Oréal who hold exclusive licenses for the name; the eponymous brand was founded in 1961 by designer Yves Saint Laurent and his partner, Pierre Bergé, the current logos were designed in 1963 by A. M. Cassandre. During the 1960s and 1970s, the firm popularized fashion trends such as the beatnik look, safari jackets for men and women, tight pants and tall, thigh-high boots, including the creation of arguably the most famous classic tuxedo suit for women in 1966, Le Smoking suit.
Some of his most memorable collections include the Pop Art, Ballet Russes and Chinese ones. He started mainstreaming the idea of wearing silhouettes from the 1920s, 1930s and 1940s, he was the first, in 1966, to popularize ready-to-wear in an attempt to democratize fashion, with Rive Gauche and a boutique of the same name. Among Saint Laurent's muses were Loulou de La Falaise, the daughter of a French marquis and an Anglo-Irish fashion model, Betty Catroux, the half-Brazilian daughter of an American diplomat and wife of a French decorator, Talitha Pol-Getty, who died of drug overdose in 1971, Catherine Deneuve, the iconic French actress; the brand continued to expand in the 1980s and early 1990s with fragrances for both men and women, having launched its cosmetic line in 1978. However, by 1992, the company's profits were declining and the company's share price had fallen. In 1993, the Saint Laurent fashion house was sold to the pharmaceuticals company Sanofi. In the 1998–1999 seasons, Alber Elbaz of Lanvin, designed three ready-to-wear collections.
Pierre Bergé appointed Hedi Slimane as collections and art director in 1997, they relaunched YSL Rive Gauche Homme. Slimane decided to leave the house two years and he became head of couture menswear at Dior Homme. In 1999, Gucci bought the YSL brand and asked Tom Ford to design the ready-to-wear collection, while Saint Laurent would design the haute couture collection. In 2002, dogged by years of poor health, drug abuse, depression and criticisms of YSL designs, Saint Laurent closed the couture house of YSL. Reflecting on his career and impact on the fashion industry, Saint Laurent was quoted around the world for stating, "Chanel freed women, I empowered them." Saint Laurent stated, "I created the contemporary woman's wardrobe." The prêt-à-porter line was produced under the direction of Stefano Pilati, after Tom Ford left in 2004. His style was decidedly more French than the overtly sexy image. In 2009, following the death of Yves Saint Laurent in 2008 and a tumultuous first few years for Stefano Pilati, a few YSL stores closed in key U.
S. markets of San Francisco and New York City. The New York location, on Madison Avenue, had been the brand's first in the United States, having opened in 1969. In January 2010, the Chicago boutique on Oak Street closed as well. In 2012, Kering announced. Slimane had worked with Dior Homme until 2007. In 2015, Slimane announced. In 2016, Slimane left Saint Laurent, his replacement is Anthony Vaccarello. Despite the fact that Slimane had worked with the house, there was much controversy following his appointment after it was announced that the ready-to-wear line would be rebranded as Saint Laurent. However, the Yves Saint Laurent name and iconic YSL logo have been retained for accessories such as handbags and shoes, cosmetics, it was announced that the design studio would move to Los Angeles, Slimane's adopted home, while the couture atelier would remain in France. Slimane stated that he drew inspiration from when the ready-to-wear line was first launched as Saint Laurent Rive Gauche However, the decision made headlines around the world.
It became more controversial after it was reported that famed Parisian boutique Colette was selling shirts with the line "Ain't Laurent without Yves." Saint Laurent requested the store to stop selling the shirts. In October 2013, it was reported that Colette received a letter accusing it of selling counterfeit products that damaged the brand. Following the accusation, it was announced that Saint Laurent had canceled Colette's order for its Spring 2014 Collection, despite the fact that the boutique had been stocking the brand since 1998. In 2017, creative director Anthony Vaccarello chose Charlotte Gainsbourg, the daughter of Serge Gainsbourg and Jane Birkin, as the face of the FW17 campaign. Designed by Slimane, the Paris flagship boutique opened in May 2013; the previous deep red and gold color scheme was replaced by a monochrome interior, with varying materials, including marble and nickel-plated bars. This concept was used in the renovated Beverly Hills boutique, its new London boutique on Sloane Street, as well as new stores in the United States.
In 2013, a men's store—a first for the brand—opened in San Francisco, a full-line store op
Eau de Cologne
Eau de Cologne, or cologne, is a perfume originating from Cologne, Germany. Mixed by Johann Maria Farina in 1709, it has since come to be a generic term for scented formulations in typical concentration of 2–5% and more depending upon its type essential oils or a blend of extracts and water. In a base of dilute ethanol, eau de cologne contains a mixture of citrus oils including oils of lemon, tangerine, bergamot, grapefruit, blood orange, bitter orange, it can contain oils of neroli, rosemary, oregano, jasmine, olive and tobacco. In contemporary American English usage, the term "cologne" has become a generic term for perfumes marketed towards men, it may signify a less concentrated version of a popular perfume. The original Eau de Cologne is a spirit-citrus perfume launched in Cologne in 1709 by Giovanni Maria Farina, an Italian perfume maker from Santa Maria Maggiore Valle Vigezzo. In 1708, Farina wrote to his brother Jean Baptiste: "I have found a fragrance that reminds me of an Italian spring morning, of mountain daffodils and orange blossoms after the rain".
He named his fragrance Eau de Cologne, in honour of his new hometown. The Original Eau de Cologne 4711, is named after its location at Glockengasse No. 4711. It was developed in the 18th century by Wilhelm Mülhens and produced in Cologne since at least 1799 and is therefore one of the oldest still produced fragrances in the world. On 12 December 2006, the perfumes and cosmetics company Mäurer & Wirtz took over 4711 from Procter & Gamble and has expanded it to a whole brand since then; the Eau de Cologne composed by Farina was used only as a perfume and delivered to "nearly all royal houses in Europe". His ability to produce a homogeneous fragrance consisting of dozens of monoessences was seen as a sensation at the time. A single vial of this aqua mirabilis cost half the annual salary of a civil servant; when free trade was established in Cologne by the French in 1797, the success of Eau de Cologne prompted countless other businessmen to sell their own fragrances under the name of Eau de Cologne.
Giovanni Maria Farina's formula has been produced in Cologne since 1709 by Farina opposite the Jülichplatz and to this day remains a secret. His shop at Obenmarspforten is today the world's oldest fragrance factory. In 1806, Jean Marie Joseph Farina, a grand-grand-nephew of Giovanni Maria Farina, opened a perfumery business in Paris, sold to Roger & Gallet; that company now owns the rights to Eau de Cologne extra vieille in contrast to the Original Eau de Cologne from Cologne. The water of Cologne was believed to have the power to ward off bubonic plague. By drinking the cologne the citrus oil scent would be exuded through repelling fleas. Much as flea shampoo for dogs can be based on citrus oils today. In modern times, Eau de Cologne or "cologne", has become a generic term; the term "cologne" can be applied to perfume for men or women, but it conventionally refers to perfumes marketed towards men. 4711 Aftershave Cologne Deodorant Johann Maria Farina gegenüber dem Jülichs-Platz Perfume Fenaroli, Giovanni.
"Acqua di Colonia". Rivista italiana essenze, piante offizinali, olii vegetali, saponi. 42. La Face, Francesco. "Le materie prime per l'acqua di colonia". Relazione al Congresso di Sta. Maria Maggiore. Monk, Paul M. S.. Physical Chemistry: Understanding Our Chemical World. Sabetay, Sébastien. Les Eaux de Cologne Parfumée. Sta. Maria Maggiore Symposium. Wells, Frederick V.. Variations on the Eau de Cologne Theme. Sta. Maria Maggiore Symposium. Wells, Frederick V.. Perfumery Technology. Art, industry. Chichester: Horwood Books. Pp. 25, 278. ISBN 0-85312-301-2. Wilhelm, Jürgen, ed.. Das große Köln-Lexikon. Cologne: Greven Verlag. ISBN 3-7743-0355-X. Citations Works citedEckstein, Markus. Eau de Cologne: Farina's 300th Anniversary. Cologne: J. P. Bachem. ISBN 978-3-7616-2313-8. Fischer, Carmen. "'Französisch Kram' aus Köln". Damals. Vol. 43 no. 6. Pp. 70–71. Information leaflet of the Farina Fragrance Museum at Cologne Farina Gegenüber: Official website 4711: Official website Deutsche Welle 13.07.2009: Original eau de Cologne celebrates 300 years Tourist information website September 2009: Cologne is a feeling Basenotes 18 June 2009: An interview with Johann Maria Farina
The Osmothèque is the world’s largest scent archive, a leading international research institution tracing the history of perfumery, based in Versailles with conference centers in New York City and Paris. Founded in 1990 by Jean Kerléo and other senior perfumers including Jean-Claude Ellena and Guy Robert, the Osmothèque is internationally responsible for the authentication, preservation and reproduction of thousands of perfumes gathered from the past two millennia, archived at the Osmothèque repository and consultable by the public. Exclusive to the collection are countless rare masterpieces elsewhere discontinued or reformulated, including François Coty’s Chypre, Paul Parquet’s Fougère Royale and Aimé Guerlain's Jicky as well as numerous personalized fragrances worn by historical figures such as Elizabeth of Poland and Eugénie de Montijo. Since 2008, Patricia de Nicolaï has served as the institution’s president; the founding of the world’s first international scent archive was proposed to the Société Française des Parfumeurs in 1976 by Jean Kerléo head perfumer at Jean Patou, in an effort to formally record and preserve the history of perfumery.
Kerléo envisioned reconstituting various discontinued classics according to their original formulae, working in collaboration with the world’s foremost perfumers and perfume houses. An advisory committee was thus assembled, composed of experts Jean-François Blayn, Raymond Chaillan, Jean-Claude Ellena, Yuri Gutsatz, Jeannine Mongin, Raymond Pouliquen, Guy Robert and Henri Sebag. After reproducing the discontinued perfumes of Jean Patou, Jean Kerléo and his team were entrusted in 1986 with the formulae of the defunct F. Millot, among them the 1925 classic Crêpe de Chine by Jean Desprez. Kerléo’s reconstitution, completed a year with perfumer Aimable Duhayon, impressed many within the industry, a major catalyst for the launch of the proposed scent archive; when in 1988 the project won the support of both the Chambre de Commerce et d’Industrie de Versailles and the Comité Français du Parfum, a repository facility was provided on the premises of the Institut Supérieur International du Parfum, de la Cosmétique et de l'Aromatique alimentaire.
There the Osmothèque was founded on 26 April 1990 with an initial collection of 400 perfumes, both those reproduced by the Osmothèque and those supplied by external perfumers at houses such as Chanel and Lanvin. The Osmothèque is the world’s largest scent archive, storing over 3,000 perfumes from the past and present, all preserved at a constant temperature under argon gas. Perfumes accepted into the collection are either those reconstituted using archived formulae by the Osmothèque’s internal perfumers or those supplied by external perfume houses; as a legal deposit archive, the Osmothèque receives a supply of all new perfumes produced in France and much of the world, in addition to those obtained through its program for content acquisitions. The role of chief archivist is filled by Patricia de Nicolaï, having assumed the presidency of the Osmothèque from Jean Kerléo in 2008; the institution maintains a substantial reference library of fragrance bases and aromatic sources, both natural and synthetic and contemporary, as well as a vault inaccessible to the public containing historical perfume formulae, many unusable due to a lack of corresponding raw materials.
Rarities from the Osmothèque’s collections include examples of ancient perfumery, such as the Parfum Royal of the Parthian kings as described by Pliny the Elder in the 1st century, medieval toilet waters such as the 14th century Eau de la reine de Hongrie of Elizabeth of Poland and 18th century powders such as the Poudre de Chypre. Unique is a major collection of 19th century perfumes from leading houses such as Farina, Houbigant, Lubin, F. Millot, L. T. Piver and Roger & Gallet. From the period is the eau de cologne made for Napoleon in 1815 during his exile on Saint Helena; the largest portion of the Osmothèque’s archives is devoted to modern perfumery, presenting innumerable original masterpieces now discontinued or reformulated, including: The Osmothèque maintains an active website, including an online database detailing the institution’s collections. Various conferences for professionals, researchers and members of the public are offered at the Osmothèque’s headquarters in Versailles, as well as at conference centers at the Galerie de Nicolaï in Paris and the Academy of Perfumery & Aromatics in New York City.
In addition, the Osmothèque organizes partner exhibitions and conferences with museums around the world, including the Carrousel du Louvre, the Palace of Versailles and the Smithsonian Institution. The Osmothèque publishes books on the subject of perfume, in addition to a bilingual periodical titled Les Nouvelles de l’Osmothèque, available online and at the Osmothèque’s bookshop. Archives Archives nationales Bibliothèque nationale de France ISIPCA Jean Kerléo Library of Congress National Archives and Records Administration Palace of Versailles Patricia de Nicolaï Perfume Smithsonian Institution Versailles List of archives The Osmothèque – Official website "L'Osmothèque de Versailles" – Film presentation "L’Heir du Temps" – Article by Chandler Burr "The Perfume Museum" – Article by Luca Turin
Evernia prunastri known as oakmoss, is a species of lichen. It can be found in many mountainous temperate forests throughout the Northern Hemisphere, including parts of France, Spain, North America, much of Central Europe. Oakmoss grows on the trunk and branches of oak trees, but is commonly found on the bark of other deciduous trees and conifers such as fir and pine; the thalli of oakmoss are short and bushy, grow together on bark to form large clumps. Oakmoss thallus is strap-like, they are highly branched, resembling the form of deer antlers. The colour of oakmoss ranges from green to a greenish-white when dry, dark olive-green to yellow-green when wet; the texture of the thalli are rough when dry and rubbery when wet. It is used extensively in modern perfumery. Oakmoss is commercially harvested in countries of South-Central Europe and exported to the Grasse region of France where its fragrant compounds are extracted as oakmoss absolutes and extracts; these raw materials are used as perfume fixatives and form the base notes of many fragrances.
They are key components of Fougère and Chypre class perfumes. The lichen has a distinct and complex odor and can be described as woody and sweet. Oakmoss growing on pines have a pronounced turpentine odor, valued in certain perfume compositions. Oakmoss should be avoided by people with known skin sensitization issues, its use in perfumes is now restricted by International Fragrance Association regulations, many scents have been reformulated in recent years with other chemicals substituted for oakmoss. Ethnolichenology Pseudevernia furfuracea, used as a substitute for oakmoss in perfumery
Michael David Kors is an American fashion designer. He is the chief creative officer of his brand, Michael Kors, which sells men's and women's and ready-to-wear, watches, jewelry and fragrance. Kors was the first women's ready-to-wear designer for the French house Celine, from 1997 to 2003. On January 2, 2019 Michael Kors Holdings Limited changed its name to Capri Holdings Limited, of which Michael Kors is the Honorary Chairman and Director. Michael Kors, Jimmy Choo and Versace are the three founder-led brands under Capri Holdings Limited. Kors was born as Karl Anderson Jr. on Long Island. Kors' mother is Jewish, his parents are Joan Hamburger, a former model, her first husband, Karl Anderson Sr. a college student. His mother married Bill Kors, when her son was five, his surname was changed to Kors, his mother told Karl that he could choose a new first name as well and he renamed himself Michael David Kors. He grew up in Merrick, New York and graduated from John F. Kennedy High School in Bellmore, New York, on Long Island.
Kors married his partner, Lance Le Pere, on August 16, 2011, in Southampton, New York, in The Hamptons. Kors' affinity for fashion started when he was young, his mother thought his affinity might have been caused in part by his exposure to the apparel industry through her modeling career. Michael, at the age of five redesigned his mother's wedding dress for her second marriage; as a teen, Kors began designing clothes and selling them out of his parents' basement, which he renamed the Iron Butterfly. Kors took acting lessons when he was young, but stopped when he was 14 when he decided to focus on becoming a fashion designer. In 1977, he enrolled at the Fashion Institute of Technology in New York City. However, he dropped out after only nine months and took a job at a boutique called Lothar's across from Bergdorf Goodman on 57th Street in Midtown Manhattan, where he started as a salesperson and went on to become both the designer and visual display head for the store. Shortly after, Dawn Mello, the fashion director at Bergdorf's, discovered Kors.
She asked. In 1981, Kors launched his Michael Kors women's label at Bergdorf Goodman. In 1990, the company launched KORS Michael Kors as a licensee. A Chapter 11 filing in 1993, caused by the closure of the licensing partner for KORS Michael Kors, forced him to put the KORS line on hold, he got back on his feet by 1997 and launched a lower priced line and at the same time was named the first women's ready-to-wear designer for French house Celine. In his tenure at Celine, Kors turned the fashion house around with successful accessories and a critically acclaimed ready-to-wear line. Kors left Celine in October 2003 to concentrate on his own brand. Kors launched his menswear line in 2002; the MICHAEL Michael Kors line was launched in 2004, joining the original Michael Kors Collection label. The MICHAEL Michael Kors line includes women's handbags and shoes as well as women's ready-to-wear apparel; as of the end of the first fiscal quarter in 2016, Kors has over 770 Lifestyle stores around the world.
Kors has Collection boutiques in New York, Beverly Hills, Palm Beach and Southampton. In the U. S, his women's runway collection, labeled Michael Kors Collection, is sold at Bergdorf Goodman, Saks Fifth Avenue, Neiman Marcus, Bloomingdale's and numerous specialty stores. Michael Kors Collection is carried at the brand's stores in London, Cannes, Tokyo, Hong Kong and Seoul; the year 2016 marked the 35th anniversary of Kors' business. Among the celebrities who have dressed in Kors' designs are Olivia Wilde, Dakota Johnson, Blake Lively, Kate Hudson, Jennifer Lawrence, Taylor Swift, Kate Middleton, Hillary Clinton, Angelina Jolie, Jennifer Lopez, Melania Trump, Ivanka Trump, Heidi Klum, Catherine Zeta-Jones. Michelle Obama wore a black sleeveless dress from the designer for her first term official portrait as First Lady and sported Kors again at the 2015 State of the Union address. Viola Davis wore a custom Michael Kors Collection gown when accepting a Golden Globe for best supporting actress in a motion picture for her role in Fences.
Kate Hudson and Olivia Wilde both wore gowns by the designer to the 2016 Golden Globes, Emily Blunt, nominated for her role in Into The Woods, wore a white custom gown by the designer in 2015. Joan Allen wore his gown when she was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Actress for her role in The Contender; as creative director of Celine, Kors designed many outfits for actresses to wear on screen, including Gwyneth Paltrow in Possession. One of his gowns was worn by Alicia Keys for her performance at Barack Obama's inaugural ball on January 21, 2013; the ad campaigns for Kors reflect the jet-set lifestyle that his fans know and love. Michael Kors Collection campaigns have most been shot by photographers Inez and Vinoodh, prior to that, Mario Testino. Previous campaigns include the model relaxing on a yacht. More recent campaigns feature model Binx Walton living the jet-set lifestyle; the latest MICHAEL Michael Kors campaign features jet-setter Bella Hadid shot by photographer David Sims.* Kors was a judge on the Emmy-nominated reality television program Project Runway, which aired on Bravo for five seasons.
On December 18, 2012, it was announced that Kors would be leaving Project Runway, to be replaced by fellow designer Zac Posen. Kors returned to Project Runway in 2016 as a guest judge on the season 15 finale. In January 2014, Forbes reported that Kors reached a personal fortune in excess of $1 billion