Francis Harry Compton Crick was a British molecular biologist and neuroscientist. In 1953, he co-authored with James Watson the academic paper proposing the double helix structure of the DNA molecule. Together with Watson and Maurice Wilkins, he was jointly awarded the 1962 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine "for their discoveries concerning the molecular structure of nucleic acids and its significance for information transfer in living material"; the results were based on fundamental studies done by Rosalind Franklin, Raymond Gosling and Wilkins. Crick was an important theoretical molecular biologist and played a crucial role in research related to revealing the helical structure of DNA, he is known for the use of the term "central dogma" to summarise the idea that once information is transferred from nucleic acids to proteins, it cannot flow back to nucleic acids. In other words, the final step in the flow of information from nucleic acids to proteins is irreversible. During the remainder of his career, he held the post of J.
W. Kieckhefer Distinguished Research Professor at the Salk Institute for Biological Studies in La Jolla, California, his research centered on theoretical neurobiology and attempts to advance the scientific study of human consciousness. He remained in this post until his death. Crick was the first son of Annie Elizabeth Crick, he was born on 8 June 1916 and raised in Weston Favell a small village near the English town of Northampton, in which Crick's father and uncle ran the family's boot and shoe factory. His grandfather, Walter Drawbridge Crick, an amateur naturalist, wrote a survey of local foraminifera, corresponded with Charles Darwin, had two gastropods named after him. At an early age, Francis was attracted to science; as a child, he was taken to church by his parents. But by about age 12, he said he did not want to go any more, as he preferred a scientific search for answers over religious belief. Walter Crick, his uncle, lived in a small house on the south side of Abington Avenue; when he was eight or nine he transferred to the most junior form of the Northampton Grammar School, on the Billing Road.
This was about 1.25 mi from his home so he could walk there and back, by Park Avenue South and Abington Park Crescent, but he more went by bus or by bicycle. The teacher -- a Miss Holding -- made everything interesting; the teaching in the higher forms was satisfactory, but not as stimulating. After the age of 14, he was educated at Mill Hill School in London, where he studied mathematics and chemistry with his best friend John Shilston, he shared the Walter Knox Prize for Chemistry on Mill Hill School's Foundation Day, Friday, 7 July 1933. He declared that his success was inspired by the quality of teaching he received whilst a pupil at Mill Hill. At the age of 21, Crick earned a Bachelor of Science degree in physics from University College, London. Crick had failed to gain a place at a Cambridge college through failing their requirement for Latin. Crick began his PhD at UCL but was interrupted by World War II, he became a PhD student and Honorary Fellow of Gonville and Caius College and worked at the Cavendish Laboratory and the Medical Research Council Laboratory of Molecular Biology in Cambridge.
He was an Honorary Fellow of Churchill College, Cambridge and of University College, London. Crick began a PhD research project on measuring the viscosity of water at high temperatures in the laboratory of physicist Edward Neville da Costa Andrade at University College London, but with the outbreak of World War II, Crick was deflected from a possible career in physics. During his second year as a PhD student, however, he was awarded the Carey Foster Research Prize, a great honour, he did postdoctoral work at the Polytechnic Institute of Brooklyn. During World War II, he worked for the Admiralty Research Laboratory, from which emerged a group of many notable scientists, including David Bates, Robert Boyd, George Deacon, John Gunn, Harrie Massey, Nevill Mott. In 1947, aged 31, Crick began studying biology and became part of an important migration of physical scientists into biology research; this migration was made possible by the newly won influence of physicists such as Sir John Randall, who had helped win the war with inventions such as radar.
Crick had to adjust from the "elegance and deep simplicity" of physics to the "elaborate chemical mechanisms that natural selection had evolved over billions of years." He described this transition as, "almost as if one had to be born again." According to Crick, the experience of learning physics had taught him something important—hubris—and the conviction that since physics was a success, great advances should be possible in other sciences such as biology. Crick felt that this attitude encouraged him to be more daring than typical biologists who tended to concern themselves with the daunting problems of biology and not the past successes of
Louhelen Baháʼí School is one of three leading institutions owned by the National Spiritual Assembly of the Baháʼís of the United States. The others are Bosch Baháʼí School. Louhelen is near Michigan; the school property was bought for Baháʼí purposes in 1930 by the new married couple Lou and Helen Eggleston and they hosted a picnic that year. The first "school" session was held in 1931 and was run via a committee organized by the national community through the 1930s and 40s. Innovations in the period were adding distinct sessions for youth and junior youth and practicum "laboratory" sessions. All the while the material setting was advanced. In 1947 the Egglestons donated the school property valued over $50k and the National Spiritual Assembly of the US bought the residence, organically part of the school; the work of maintaining the site was kept by two committees and on-site managers though the Egglestons continued to associate with the school into the early 1950s. Lou died in 1953 while their daughter assisted the school in 1955.
For a period of two years, the school was shut down as were all the Baháʼí schools, in 1949 and 1950 to conserve resources for the cost of finishing the Baháʼí House of Worship in Wilmette and to establish the thrust of work of promulgating the religion in Latin America. Activities continued through the 1960s into the early 1970s; however a safety situation developed and in 1974 the school was closed by the national assembly. An investment of $1.8 million followed with plans drawn up and construction projects carried out from 1980 to 1982 and the school re-opened with some buildings restored, others replaced and the mission more explicitly being a residential college and conference center. A number of subject areas have been advanced across the periods of the school. One was race unity, a subject at the school explicitly since 1932 when Maye Gift's talks on race led to a compilation, well received in multiple reprints; the school welcomed inter-racial couples, members of diverse races, a project supporting black students going to attend integrating schools in Greenville, SC, in 1964 was undertaken and a socioeconomic development program Understanding Racism initiative in 1986.
Books were developed from other presentations at the school - some of Stanwood Cobb's work was gathered from working for a school session, the text of The Divine Art of Living evolved from presentations. Moslem and Christian subjects were studied early on. A residential college program supported students who stayed at the school and were students in area colleges. Scholars of the religion gathered annually at the school in the form of the Association for Baháʼí Studies and the Irfan Colloquia and attracted performers like Andy Grammar, Kevin Locke; the school supported a grandparents-and-grandkids program of learning indigenous Indian cultural history. Jr youth projects have been posted to YouTube; the Genesee County area was developed by Euro-Americans following the development of an Indiana Territory and its dissolution. The region went through transitions from a territory to a state. Freeman Sweers established the farm near Davison, Michigan in the latter 1800s and sold to a D. P. Hall. In 1924, Sweers bought into a development in Florida.
About the time of the Great Depression in the United States and in bad condition, the farm was bought by Lou and Helen Eggleston. Lou was born about 1873, worked in heating industry, at about the age of 50, Lou married Helen and bought the farm about 268 acres. Helen was daughter of Lansing. Helen, still going by her maiden name of Whitney, sent a message to the Baháʼí News, early monthly periodical of the religion, published in October 1930, of the intention of setting it up as a dairy farm "to operate as far as possible along Baha'i lines". In the face of the extending troubles of the Depression that year, a "picnic" was held; the name "Louhelen", a contraction of their first names, was used as in "Louhelen Ranch". Louhelen was the name of their daughter and they had a son Lewis Jr. both of which came along later. The July 1931 edition of Baháʼí News published the announcement of the program at the Central States Baháʼí Summer School, the first name of the school, August 1–9 with lodgings and two meals a day for $10-$12 for the week and noted correspondence should be sent to Helen Whitney Eggleston to an address in Detroit.
The faculty included Harlan and Grace Ober active in the religion many years in the Boston area and Green Acre Baháʼí School and Howard Ives, Dorothy Baker, Fanny Knobloch, Maye Harvey Gift. Mary Collison and Miss McKay were support staff; the Obers and Ives planned the school as a committee. 35 Baha'is and friends from six states attended all the sessions and about 50 others from Detroit and Flint, came as day students to one or more classes. Baker's entire family attended; the sessions were held that year in a wooded area sloping down to a clear stream, either in a lodge on the hillside or in an open-air amphitheater nearby. Some 20 people attended about 90 total attended at least one day of activities; the Egglestons devoted themselves to developing the school's facilities. A small barn was partitioned into private rooms and became a Pullman type lodge, providing long narrow rooms. A dining porch was added to the main house to improve the serving of meals. 80 acres of the Eggleston farm were allotted to be used by the school.
A ravine was named Ridvan Garden. Details were covered in the two main periodicals of the religion of the day - Baháʼí News, Star of the West, the oldest large scale journal of the reli
Michael "Mick" Morrissey was an Irish hurler who played as a left wing-back for the Wexford and New York senior teams. Born in St. Mullin's, County Carlow, Morrissey first arrived on the inter-county scene at the age of twenty three when he first linked up with the Wexford senior team, he made his senior debut in the 1954-55 National Hurling League. Morrissey went on to play a key part for Wexford during a golden age for the team, won two All-Ireland medals, three Leinster medals and two National Hurling League medals. At club level Morrissey played with Geraldine O'Hanrahan's. Throughout his inter-county career, Morrissey made 17 championship appearances for Wexford, his retirement came following the conclusion of the 1960 championship, however, he spent a number of seasons playing with New York. His brother, played hurling for Carlow. In retirement from playing Morrissey became involved in team coaching, he served as trainer of the New York team in the early 1970s. Morrissey enjoyed some success.
After losing the intermediate championship decider to Faythe Harriers in 1956, O'Hanrahan's bounced back to reach the final again in 1957. A 6-7 to 5-6 defeat of Shelmaliers gave Morrissey a championship medal. Morrissey made his senior debut for Wexford during the 1954-55 National League and became a regular member of the starting fifteen, he was a substitute for the team's opening championship games, before making his debut on 17 July 1955 in the drawn Leinster decider with Kilkenny. Wexford won the subsequent replay by 5-6 to 3-9, with Morrissey collecting his first Leinster medal following a 5-6 to 3-9 defeat of Kilkenny in a replay of the Leinster final. Galway, given a bye to the final without playing a game, provided the opposition in the subsequent All-Ireland final on 4 September 1955. At half-time the men from the west led by 2-5 to 2-3 courtesy of two goals from eighteen-year-old schoolboy Paddy Egan. A goal by Tim Flood nine minutes from the end clinched a 3-13 to 2-8 victory and a first All-Ireland medal for Morrissey.
It was Wexford's first All-Ireland triumph in forty-five years. Morrissey added a National Hurling League medal to his collection in 1956 as Tipperary were bested by 5-9 to 2-14; the subsequent championship campaign saw. A narrow 4-8 to 3-10 defeat of Kilkenny gave Morrissey his second Leinster medal. Galway fell in the All-Ireland semi-final, allowing Wexford to advance to an All-Ireland final meeting with Cork on 23 September 1956; the game has gone down in history as one of the all-time classics as Christy Ring was bidding for a record ninth All-Ireland medal. The game turned on one important incident as the Wexford goalkeeper, Art Foley, made a miraculous save from a Ring shot and cleared the sliotar up the field to set up another attack. Nicky Rackard scored a crucial goal with two minutes to go giving Wexford a 2-14 to 2-8 victory. Two years in 1958 Morrissey added a second National League medal to his collection following a 5-7 to 4-8 defeat of Limerick. In 1960 Wexford were back in the provincial decider.
A narrow 3-10 to 2-11 defeat of Kilkenny gave Morrissey his third Leinster medal. The All-Ireland decider on 4 September 1960 saw; the game ended in remarkable circumstances as the crowd invaded the pitch with a minute to go, mistaking the referee’s whistle for the end of the game. When the crowd were moved off the pitch Tipperary continued playing with only twelve men. Goals by Padge Kehoe and Oliver "Hopper" McGrath gave Wexford a merited 2-15 to 0-11 victory, it was Morrissey's third All-Ireland medal. This victory brought the curtain down on Morrissey's inter-county career with Wexford. After emigrating to the United States, Morrissey became a member of the New York senior team; as was customary at the time, the home National League champions played New York for the title. Morrissey lined out in four consecutive league deciders between 1963 and 1966, New York were beaten by Waterford and Kilkenny. After his retirement from playing, Morrissey became involved in team coaching, he trained the New York team that were narrowly defeated by Cork on an aggregate score of 5-21 to 6-16 in the final of the 1969-70 National League.
KilcloneyCarlow Minor Hurling Championship: 1950Geraldine O'Hanrahan'sWexford Intermediate Hurling Championship: 1957WexfordAll-Ireland Senior Hurling Championship: 1955, 1956, 1960 Leinster Senior Hurling Championship: 1955, 1956, 1960 National Hurling League: 1955-56, 1957–58