John Taylor Gilman
John Taylor Gilman was a farmer and statesman from Exeter, New Hampshire. He represented New Hampshire in the Continental Congress in 1782–1783 and was Governor of New Hampshire for 14 years, from 1794 to 1805, from 1813 to 1816. Gilman was born in the Province of New Hampshire, his family had settled in Exeter since its earliest days. He lived in the Ladd-Gilman House, now a part of the American Independence Museum, he received a limited education before he entered into the family shipbuilding and mercantile businesses. Aged 22, he read aloud a Dunlap Broadside brought to New Hampshire on July 16, 1776 to the city of Exeter; the American Independence Museum commemorates his brave act every year at their American Independence Festival, where a role-player reads the Declaration in its entirety to festival-goers. Gilman was one of the Minutemen of 1775 and a selectman in 1777 and 1778. Gilman served as a member of the New Hampshire House of Representatives in 1779 and 1781 and was a delegate to the Convention of the States in Hartford, Connecticut, in October 1780.
He served as a member of the Continental Congress in 1782 and 1783. He was the New Hampshire Treasurer in 1791 and moderator in 1791–1794, 1806, 1807, 1809–1811, 1817, 1818, 1820–1825. Gilman served as Governor of New Hampshire between 1794 and 1805 and was an unsuccessful candidate for re-election in 1805, he was again a member of the New Hampshire House of Representatives in 1810 and 1811 and again an unsuccessful candidate for governor in 1812. He was elected governor and served from 1813 to 1816 and declined to be a candidate for renomination for governor in 1816, he was an ex officio trustee of Dartmouth College, New Hampshire, trustee by election. He was president of the board of trustees of Phillips Exeter Academy, New Hampshire, 1795–1827, donor of the oldest property, the'Yard,' upon which the older buildings stand. Gilman was elected a member of the American Antiquarian Society in 1814. Gilman was married to the daughter of Major General Nathaniel Folsom of Exeter, he died in Exeter on September 1, 1828.
He is the first governor of New Hampshire not to have a place in the state named after him. The town of Gilmanton, settled by 24 members of the extended Gilman clan, was named for the family as a whole and not for the Governor. Gilman's Congressional Biography Gilman, John Taylor, 1753–1828, Guide to Research Collections
Robert O. Blood
Robert Oscar Blood was an American physician and Republican politician from Concord, New Hampshire. He served in both houses of two terms as governor. Blood was born in Enfield, New Hampshire, studied at Dartmouth College and Dartmouth Medical School, graduating in 1913 and establishing a long-standing practice in Concord from 1915, he served in the U. S. Medical Corps 1917-1919, leaving the service a lieutenant-colonel with decorations from both Britain and France. Blood began his political career in 1935, serving in the state's Senate, he won a close contest in the Republican direct primary for governor and won the election by just 800 votes. He was re-elected in 1942, but lost in 1944, his time in office was dominated by the war, but he championed his long-standing interest in veterans' affairs and was active in improving the financial condition of the state government. He lost the Congressional primary in 1946. From 1944 to 1960, Blood was the New Hampshire delegate to Republican National Convention.
He married Pauline Shepard in 1916 and they had three children: Robert Oscar Blood, II, Horace Shepard Blood, Emily Blood. Blood is buried at the Blossom Hill Cemetery there, his collection of fine porcelain was donated to the state after his death and was placed in Bridges House - the Governor's mansion. Blood at New Hampshire's Division of Historic Resources
Samuel Dinsmoor Jr.
Samuel Dinsmoor Jr. was an American lawyer, banker and thirtieth Governor of New Hampshire. Dinsmoor was born in Keene, New Hampshire and graduated from Dartmouth College in 1814, he studied law and was a legal assistant to Territorial Governor James Miller for several years in Arkansas. A commissioner who made it possible for the visit of French General Lafayette to New Hampshire in 1825, Dinsmoor served as clerk of the New Hampshire Senate in 1826, 1827, 1829 and 1830. Having secured the Democratic gubernatorial nomination, Dinsmoor was elected by a popular vote in 1849, reelected to a second term in 1850, as well as a third term in 1851, he served as thirtieth Governor of New Hampshire from June 7, 1849 to June 3, 1852. The state militia was restructured during his tenure. Upon leaving the governorship, Dinsmoor retired from political life, but continued to stay active in his legal and banking interests. From 1835 until his death Dinsmoor was President of the Ashuelot Bank in Keene. Dinsmoor died in Keene on February 24, 1869.
He is interred at Washington Street Cemetery in Keene. His father, Samuel Dinsmoor, had been Governor of New Hampshire from 1831 to 1834. On September 11, 1841, Samuel Dinsmoor Jr. married Anne Eliza Jarvis, they had two children: William Jarvis Dinsmoor and Samuel Dinsmoor III. Anne died on July 17, 1849. Dinsmoor at New Hampshire's Division of Historic Resources National Governors Association profile
Joseph A. Gilmore
Joseph Albree Gilmore was an American railroad superintendent from Concord, New Hampshire and the Governor of New Hampshire from 1863 to 1865. Joseph A. Gilmore was born in Weston, Vermont on June 10, 1811, he was educated in Vermont, moved to Boston to learn the mercantile business. Gilmore moved to Concord, New Hampshire, where he established a wholesale grocery business. Gilmore became involved with the Concord and Claremont Railroad, serving first as a construction agent, as the railroad's general superintendent, he served as superintendent of the Manchester and Lawrence Railroad and the Portsmouth and Concord Railroad. A Whig, Gilmore joined the Republican when it was founded in the mid-1850s, he served in the New Hampshire State Senate from 1858 to 1860, was the Senate's President pro Tempore in 1859. Gilmore was elected Governor in 1863 and reelected in 1864, served from June 3, 1863 to June 8, 1865. Serving during the American Civil War. Gilmore's term was consumed by support for the Union, including a loan to provide bonuses and supplemental salary payments to soldiers, arranging for the transport of soldiers traveling to New Hampshire on furlough and returning to the front lines.
Gilmore died in 1867 in Concord, New Hampshire and is buried at the Mount Auburn Cemetery in Cambridge, Massachusetts. Gilmore was married to Ann Page Whipple, they had eleven children, their daughter Ann was the first wife of Senator William E. Chandler, their son, Joseph Henry Gilmore, was a Newton Theological Seminary trained Baptist pastor, wrote the words to the hymn, "He Leadeth Me," inspired by the 23rd Psalm. Gilmore at New Hampshire's Division of Historic Resources Joseph A. Gilmore at Find a Grave Joseph Albree Gilmore at National Governors Association Joseph A. Gilmore at Herringshaw's National Library of American Biography, Volume II Joseph Albree Gilmore at American Civil War: The Definitive Encyclopedia and Document Collection
William Plumer was an American lawyer, Baptist lay preacher, politician from Epping, New Hampshire. He is most notable for his service as a Federalist in the United States Senate, Governor of New Hampshire as a Democratic-Republican. Plumer was born in Newburyport, Province of Massachusetts Bay on June 25, 1759, the son of farmer and merchant Samuel Plumer and Mary Plumer, his family moved to Epping, New Hampshire in 1768, he was raised at his father's farm on Epping's Red Oak Hill. Plumer attended the Red Oak Hill School until he was 17. Frequent ill health left him unsuited for military service during the American Revolution or life as a farmer, after a religious conversion experience in his late teens, Plumer was trained as a Baptist exhorter. For several years he traveled throughout the state to deliver sermons to Baptist churches and revival meetings, he considered a career as a doctor, began to study medicine. Deciding on a legal career, he studied law with attorneys Joshua Atherton of Amherst and John Prentice of Londonderry.
While studying under Atherton, his fellow law clerks included William Coleman, who remained a lifelong friend. Plumer attained admission to the bar in 1787, began to practice in Epping. In addition to practicing law, Plumer was active in local politics and government, he held several town offices, including selectman. Plumer served in the New Hampshire House of Representatives from 1785 to 1786, in 1788, from 1790 to 1791, from 1797 to 1800. In 1791 and 1797 he served as Speaker of the House. Plumer was a delegate to the state constitutional convention of 1791-1792. Plumer was elected to the United States Senate as a federalist, filling the vacancy caused when James Sheafe resigned, he served from June 17, 1802 to March 3, 1807, was not a candidate for reelection. In 1803, Plumer was one of several New England Federalists who proposed secession from the United States due to lack of support for Federalists, rising influence of Jeffersonian Democrats and the diminished influence of the North due to the Louisiana Purchase.
Recalling his involvement in the secession scheme in 1827, Plumer said, "This was, I think, the greatest political error of my life: & would, had it been reduced to practise, instead of releiving, destroyed New England.... For my own reputation the erroneous opinion I formed produced no bitter fruits to myself or my country." Plumer served in the New Hampshire Senate in 1810 and 1811, was chosen in both years to serve as the Senate's president. By now a Democratic-Republican, in 1812, Plumer was the party's successful nominee for Governor of New Hampshire, he served until 1813, he returned to office in 1816, served until 1819. In the 1820 presidential election, Plumer was one of New Hampshire's electoral college members, he cast the only dissenting vote in the Electoral College against incumbent President James Monroe, voting instead for John Quincy Adams. While some accounts say that this was to ensure that George Washington remained the only American president unanimously chosen by the Electoral College, others assert that he was instead calling attention to his friend Adams as a potential future presidential candidate, or protesting against the "wasteful extravagance" of the Monroe Administration.
Plumer eschewed voting for Daniel D. Tompkins for Vice President as "grossly intemperate" and having "not that weight of character which his office requires," and "because he grossly neglected his duty" in his "only" official role as president of the Senate by being "absent nearly three-fourths of the time." Plumer instead voted for Richard Rush. Plumer was the first president of the New Hampshire Historical Society, he was elected a member of the American Antiquarian Society in 1815. Plumer was buried at the Plumer Family Cemetery in Epping. In 1788, Plumer married Sarah "Sally" Fowler of New Hampshire, they were the parents of six children -- William, Samuel, George Washington, John Jay, Quintus. William Plumer Jr. was an author and attorney who served in the United States House of Representatives from 1819 to 1825. Paper Money Riot Works by William Plumer at Project Gutenberg Works by or about William Plumer at Internet Archive A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns, 1787–1825United States Congress.
"William Plumer". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. William Plumer at Find a Grave William Plumer at National Governors Association Memoir of William Plumer, Senior, by Albert Harrison Hoyt. 1871
Ralph Metcalf (New Hampshire politician)
Ralph Metcalf was an American lawyer and politician from New Hampshire who served two terms as Governor. Ralph Metcalf was born in Charlestown, New Hampshire on November 21, 1796, he was educated locally and worked on the farm of his father, a veteran of the American Revolution, until deciding on a career in the law in 1818. Metcalf graduated from the academy in Chester and attended Dartmouth College, from which he graduated in 1823, he studied law with Henry Hubbard and attorney Richard Bartlett of Concord, was admitted to the bar in 1826. He practiced law in New Hampshire, first with George B. Upham, with David Hale. From 1828 to 1830 he practiced in Binghamton, New York, after which he returned to New Hampshire to open an office in Claremont. In 1831 Metcalf was elected Secretary of State, he held this post until 1838, when he moved to Washington, D. C. to accept a position in the Department of the Treasury while Levi Woodbury of New Hampshire was serving as Secretary. In 1840 he returned to New Hampshire and practiced law, first in Plymouth, in Newport.
In 1845 he was appointed Register of Probate for Sullivan County. In 1848 he was appointed a trustee of the state asylum for the insane, he served several more non-consecutive terms, he served in the New Hampshire House of Representatives from 1852 to 1853. In 1853 he served on the state commission appointed to codify New Hampshire's statutes. A member of the Democratic Party for most of his career, Metcalf became recognized as anti-slavery and an opponent of Franklin Pierce's attempts to obtain passage of the Kansas–Nebraska Act; as a result of Metcalf's opposition to slavery, in 1855 he was nominated for Governor by the Know Nothing movement, one of the few parties with an anti-slavery plank in its platform. This effort was promoted by Free Soil Democrats including John P. Hale, who hoped to create a movement that would send New Hampshire anti-slavery activists to the United States Senate and help build the nascent Republican Party. Metcalf won the 1855 race for Governor, defeating incumbent Nathaniel B.
Baker, James Bell and Asa Fowler. In 1856 he defeated John S. Wells and Ichabod Goodwin, but his margin over Wells was narrow, the selection moved to the New Hampshire General Court, which chose Metcalf. Metcalf became identified with the Republican Party when it was founded as the major anti-slavery party in the mid 1850s. In addition to his abolitionist views, Metcalf's governorship was noteworthy for his support of a prohibition law, which passed in 1855, remained in force until 1889, he retired after the completion of his second term, resided in Claremont. He died in Claremont on August 26, 1858. In 1835 he married Lucretia Ann Bingham, she died a few weeks after giving birth in 1836, the baby died soon afterwards. He married Martha Ann Gilmore in 1843, they had two children: son Ralph. Ralph Metcalf at New Hampshire's Division of Historic Resources Ralph Metcalf at National Governors Association Ralph Metcalf at Political Graveyard
Ichabod Goodwin was the 27th governor of the state of New Hampshire from 1859 to 1861. Goodwin was born in 1794 in the community of Massachusetts, he became a merchant in Portsmouth, New Hampshire working in the counting house of Samuel Lord, becoming master and part owner of several ships, the owner of two railroads, two banks, a textile factory. In 1827 he married Sarah Parker Rice, their daughter Susan married admiral George Dewey. Goodwin was elected a State Representative, running as a Whig, in 1838, 1843, 1844, 1850, 1854, 1856. In 1856 he ran, lost, as the last Whig candidate for Governor of New Hampshire, he switched parties, becoming a Republican, won his bid for governor in 1859, again in 1860. He was a delegate at large from New Hampshire to the national conventions at which Henry Clay, Zachary Taylor, Winfield Scott were nominated by the Whigs for the presidency, serving as vice-president of the first two bodies. During his tenure, the New Hampshire legislature did away with the Courts of Common Pleas, transferring their duties to the State Supreme Court.
Goodwin supported a legislative resolution opposing the extension of slavery, an anti-immigrant act aimed at the defining of police courts' powers to suppress "intemperance." He supported efforts to regulate railroads. In May 1861, as the Civil War began, Goodwin responded to the first calls for soldiers by borrowing funds against his own name to equip two regiments; the legislature affirmed the Governor's action. He died in Portsmouth. In 1888, zinc a monument to New Hampshire soldiers and sailors who served in the Civil War was dedicated in a new park; the park was named Goodwin Park in honor of Goodwin's service during the war. The park and statue were located across from the Goodwin family mansion on Islington Street. In 1963 the Goodwin Mansion, facing demolition, was relocated from Islington Street to Strawbery Banke for preservation. In 1970 the house was formally deeded to Strawbery Banke by the State of New Hampshire. Ichabod Goodwin business papers at Baker Library Special Collections, Harvard Business School