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Franciscans

The Franciscans are a group of related mendicant religious orders within the Catholic Church, founded in 1209 by Saint Francis of Assisi. These orders include the Order of Friars Minor, the Order of Saint Clare, the Third Order of Saint Francis, they adhere to the teachings and spiritual disciplines of the founder and of his main associates and followers, such as Clare of Assisi, Anthony of Padua, Elizabeth of Hungary, among many others. Francis began preaching around 1207 and traveled to Rome to seek approval from Pope Innocent III in 1209 to form a new religious order; the original Rule of Saint Francis approved by the Pope did not allow ownership of property, requiring members of the order to beg for food while preaching. The austerity was meant to emulate the ministry of Jesus Christ. Franciscans preached in the streets, while staying in church properties. Saint Clare, under Francis's guidance, founded the Poor Clares in 1212, which remains a Second Order of the Franciscans; the extreme poverty required of members was relaxed in the final revision of the Rule in 1223.

The degree of observance required of members remained a major source of conflict within the order, resulting in numerous secessions. The Order of Friars Minor known as the "Observant" branch, is one of the three Franciscan First Orders within the Catholic Church, the others being the "Conventuals" and "Capuchins"; the Order of Friars Minor, in its current form, is the result of an amalgamation of several smaller orders completed in 1897 by Pope Leo XIII. The latter two, the Capuchin and Conventual, remain distinct religious institutes within the Catholic Church, observing the Rule of Saint Francis with different emphases. Conventual Franciscans are sometimes referred to as greyfriars because of their habit. In Poland and Lithuania they are known as Bernardines, after Bernardino of Siena, although the term elsewhere refers to Cistercians instead; the name of the original order, Ordo Fratrum Minorum stems from Francis of Assisi's rejection of extravagance. Francis was the son of a wealthy cloth merchant, but gave up his wealth to pursue his faith more fully.

He had cut all ties that remained with his family, pursued a life living in solidarity with his fellow brothers in Christ. Francis adopted the simple tunic worn by peasants as the religious habit for his order, had others who wished to join him do the same; those who joined him became the original Order of Friars Minor. First OrderThe First Order or the Order of Friars Minor are called the Franciscans; this order is a mendicant religious order of men, some of whom trace their origin to Francis of Assisi. Their official Latin name is the Ordo Fratrum Minorum. St. Francis thus referred to his followers as "Fraticelli", meaning "Little Brothers". Franciscan brothers are informally called the Minorites; the modern organization of the Friars Minor comprises three separate families or groups, each considered a religious order in its own right under its own minister General and particular type of governance. They all live according to a body of regulations known as the Rule of St Francis; these are The Order of Friars Minor known as the Observants, are most simply called Franciscan friars, official name: Friars Minor.

The Order of Friars Minor Capuchin or Capuchins, official name: Friars Minor Capuchin. The Conventual Franciscans or Minorites, official name: Friars Minor Conventual". Second OrderThe Second Order, most called Poor Clares in English-speaking countries, consists of religious sisters; the order is called the Order of St. Clare, but in the thirteenth century, prior to 1263, this order was referred to as "The Poor Ladies", "The Poor Enclosed Nuns", "The Order of San Damiano". Third OrderThe Franciscan third order, known as the Third Order of Saint Francis, has many men and women members, separated into two main branches: The Secular Franciscan Order, OFS known as the Brothers and Sisters of Penance or Third Order of Penance, try to live the ideals of the movement in their daily lives outside of religious institutes; the members of the Third Order Regular live in religious communities under the traditional religious vows. They grew out of the Secular Franciscan Order; the 2013 Annuario Pontificio gave the following figures for the membership of the principal male Franciscan orders:.

Order of Friars Minor: 2,212 communities. A sermon Francis heard in 1209 on Mt 10:9 made such an impression on him that he decided to devote himself wholly to a life of apostolic poverty. Clad in a rough garment, and, after the Evangelical precept, without staff or scrip, he began to preach repentance, he was soon joined by a prominent fellow townsman, Bernard of Quintavalle, who contributed all that he had to the work, by other companions, who are said to have reached the number of eleven within a year. The brothers lived in the deserted leper colony of Rivo Torto near Assisi, their l

Tripoli Central Hospital

The Tripoli Central Hospital is a general hospital, located in Tripoli, Libya. Tripoli's second-largest hospital, it is located downtown and occupies a big complete block between Zawia Street and Saidi Street, it houses the city's main and the oldest trauma center as well Libya's first and only organ-transplantation program. It was built on a piece of land, occupied by some smaller clinics around Assaidi Street; these clinics used to care for patients with during the 1920s. The clinics were known locally as " Assomaa Alhamra ", which means the red, named because of " Assomaa Alhamra mosque " which has a red minaret in Assaidi street; the main buildings that are standing now were built during the Italian administration of Libya in 1910. It was known as L'Ospedale Coloniale di Vittorio Emanuele III; the service during those days used to be headed by Italian doctors. Notable among them was Tomaso Casoni who practiced there from 1912 to 1932, he described a test for diagnosing hydatid disease based on dermal hypersensitivity known after him as the Casoni test.

The original building is occupied by the hospital's surgery department. The hospital continues to serve as the main trauma center in downtown Tripoli. During last three decades of the 20th century, it served as the sole trauma center for all of Tripoli, it is one of the main two teaching hospitals for the Al Fateh University's medical-sciences department, the other being the Tripoli Medical Center. In 2005, the Libyan National organ transplantation program was initiated. A building annexed to the old surgery serve as the transplantation department. Health in Libya List of buildings and structures in Libya The Libyan Journal of medicine The Libyan National Organ transplantation program

Water polo at the 1928 Summer Olympics – Men's team squads

Each country was allowed to enter a team of 11 players and they all were eligible for participation. CF=Centre Forward CB=Centre Back D=Defender GK=Goalkeeper Argentina had only a squad of eight players entered; the following is the Argentine roster in the men's water polo tournament of the 1928 Summer Olympics. Head coach: The following is the Belgian roster in the men's water polo tournament of the 1928 Summer Olympics. Head coach: The following is the Czechoslovak roster in the men's water polo tournament of the 1928 Summer Olympics. Head coach: France had only a squad of nine players entered. Head coach: Head coach: Moritz Nußbaum Great Britain had only a squad of ten players entered. Head coach: Head coach: Ireland had only a squad of nine players entered. Head coach: A. J. Cullen Head coach: Malta had only a squad of nine players entered. Head coach: Head coach: Spain had only a squad of eight players entered. Head coach: Switzerland had only a squad of ten players entered. Head coach: Head coach: Olympic Report Wudarski, Pawel.

"Wyniki Igrzysk Olimpijskich". Retrieved 30 September 2008