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Franco Maria Malfatti

Franco Maria Malfatti was an Italian politician who served as the 3rd President of the European Commission from 1970 to 1972. He served at Italian level as Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs from 1979 to 1980 and Italian Minister of Education from 1973 to 1978. Malfatti was born in Rome to parents native of the province of Rieti, he was an important member of the governing council of Democrazia Cristiana in which he became chief of political bureau, covered several institutional charges. In Democrazia Cristiana, he was a member of Dossetti's lobby, together with Amintore Fanfani, Aldo Moro, Giorgio La Pira. In 1951 he was elected national representative for young members, he served as minister for Foreign Affairs, Education, State holdings, Telecommunications. He was the third President of the European Commission from 1970 to 1972; the "Malfatti Commission" began as the integration process was relaunched: the EC adopting a financial framework and competing the single market. There was the beginnings of political cooperation, monetary cooperation and of enlargement as talks opened with Denmark, Ireland and the United Kingdom.

He resigned from this post in 1972 to run for office in Italy. In the 1980s he was chief of the Italian delegation in the European Parliament. Politically close to Aldo Moro's lobby, Malfatti was among the participants in Bilderberg meetings

Football at the Southeast Asian Games

Football has been part of the Southeast Asian Games sport since the 1959 edition. The women's football competition was held for the first time in 1985 in Thailand. From the 2001 Southeast Asian Games to the 2015 Southeast Asian Games, the age limit for men's teams was under-23 plus up to three over-aged players for each squad. Since the 2017 Southeast Asian Games, the age limit for men's teams is under-22. At the 2019 Southeast Asian Games, two over-aged players were allowed for each team. 1 Decided by round-robin standings. 2 The title was shared. 3 There was no bronze medal game held. *Under-23 tournament from 2001 until 2015. Under-22 tournament starting from 2017.4 Indonesia did not turn up at the appointed time. After waiting for 15 minutes the referee called off the game and reported to the technical committee which awarded the bronze to Burma.5 Decided by round-robin standings. 1 Played as round-robin. ^ – Competed as Malaya in the inaugural games until 1961. ^ – Competed as Burma until 1987.

^ – Including South Vietnam. ASEAN Football Championship Football at the East Asian Games Football at the West Asian Games Football at the Asian Games ASEANfootball.org – SEA Games RSSSF – Football at the Southeast Asian Games RSSSF – Football at the Southeast Asian Games

Qin dynasty

The Qin dynasty was the first dynasty of Imperial China, lasting from 221 to 206 BC. Named for its heartland in Qin state, the dynasty was founded by Qin Shi Huang, the First Emperor of Qin; the strength of the Qin state was increased by the Legalist reforms of Shang Yang in the fourth century BC, during the Warring States period. In the mid and late third century BC, the Qin state carried out a series of swift conquests, first ending the powerless Zhou dynasty, conquering the other six of the Seven Warring States, its 15 years was the shortest major dynasty in Chinese history, consisting of only two emperors, but inaugurated an imperial system that lasted from 221 BC, with interruption and adaptation, until 1912 AD. The Qin sought to create a state unified by structured centralized political power and a large military supported by a stable economy; the central government moved to undercut aristocrats and landowners to gain direct administrative control over the peasantry, who comprised the overwhelming majority of the population and labour force.

This allowed ambitious projects involving three hundred thousand peasants and convicts, such as connecting walls along the northern border developing into the Great Wall of China. The Qin introduced a range of reforms such as standardized currency, measures, a uniform system of writing, which aimed to unify the state and promote commerce. Additionally, its military used the most recent weaponry and tactics, though the government was heavy-handedly bureaucratic. Han Confucians portrayed the legalistic Qin dynasty as a monolithic tyranny, notably citing a purge known as the burning of books and burying of scholars although some modern scholars dispute the veracity of these accounts; when the first emperor died in 210 BC, two of his advisers placed an heir on the throne in an attempt to influence and control the administration of the dynasty. These advisors squabbled among themselves, resulting in both of their deaths and that of the second Qin Emperor. Popular revolt broke out and the weakened empire soon fell to a Chu general, Xiang Yu, proclaimed Hegemon-King of Western Chu, Liu Bang, who founded the Han dynasty.

Despite its short reign, the dynasty influenced the future of China the Han, its name is thought to be the origin of the European name for China. In the 9th century BC, Feizi, a supposed descendant of the ancient political advisor Gao Yao, was granted rule over Qin City; the modern city of Tianshui stands. During the rule of King Xiao of Zhou, the eighth king of the Zhou dynasty, this area became known as the state of Qin. In 897 BC, under the Gonghe Regency, the area became a dependency allotted for the purpose of raising and breeding horses. One of Feizi's descendants, Duke Zhuang, became favoured by King Ping of Zhou, the thirteenth king in that line; as a reward, Zhuang's son, Duke Xiang, was sent eastward as the leader of a war expedition, during which he formally established the Qin. The state of Qin first began a military expedition into central China in 672 BC, though it did not engage in any serious incursions due to the threat from neighbouring tribesmen. By the dawn of the fourth century BC, the neighbouring tribes had all been either subdued or conquered, the stage was set for the rise of Qin expansionism.

Lord Shang Yang, a Qin statesman of the Warring States period, advocated a philosophy of Legalism, introducing a number of militarily advantageous reforms from 361 BC until his death in 338 BC. Yang helped construct the Qin capital, commencing in the mid-fourth century BC Xianyang; the resulting city resembled the capitals of other Warring States. Notably, Qin Legalism encouraged ruthless warfare. During the Spring and Autumn period, the prevalent philosophy had dictated war as a gentleman's activity. For example, when Duke Xiang of Song was at war with the state of Chu during the Warring States period, he declined an opportunity to attack the enemy force, commanded by Zhu, while they were crossing a river. After allowing them to cross and marshal their forces, he was decisively defeated in the ensuing battle; when his advisors admonished him for such excessive courtesy to the enemy, he retorted, "The sage does not crush the feeble, nor give the order for attack until the enemy have formed their ranks."The Qin disregarded this military tradition, taking advantage of their enemy's weaknesses.

A nobleman in the state of Wei accused the Qin state of being "avaricious, eager for profit, without sincerity. It knows nothing about etiquette, proper relationships, virtuous conduct, if there be an opportunity for material gain, it will disregard its relatives as if they were animals." It was this Legalist thought combined with strong leadership from long-lived rulers, openness to employ talented men from other states, little internal opposition that gave the Qin such a strong political base. Another advantage of the Qin was that they had a efficient army and capable generals, they utilised the newest developments in weaponry and transportation as well, which many of their enemies lacked. These latter developments allowed greater mobility over several different terrain types which were most common in many regions of China. Thus, in both ideology and practice, the Qin were militarily superior; the Qin Empire had a geographical advantage due to its fertility and strategic position, protected by mountains that made the state a natural stronghold.

Its expanded agricultural output helped sustain Qin's large army with food and natural r

Sebastián de Pastrana

Sebastián de Pastrana, O. de M. was a Roman Catholic prelate who served as Bishop of Paraguay. Sebastián de Pastrana was born in Lima, Peru in 1633 and ordained a priest in the Order of the Blessed Virgin Mary of Mercy. On 24 August 1693, he was appointed during the papacy of Pope Innocent XII as Bishop of Paraguay. On 1697, he was consecrated bishop by Archbishop of Lima, he served as Bishop of Paraguay until his death on 4 November 1700. Cheney, David M. "Archdiocese of Asunción". Catholic-Hierarchy.org. Retrieved March 25, 2018. Chow, Gabriel. "Metropolitan Archdiocese of Asunción". GCatholic.org. Retrieved March 25, 2018

Abdul Rahman Shalabi

Abdul Rahman Shalabi is a citizen of Saudi Arabia held in extrajudicial detention in the United States Guantanamo Bay detention camps, in Cuba. His Guantanamo Internee Security Number is 42. Shalabi arrived on January 11, 2002, the day the camp opened, he was released on September 21, 2015, he is described as an Osama bin Laden bodyguard and a member of al Qaeda—accusations he disputed. The Bush Presidency asserted that captives apprehended in the "war on terror" were not covered by the Geneva Conventions, could be held indefinitely, without charge, without an open and transparent review of the justifications for their detention. In 2004, the United States Supreme Court ruled, in Rasul v. Bush, that Guantanamo captives were entitled to being informed of the allegations justifying their detention, were entitled to try to refute them. Following the Supreme Court's ruling the Department of Defense set up the Office for the Administrative Review of Detained Enemy Combatants. Scholars at the Brookings Institution, led by Benjamin Wittes, listed the captives still held in Guantanamo in December 2008, according to whether their detention was justified by certain common allegations: Abdul Rahman Shalabi was listed as one of the captives who "The military alleges... are members of Al Qaeda."

Abdul Rahman Shalabi was listed as one of the captives who "The military alleges... took military or terrorist training in Afghanistan." Abdul Rahman Shalabi was listed as one of the captives who "The military alleges... fought for the Taliban." Abdul Rahman Shalabi was listed as one of the captives who "The military alleges... were at Tora Bora." Abdul Rahman Shalabi was listed as one of the captives whose "names or aliases were found on material seized in raids on Al Qaeda safehouses and facilities." Abdul Rahman Shalabi was listed as one of the captives who "The military alleges... served on Osama Bin Laden’s security detail." Abdul Rahman Shalabi was listed as one of the captives, ab "al Qaeda operative". Abdul Rahman Shalabi was listed as one of the "82 detainees made no statement to CSRT or ARB tribunals or made statements that do not bear materially on the military’s allegations against them." A writ of habeas corpus, Abdul Rahman Shalabi v. George W. Bush, was submitted on Abdul Rahman Shalabi's behalf.

In response, on May 19, 2005, the Department of Defense released eighteen pages of unclassified documents related to his Combatant Status Review Tribunal. On November 5, 2004, Tribunal panel 19 convened, confirmed his "enemy combatant" status, based on classified "evidence"; the Detainee election form prepared by his Personal Representative record they met, for fifteen minutes, for a pre-Tribunal interview, at 8:15 am on November 4, 2004, the day before the Tribunal convened. It records: Detainee will not participate, he affirmatively declined to have the PR represent him. He was silent throughout the reading of the script, he affirmatively declined, indicating that he did not trust the PR as he did not know him, did not trust the process as it is another game the US is playing. The documents released in response to the habeas corpus petition contained a Recorder exhibit list; the Military Commissions Act of 2006 mandated that Guantanamo captives were no longer entitled to access the US civil justice system, so all outstanding habeas corpus petitions were stayed.

On June 12, 2008, the United States Supreme Court ruled, in Boumediene v. Bush, that the Military Commissions Act could not remove the right for Guantanamo captives to access the US Federal Court system, and all previous Guantanamo captives' habeas petitions were eligible to be re-instated. On July 18, 2008, Julia Tarver Mason filed a motion to renew Abdul Rahman Shalabi's habeas corpus petition; the petition states that five other Saudi citizens, part of the original 2005 petition had been repatriated to Saudi Arabia. Their names were listed as: Saleh Al-Oshan, Zaben Al Shammari, Abdullah Al Otaibi, Fahd Nasser Mohamed and Musa Al Wahab; the petition stated that the files the Department of Defense provided to his attorney's were incomplete: The petition states that Shalabi was the subject of a 30-day notice. The Department of Defense has transferred some captives who had habeas corpus petitions filed on their behalf to the custody of regimes where their lawyers felt their safety would be at risk.

In response, attorneys filed motions that the Department of Defense should advise them of plans to transfer captives' custody. On April 25, 2011, whistleblower organization WikiLeaks published secret assessments drafted by Joint Task Force Guantanamo analysts. A Joint Task Force Guantanamo detainee assessment was drafted on May 14, 2008, it was signed by camp commandant Rear Admiral David M. Thomas Jr.. He recommended continued detention; when he assumed office in January 2009, President Barack Obama made a number of promises about the future of Guantanamo. He promised, he promised to institute a new review system. That new review system was composed of officials from six departments, where the OARDEC reviews were conducted by the Department of Defense; when it reported back, a year the Joint Review Task Force classified some individuals as too dangerous to be transferred from Guantanamo though there was no evidence to justify laying charges against them. On April 9, 2013, that document was made public after a Freedom of Information Act request.

Abdul Rahman Shalabi was one of the 71 individuals deemed too innocent to charge, but too dangerous to release. Although Obama promised that those deemed too innocent to charge, but too dangerous to release would start to receive reviews from a

Zidan Amar

Zidan Amar is an Israeli-Druze footballer who plays at Maccabi Daliyat al-Karmel. As a child, he joined a local footballing school sponsored by Maccabi Tel Aviv in his home village, before moving to play for Hapoel Nazareth Illit's u-16 team. Two years he transferred to Maccabi Haifa and played at the club's youth team, scoring 8 goals in his first season, helping the youth team winning the Israeli Noar Leumit League. Amar played a total of 23 matches in Israel's youth teams, scoring 5 goals As a senior player, Amar had stints in Hapoel Acre, Hakoah Amidar Ramat Gan and Maccabi Daliyat al-Karmel before returning to Beitar Nahariya at the beginning of 2014–15 season